Clinical Anatomy

Cover image for Vol. 29 Issue 4

Editor-in-Chief: R. Shane Tubbs

Impact Factor: 1.332

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 12/21 (Anatomy & Morphology)

Online ISSN: 1098-2353

Author Guidelines

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Author Guidelines

Search Engine Optimization for Your Paper
Consult our SEO Tips for Authors page in order to maximize online discoverability for your published research. Included are tips for making your title and abstract SEO-friendly, choosing appropriate keywords, and promoting your research through social media.


Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the non-standard CTA

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the Clinical Anatomy non-standard CTA to sign. The terms and conditions of the non-standard CTA can be previewed below:

Terms and Conditions. Please do not complete this PDF until you are prompted to login into Author Services as described above.

Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version

Funder arrangements

Certain funders, including the NIH, members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust require deposit of the Accepted Version in a repository after an embargo period. Details of funding arrangements are set out at the following website: Please contact the Journal production editor if you have additional funding requirements.


Wiley has arrangements with certain academic institutions to permit the deposit of the Accepted Version in the institutional repository after an embargo period. Details of such arrangements are set out at the following website:

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


CLINICAL ANATOMY requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker’s fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal.

If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the cover letter (if applicable) to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (in the footnotes, Conflict of Interest or Acknowledgments section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.


CA uses iThenticate, a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to us, you agree that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works. All submitted manuscripts must be original and must not have been published previously either in whole or in part, except in abstract form; manuscripts published previously in another language may not be submitted. Also, manuscripts submitted to us must not be under consideration by any other journal.

  • Original Communications*
    Original research in clinical anatomy.
  • A Glimpse of our Past*
    Short article on an aspect of the history of anatomy.
  • Review*
    A comprehensive but critical analysis of a topic that includes perspectives of the past, present, and future, if applicable.
  • Viewpoint*
    Opinions or perspectives on clinical anatomy.
  • Clinical Conundrum*
    Puzzling clinical presentations understood by their anatomical basis.
  • Topic for Debate*
    Discussion of controversial topics. Each 'Topic' includes an invited lead paper and comments from three or four contributors of differing viewpoints. Suggestions for future topics and offers of contributions are welcomed by the editors.
  • Point-Counterpoint* (invited)
  • Letters to the Editor
  • Book Reviews
  • Abstracts

* Peer-reviewed categories.


The Editors of Clinical Anatomy encourage the author(s) to suggest at least two qualified reviewers, including their academic affiliations and email addresses. The format for preparation of manuscripts for electronic submission is as follows.

General Information

  • The manuscript should be typed double-spaced throughout for paper 8 1/2" × 11" (22 × 28 cm) with at least a 1" (2.5 cm) margin on all sides.
  • Number all manuscript pages consecutively.
  • Do not hyphenate words at the end of lines.
  • Do not begin sentences with abbreviations.
  • Spell out the word Figure in the text except when it appears in parentheses: Figure 2, (Figs. 4–6).
  • Anatomical terms must conform with those set forth in Terminologica Anatomica (1998) Stuttgart: Thieme translated to English as used in standard English language textbooks, and eponyms, if used, must appear in parentheses alongside the TA term.
  • Spell nontechnical terms according to recommendations in the current Webster's International Dictionary. American spelling will be used (e.g., center, analyzed ).
  • Always spell out numbers when they stand as the first word in a sentence; abbreviations may not follow such numbers. Numbers indicating time, weight, and measurements are to be in Arabic numerals when followed by abbreviations (e.g., 2 mm; 1 sec; 3 ml). In general, write out the numbers one to ten in the text. All higher numbers should be given as numerals.
  • Write dates as follows: October 11, 2012
  • All measurements should use the metric system.
  • Keep the document's format as simple as possible. Refrain from any complex formatting.

Separate Title Page

Upload a separate title page in Microsoft Word DOC format containing the following elements:

  • Complete title of paper; editorial features such as Letters to the Editor and Book Reviews should have a descriptive title
  • Name of each author
  • Institution from which paper emanated, with city, state, and zip code or postal code. Each affiliation should be listed as a separate entity, with a superscript number that links it to the individual author.
    For example:
    A. Smith1, B. Jones1, C. Thomas2, and D. Williams1,2*
    1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    2Department of Pediatrics, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
  • Abbreviated title (running headline) not to exceed 48 letters and spaces
  • Name, address, telephone and telefax numbers, and e-mail address for Corresponding Author (person to whom the proof is to be sent). The correspondence address will appear as an asterisked footnote. Designate one author for each paper.
    For example:
    *Correspondence to: Dr. Peter H. Dangerfield, Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, The University of Liverpool, New Medical School, Ashton Street, Liverpool, L69 3GE UK.

