Journal of Clinical Ultrasound

Cover image for Vol. 44 Issue 4

Edited By: Bruno D. Fornage, MD

Impact Factor: 0.691

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 21/31 (Acoustics); 114/125 (Radiology Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Online ISSN: 1097-0096

Author Guidelines

Editorial Office Contact Information
Journal of Clinical Ultrasound

Check out JCU's new Author-Focused submission guidelines below!

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Author Guidelines


To submit your manuscript, please prepare your text files and illustrations in the appropriate format, according to the instructions given below, and submit using the online submission system: To monitor the progress of your manuscript throughout the review process, log in periodically and check your Author Center.

Please be sure to carefully study the Instructions and Forms given at the site, and then let the system guide you through the submission process. Online help is available to you at all times during the process. You are also able to exit and re-enter at any stage before finally submitting your work. All submissions are kept strictly confidential. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us at .

Only original papers will be accepted. To ensure originality, if any preliminary publication of the data, other than an abstract of fewer than 200 words, has occurred or is contemplated, a copy of the manuscript or abstract must accompany the article submitted to the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound. If text, tables, or illustrations from a previously published work are used, written permission from the publisher and author(s) must be submitted with the article.

English Language Policy. All manuscripts must be written in clear, correct English. Wiley suggests that authors from non-English speaking countries have their manuscript reviewed and corrected by English Language Services before submission. Please see the following link for suggestions:

Blinded Review Policy. Articles considered by the Editor to be suitable for review are sent to peer reviewers. Authors' names and institutional affiliations must be submitted in a separate Title Page file and are withheld from reviewers to ensure unbiased review. Manuscripts revealing author names or institutions will be returned to the author for blinding prior to review.


Please note: there is no word count restriction on any article type except a Letter to the Editor. Please pay careful attention to the abstract requirements for each article type.

A Research Article presents the results of an original research study offering new information in the field of diagnostic sonography or ultrasound technology. Statistical analysis to support conclusions may be necessary. It must include a structured abstract of 200 words or less.

A Review Article is a comprehensive survey of a topic in diagnostic sonography or ultrasound technology with no new information described. It includes a review and critique of the literature. A review article should be thorough, offering educational value and scientific insight. It must include an unstructured abstract of 100 words or less.

A Pictorial Essay is comprised of high-quality images that illustrate and cover extensively a specific clinical application of sonography. The supporting text must be concise and a succinct literature review may add value. No abstract is necessary.

A Current Practice article describes the authors’ own experience with a particular clinical application of sonography. (This is also referred to as a “how-I-do-it” article.) There may be little or no original information. The emphasis should be placed on the educational value. Discussion and review of the literature should be limited. A current practice article must include an unstructured abstract of 100 words or less.

A Technical Note is a brief description of a new method, technique, or procedure involving diagnostic sonography with a practical, clinical focus. It can be a new clinical use or application of an existing technique. A technical note must include an unstructured abstract of 100 words or less.

A Case Report describes a single case or a small series of cases. The text is succinct with a single, well-defined message that features unique images or a novel sonographic presentation. A case report must include an unstructured abstract of 100 words or less.

A Letter to the Editor offers constructive criticism of a published article. It may also offer focused, timely observation of immediate interest to the readership. Letters to the Editor (and their replies) must be brief (less than 800 words) and may contain a maximum of 2 figures and 4 references.


Author-Focused Submission
: JCU is pleased to offer an Author-Focused submission option. Tables and figures may be embedded smoothly and closely into the flow of text for a quicker review. If your tables and figures are not suitable for this style, please use the more traditional submission style of submitting tables and figures in separate files. Authors of accepted papers will be expected to provide table and figure files to the production-level specifications outlined in the below instructions. All other guidelines must be adhered to.

Basic Document Formatting: Submit your manuscript in .DOC, .DOCX, or .RTF file format. Use the standard letter size (8.5 x 11 inches) with a 1-inch (2.5 cm) margin on all 4 sides. Double-space all text.

Blinding for Review: The names of the authors and the institution(s) where the work was done must not appear anywhere in the manuscript, only in the space provided for that information in the Manuscript Central fillable fields and on the separate Title Page. Manuscripts revealing author names or institutions will be returned to the author for blinding prior to review. Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital identification numbers anywhere in text, tables, or figures.

Title Page: Must be uploaded separately from the main manuscript. Use a .doc or .rtf file. Include the title; running title; all author names, academic degrees, and affiliations; indication of and complete contact information for the corresponding author (email required); a conflict of interest disclosure statement; Acknowledgements.

Manuscript: Manuscripts must be a single document containing abstract, keywords, body text, references, tables, figures and legends. Legends must appear beneath their corresponding figures. Authors of accepted papers will be expected to provide final text, table and figure files to the production-level specifications outlined below.

