Polymer International

Cover image for Vol. 65 Issue 6

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: K E Geckeler

Impact Factor: 2.409

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 26/82 (Polymer Science)

Online ISSN: 1097-0126

Associated Title(s): Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Chemistry & Industry, Energy Science & Engineering, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Pest Management Science


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  1. Reviews

    1. Biopolymeric nanocomposites for potential biomedical applications

      Alina Sionkowska

      Version of Record online: 23 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5149

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      This review reports recent advances in the field of the biopolymeric composites and nanoocomposites for potential biomedical applications based on collagen and chitosan and their blends with inorganic particles.

  2. Research Articles

    1. Polymerization induced viscoelastic phase separation of porous phenolic resin from solution

      Xiaolin Yi, Lei Kong, Xia Dong, Xiaobiao Zuo, Xiao Kuang, Zhihai Feng and Dujin Wang

      Version of Record online: 18 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5147

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      The porous texture of phenolic resinwas controlled by curing temperature and solvent content according to polymerization induced viscoelastic phase separation which can be a guidance for the resin transfer molding process.

    2. Examining the thermal behaviour of novel aromatic polybenzoxazine blends containing an organophosphorous compound and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane reagents

      Sotirios Kopsidas and Ian Hamerton

      Version of Record online: 18 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5139

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      Aminoethylaminopropylisobutyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane and bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)phenylphosphine oxide (BPPO) reduce the cure temperature and increase the glass transition temperature compared with 2,2-bis(3,4-dihydro-3-phenyl-2H-1,3-benzoxazine)propane homopolymer. Ea = 84–88 kJ mol−1 with first-order rate constant of 1.9 × 108 s−1.

    3. Influence of plasticizers on thermal properties and crystallization behaviour of poly(lactic acid) films obtained by compression moulding

      Justine Muller, Alberto Jiménez, Chelo González-Martínez and Amparo Chiralt

      Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5142

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      Plasticizers reduce the glass transition temperature but enhance poly(lactic acid) (PLA) crystallization, which does not improve polymer ductility. High-viscosity compatible plasticizers can better improve the mechanical performance of PLA due to the reduction of crystallization.

    4. Influence of incorporation of starch nanoparticles in PBAT/TPS composite films

      Paula González Seligra, Lídia Eloy Moura, Lucia Famá, Janice Izabel Druzian and Silvia Goyanes

      Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5127

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      The presence of starch nanoparticles (NP) during composite extrusion leads to a higher degree of starch gelatinization, improving starch compatibility with PBAT.

  3. Mini-review

    1. Polydopamine deposition at fluid interfaces

      Florian Ponzio and Vincent Ball

      Version of Record online: 10 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5124

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      Polydopamine can be deposited at water/air and liquid/liquid interfaces to produce functional membranes.

  4. Research Articles

    1. A simple and novel method to design flexible and transparent epoxy resin with tunable mechanical properties

      Jinrui Huang and Xiaoan Nie

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5144

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      Flexible and transparent epoxy resin is fabricated by adding modified resin (MR) into diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA). The MR is fabricated by the ring opening of the epoxy group of DGEBA via hydrazine hydrate.

    2. Using full-factorial design analysis and response surface methodology to better understand the production of cationized chitosan from epoxides

      Tonimar DA Senra and Jacques Desbrières

      Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5137

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      Polynomial functions and response surface methodology developed from 23 full-factorial analysis show the influence of reaction parameters on characteristics and properties of ChCat permitting appropriate choice of reaction conditions to produce ChCat with the desired characteristics for a particular target application. Furthermore, as GTMAC is the simplest quaternary epoxide, the study of its reaction with chitosan serves as a template for more complex quaternary epoxides as they may be used for the production of new ChCat derivatives possessing alkyl chains with different chain lengths.

    3. High performance poly(N-aryleneindole ether) containing pyridine units as a novel acid response fluorescent detector

      Qiaojiao Wang, Li Xiong, Fanghua Zhu, Li Yang and Guanjun Chang

      Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5145

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      Soluble and high-thermal stability polyindole containing a pyridine ring has been successfully synthesized, and shows blue-light emission caused by the donor − acceptor interaction between its indole and pyridine units; the fluorescence intensity could be altered by protonation and deprotonation.

  5. Comment

  6. Research Articles

    1. Time-dependent changes of surface properties of polyether ether ketone caused by air plasma treatment

      Diana Rymuszka, Konrad Terpiłowski, Piotr Borowski and Lucyna Holysz

      Version of Record online: 5 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5141

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      Physicochemical and spectroscopic measurements are used to explore the PEEK surface after air plasma treatment. Disappearance of the plasma effect with time is also investigated. The results indicate that significant changes in chemistry of the treated surface occur. The initially obtained modifications gradually fade with time, but the original properties of the untreated surface are not recovered.

