Polymer International

Cover image for Vol. 65 Issue 3

Edited By: K E Geckeler

Impact Factor: 2.409

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 26/82 (Polymer Science)

Online ISSN: 1097-0126

Associated Title(s): Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Chemistry & Industry, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Pest Management Science

Author Guidelines

Submission of papers:

Polymer International operates an online submission system. Details of how to submit online and full author instructions can be found at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/pi- wiley . A covering letter must be included when submitting a paper and must state the novelty of the paper. Referees may also ask to see hard copies of electronic figures for clarification; these must be available immediately on request.

For queries regarding submissions please contact the Editorial Office at polyint@wiley.com

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English language. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at http://www.blac kwellpublishing.com/bauthor/english_language.asp Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at http://www.wiley.co.jp/jour nals/editcontribute.html All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication. PLEASE NOTE: editors reserve the right to immediately reject a paper if the English is not of a high enough standard.

Authors will receive an immediate acknowledgement of receipt of their paper, and subsequently notification of acceptance or rejection according to the referees' recommendations and the Executive Editorial Board's assessment. Papers must not have been pre-published and may not be offered for publication elsewhere while under consideration by Polymer International . The corresponding author must obtain the consent of all the co-authors to the submission of the paper.

Submission of inadequately prepared typescripts will cause delay. Authors should therefore conform closely to the instructions given below.

Note to NIH Grantees: Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance.  This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  For further information, see www.wiley.com/go/nihmandate

Copyright transfer agreement
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/faqs---copyright-_301.html

For authors choosing OnlineOpen:
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/faqs---copyright-_301.html and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

Front matter

Front-end content articles are commissioned, but the Journal also warmly welcomes ideas. Please contact the Journals Manager with your proposal; once a proposal is accepted or commissioned, detailed format guidelines will be provided. In general, the Journal prefers lively pieces of interest to a wider audience. All articles are subject to peer review.

Spotlight - A Spotlight is a brief, lightly referenced article about an outstanding area, newsworthy advance or event in the field. Spotlights may report on the contemporary significance of new or established experimental methodologies and discoveries. These articles should be written in a lively and accessible style, be accompanied by a one-sentence-abstract, a provocative image and caption and generally should not exceed 6 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).

Perspective - A Perspective is a lightly referenced scholarly opinion piece about current or future directions in a field. A Perspective can serve to assess the science directly concerned with a particular topic or report on relevant issues that may arise from the discipline (for example, policy, effects on society, regulatory issues and controversies). Perspectives that address interdisciplinary research areas or experimental results with significance to a broader audience are of particular interest to the Editors. The Perspective should be accompanied by an abstract and generally range from 6 to 12 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).

Mini-review - A Mini-review is a sharply focused summary and assessment of the relevant literature concerning any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. These reviews are particularly effective when discussing cutting-edge advancements in the discipline. Mini-reviews should be accompanied by an abstract, are generally no longer than 14 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures) and are selectively referenced.

Review - A full-length critical Review provides a summary and discussion of the relevant literature about any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. Reviews should be accompanied by an abstract and generally be about the same length or slightly longer than a primary research paper.

Roadmap Article - a collaboration review type article between a group of authors. Each author should write a couple of printed pages about a specific aspect of the topic agreed by all the authors within the Aims and Scope of the journal and the papers should be accompanied by an abstract. The maximum length of this type of article should be up to 8,000 words.

In Focus - The In Focus section presents a collection of articles (full papers and/or other article types) by different research groups on a theme of interest to the Journal's readership. These themes will be linked to the Journal's Aims and Scope, as well as to novel subjects or techniques. In Focus themes and articles are generally solicited by the Journal's Editors or by a guest editor with particular expertise, but ideas are also welcome.

Style and layout of papers

No Research manuscripts submitted to the Journal can exceed 6000 words.

When submitting a revised version of a manuscript, the changes made should be clearly highlighted in red. Polymer International reserves the right to reject papers where the author has not made the reviewer changes accordingly. Papers cannot be revised past a second revision.

All papers must be written in clear and concise English, using the impersonal form. Authors whose first language is not English must seek advice from a native English speaker. Although unnecessary standardisation is not desired, and due allowance for the type of subject matter must be made, papers submitted to the Journal should adopt the following pattern as far as possible.

Title - This should be concise and explanatory of the purpose of the paper. Where a series of related papers is submitted each individual paper should have the same general heading, followed by a series number and title of the part.