Abstract and Keywords: Type on the first page of the main manuscript document. See the above list of article types to determine what style of abstract, if any, your manuscript requires. Structured Abstract: 200 words maximum, divided into the four labeled sections: Purpose; Methods; Results; Conclusion. Unstructured Abstract: 100 words maximum, a single paragraph.Keywords: Please include 3-5 keywords suitable for indexing with the abstract. If the article has no abstract, please include keywords at the top of the first page.

Search Engine Optimization: Driving usage and readership is critically important to raising the visibility of your published research. One of the key factors in sustaining long-term usage is through search engine optimization (SEO). Below is a list of suggested ways of maximizing your SEO.
1. Make sure your article title is SEO-friendly. It should be descriptive, and it must include a key phrase from your topic. Key words should appear within the title’s first 65 characters.
2. Provide up to five topic-specific key words or phrases in the keyword field.
3. Be sure your key words and phrases appear in your abstract several times, but don’t go overboard or the search engine may kick you out.
4. When referencing authors, be consistent. Use their names as they generally appear in past online publications.
5. When appropriate, use your key words in article section headings. Remember: They can’t read it if they can’t find it! For more detailed information on SEO, including helpful examples, go to

Body Text: Original Research Articles should be organized into the following sections: Introduction, Materials (or Patients) and Methods, Results, and Discussion. Case reports should be organized as follows: Introduction, Case Report, and Discussion. Reviews, Technical Notes, Current Practice Articles, and Pictorial Essays should be organized using appropriate descriptive headings.

Ethics in Research: When reporting experiments on humans, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accord with the ethical standards of the committee on human experimentation of your institution or in accord with the Declaration of Helsinki and its revisions. If the procedures used were not approved, please explain why approval was waived or unnecessary. Include a statement about whether informed consent was obtained from subjects and, if so, whether it was oral or written. For experiments on animals, indicate whether the guidelines of the institution's committee on animal experimentation or of the National Research Council's Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals were followed.
Blinding for Review: To maintain double-blind peer review, do not include the name of any authors' institution in the text of the Methods section. References should be provided for discussions of previous studies and for all nonstandard methods used. When previous studies by the manuscript authors are referred to, the authors' last names should be used instead of "our previous studies" or "previous studies from our institution" to preserve anonymity during the review process. Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital identification numbers anywhere in text, tables, or figures.
Study Design and Materials: The selection process for observational and experimental subjects should be clearly defined. Describe statistical methods in enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. Reference any uncommon statistical methods used, and specify any computer programs used (including supplier’s name and location). Identify methods, apparatus (including manufacturer's name and location), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. For ultrasound equipment, please provide model numbers or names of the scanners and both the type and frequency (or range of frequencies) of the transducers used, as well as the name and location (city and state or city and country) of the equipment manufacturer. Use generic names for drugs and chemicals.

References: Cite in the text using superscript Arabic numerals. List References at the end of the text, numbered in the order of first mention. The authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound uses a modified American Medical Association (AMA) reference style. Please follow these examples:
Journal article
Dubinsky TJ, Guerra F, Gormaz G, et al. Fetal survival in abdominal pregnancy: a review of 11 cases. J Clin Ultrasound 1996;24:513.
Book chapter
Webb WR. Lung cancer staging: the role of imaging. In: Johnson BE, Johnson DH, editors. Lung Cancer. New York: Wiley-Liss; 1995, p 97.
Further Formatting Instructions:
- List only the first 3 authors or editors followed by "et al" (for all articles and books with more than 3 authors or editors).
- Abbreviations for names of medical and scientific periodicals should follow the most recent edition of the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus; the full name should be provided for periodicals not indexed in Index Medicus.
- Add [letter], [editorial], or [abstract] in square brackets after the title for those types of articles.
- For articles published in a language other than English, indicate the language of publication in square brackets after the translated title (eg, [in German]).
- References cited as "in press" in the reference list must have been accepted for publication; for such references, add (in press) in parentheses after the name of the journal or publisher.
- Personal communications and unpublished observations, including manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted, should be cited in parentheses in the text and should not appear in the reference list. Written permission from the person named as the source of a personal communication is required.

EndNote is a software product that we recommend to our journal authors to help simplify and streamline the research process. Using EndNote's bibliographic management tools, you can search bibliographic databases, build and organize your reference collection, and then instantly output your bibliography in any Wiley journal style. If you already use EndNote, you can download the style for this journal here. If you need assistance using EndNote, email, or visit

Tables: All tables should be double-spaced, and the text should be clear and readable for review. Title all tables at the top, and number them in order of their citation in the text. Any notes should appear at the bottom of the table. Use the following footnote symbols in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, #. If data from any other source are used, the source should be cited in a footnote. Permission from the publisher and the author(s) must be obtained in writing for the use of previously published tables. For review, tables may be embedded in the flow of text as they are mentioned, position at the end of the text, or submitted in a separate file. For accepted papers, tables must be submitted separately from the main manuscript document, in a text file (.doc or .rtf), with each table beginning on a new page.