    2. Influence of liposome encapsulated essential oils on properties of chitosan films

      Cristina Valencia-Sullca, Miriam Jiménez, Alberto Jiménez, Lorena Atarés, Maria Vargas and Amparo Chiralt

      Version of Record online: 3 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5143

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      The incorporation lecithin liposomes containing engenol showed s high retention (45%)of volatile compounds, as compared to the 1% which is retained when they are free incorporated emulsification

    3. Microwave dielectric properties of polytetrafluoroethylene-polyacrylate composite films made via aerosol deposition

      Shamus O'Keefe and Christine K Luscombe

      Version of Record online: 3 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5138

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      PTFE-PA composite films made by aerosol deposition have measured dielectric properties in good agreement with effective medium theory predictions, suggesting a promising route to incorporating PTFE into additive manufacturing processes.

    4. Amine-modified poly(vinyl alcohol) as a novel surfactant to modulate size and surface charge of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles

      Claudia Cella, Federico Martello, Serena Ghisletti, Cristina Lenardi, Paolo Milani and Simona Argentiere

      Version of Record online: 3 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5122

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      In emulsion-based synthesis of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles, different mixtures of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and a novel surfactant (amino-PVA) were investigated to obtain cytocompatible nanoparticles with good degradability, tunable size and endosomal escape potential.

    5. Poly(ether ether sulfone)s and sulfonated poly(ether ether sulfone)s derived from functionalized 1,1-diphenylethylene derivatives

      Gabriel J Summers, M Ginette Kasiama and Carol A Summers

      Version of Record online: 3 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5135

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      The preparation of a series of thermally stable poly(ether ether sulfone) derivatives from functionalized 1,1-diphenylethylene derivatives, with the random introduction of the 1,1-diphenylethylene unit along the polymer backbone, is reported. The post-polymerization thiol-ene addition reaction of the 1,1-diphenylethylene unit of the poly(ether ether sulfone) precursor with sodium 3-mercapto-1-propane sulfonate affords a new, well-defined sulfonated poly(ether ether sulfone) derivative, with the alkyl sulfonate group introduced pendant to the polymer backbone.

  7. Reviews

  8. Research Articles

    1. Single-phase product obtained via crude glycerine depolymerisation of polyurethane elastomer: structure characterisation and rheological behaviour

      Patrycja Kopczyńska and Janusz Datta

      Version of Record online: 29 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5128

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      Crude glycerine was used as a decomposing agent in polyurethane recycling. The resulting semi-products are valuable and can be used in polyurethane synthesis as replacement of polyols.

    2. Lithium polymer electrolytes containing oligomeric imidazolium ionic liquids

      Dorota Gładka, Agnieszka Omiotek, Patrycja Gosiewska, Norbert Langwald, Zbigniew Florjańczyk, Przemysław Kubisa, Tadeusz Biedroń and Ewa Zygadło-Monikowska

      Version of Record online: 29 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5130

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      Polymer electrolytes with imidazolium ionic liquids substituted at C2 position by oligooxyethylene groups for application in lithium ion batteries have been obtained. Their thermal and electrochemical properties are reported.

    3. Microwave-crosslinked bio-based starch/clay aerogels

      Liang Wang, Miguel Sánchez-Soto, Tobias Abt, Maria Lluisa Maspoch and Orlando O Santana

      Version of Record online: 28 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5104

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      Glutaraldehyde rapidly crosslinked starch via microwave irradiation, resulting in a significant improvement in mechanical properties of aerogels. Porous aerogels degraded faster than their solid film counterparts.

    4. Multi-arm star polymers of lactide obtained in melt in the presence of hyperbranched oligoglycerols

      Anna Kundys, Andrzej Plichta, Zbigniew Florjańczyk, Agnieszka Zychewicz, Paulina Lisowska, Paweł Parzuchowski and Edyta Wawrzyńska

      Version of Record online: 28 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5126

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      A high-molar-mass multi-arm star poly(l-lactide) based on hyperbranched polyglycerol initiator was synthesized on a laboratory scale and in a model research installation in bulk at 190 °C.

    5. Thermomechanical improvement of glycerol plasticized maize starch with high loading of cellulose, flax and talc fillers

      Daniele Battegazzore, Sergio Bocchini and Alberto Frache

      Version of Record online: 28 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5129

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      High loading of natural filler was incorporated in thermoplastic starch using melt blending. The huge increase of composite storage moduli was investigated and interpolated with the Cox − Krenchel model.

