Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 14

Edited By: Professor S. N. Lane

Impact Factor: 2.845

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 12/46 (Geography Physical); 31/175 (Geosciences Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1096-9837

Author Guidelines

For additional tools visit Author Resources - an enhanced suite of online tools for Wiley Online Library journal authors, featuring Article Tracking, E-mail Publication Alerts and Customized Research Tools.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submission. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface. Please read the remainder of these instructions to authors and then click to navigate to the Earth Surface Processes and Landforms online submission site. IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

All papers must be submitted via the online system.

File types. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .docx, .rtf, .ppt, .xls. LaTeX files may be submitted provided that an .eps or .pdf file is provided in addition to the source files. Figures may be provided in .tiff or .eps format.


NON-LATEX USERS: Upload your manuscript files. At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.
LATEX USERS: Please use 'article' class for LaTeX submissions and include any associated packages/files with the submitted LaTeX source files. Please also include a PDF of the manuscript. Do not add coding to 'force' line breaks or the positioning of 'floats', as this will need to be removed in the conversion of the file to XML .

As articles undergo considerable conversion and transformation during production, we achieve the most efficient processing if articles are presented in as generic a form as possible.

LATEX REFERENCES: If you wish to use a citation package such as BibTeX and natbib.sty then please do so. please provide all the necessary bibliographic information in a standard format, this will allow for clearer conversion and formatting to journal style by the typesetters.


NON-LATEX USERS: Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

LATEX USERS: When submitting your revision you must still upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your now revised source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box. In addition you must upload your TeX source files. For all your source files you must use the File Designation "Supplemental Material not for review". Previous versions of uploaded documents must be deleted. If your manuscript is accepted for publication we will use the files you upload to typeset your article within a totally digital workflow.

Copyright and Permissions

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit ght--License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Permission grants - if the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts using the Wiley Permission Request Form .

The Permissions Form should be uploaded as “Supplementary files not for review” with the online submission of your article.

If you do not have access to a scanner, please send the Permissions form to: Fiona Kirkby, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time. Submitted material will not be returned to the author, unless specifically requested.

Seeking permission to use Wiley Blackwell content-If you require permission for the reproduction or reuse of Wiley Blackwell content, be it a section of text over 400 words, one or more figures or tables, or the article as a whole, you must apply for Permission.

Plagiarism Earth Surface Processes and Landforms defines plagiarism as any situation where an author or authors present work as if it is their own, without due and full credit to the original authors of that work. ESPL is sensitive to the fact that there are many different ways in which work may be plagiarised, such as:

  • Copying and pasting sentences and phrases written by others, without use of quotation marks and appropriate citation to the original authors.
  • Copying and pasting large block of text written by others.
  • Copying and pasting of figures or data.

All manuscripts are automatically submitted to software that articles for plagiarism and by submitting a manuscript to Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, an author accepts that their manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Where plagiarism is suspected or identified, the journal follows the COPE guidelines.

Manuscript style. The language of the journal is English. Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.
Please use 12-point type in Arial font. Please also ensure the spacing of your manuscript is double-spaced. Please add line numbers onto your manuscript to aid the review process. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

  • During the submission process you must enter the full title, short title of up to 70 characters and names and affiliations of all authors. Give the full address, including email, telephone and fax, of the author who is to check the proofs.

  • Include the name(s) of any sponsor(s) of the research contained in the paper, along with grant number(s) .
  • Enter an abstract of up to 300 words for a Research Article or Technical Communication and 100 words for a Short Communication, except book reviews. An abstract is a concise summary of the whole paper, not just the conclusions, and is understandable without reference to the rest of the paper. It should contain no citation to other published work.

  • Include up to five keywords that describe your paper for indexing purposes.
  • Ensure your manuscript is written for Search Engine Optimization (SEO). Find an author SEO guide here.

Submissions should be in one of the following forms:

  • Research Articles: Original and significant research results and syntheses (maximum length 8,000 words).

Earth Surface Exchanges (ESEX) is intended for rapid publication. Material may be submitted in the following forms:

  • Letters to ESEX (maximum 4,000 words) should contain methodological developments and results with the expectation that authors will develop their letter into a full journal article in the months following publication.
  • ESEX Commentaries (maximum 1,500 words) are encouraged for reflection on and discussion of particular topics, debates etc.
  • Exchanges (maximum 1,500 words) are an open forum for discussion and debate on ESPL journal articles, as well as other ESEX material.

