Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology

Cover image for Vol. 92 Issue 3

Edited By: Jack Melling

Impact Factor: 2.738

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 18/50 (Engineering Environmental); 28/135 (Engineering Chemical); 54/161 (Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology); 58/163 (Chemistry Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1097-4660

Associated Title(s): Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Chemistry & Industry, Energy Science & Engineering, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Pest Management Science, Polymer International

Author Guidelines

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Author Guidelines


    Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology is an international peer-reviewed research journal that publishes Original Papers, Reviews, Mini-reviews, Perspectives, Emerging Technologies and Spotlights relating scientific discoveries and inventions in the disciplines of biotechnology and chemical technology to their conversion into commercial products and processes. Submitted papers should indicate areas of novelty and significant advances to the current state of knowledge and understanding of the topic. Please read the Journal’s Aims and Scope for a detailed view of the publication areas.


    Front-end content articles are commissioned, but the Journal also warmly welcomes ideas. Please contact the Editorial Office ( with your proposal; once a proposal is accepted or commissioned, detailed format guidelines will be provided. In general, the Journal prefers lively pieces of interest to a wider audience. All articles are subject to peer review.

    Spotlight A Spotlight is a brief, lightly referenced article about an outstanding area, newsworthy advance or event in the field. Spotlights may report on the contemporary significance of new or established experimental methodologies and discoveries. These articles should be written in a lively and accessible style, be accompanied by a one-sentence abstract, a provocative image and caption and generally should not exceed 6 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).

    Perspective A Perspective is a lightly referenced scholarly opinion piece about current or future directions in a field. A Perspective can serve to assess the science directly concerned with a particular topic or report on relevant issues that may arise from the discipline (for example, policy, effects on society, regulatory issues and controversies). Perspectives that address interdisciplinary research areas or experimental results with significance to a broader audience are of particular interest to the Editors. The Perspective should be accompanied by an abstract and generally range from 6 to 12 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).

    Mini-review A Mini-review is a sharply focused summary and assessment of the relevant literature concerning any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. These reviews are particularly effective when discussing cutting-edge advancements in the discipline. Mini-reviews should be accompanied by an abstract, are generally no longer than 14 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures), and are selectively referenced.

    Review A full-length critical Review provides a summary and discussion of the relevant literature about any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. Reviews should be accompanied by an abstract and should be a maximum of 6000 words excluding references and tables.

    Emerging Technologies This series of articles focuses on significant advances in technology that could lead in the near future to substantial improvements in commercial activities. The aim is to provide an authoritative discussion of newer technologies that are emerging from the research environment into industry. The articles should provide scientists and engineers with sufficient information to allow assessment of the technology and its potential for commercial application. The articles should not exceed 12 double-spaced manuscript pages with references confined to seminal articles and review articles.

    In Focus The In Focus section presents a collection of articles (original research papers and/or other article types) by different research groups on a theme of interest to the Journal’s readership. These themes will be linked to the Journal’s Aims and Scope, as well as to novel subjects or techniques. In Focus themes and articles are generally solicited by the Journal's Editors or by a guest editor with particular expertise, but ideas are also welcome.

    Guidelines for Cover Submissions - If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these general guidelines.

    In addition to FRONT MATTER the main aim of the Journal is to publish peer-reviewed research and this is achieved through:

    Research Articles These form the major type of publication and details of the precise format for submission are given below. Important features required in a Research Paper include a Compound Abstract; Introduction setting out the work in the context of published literature and clearly indicating advances in knowledge; Experimental Procedures in sufficient detail to allow replication of the work and including analysis of replication and precision of data; concise presentation of Experimental Results followed by Discussion of significance of the findings without repeating earlier material.


    Papers may not be offered for publication elsewhere whilst under consideration by the Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology . The corresponding author must obtain the consent of all co-authors to the submission of the paper. Papers accepted by the Journal for publication may not be published elsewhere without the permission of the Society of Chemical Industry (SCI) and acknowledgement of the original source of the publication. For enquiries regarding submissions please contact the Editorial Office at

    JCTB operates an online submission system. Details of how to submit and full author instructions can be found at:

    Inadequately or incorrectly prepared manuscripts may be delayed or even rejected. Authors must therefore conform closely to the instructions given below. Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English language. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at: Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at: All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication. Please note: Authors are requested to supply the names of suitable referees for their paper. Authors can enter suggested referee details in the standard submission screens on ScholarOne Manuscripts or provide details of referees with conflicts of interest. Note to NIH Grantees Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see


    Wiley-Blackwell has published best practice guidelines on publication ethics in English, Chinese and Japanese. These describe our position on the major ethical principles of academic publishing and provide guidance on potential issues related to conflict of interest, plagiarism and editorial standards and processes. JCTB encourages all prospective authors to read the guidelines to ensure that manuscripts submitted to the Journal adhere to our ethical standards. To read the guidelines, please refer to the relevant web page found here:


    Authors submitting a manuscript containing in vivo animal work should submit details of all relevant Ethics Committee approval and authorization (e.g. institute and/or government) and all relevant reference numbers. Details will be printed as a footnote to the paper.