  9. Mini-reviews

    1. Strategies for non-invasive imaging of polymeric biomaterial in vascular tissue engineering and regenerative medicine using ultrasound and photoacoustic techniques

      Cinzia Avigo, Alessandra Flori, Paolo Armanetti, Nicole Di Lascio, Claudia Kusmic, Jithin Jose, Paola Losi, Giorgio Soldani, Francesco Faita and Luca Menichetti

      Version of Record online: 26 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5113

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      Recent advancements of ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging applied to tissue engineering are presented with examples about the assessment of vascular grafts, the microvasculature in absorbable scaffolds and novel nano-biomaterials applications.

  10. Research Articles

    1. Preparation of alginate hydrogels containing silver nanoparticles: a facile approach for antibacterial applications

      Nicoletta Rescignano, Rebeca Hernandez, Lionel D Lopez, Inmaculada Calvillo, Josè M Kenny and Carmen Mijangos

      Version of Record online: 22 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5119

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      The present work deals with nanocomposite hydrogels obtained from alginate, employed as a biocompatible matrix for the encapsulation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). the effect of the encapsulation of AgNPs within alginate hydrogels on their porous structure and the AgNPs dispersion was evaluated with several characterization techniques.

    2. Influence of the processing method and antimicrobial agents on properties of starch-gelatin biodegradable films

      Olga Moreno, Raúl Díaz, Lorena Atarés and Amparo Chiralt

      Version of Record online: 22 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5115

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      The addition of LZ, and especially of LAE, contributed to enhance the blending capacity of starch and gelatin phases. CLAE and PLAE films showed anti-listerial activity.

    3. Composite scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering based on natural polymers of bacterial origin, thermoplastic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and micro-fibrillated bacterial cellulose

      Everest Akaraonye, Jan Filip, Mirka Safarikova, Vehid Salih, Tajalli Keshavarz, Jonathan C Knowles and Ipsita Roy

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5103

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      The compressive modulus and yield strength of the P(3HB)/MFC composite increased by 124.1% and 102% respectively, with respect to neat P(3HB), on addition of 40 wt% MFC. The physical characteristics of the composite resulted in optimal cell attachment, proliferation and maintenance of the chondrocytic phenotype.

  11. Reviews

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Optically and electrically excited emissions from organic semiconducting oligomer crystals

      Shu Hotta

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5112

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      Thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer crystals exhibit edge and surface emission depending upon the vertical and horizontal molecular alignments, respectively. Various types of laser devices follow from these molecular alignments.

    2. Macromolecular design and application using Mn2(CO)10-based visible light photoinitiating systems

      Mustafa Ciftci, Mehmet Atilla Tasdelen and Yusuf Yagci

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5111

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      The use of the dimanganese decacarbonyl (Mn2(CO)10) based phototinitiating system in the synthesis of linear and crosslinked polymeric structures is described.

  12. Mini-reviews

    1. Synthesis of single component element-block materials based on siloxane-based cage frameworks

      Kensuke Naka and Yasuyuki Irie

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5121

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      Single component element-block materials based on siloxane-based caged frameworks are reviewed. They are a promising approach to control the sequence of organic and inorganic segments in organic-inorganic hybrids at molecular level.

  13. Research Articles

    1. Polysaccharide polyelectrolyte multilayer coating on poly(ethylene terephthalate)

      Leyre Pérez-Álvarez, Erlantz Lizundia, Sara del Hoyo, Ariane Sagasti, Leire Ruiz Rubio and J Luis Vilas

      Version of Record online: 15 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5116

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      Stable polysaccharide multilayers of chitosan (CHI) and hyaluronic acid (HA) are successfully adsorbed onto hydrophobic poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) using layer-by-layer assembly after hydrolysis of PET with NaOH.

  14. Reviews

    1. Photoprotection versus photodamage: updating an old but still unsolved controversy about melanin

      F Solano

      Version of Record online: 13 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5117

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      Melanin is a photoprotective cutaneous pigment against sunlight, but after excitation it can provoke the modification of cellular molecules including DNA. Thus, photoprotection can become photodamage.

  15. Research Articles

    1. Tannic acid and cholesterol–dopamine as building blocks in composite coatings for substrate-mediated drug delivery

      Yan Zhang, Marie Baekgaard-Laursen, Sidsel A Mouritzen, Martin E Lynge, Philipp S Schattling, Maarten Danial, Almar Postma and Brigitte Städler

      Version of Record online: 8 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5110

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      A comparison is made between polydopamine and tannic acid polymer films, with embedded paclitaxel-loaded liposomes, for their ability to prevent hepatocyte adhesion.

    2. Poly(lactic acid)-based nanocomposites filled with cellulose nanocrystals with modified surface: all-atom molecular dynamics simulations

      Artem D Glova, Stanislav G Falkovich, Sergey V Larin, Daria A Mezhenskaia, Natalia V Lukasheva, Victor M Nazarychev, Dmitrii A Tolmachev, Anna A Mercurieva, José M Kenny and Sergey V Lyulin

      Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5102

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      Bio-nanocomposites of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) filled with cellulose with oligolactide (OLA) chains grafted to its surface are simulated using all-atom molecular dynamics with various OLA grafting densities.

