Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

Cover image for Vol. 27 Issue 1

Edited By: Professor Philip J. Boon and Professor John M. Baxter

Impact Factor: 2.415

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 13/85 (Water Resources); 19/104 (Marine & Freshwater Biology); 75/225 (Environmental Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1099-0755

Author Guidelines

Please note that effective with the 2011 volume, Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems has been published in an online-only format. For additional tools visit Author Resources - an enhanced suite of online tools for Wiley Online Library journal authors, featuring Article Tracking, E-mail Publication Alerts and Customized Research Tools.

Author Guidelines


You should consult the Journal’s 'Aims and Scope' to ensure that your paper falls within one or more of the areas published by Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. Whatever the topic, it is important that your paper explains the relevance and application of your work to the conservation and management of aquatic habitats and species.

Manuscript Submission

Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface. Please read the remainder of these instructions to authors and then click ScholarOne to navigate to the Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems online submission site. IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the last year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

All papers must be submitted via the online system

There is no page charge to authors.

File Types. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .docx, and .xls. Figures may be provided in .tiff or .jpeg format.

Initial Submission
NON-LATEX USERS: Upload your manuscript files. At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.
LATEX USERS: For reviewing purposes you should upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box.

Submission of a Revised Manuscript

NON-LATEX USERS: Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

LATEX USERS: When submitting your revision you must still upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your now revised source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box. In addition you must upload your TeX source files. For all your source files you must use the File Designation "Supplemental Material not for review". Previous versions of uploaded manuscripts must be deleted. If your manuscript is accepted for publication we will use the files you upload to typeset your article within a totally digital workflow.

Manuscript Style (APA Style)

The language of the journal is English (spelling -- Oxford English Dictionary). All submissions must have a title and have a margin of 3 cm all round. Illustrations and tables must be on separate sheets, and not be incorporated into the text.

Manuscripts should not be written in the first person (i.e. sentences involving words such as ‘we’, ‘us’, ‘our’) as our journal uses third-person sentence construction: ‘Samples were taken at 15 sites…’ rather than ‘We took samples from 15 sites…’. In Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems we reserve the use of first-person sentence construction for places where authors are voicing their opinion: e.g. ‘We consider that further research is required in this area’.

The title page must list the full names and affiliations of all authors. The postal and email addresses should only be given for the corresponding author who will check the proofs and answer any queries.

  • The name(s) of any sponsor(s) of the research contained in the paper, along with the grant number(s) should be included in the Acknowledgements.
  • Supply an abstract of up to 300 words for all articles. An abstract is a concise summary of the whole paper, not just the conclusions, and is understandable without reference to the rest of the paper. It should contain no citation to other published work, and consist of a series of short, numbered paragraphs.
  • Include 6-10 keywords underneath the Abstract, separated by comma, in alphabetical order, and in lower cases.
  • Divide your article into numbered sections entitled Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, Appendix (if required)

As well as full length papers, the journal also publishes short communications and brief contributions.

Short Communications

Papers in this section provide authors with an opportunity to publish preliminary results of new research, or more descriptive studies where detailed data are expected later. Articles will normally cover no more than six printed pages, including an Abstract, all tables, figures, and references.

Commentary and Correspondence

Papers in this section will include brief contributions on topical issues, comments on papers published in Aquatic Conservation, and outline descriptions of new research projects. All articles must be no longer than 1000 words, contain no abstract, figures, tables, and sub-headings, and a maximum of four references. Articles will be published at the discretion of the Chief Editors who may request revision before acceptance, but will not be subject to peer review.

Publication of biodiversity data

Authors are encouraged to place all species distribution records in a publicly accessible database such as the national Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) nodes ( or data centres endorsed by GBIF, including BioFresh (

Pre-Submission English Language Editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Reference Style

These should follow the APA style for references.

The table below gives examples of required format for citations with 1 author, 2 authors, 3-5 authors, and 6 or more authors.


Number of Authors

Citations in the text

Reference list

1.     1 author

Example of in-text citation:

Crawford (2016)  OR (quotation) (Crawford, 2016, 613)



Crawford, L. (2016). The impact of introduced signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus on stream invertebrate communities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 16, 611621.


2.     2 authors

In-text citation: 

(Vélez-Espino & Koops, 2009) OR (quotation) (Vélez-Espino & Koops, 2009, 678)



Vélez-Espino, L. A., & Koops, M. A. (2009). Quantifying allowable harm in species at risk: Application to the Laurentian black redhorse (Moxostoma duquesnei). Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 19, 676688.