    Authors are advised to consult a recent issue of the Journal for guidance on style and layout. Although no absolute limit of length is prescribed, papers and review articles submitted for publication should be presented as briefly as possible, having regard to the considerations below.

    All papers must be written in clear, concise English. In general, research papers should be in the impersonal form. Non-English speaking authors who do not have a good command of written scientific English are advised to seek assistance, before submission, from someone who has.

    Papers submitted to the Journal should conform as far as possible to the pattern set out below.

    Title This should be concise and explain of the nature of the paper. If the paper was given, wholly or in part, at a scientific meeting, this should be stated in a footnote.

    Short title An abbreviated title of up to 80 characters should also be provided.

    Authors' names These should include with the surname one forename of each author spelt in full and the address where the work was carried out. The name, address, email address and phone numbers of the corresponding author should be indicated clearly.

    Abstract For original research articles, we require a compound abstract. This must contain fewer than 200 words in a three-part format with three uppercase headed sections:

    BACKGROUND: provides a rationale for the study (understandable to a broad audience) and states the main aim(s).
    RESULTS: describes the main findings, including important numerical values.
    CONCLUSION: provides the main conclusions, including why the results are significant and advance the field.

    Authors should remember that the abstract is often the only portion of a paper read (as in abstracting journals) and the use of unusual acronyms or abbreviations should be avoided.

    Key words Appropriate key words (4-6) should be provided for indexing and abstracting. Authors should give careful consideration to the choice of keywords to ensure the paper is picked up during searches for the appropriate topic.

    Nomenclature If numerous symbols, letters and abbreviations are used in the text they should be listed for easy reference with their explanations. (See also the section on FORMAT FOR SUBMISSION, part (f), below.)

    Introduction This should state the problem investigated, the aim of the work and previous relevant work with appropriate references, and must indicate clearly the advance in knowledge.

    Experimental The methods and materials used should be stated clearly in sufficient detail to permit the work to be repeated by others, if desired. Only new techniques need be described in detail; known methods must have adequate references.

    Results These should be presented concisely, with tables or illustrations for clarity.

    Adequate indication of the reproducibility of the results, level of experimental error and the statistical significance of the results should be given. Lack of such information could lead to rejection of the paper.

    The number of illustrations, graphs and chemical formulae used must be kept to a minimum, and only in exceptional cases will tables and graphs derived from the same data be accepted for publication. Supporting information will be published online (subject to peer review).

    Headings Authors should distinguish clearly between main and subsidiary headings. Headings should not be numbered.

    Discussion This section should discuss the significance of the findings without repetition of the material in the Introduction and Results sections. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined when this would simplify the presentation.

    Acknowledgements These should be kept to a minimum.

    References It is most important that these should be checked carefully and be in the Vancouver style. Authors should pay particular attention to the instructions given below (part i).


    ( a ) All manuscripts must be submitted in A4 format, single column, using double spacing and leaving adequate margins. Each page should be numbered individually. Text lines should be numbered, with the numbers restarting on each page.

    ( b ) Tabular material must be clearly set out with the number of columns in each table kept to a minimum. Tables, numbered consecutively with arabic numerals, must be typed on separate sheets and placed after the references, leaving sufficient space around the copy for printer's instructions. Tables must have concise headings that enable them to be comprehensible without reference to the main text. Please ensure that the data in columns are consistent in the number of significant figures.

    ( c ) Number illustrations with Arabic numerals consecutively, in order of appearance in the text. Keep lettering on illustrations to a minimum and include essential details in the legend. Illustrations should be submitted in black and white, with no background colour. Figures should be placed on separate sheets after the main body of the text.

    Save each figure as a separate file and include the source file (i.e. a file in the program in which the image was originally created). The figures should be of high resolution (300 dpi minimum for photos, 800 dpi minimum for graphs, drawings, etc., at the size the figure will be printed). Numbers and symbols incorporated in the figure must be large enough to be legible after reduction in figure size.

    We cannot publish scans or photocopied figures or accept PowerPoint, Excel, Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), LaTeX, Roshal Archive (RAR) or Portable Document Format (PDF) files. Suitable file types include Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Microsoft Word (doc) files.

    You must have appropriate written permission to reproduce previously published figures.

    Please note: the Journal does accept colour figures and photographs, but there is a charge to authors to cover the additional production costs involved in printing colour. Under exceptional circumstances, authors may request that these charges be waived. This must be provided, in writing, at the time of submission, and authors must justify to the Editor that inclusion of the figure(s) in colour is essential for interpretation of the results presented.

