Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

Cover image for Vol. 42 Issue 2

Edited By: Professor S. N. Lane

Impact Factor: 3.505

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 9/49 (Geography Physical); 23/184 (Geosciences Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1096-9837

Author Guidelines

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Author Guidelines

1. Electronic submission

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms operates an online submission and peer review system (Manuscript Central) that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface. All papers must be submitted via the online system via one of the authors of the manuscript.

Please read the remainder of these instructions to authors and then click to navigate to the Earth Surface Processes and Landforms online submission site. IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for Earth Surface Processes and Landforms since 2005 it is likely that you will have had an account created.

File types. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .rtf, .ppt, .xls. LaTeX files may be submitted provided that an .eps or .pdf file is provided in addition to the source files. Figures may be provided in .tiff or .eps format.

Manuscript Central does not accept Microsoft Word 2007 (*.docx) documents at this time. Please use Word's "Save As" option to save your document as a .doc file type. If you try to upload a Word 2007 document in Manuscript Central you will be prompted to save *.docx files as .doc files.

a. Initial submission

NON-LATEX USERS: Upload your manuscript files. At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.

LATEX USERS: Please use 'article' class for LaTeX submissions and include any associated packages/files with the submitted LaTeX source files. Please also include a PDF of the manuscript. Do not add coding to 'force' line breaks or the positioning of 'floats', as this will need to be removed in the conversion of the file to XML.

LATEX REFERENCES: If you wish to use a citation package such as BibTeX and natbib.sty then please do so. Please provide all the necessary bibliographic information in a standard format, this will allow for clearer conversion and formatting to Earth Surface Processes and Landforms style by the typesetters.

b. Submission of a revision

NON-LATEX USERS: Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

LATEX USERS: When submitting your revision you must still upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your now revised source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box. In addition you must upload your TeX source files. For all your source files you must use the File Designation "Supplemental Material not for review". Previous versions of uploaded documents must be deleted. If your manuscript is accepted for publication we will use the files you upload to typeset your article within a totally digital workflow.

2. Article preparation

As articles undergo considerable conversion and transformation during production, we achieve the most efficient processing if articles are presented in as generic a form as possible.

.1 Language
The language of the journal is English.

.2 Manuscript style
Authors should use 12-point type in Arial font. The manuscript should be double-spaced, with line numbers to aid the review process. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

.3 Short title, authors
During the submission process, the full title, short title of up to 70 characters and names and affiliations of all authors must be entered. This includes the full address, including email, telephone and fax, of the author who is to check the proofs.

.4 Abstract and keywords
For all articles, an abstract of up to 300 words must be entered. An abstract is a concise summary of the whole paper, not just the conclusions, and is understandable without reference to the rest of the paper. It should contain no citation to other published work. Include at least five keywords that describe your paper for indexing purposes.

Video Abstracts: A video abstract can be a quick way to make the message of your research accessible to a much larger audience. Wiley and its partner Research Square offer a service of professionally produced video abstracts, available to authors of articles accepted in this journal. You can learn more about it, and purchase one for your article, at . If you have any questions, please direct them to .

.5 Headings, sub-headings
Headings and sub-headings are welcome, but should not extend to sub sub headings. Headings and sub-headings should not be numbered.

.6 Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements should be added to a paper and should include the name(s) of any sponsor(s) of the research contained in the paper, along with grant number(s).

.7 Reference style
References should be quoted in the text as name and year and listed at the end of the paper alphabetically. Where possible the DOI for the reference should be included at the end of the reference. Where reference is made to more than one work by the same author published in the same year, identify each citation in the text as follows: (Collins, 1998a), (Collins, 1998b). Where three or more authors are listed in the reference list, please cite in the text as (Collins et al ., 1998).

All references must be complete and accurate. Online citations should include date of access. If necessary, cite unpublished or personal work in the text but do not include it in the reference list.

References should be listed in the following style:

Johnson RM, Warburton J. 2002. Flooding and geomorphic impacts in a mountain torrent: Raise Beck, central Lake District, England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27 : 945-969. DOI: 10.1002/esp.386

Amoroso GG, Fassina V. 1983. Stone Decay and Conservation: Atmospheric Pollution, Cleaning, Consolidation and Protection . Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam

Eldridge DJ, Chartres CJ, Greene RSB, Mott JJ. 1995. Management of crusting and hardsetting soils under rangeland conditions. In Crusting, Sealing and Hardsetting Soils, Productivity and Conservation, So HB, Smith GD, Raine SR, Schafer BM, Loch RJ (eds). Australian Society of Soil Science: Brisbane; 381-399.