Main Document

The main document should have a uniform style and be be in Microsoft Word DOC format. The main document should not include the authors' names, affiliations, or any other identifying information. The documnent should consist of subdivisions in the following sequence.


Start each subdivision on a new page.

Title & Abstract. The first page of the manuscript should include the complete title of the manuscript and an abstract of 250 words or less that will serve in lieu of a concluding summary and when published will precede the introductory section of the text. The abstract must be written in complete sentences, and succinctly state the objectives, experimental design of the paper, the principal observations and conclusions; and be intelligible without reference to the rest of the paper. The abstract should contain the following sections in boldface: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions.

Key words should be included with the abstract and should not, in total, exceed 85 letters and spaces. Key words should be set in lower case (except for essential capitals), separated by a semicolon.

View our suggestions on optimizing your title, abstract and keywords to maximize the visibility of your published article.

Materials and Methods. Ethics committee or institutional review board approval should be stated in the Materials and Methods section.


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References Citations

All references must be cited in the text. References in the text to the literature should be made by author's name, followed by year of publication. When two or more references are cited together in the text they should be placed in chronological order:

. . . studies by Taitz (2000) reveal . . .
. . . studies by Ma and Lozanoff (1999) reveal . . .
. . . Studies by Wadu et al. (1997) reveal . . .
. . . an earlier report (Hines, 1993) . .
. . . earlier reports (Valojerdy and Hogg, 1989; Abu-Hijleh and Scothorne, 1994) . . .
. . . earlier reports (Lee et al., 1998) reveal . . .

When references are made to more than one paper by the same author, published in the same year, they are to be designated in the text as (Parke, 1991a,b) and in the literature list as follows:

Parke WW. 1991a. Intrinisic vasculature of the lumbosacral spinal nerve roots. Orthopedics 217:337–387.

Parke WW. 1991b. The significance of venous return impairment in ischemic radiculopathy and myelopathy. Orthop Clin N Amer 163:315–326.

References List

Literature cited is to be arranged alphabetically by authors. Abbreviations of journal titles follows those used in Index Medicus. Format follows the style described below and punctuation matches the examples listed in the sample references.

Citation for a standard journal article: Author's name(s), year of publication, article title, journal title (abbreviated), volume number, inclusive pages:

Lachman N, Acland RD, Rosse C. 2002. Anatomical evidence for the absence of a morphologically distinct cranial root of the accessory nerve in man. Clin Anat 15:4-10.

Citation for a standard book: Author's name(s), year of publication, book title, place of publication, publisher, inclusive pages or total pages:

Ellis H, Logan B, Dixon A. 1999. Human cross-sectional anatomy: Atlas of body sections, CT and MRI images. 2nd Ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. p 1-245.

Citations with variable components: Editor's name(s), year of publication, chapter title, book title, volume/edition, place of publication, publisher, inclusive pages or total pages:

Whitehouse GH, Worthington BS. (eds.) 1996. Techniques in diagnostic imaging. 2nd Ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science. 526 p.

Wallace WA. 1993. Recurrent instability of the shoulder and its management. In: Kelly IG, editor. The practice of shoulder surgery. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. p 163-179.

Internet references: Author last name, first name initial. Year. Title of article. URL: internet address [accessed month, year].

Goodwin H. 2002. Review of general and vascular surgery claims. URL: [accessed November 2004]

Footnotes. Number footnotes to the text consecutively. The corresponding numbers must be clearly indicated in the text. Additional references to the identical footnote must be numbered with the next consecutive number; for example:

2 Material used for this experiment was provided by . . .
3 See footnote 2, page . . .

Type footnotes to a table directly beneath the table and number them 1, 2, 3, etc. They must not be numbered in sequence with text footnotes.


Placement of Tables and Illustrations. The placement of tables and illustrations must be clearly indicated in the margin of each revision.