Authors' names - These should include one forename of each author spelt in full.

Address - This should be where the work was carried out. Give the postal address for correspondence as a footnote with an email address.

Keywords - Please provide 4 to 6 keywords.

Abstract - A short abstract (up to 200 words) that draws attention to the salient points and that is intelligible without reference to the paper itself should be given at the beginning of the paper. For research papers, the abstract should provide a clear rationale for the study and state the main aim(s), as well as key findings, important numerical values, and the main conclusions, including why the results are significant and how they advance the field. Abstracts for Perspectives should be shorter and for Spotlights should not exceed 1-2 sentences. Authors should remember that the abstract is often the only portion of a paper read (as in abstracting journals) and the use of unusual acronyms or abbreviations should be avoided.

Introduction - The aim of the investigation should be given and also a brief statement of previous work, annotated with references.

Experimental - The methods and materials used should be clearly stated in sufficient detail to permit the work to be repeated if desired. Only new techniques need be described in detail, but known methods should be described in a single sentence and be referenced adequately.

Results - These should be presented concisely, using tables or illustrations for clarity. Adequate indication of the level of experimental error (particularly on graphs) and the statistical significance of results should be given. The number of illustrations and graphical chemical formulae used must be kept to a minimum. Only in exceptional cases will both tables and graphs derived from the same data be accepted for publication.

Authors should distinguish clearly between main and subsidiary headings. Headings should not be numbered.

Discussion - In general, the discussion and interpretation of results should follow their presentation, in a separate section.

Conclusions - These should not repeat preceding statements, but extract the most important findings and identify their significance.

Acknowledgements - Please keep to a minimum.

References - These should be in the Vancouver style, and authors should pay particular attention to the instructions given below.

Supporting Information - Polymer International accepts submission of supporting information. This may include extensive tables, graphs, spectra, calculations, and other material beyond that which is essential to the printed paper. This will be included in the online edition of the Journal but will not be part of the printed article. Supporting information should be denoted as such when submitting via Manuscript Central. It should be uploaded as a separate file, at the time the manuscript is submitted for peer review.

Graphical Table of Contents

The online table of contents of Polymer International presents papers with a graphical abstract.

The table of contents entry must include the article title, the authors' names (with the corresponding author indicated by an asterisk), no more than 30 words of text summarising the key findings presented in the paper and a figure that best represents the scope of the paper.

Table of contents entries should be submitted to Manuscript Central in one of the generic file formats and uploaded as a ‘Graphical Abstract’ during the initial manuscript submission process.

The image supplied should fit within the dimensions of 50mm x 60mm, and be fully legible at this size.

Examples for arranging the text and figures as well as paper title and authors' names are shown below.

sample figure

Preparation of manuscripts

(a) All manuscripts must be typed double spaced, single column, in size 12 font and adequate margins should be left.

(b) Tabulated matter should be clearly set out and the number of columns in each table should be kept as low as possible. Tables numbered consecutively with arabic numerals must be placed after the references.

(c) Illustrations should be placed within the main body of text, labelled consecutively with arabic numerals. Use only essential labelling on the figure. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend. On graphs, include labels and units on axes. The figures should be of high resolution (300 dpi minimum for photos, 800 dpi minimum for graphs, drawings, etc., at the size the figure will be printed). Numbers and symbols incorporated in the figure must be large enough to be legible after reduction in figure size. We cannot publish scans or photocopied figures. You must have appropriate permission to reproduce previously published figures.

Each figure must be accompanied by a legend. A legend should consist of a concise title, followed by a brief technical description which should contain enough information to make the figure understandable without reference to the text. It should not contain methods. Symbols indicated in the figure must be identified in the legend.

(d) Photographs should be included only when essential. The size should be such that, when the print is reduced to the normal size for reproduction (12×17 cm maximum), the detail is still clear. (It is inevitable that some loss of clarity will occur during the printing.)

Please Note: The Journal does accept colour figures and photographs, but there is a charge to authors to cover the additional production costs involved in printing colour. Under exceptional circumstances, authors may request that these charges may be waived. This must be provided in writing, at the time of submission, and authors must justify to the editor that inclusion of the figure(s) in colour is essential for interpretation of the results presented.