.8 Tables
Tables should be part of the main document and should be placed after the references. If the table is created in excel the file should be uploaded separately.

. Figure preparation
Upload each figure as a separate file in *.pdf, .tif or .eps format, with the figure number and the top of the figure indicated. Compound figures e.g. 1a, b, c should be uploaded as one figure.

Tints are not acceptable. Lettering must be of a reasonable size that would still be clearly legible upon reduction, and consistent within each figure and set of figures. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend.

All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:
·         Black and white and colour photos - 300 dpi
·         Graphs, drawings, etc - 800 dpi preferred; 600 dpi minimum
·         Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) - 500 dpi

Colour figures are published on-line at no cost but will appear in print in grey-scale unless colour page charges are paid. Colour page charges can be provided if requested (Email If you choose to upload colour figures, please make sure that they reproduce equally well in grey-scale before doing so.

. Copyright and Open Access
All authors of potential publications in Earth Surface Processes and Landforms are required to declare that they own the copyright of the material that they wish to publish or that they have permission to publish the material for which they do not own copyright. At the point of acceptance of the article, they are required to transfer copyright to the publisher.

.1 Copyright Transfer Agreement
We no longer require FAXs or other hardcopy of the Copyright Transfer Agreement. Instead, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms uses a convenient new process for signing copyright transfer agreements electronically (eCTA) that saves considerable time and effort. If accepted, the Author flagged as being the formal Corresponding Author for the paper will receive an e-mail with a link to an online eCTA form. This will enable the Corresponding Author to complete the copyright form electronically within Manuscript Central on behalf of all authors on the manuscript.

.2 Permission grants
If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts using the Wiley Permission Request Form. The Permissions Form should be uploaded as “Supplementary files not for review” with the online submission of your article.

If you require permission for the reproduction or reuse of Wiley-Blackwell content, be it a section of text over 400 words, one or more figures or tables, or the article as a whole, you must also apply for Permission.

.3 Ownership of Copyright
Authors must own the Copyright of submitted work. Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time. Submitted material will not be returned to the author, unless specifically requested.

.4 Open Access: OnlineOpen

Gold Access: OnlineOpen is available to authors submitting to Earth Surface Processes and Landforms who wish to make their article open access, free to read, download and share via Wiley Online Library. Making your article OnlineOpen increases its potential readership and enables you to meet institutional and funder open access mandates where they apply. Authors of OnlineOpen articles may immediately post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server. OnlineOpen complies with new open access mandates from RCUK and Wellcome Trust. Learn more about your open access options with OnlineOpen.

Green Access: Under green access, an article may be made free to access in an institutional repository, though self-archiving. At ESPL, articles can be self-archived after an embargo period of 12 months from publication on EarlyView, but this may vary upon request to meet a funder’s policies. The version of the article that is self-archived is the accepted version, before typesetting. The first page of the article must make a link to the final published article on the Wiley ESPL web site.

. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms Policy on irregularities

In addition to matters regarding copyright, there are a number of policies that Earth Surface Processes and Landforms has adopted with respect to what is generally called ‘misconduct’ in research. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms follows the advice of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, in handling all matters regarding misconduct. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms recognises that decision over these issues often requires judgement and any author or authors concerned about the possibility of these issues emerging with regard to their work are: (1) encouraged to discuss them before submission with the Managing Editor (; and (2) required to declare them in a covering letter at the point of submission.

.1 Infringement of copyright policy
The discovery of any infringement of Earth Surface Processes and Landforms’s copyright policy (e.g. publication of material for which an author or authors do not hold copyright, and where appropriate permissions have not been obtained) will be referred to the publisher of Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, John Wiley Ltd.

.2 Plagiarism
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms defines plagiarism as any situation where an author or authors present work as if it is their own, without due and full credit to the original authors of that work. Where plagiarism is suspected or identified, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms follows the COPE guidelines.

We routinely use suitable software to check submitted articles for plagiarism. By submitting a manuscript to Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, an author accepts that their manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

.3 Redundant Publishing
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms defines redundant publishing as any situation where an author or authors submit work that has already been partially or fully published and, normally, where that publication has involved a transfer of Copyright. Where redundant publication is suspected or identified, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms follows the COPE guidelines.