Tables. All tables must be cited in the text and have titles. Table titles should be complete but brief. Information other than that defining the data should be presented as footnotes. Since tabular material is expensive to reproduce, it should be simple and uncomplicated, with as few vertical and horizontal rules as possible. Tables should be included after the figure legends in the main manuscript text file.

Illustrations. Anatomy is a morphological and functional science with clinical significance. Clear communication of Journal content depends upon high quality illustrations.

General Information

  • All illustrations must be cited in the text and must have legends; legends should be listed at the end of the main document after the references.
  • Each illustration must be in a separate TIF or EPS file that indicates the figure number in the file name, e.g., Figure1.tif. Large files can be compressed using LZW compression.
  • All illustrations must be submitted in complete and finished form with adequate labeling.

Required Resolution

To ensure good resolution, authors are advised to submit illustrations of the size they would wish printed. Lines and lettering must be large and dense enough to remain legible after the figure is reduced to one-column width (approx. 8.25 cm or 3.25 in) or two-column width (approx. 16 cm or 6 in). Once the illustration is sized appropriately, follow the resolution requirements below.

  • Black-and-White Images. To achieve optimum halftone quality, photographic prints submitted for reproduction must be of adequate contrast; and when more than one print is included in a single figure, they should be of similar density and tone to prevent loss of detail. Black-and white halftones should be submitted at a minimum resolution of at least 600 dpi.
  • Color Images. Color images are published in the online journal version at no charge. The cost of all color illustrations published in the print version of the journal will be charged to the author. The charge for each page is $400. Any color images should be submitted at a minimum resolution of at least 600 dpi.
  • Line Drawings. The artwork should be sharp and black to achieve maximum contrast. Use ‘‘stippling’’ and ‘‘hatching’’ techniques to achieve tonal quality. Avoid the use of shading (pencil, wash, or airbrush) for a tonal effect unless the drawing is to be reproduced as a halftone with its attendant gray-tint background. Any line drawings should be submitted at a minimum resolution of at least 600 dpi; 1200 dpi is the preferred resolution for line drawings to ensure that faint lines are rendered appropriately in the final article.

Rapid Inspector TM gives authors of scientific, technical, and medical journals a resource for certifying their illustrations prior to submission. Utilizing this software will ensure that your graphics are suitable for print production. To download this journal's free Rapid Inspector software, please visit


Submit all new manuscripts online. Launch your web browser and go to Check for an existing account. If you are submitting for the first time, and you do not have an existing account, create a new account. Follow all instructions.

At the end of a successful submission, a confirmation screen with manuscript number will appear and you will receive an e-mail confirming that the manuscript has been received by the journal. If this does not happen, please check your submission and/or contact tech support at

Submit manuscript and all figures as separate files if possible. You do not need to mail any paper copies of your manuscript. Corresponding authors should include address, telephone number, fax number, and E-mail address.

No paper that has been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere will be considered for publication by CLINICAL ANATOMY. A statement to this effect must accompany the manuscript.

The editors and the publisher reserve the right to return manuscripts and illustrations that are not in proper finished form to the author for revision.

Letters to the Editor(s) are encouraged.

The editorial board will consider expediting the publication of manuscripts of significant interest to the readership. Such manuscripts must be sufficiently high quality and timeliness to pass through the review/revision process quickly.

If the submission uses cadaveric tissue, please acknowledge the donors in an acknowledgement at the end of the paper.

Upon receipt, each manuscript is sent to two or more experts for review. The review process is confidential. We expect reviewers to protect the confidentiality of each manuscript, and we do not disclose the identity of reviewers or any confidential material they provide the editorial offices.

Authors for Whom English Is a Second Language. Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission or during the review process. Authors wishing to pursue a professional English-language editing service should make contact and arrange payment with the editing service of their choice. For more details regarding the recommended services, please go here.

Page Proofs. An electronic page proof will be sent to the corresponding author. All corrections should be marked clearly and returned in a timely manner. Specific instructions for returning the page proofs will be included with the page proof.

Reprints. Reprints may be purchased at

Accepted Articles. The Accepted Articles service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers after acceptance. Accepted Articles have been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but have not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. Accepted Articles are published online a few days after final acceptance, appear in PDF format only (without the accompanying full-text HTML) and are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked. The DOI remains unique to a given article in perpetuity. More information about DOIs can be found online at Given that Accepted Articles are not considered to be final, please note that changes will be made to an article after Accepted Article online publication, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record.

For additional information contact:

Production Editor

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