  16. Mini-reviews

    1. Structures and dynamics of microparticles in suspension studied using ultrasound scattering techniques

      Tomohisa Norisuye

      Version of Record online: 21 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5100

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      A novel dynamic scattering approach using ultrasound is described. It is employed to probe the dynamics of microparticles in suspensions with size ranging from several tens of nanometers to micrometers.

    2. Recent advances in photorefractive and photoactive polymers for holographic applications

      Naoto Tsutsumi

      Version of Record online: 10 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5096

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      The current state-of-the-art of photorefractive and photoactive polymers for updatable holographic applications is summarized and reviewed.

  17. Research Articles

    1. Surface-functionalized polyurethane nanoparticles for targeted cancer therapy

      Clara Mattu, Antonella Silvestri, Tian Ran Wang, Monica Boffito, Elia Ranzato, Claudio Cassino, Gianni Ciofani and Gianluca Ciardelli

      Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5094

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      Polyurethanes bearing active functional groups have been exploited to prepare surface-functionalized nanoparticles for active targeting of cancer cells. The monoclonal antibody Herceptin has been coupled to the surface of the nanoparticles and its activity towards target cells has been preserved.

    2. Novel polyurethane-based thermosensitive hydrogels as drug release and tissue engineering platforms: design and in vitro characterization

      Monica Boffito, Emilia Gioffredi, Valeria Chiono, Stefano Calzone, Elia Ranzato, Simona Martinotti and Gianluca Ciardelli

      Version of Record online: 3 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5080

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      Novel injectable thermo-sensitive hydrogels based on a Poloxamer P407-based poly(ether urethane) were designed with rapid gelation at 37°C and improved stability and shape retention at physiological conditions

    3. Poly[(3-hydroxybutyrate)-co-(3-hydroxyvalerate)] active bilayer films obtained by compression moulding and applying essential oils at the interface

      Raquel Requena, Alberto Jiménez, María Vargas and Amparo Chiralt

      Version of Record online: 1 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5091

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      The incorporation of natural antimicrobials, especially carvacrol and oregano essential oil, into bilayer films of poly[(3-hydroxybutyrate)-co-(3-hydroxyvalerate)] could be a promising option for the development of active biodegradable films.

    4. Effect of hydroxytyrosol methyl carbonate on the thermal, migration and antioxidant properties of PVA-based films for active food packaging

      Elena Fortunati, Francesca Luzi, Laura Dugo, Chiara Fanali, Giusy Tripodo, Luca Santi, José M Kenny, Luigi Torre and Roberta Bernini

      Version of Record online: 26 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5090

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      Novel poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/hydroxytyrosolmethyl carbonate (HTyr-MC) binary films were developed and thoroughly investigated in view of their potential application as active food packaging materials.

  18. Reviews

    1. Renewable building blocks for sustainable polyesters: new biotechnological routes for greener plastics

      Alessandro Pellis, Enrique Herrero Acero, Lucia Gardossi, Valerio Ferrario and Georg M Guebitz

      Version of Record online: 24 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5087

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      Bio-based monomers, such as dimethyl itaconate and butanediol, are used for the production of polyesters using enzyme biocatalysts in green and sustainable processes.

  19. Research Articles

    1. Core − shell microgels with controlled structural properties

      Edmondo Battista, Alessia Mazzarotta, Filippo Causa, Angela Maria Cusano and Paolo Antonio Netti

      Version of Record online: 17 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5076

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      Core − shell microgels with controlled structural properties

      Here we report on the multistep synthesis of fluorescent core−shell microgels with inner and surface controlled composition. The tunability and versatility of this approach was confirmed in each step of the synthesis by confocal imaging, XPS and AFM. In particular, the in situ AFM measurements allowed us to study the swelling behaviour to understand the structural organization of the layers at single particle level.

  20. Mini-reviews

    1. Recent bioinspired applications of single-chain nanoparticles

      Alejandro Latorre-Sánchez and José A Pomposo

      Version of Record online: 15 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5078

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      This mini-review highlights recent bioinspired applications of single-chain polymer nanoparticles, SCNPs, and gives an insight into the current trends of this rapidly evolving field.

  21. Research Articles

    1. Tuning core hydrophobicity of spherical polymeric nanoconstructs for docetaxel delivery

      Daniele Di Mascolo, Pooja Basnett, Anna Lisa Palange, Marco Francardi, Ipsita Roy and Paolo Decuzzi

      Version of Record online: 9 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pi.5072

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      Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P(3HB)) are used for the formulation of Docetaxel-loaded Spherical Polymeric Nanoconstructs (SPNs), modulating their pharmaco-related properties but maintaining similar cytotoxic efficacy.


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