Figures:Figures must be clear and readable for review; ensure axis text is sharp and readable. Graphs must show an appropriate grid scale. Each axis must be labeled with both the quantity measured and the unit of measurement. For use of photographs of identifiable persons, written permission from the subject or the subject's legal guardian must be supplied. Otherwise, the identity of the person should be adequately masked and removed. If data from any other source are used, the source should be cited in the legend. Permission from the publisher and the author(s) must be obtained in writing for the use of previously published figures. Do not embed legends within images; all caption/legend text should be separate.
Refer to all figures in the text as "Figure" and number using Arabic numerals. For review, figures may be embedded in the flow of text as they are mentioned, positioned at the end of the text, or submitted in separate files. For accepted papers, each Figure must be re-supplied as an individual file upload according to the below specifications.
File types: Figures must be TIFF or EPS file format only. Figures submitted in BMP, JPEG, GIF, Word (.doc), Excel (.xls), Lotus 1-2-3, PowerPoint (.ppt), or PDF will be returned to the author for re-supply.
Minimum resolutions: Black and white or color photographic images must have a resolution of 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art (simple bar graphs, charts, scatter-plots, etc.), or combination halftones (photographs that also contain line art such as labeling or thin lines) must have a resolution of 600 dpi (dots per inch).
Composite Figures: Composite figures (multiple components: 1A, 1B) must be separated and submitted in separate files (ie, Figure 1A is a separate file from Figure 1B).

Color Charge Policy: Color figures that convey essential scientific information will be reproduced in full color in the journal at no cost to authors. For best reproduction, bright, clear colors should be used. Figures containing non-essential color will be published in full color in the online version of the article and printed in grayscale unless authors elect to pay the full fee for print color reproduction ($700 per image).

Figure Legends: A legend must be provided for each figure. The legends should describe the anatomic structure and condition being demonstrated. The use of arrows, symbols, letters, etc., as identifying labels on figures is encouraged; define these items in the legends. For review, ensure that legends appear beneath their corresponding figures. For accepted papers, type legends in a list following the References within the main manuscript document.

Supporting Information: Supporting information such as data sets, additional figures and tables, and video clips may be submitted with manuscripts, and will be posted-only for accepted papers. All supporting information must be cited in the text (Figure S1, Supplementary Data, Video 1, etc). Provide legends for figures and video clips in the manuscript. Please submit your supplemental video clips as AVI, MPEG, or MOV files.

REVISIONS: Revised manuscripts must follow all guidelines listed above. Authors must provide 2 copies of the revised manuscript, one clean copy and one marked copy to show changes made in revision (use "track changes" or colored text; no highlighting). Both the clean and marked copies of the manuscript should be uploaded using the file designation “Main Document.” Furthermore, authors must respond point-by-point to any comments made by the reviewers and/or editors in the space provided in the system ("Response to Decision Letter").


Accepted articles cannot be published until the publisher has received the appropriate signed license agreement. If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author will receive an email prompting them to log into Wiley's Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the standard copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


Disclosure Statement. All authors must disclose any affiliations that they consider to be relevant and important with any organization that to any author's knowledge has a direct interest, particularly a financial interest, in the subject matter or materials discussed. Such affiliations include, but are not limited to, employment by an industrial concern, ownership of stock, membership on a standing advisory council or committee, a seat on the board of directors, or being publicly associated with a company or its products. Other areas of real or perceived conflict of interest would include receiving honoraria or consulting fees or receiving grants or funds from such corporations or individuals representing such corporations. This requirement will apply to every sort of article submitted to the Journal, including original research, reviews, editorials, letters to the editor, and any others, and should be disclosed at the time of submission. The simplest remedy for conflict of interest is disclosure. In the Journal, disclosure will henceforth be achieved by the inclusion of a short footnote with each published article. This information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review. It will not be shared with peer reviewers, and it will not influence the editorial decision to accept or reject the manuscript. When an article is accepted for publication, the editors will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be presented.


All articles published, including but not limited to original research, technical notes, editorials, reviews, case reports, and letters, represent the opinions and views of the authors and do not reflect any official policy or medical opinion of the institutions with which the authors are affiliated or of the Publisher or Editor unless this is clearly specified. Articles published herein are intended to further general scientific research, understanding, and discussion only and are not intended and should not be relied upon as recommending or promoting a specific method, diagnosis, or treatment by physicians for any particular patient.

While the Editor and Publisher believe that drug selections and dosages and the specifications and usage of equipment and devices as set forth herein are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication, they accept no legal responsibility for any errors or omissions, and make no warranty, express or implied, with respect to material contained herein.

Publication of an advertisement or other discussions of products in the Journal should not be construed as an endorsement of the products or the manufacturers’ claims. Readers are encouraged to contact the manufacturers with any questions about the features or limitations of the products mentioned.

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