.4 Data
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms regards fabrication, falsification or obfuscation of data, deliberate or otherwise, as an unacceptable practice. Where fabrication, falsification or obfuscation is suspected or identified, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms follows the COPE guidelines. Please see the Earth Surface Processes and Landforms data policy under Section 7.

.5 Ownership of data
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms regards misappropriation of data, involving using the research/data/findings of others without permission to do so and without full acknowledgement, as a very serious matter, and as a subset of (6.2). Please see the Earth Surface Processes and Landforms data policy under Section 7.

. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms policy on data

Where Earth Surface Processes and Landforms manuscripts contain data, we ask that authors consider the following.

Good practice in the dissemination of data
Where appropriate, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms encourages, but does not require, authors to make their data available as Supplementary Material, attached to their article. This allows the wider community to make good use of those data, provided that the source is acknowledged by reference to the associated article. The ownership of those data is not transferred to the publisher but remains in the hands of the author or authors.

2 Permission to use data
When an article makes use of secondary data i.e. that provided by others, it is expected that an author or authors will have obtained the necessary permissions from the provider. Such permissions should be acknowledged by reference in the journal article. Failure to seek appropriate permission prior to submission of a manuscript for consideration and to acknowledge data sources will be dealt with under Section 6.

3 Irregularities regarding data
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms adopts a rigorous review process in relation to all of the manuscripts that it receives. In situations where a reviewer raises concerns regarding the integrity, or otherwise, of the data contained in a manuscript, then these are considered within this sequence of recommendation and decision-making as practised by the Associate Editors and Managing Editor. As part of this process, an author or authors may be asked to supply the data in order to verify the data’s integrity. If an author (or authors) is (are) unable to provide those data without reason (and an acceptable reason might be that they have been made available to the author or authors under special and exclusive license) then their manuscript may be rejected without further consideration.

Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, any data used in the manuscript are taken as given. Were the community to raise concerns over those data or their analysis after a manuscript has been accepted, then the proper forum for doing so is by submission of a discussion of the manuscript. If an author or authors of a manuscript subsequently discover(s) errors in their data themselves, then they are entitled to request that we publish an erratum.

. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms Policy on Conflict(s) of Interest

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript.  Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker’s fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission.

It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the cover letter (if applicable) to the Managing Editor, in the manuscript (in the Acknowledgments section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

. Evaluation of submitted manuscripts

The policy that Earth Surface Processes and Landforms follows in relation to the evaluation of submitted manuscripts is detailed in full in the following article: Seeking good peer review in geomorphology

.1 Evaluation criteria
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms judges all manuscripts against two primary indicators: (1) the technical quality of the work; and (2) its scientific originality and significance with respect to geomorphological science. The volume of submissions to ESPL is greater than the rate at which we can publish those that meet our rigorous scientific standards. Thus, we make a distinction between manuscripts that are of a high scientific quality and which contain original and significant geomorphological science and those which may be of the same quality but which only advance the discipline incrementally. Given pressure on space to publish in ESPL, we reserve the right to decline those manuscripts that meet our rigorous standards in terms of science but which have insufficient material of originality and significance to merit publication.

.2 Rejection before review
All manuscripts submitted to Earth Surface Processes and Landforms are subject to pre-screening: (1) for conformity to journal policy regarding submissions (as outlined in these author guidelines); and (2) to establish that the manuscript contains a priori geomorphological science of interest to the Earth Surface Processes and Landforms readership. As a result of this pre-screening, a proportion of manuscripts are rejected before review.

.3 The review process
Manuscripts that are sent out to review are considered by two independent reviewers who we do not believe, to the best of our knowledge, have any serious conflicts of interests between themselves and the authors. This choice of reviewers will reflect: (1) the topic of the manuscript; (2) the methods that have been used; (3) the published work that has been referred to in the manuscript; (4) a potential reviewer’s track record of reviewing for the journal, unless they are a new reviewer; and (5) who we have asked to review recently (we try to avoid asking the same person for more than 2 or 3 reviews per year). We may or may not use reviewers nominated by an author. We provide guidelines for our reviewers. Reviewers are expected to return their reviews within four weeks of agreeing to review. Authors should be aware that the time taken to identify willing reviewers, delays in the return to reviews by reviewers and the time required for Associate Editors and the Managing Editor to make recommendations and to reach a decision add to the time that it takes to get a first decision to authors. Further, if we receive two reviews that cannot be reconciled by an Associate Editor, we may need to seek a third review.