Reference style. References should be quoted in the text as name and year and listed at the end of the paper alphabetically. Where possible the DOI for the reference should be included at the end of the reference. Where reference is made to more than one work by the same author published in the same year, identify each citation in the text as follows: (Collins, 1998a), (Collins, 1998b). Where three or more authors are listed in the reference list, please cite in the text as (Collins et al ., 1998).

All references must be complete and accurate. Online citations should include date of access. If necessary, cite unpublished or personal work in the text but do not include it in the reference list. References should be listed in the following style:

Johnson RM, Warburton J. 2002. Flooding and geomorphic impacts in a mountain torrent: Raise Beck, central Lake District, England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27 : 945-969. DOI: 10.1002/esp.386

Amoroso GG, Fassina V. 1983. Stone Decay and Conservation: Atmospheric Pollution, Cleaning, Consolidation and Protection . Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam

Eldridge DJ, Chartres CJ, Greene RSB, Mott JJ. 1995. Management of crusting and hardsetting soils under rangeland conditions. In Crusting, Sealing and Hardsetting Soils, Productivity and Conservation, So HB, Smith GD, Raine SR, Schafer BM, Loch RJ (eds). Australian Society of Soil Science: Brisbane; 381-399.

To cite either an Accepted Article or Early View article please use the standard journal citation format with the given DOI. Please ensure that the date used is that which states when the manuscript was accepted online and do not state that the manuscript is ‘in press’, as this will ensure it is not cited and tracked properly.

For example:
Bangen S, Wheaton J, Bouwes N, Jordan C, Volk C, Ward MB. 2014. Crew variability in topographic surveys for monitoring wadeable streams: A case study from the Columbia River Basin. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. DOI: 10.1002/esp.3600

Illustrations.Upload each figure as a separate file in either .tiff or .eps format, with the figure number and the top of the figure indicated. Compound figures e.g. 1a, b, c should be uploaded as one figure. Tints are not acceptable. Lettering must be of a reasonable size that would still be clearly legible upon reduction, and consistent within each figure and set of figures. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend. All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:

  • Black and white and colour photos - 300 dpi
  • Graphs, drawings, etc - 800 dpi preferred; 600 dpi minimum
  • Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) - 500 dpi

Colour Illustrations . The cost of printing colour illustrations in the journal will be charged to the author. There is a charge of printing colour illustrations of approximately £250 for the first page/colour figure and £150 per page/figure thereafter. If colour illustrations are supplied electronically in either .tiff or .eps format, they may be used in the PDF of the article at no cost to the author, even if this illustration was printed in black and white in the journal (please indicate on the manuscript which figures are supplied in colour for online publication).

Tables . Tables should be part of the main document and should be placed after the references. If the table is created in excel the file should be uploaded separately.

Supporting Information

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional: additional methodological detail (notably for an already established method), tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission please visit:

The availability of Supporting Information should be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear after the Acknowledgements, headed 'Supporting Information'. Short legends should be included here, listing the titles of all supporting figures, tables, data etc. Full (more detailed) legends for Supporting Information must also be uploaded as a separate Word document. This version will be used online, alongside where the Supporting Information is hosted, but not in the manuscript text, which instead uses the short versions of the legends. For image files (i.e. TIFF, JPEG etc.), legends should not be embedded. Instead, when uploading the image file to ScholarOne, please use the space provided to paste in the legend so that it appears underneath the figure in the PDF that is sent to the reviewers. In order to protect reviewer anonymity, material posted on authors' websites cannot be reviewed.

Supporting Information items should be referred to in the text as follows:

Supporting figures: Figure S1, Figure S2 etc.
Supporting tables: Table S1, Table S2 etc.
Supporting data: Data S1, Data S2 etc.
Supporting experimental procedures: Methods S1, Methods S2 etc.
Supporting animations: Movie S1, Movie S2 etc.
Any other text-based Supporting Information: Appendix S1, Appendix S2 etc.

The above order should be used when listing the Supporting Information legends, both in the short versions in the main manuscript text file, as well as in the separate full legends file.