(e) Symbols, formulae and equations must be written with great care. IUPAC recommendations are to be followed for names of polymers, physico-chemical quantities and units. Summaries of relevant IUPAC recommendations can be found in (i) Compendium of Macromolecular Nomenclature, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1991 (ii) Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1988 (iii) Glossary of Basic Terms in Polymer Science, Pure and Applied Chemistry , 1996, 68 , 2287-2311 and (iv) Nomenclature of Regular Single-Strand Organic Polymers, Pure and Applied Chemistry , 1976, 48 , 373.

A brief summary of some of the more important points is given below.

Names of polymers

Names are either source-based or structure-based.

i) Source-based names for homopolymers.

Generally the prefix "poly" is followed by the name of the monomer, e.g. polystyrene, polyacrylonitrile, polyformaldehyde, polypropene. If the name of the monomer consists of more than one word, as with esters, parentheses are employed, e.g. poly(methyl methacrylate), poly(vinyl chloride), poly(phenylene oxide).

ii) Source-based names for copolymers.

These are similar to names of homopolymers but at least two monomer names are involved with a connective between them to indicate the nature of the structure of the copolymer. The connectives are written in italic script and those recommended are: -co-, -stat-, -ran-, -alt-, -per-, -block- and -graft- for, respectively, unspecified, statistical, random, alternating, periodic, block and graft copolymers. Examples are: poly(styrene- stat -acrylonitrile), poly[(methyl methacrylate)- graft -poly(vinyl chloride)], poly[styrene- alt -(maleic anhydride)], polystyrene- block -polybutadiene.

iii) Structure-based names.

These are based on the concept of a constitutional repeating unit (CRU), a unit which, upon repetition, represents the structure of the macromolecule. Rules for identifying the correct CRU have been formulated, and one of the most important is that the lowest locant for substitution is selected; thus, in the case of polystyrene, the CRU is 1-phenylethene, rather than 2-phenylethene, and the structure-based name of polystyrene is therefore poly(1-phenylethene).

Names of elements

The correct spellings of three controversial names of elements are aluminium, caesium, and sulfur.

Physical quantities and units

The symbol for a physical quantity should be a single letter of the Latin or Greek alphabet written in italic type. Symbols for units should be in roman (upright) type and should not be followed by a full stop, except at the end of a sentence. Where more than one unit is required, powers should be employed rather than the solidus. There should always be a space between the number representing the value of a physical quantity and the symbol for the unit, as follows.

r = 10 cm b.DeltaS = -154.3 J K -1 mol -1T = 28 °C Yield = 67 %

(Note that, in writing temperatures, a space follows the numerical value but the "°" and the "C" are not separated.)


Some prefixes should be printed in italic script, some not. The n -, as in n -butane, is italic. Other prefixes for which there is a definite ruling are listed below.

Italic sec-, tert-, cis-, trans-, c-, t-, o-, m-, p-, n-, R-, S-.

Where the locus of substitution has to specified, the initial letter, designating the element on which the substitution occurs, is printed in italic script, thus: N , N -dimethylformamide or O -methylglycerol.

Not Italic iso-, bis-, cyclo-.

(f) References to the literature must be formatted in the Vancouver style, indicated in the text by superscript numbers in the order in which they appear and a full list must be inserted at the end of the paper. Unpublished work should be referred to only in the text: (Smith J, unpublished), (Brown CD, private communication). All authors' initials must be given, after the surname. The names of the journals should be abbreviated in accordance with Chemical Abstracts or Biological Abstracts (see detailed list in Chemical Abstract Service Source Index (1907-1974, cumulative, and quarterly supplements, 1975-) and the Biosis List of Serials ). If the name of the journal is not in this list, it should be given in full. The abbreviated title of the journal should be in italic, followed by the volume number in bold, and then the range of pages and the year. Where possible, the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the reference should be included at the end of the reference. When books are mentioned in the References, the order should be author(s), initials, title, volume number, edition, editors, publisher, place of publication, range of pages and year.

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is an identification system for intellectual proeprty in the digital environment. Deevloped by the International DOI Foundation on behalf of the publishing industry, its goals are to provide a framework for managing intellectual content, link customers with publishers, facilitate electronic commerce, and enable automated copyright management.