.4 The recommendation and decision-making process
The reviewers provide us with an evaluation of a manuscripts technical quality and scientific originality and significance. Reviewers don’t make decisions. Rather, the reviewer reports and manuscript are reviewed by an Associate Editor who makes a recommendation to the Managing Editor. The Managing Editor reviews the manuscript, reviewer reports and Associate Editor recommendation and makes the decision.

.5 Possible decisions
All manuscripts will receive one of six decisions:
a. Accept: the manuscript does not need any further revision, even minor topographical changes and we are ready for the manuscript to be passed to production.
b. Minor revision: the manuscript needs some revision, normally in relation to matters of clarification, expression or presentation; but there is no doubt about the quality and importance of the science that is presented.
c. Moderate revision: the manuscript needs significant revision, but we are convinced that if these are undertaken thoroughly, the quality and importance of the science will be clear. The boundary with major revision is really regarding whether or not the science in the manuscript is rigorous, original and significant. If work were required on any of these, then we would normally choose major revision. Manuscripts receiving moderate revision may be sent for further review when revised.
d. Major revision: the manuscript falls short in some way in relation to its rigour, its originality or its potential significance, requiring significant additional work. This could be a substantial addition of literature, the re-analysis of data, changes to the representation or interpretation of data, modification of the discussion or a rethink of the Conclusions. A manuscript revised after recommendation of major revision will normally be sent for further external review.
e. Reject and resubmit: there are in essence three types of manuscript that get this recommendation: (i) ones that have an interesting idea but lack the supporting data and additional data need to be collected before the manuscript is likely to sustain the idea; (ii) ones that have interesting data, but the context for the work and the interpretation of the data are some way from being worthy of further consideration even with a major revision; and (iii) ones that are very poorly presented.
f. Reject: this category is used after review if the manuscript has little of originality or significance and/or has serious flaws in relation to method and to data that mean that even if the manuscript were resubmitted, these would be difficult to address.

.6 Revised manuscripts
Revised manuscripts are handled according to consideration of: (a) the first decision made; and (b) the thoroughness of the author response. Where responses are felt to be insufficient, a revised manuscript may be returned to the authors without review with the same decision as was made before; may be sent for external review; or may be rejected. Authors are therefore strongly encouraged to respond to reviewers constructively by making the changes requested, and by providing a full account of the revisions undertaken. Some review comments may be rebutted provided a full justification is provided but even where a rebuttal is appropriate, there may still be matters of modification required to address the concerns raised by the reviewer.

. Post Acceptance
9.1     Author services
Wiley supports authors with the dissemination of their work through Author Services. It is crucial to sign up to Author Services as this is how an author gets access to the final pdf offprint of their article. There are a number of other services that should be used to secure dissemination, notably
·         Article Tracking
·         E-mail Publication Alerts
·         Personalization Tools
·         Guidance on how to cite Acepted and EarlyView Articles

.2 The DOI (digital object identifier)
Once an article is accepted, it is given a digital object identifier. This should be appended to all citations of the article, as it is the means by which the article will be tracked and accrue citation. To link to an article from the author’s homepage, take the DOI (digital object identifier) and append it to "" as per following example:
DOI 10.1002/esp.386, becomes

To include the DOI in a citation to an article, simply append it to the reference as in the following example:
Johnson RM, Warburton J. 2002. Flooding and geomorphic impacts in a mountain torrent: Raise Beck, central Lake District, England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27 : 945-969. DOI: 10.1002/esp.386

.3 Publication as an accepted article
Accepted Articles have been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but have not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. They are published online a few days after final acceptance, appear in PDF format only, are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked [, and are indexed by PubMed]. Publication of an accepted article happens as soon as copyright formalities have been completed. Note that accepted articles mean that you can disseminate your work very rapidly and we strongly encourage you to use your dissemination networks to do this.

.4 Proofs
Accepted articles will be typeset. The resultant proofs will be supplied to the author. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced during the production process. Prompt return of the corrected proofs, preferably within two days of receipt, will minimise the risk of the paper being held over to a later issue.

.5 Publication on Early View
Once the corrected proofs have been received and Wiley have made the corrections, the article will move from being an Accepted Article to being published in Early View. These articles are waiting their publication in the print version of the journal. As with accepted articles they continue to be cited and tracked.

Guidelines for Cover Submissions

If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these general guidelines.