Post Acceptance

Further Information. For accepted manuscripts the publisher will supply proofs to the submitting author prior to publication. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced during the production process. Prompt return of the corrected proofs, preferably within two days of receipt, will minimise the risk of the paper being held over to a later issue. Free access to the final pdf offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only (unless otherwise stated). Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article pdf offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Reprints of your article and copies of the journal may be ordered. There is no page charge to authors.

Authors Resources: Manuscript now accepted for publication?

If so, check out our suite of tools and services for authors and sign up for:

  • Article Tracking
  • E-mail Publication Alerts
  • Personalization Tools

Cite EarlyView Articles

To link to an article from the author’s homepage, take the DOI (digital object identifier) and append it to "" as per following example:
DOI 10.1002/esp.386, becomes

To include the DOI in a citation to an article, simply append it to the reference as in the following example:
Johnson RM, Warburton J. 2002. Flooding and geomorphic impacts in a mountain torrent: Raise Beck, central Lake District, England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27 : 945-969. DOI: 10.1002/esp.386

Accepted Articles

Accepted Articles have been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but have not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. Accepted Articles are published online a few days after final acceptance, appear in PDF format only, are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked [, and are indexed by PubMed]. A completed copyright form is required before a manuscript can be processed as an Accepted Article.

ESPL Policy on Misconduct

All authors of potential publications in ESPL are required to declare that they own the copyright of the material that they wish to publish or that they have permission to publish the material for which they do not own copyright.

In addition to issues of copyright, there are a number of policies that ESPL has adopted with respect to what is generally called ‘misconduct’ in research. ESPL follows the advice of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, in handling all matters regarding misconduct.

1. The discovery of any infringement of ESPL’s copyright policy (e.g. publication of material for which an author or authors do not hold copyright, and where appropriate permissions have not been obtained) will be referred to the publisher of ESPL, John Wiley Ltd.

2. ESPL defines plagiarism as any situation where an author or authors present work as if it is their own, without due and full credit to the original authors of that work. Where plagiarism is suspected or identified, ESPL follows the COPE guidelines. We routinely use suitable software to check submitted articles for plagiarism.

3. ESPL defines redundant publishing as any situation where an author or authors submit work that has already been partially or fully published and, normally, where that publication has involved a transfer of Copyright. Where redundant publication is suspected or identified, ESPL follows the COPE guidelines.

4. ESPL regards fabrication, falsification or obfuscation of data, deliberate or otherwise, as an unacceptable practice. Where fabrication, falsification or obfuscation is suspected or identified, ESPL follows the COPE guidelines.

5. ESPL regards misappropriation of data, involving using the research/data/findings of others without permission to do so and without full acknowledgement, as a very serious matter, and as a subset of (2).

ESPL recognises that decision over these issues often requires judgement and any author or authors concerned about the possibility of these issues emerging with regard to their work are: (1) encouraged to discuss them before submission with the Managing Editor (; and (2) required to declare them in a covering letter at the point of submission.

ESPL Policy on Data

Data are the backbone of the significant majority of the papers that ESPL publishes.

Good practice in the dissemination of data

ESPL encourages, but does not require, authors to make their data available as Supplementary Material, attached to their article. This allows the wider community to make good use of those data, provided that the source is acknowledged by reference to the associated article. The ownership of those data is not transferred to the publisher but remains in the hands of the author or authors.

Permission to use data

When an article makes use of secondary data i.e. that provided by others, it is expected that an author or authors will have obtained the necessary permissions from the provider. Such permissions should be acknowledged by reference in the journal article.

Irregularities regarding data

ESPL adopts a rigorous review process in relation to all of the manuscripts that it receives. In situations where a reviewer raises concerns regarding the integrity, or otherwise, of the data contained in a manuscript, then these are considered within this sequence of recommendation and decision-making as practised by the journal’s Associate Editors and Managing Editor. As part of this process, the Associate Editors and/or Managing Editor may request to see the data used by an author or authors in order to verify the data’s integrity. If an author or authors is unable to provide those data without reason (and an acceptable reason might be that they have been made available to the author or authors under special and exclusive license) then they may be asked to withdraw their manuscript.

Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, any data used in the manuscript are taken as given. Were the community to raise concerns over those data or their analysis after a manuscript has been accepted, then the proper forum for doing so is by submission of a discussion of the manuscript to the journal’s Earth Surface Exchanges section. If an author or authors of a manuscript subsequently discover(s) errors in their data themselves, then they are entitled to request that we publish an erratum.