    ( d ) Footnotes should be kept to a minimum and indicated by asterisks and daggers (*, †).

    ( e ) Number compounds with bold arabic numerals ( 1 , 2 ).

    ( f ) Symbols, formulae and equations must be written with great care. The symbols recommended in the various parts of the British Standard 1991 should be used. SI units should be used; these are described in, for example, the British Standards Publication PD 5686, The Use of SI Units.

    For biochemical nomenclature, as far as possible, authors should follow the recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Commission of Biochemical Nomenclature.

    Chemicals when first used should be given the systematic name together with the trivial name or abbreviation in brackets, following which the trivial name/abbreviation can be used.

    For enzymes, authors are requested to quote the Enzyme Commission (EC) number and systematic name once in the abstract and once in the text, both times after the first mention of the enzyme.

    Trade names, where used, should be indicated and acknowledged as such.

    ( g )Plants, animals and microorganisms should be given their full binominal Latin name, in italic, in the title, abstract, headings and legends of tables and figures, and at the first mention in the text. A collection number, strain number or name should be quoted, e.g. Escherichia coli (K12). Thereafter abbreviate them in the text, e.g. E. coli.

    ( h ) The names and location of suppliers/makers of equipment, chemicals, etc. should be provided. The details should be given in the first mention, then subsequently only the maker’s/supplier’s name.

    ( i ) References should be formatted in the Vancouver style. Unpublished work should be referred to only in the text: (Smith J, unpublished) (Brown CD, private communication).

    References to the literature should be indicated by numerical superscripts 1 in order of appearance 2,3 and following any punctuation. 4–6

    References should be listed in numerical order at the end of the paper, giving all the authors with their initials after the respective surnames. Give the full title of the paper in the language in which it appeared or an accurate English translation. Journal titles should be abbreviated as in Chemical Abstracts or Biological Abstracts. If the journal is not included in these lists, then give the title in full. Where possible, the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the reference should be included at the end of the reference.

    Please follow this style and order: author's surname, initial(s) of forename(s), paper title, journal title (in italic), volume number (in bold), first and last page numbers, year of publication (in brackets) e.g.:


    1.Patel TD and Bott TR, Oxygen diffusion through a developing biofilm of Pseudomonas fluorescens . J Chem Technol Biotechnol 52 :187–199 (1991).


    2. Barros MRA, Oliveira AC and Cabral JMS, Integration of enzyme catalysis in an extractive fermentation process, in Biocatalysis in Organic Media , ed by Laane C, Tramper J and Lilly MD. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp 185–196 (1987).

    Conference Proceedings

    3. Bortun AI, Pardini JJ, Butler CJ, Khainokov SA and Garcia JR, Zirconium based inorganic ion exchangers, in Ion Exchange Technology for Today and Tomorrow, Proc. IEX2004 Cambridge, UK, ed. Cox M, Society of Chemical Industry, London, pp 125-132 (2004)

    When quoting patents give the name of the applicant(s), the title, the country and patent number (or application number) and the year of publication, thus:

    4. Hegner MB and Wendt KL, Method of sorting seeds. UK Patent 1470133 (1977).

    Online citations to online-only journals and books should include the author, title, website and date of access:

    5. Wright NA, The Standing of UK Histopathology Research 1997–2002. [accessed 7 October 2004].

    All other online citations should only be cited in the text with the author’s name and the website address: (Brown CD (

    ( j ) JCTB accepts submission of supporting information. This may include extensive tables, graphs, spectra, calculations, and other material beyond that which is essential to the printed paper. This will be included in the online edition of the Journal but will not be part of the printed article. Supporting information should be denoted as such when submitting via ScholarOne Manuscripts. It should be uploaded as a separate file at the time the manuscript is submitted for peer review.


    The Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology now provides authors with Wiley-Blackwell’s Accepted Articles service, whereby peer reviewed, accepted articles, are published online within days of acceptance, without having been copyedited or typeset. The articles are available as a PDF and can be cited using their Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers. For more information on DOIs, please see Please note, as Accepted Articles are not considered to be final, changes may be made after the Accepted Article online publication date. Once copyedited and typeset, the article will be removed from the Accepted Articles area and will appear instead in Early View.

    The implementation of the Accepted Articles service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers immediately after acceptance, considerably reducing time to publication.


    The proofs will be emailed as PDF files to the corresponding author. Proofs must be corrected and returned to the publishers within 48 hours of receipt; failure to do this will result in delay in publication. Author's corrections must be restricted to the printer's and/or factual errors.


    There are no page charges. Free access to the final PDF of the article will be available via Author Services only. Reprints can be purchased at current printing prices. The data can be but into a repository where appropriate but it may be required by funders.