Please follow this style and order: author's surname, initial(s), journal title (in italic), volume number (in bold), first and last page numbers, year of publication (in brackets), e.g.:

1. Patel TD and Bott TR, Polym Int 52: 187-199 (1991).

When books are mentioned in the References, the order should be author(s), initial (s), title, volume number, edition, editors, publisher, place of publication, range of pages and year:

2. Barros, Oliveira AC and Cabral JMS, Integration of enzyme catalysis in an extractive fermentation process, in Biocatalysis in Organic Media , ed by Laane C, Tramper J and Lilly MD. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp 185-196 (1987).

When quoting patents give the name of the applicant(s), the title, the country and patent number (or application number) and the year of publication, thus:

3. Hegner MB and Wendt KL, Method of sorting seeds. UK Patent 1470133 (1977).

Online citations to online-only journals and books should include the author, title, website and date of access:

4. Wright NA, The Standing of UK Histopathology Research 1997-2002 . http://pathsoc.org.uk [accessed 7 October 2004].

All other online citations should only be cited in the text with the author's name and the website address: (Brown CD (http://polymer.ac.uk)).

(g) Accepted common names of substances should be used wherever possible; trade names, where used, should be indicated and acknowledged as such; ® is usually adequate for this.

(h) The names and locations of suppliers/makers of equipment, chemicals, etc. should be provided. The details should be given in the first mention, then subsequently only the supplier's/maker's name.

(i) Footnotes should be kept to a minimum and indicated by asterisks and daggers (*†).

Permission grants

If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts using the Wiley Permission Request Form, available online at http://www.interscience. wiley.com/polymerinternational under the “For Authors” link. Permission grants should be submitted with the manuscript.


Authors submitting a manuscript containing in vivo animal work should submit details for all relevant Ethics Committee approval and authorisation (e.g. institute and/or government) and all relevant reference numbers. Details will be printed as a footnote to the paper.

Accepted Articles

Polymer International now provides authors with Wiley-Blackwell’s Accepted Articles service, whereby peer reviewed, accepted articles, are published online within days of acceptance, without having been copyedited or typeset. The articles are available as a PDF and can be cited using their Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers. For more information on DOIs, please see http://www.doi.org.faq.html Please note, as Accepted Articles are not considered to be final, changes may be made after the Accepted Article online publication date. Once copyedited and typeset, the article will be removed from the Accepted Articles area and will appear instead in Early View.

The implementation of the Accepted Articles service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers immediately after acceptance, considerably reducing time to publication.

Correspondence and proofs

Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. The author must sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement online (details at the top of this page), transferring copyright in the article to the SCI.

Corrections must be sent to the Publisher within 48 hours of receipt of the proofs. Correction of proofs by authors must be restricted to printer's errors.

There are no page charges


Free access to the final PDF of the article will be available via Author Services only. Reprints can be purchased at current printing prices.

Polymer International Communications Instructions to Authors

Research results that merit very rapid publication can be submitted to the journal as Communications. Letters accompanying submissions must state clearly why the paper should be considered for rapid publication. Communicationsmust be written in clear unambiguous English and authors must check their complete manuscript very carefully prior to submission. Proofs will be sent to authors but these must be returned, correcting printing errors only, within 48 hours of receipt , or the author will be assumed to have made no corrections. The corresponding author must include full contact details including telephone, fax and e-mail (or these details for an alternative contact should the corresponding author be unreachable).

In order to maintain rapid publication, a Communication must be no more than three printed pages in length, including figures, tables and references. This means that the submitted paper should be less than 1200 words with a maximum of three display items (figures or tables), and a maximum of 25 references. No colour illustrations will be accepted. All figures must be of the highest quality.

Authors will receive an immediate acknowledgement of receipt of their paper and, subsequently, notification of acceptance or rejection according to the referees' recommendations and the Executive Editorial Board's assessment. Papers must not have been made publicly available in print or electronic formats and may not be offered for publication elsewhere whilst under consideration by Polymer International. The corresponding author must obtain written consent of all the co-authors prior to submission of the paper.

Recommended SI units and symbols

SI base unitsNameSymbol

Electric currentampereA
Thermodynamic temperaturekelvinK
Amount of substancemolemol
Luminous intensitycandelacd


To form decimal multiples of SI units the following prefixes may be used, but for mass the prefix is added to the gram (g) and not the kilogram (kg).


10 3kilok
10 -1decid
10 -2centic
10 -3millim


10 -6microµ
10 -9nanon
10 -12picop
10 -15femtof

Derived units

Physical quantityNameSymbol

EnergyjouleJkg m 2 s -2= Nm
ForcenewtonNkg m s -2= J m -1