3.     3-5 authors

In-text citation:

Name all authors: (James, Hart,  Bailey, & Blinn, 2009) OR (quotation) (James, Hart,  Bailey, & Blinn, 2009, 250)


*NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with 3-5 authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname, followed by et al. and the year.



James, K. R., Hart, B. T., Bailey, P. C. E., & Blinn, D. W. (2009). Impact of secondary salinisation on freshwater ecosystems: Effect of experimentally increased salinity on an intermittent floodplain wetland. Marine and Freshwater Research, 60, 246-258.

4.     6 authors or more

In-text citation:

(San Miguel et al., 2004) OR (quotation) (San Miguel et al., 2004, 1375)




San Miguel, E., Monserrat, S., Fernández, C., Amaro, R., Hermida, M., Ondina, P., & Altaba C.R. (2004). Growth models and longevity of freshwater pearl mussels (Margaritifera margaritifera) in Spain. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 82: 1370–1379.


If there are 6 or 7 authors all the names should be given


If there are 8 or more authors include the first six authors' names, then insert three ellipsis points, and add the last author's name:


Lopes-Lima, M., Sousa, R., Geist, J., Aldridge, D. C., Araujo, R., Bergengren, J., … Van

Damme, D. (2016). Conservation status of freshwater mussels in Europe: State of the art and future challenges. Biological Reviews DOI: 10.1111/brv.12244






  • Where two or more references are cited together, these should be listed in alphabetical order and not in date order.
  • The first word after a colon in the title of a reference should be written with an initial capital.
  • In the text, insert commas before “&” (ampersand) for three or more authors.
  • If there are two or more citations with the same lead author and date, give as many additional names as needed to identify them, e.g., (Smith, Jones, et al., 1991) and (Smith, Burke, et al., 1991).
  • Insertions of suffixes is used for references with the same authors published in the same year.

1. Journal Article: Journal title should be given in full and italicize

When accepted for publication:

Smith, J. In press. Title of paper. Name of Journal.

For Journal articles (published online in Early View but not yet allocated a volume and page number:

Armendáriz, G., Quiroz-Martínez, B., & Alvarez, F. (2016) Risk assessment for the Mexican freshwater crayfish: The roles of diversity, endemism and conservation status Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, doi: 10.1002/aqc.2671.

For Journal articles (published with volume and page numbers allocated):

Rivadeneira, M. M., Santoro, C. M., & Marquet, P. A. (2010). Reconstructing the history of human impacts on coastal biodiversity in Chile: Constraints and opportunities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 20, 74-82.

2. Books

For books:

Naiman R. J. (1994). Principles of Conservation Biology (2nd ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

For articles in edited volumes (e.g. books, special issues, conference proceedings):

Meyer J. L. & Wallace J. B. (2001). Lost linkages and lotic ecology: Rediscovering small streams. In Press, M. C., Huntly, N. J., & Levin, S. (Eds.), Ecology: Achievement and Challenge (pp. 295-317), Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

3. Reports/Thesis/Directives:

For reports:
Barbour, M. T., Gerritsen, J., Snyder, B. D., & Stribling, J. B. (1999). Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers: Periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrates, and fish. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water.

For theses
Jerling, H. L. (1994). Feeding ecology of mesozooplankton in the Sundays River Estuary (PhD thesis). University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

For European directives:
Council of the European Communities (2000). Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 23rd October 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Communities (L327), pp. 1-72.

4. Software(s)

For software packages:
SAS. 2002. JMP version 5 statistics and graphics guide. SAS, Cary, NC.

5. Websites

For references fron the World Wide Web
Scottish Natural Heritage. 2000. [14 June 2000].

6. For personal communications:Not allowed in reference list. Cite in text only, (e.g., J. Smith, pers. comm., April 2010).


Upload each figure as a separate file in either .tiff or .jpeg format, together with the figure number. Compound figures e.g. 1a, b, c should be uploaded as one figure. Tints are not acceptable. Lettering must be of a reasonable size that would still be clearly legible upon reduction, and consistent within each figure and set of figures. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend. All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:

  • Black and white and colour photos - 300 dpi
  • Graphs, drawings, etc - 800 dpi preferred; 600 dpi minimum
  • Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) - 500 dpi

Tables should be part of the main document and should be placed after the references. If the table is created in excel the file should be uploaded separately.

Colour Illustrations

All figures in colour are published free of charge.

Supporting Information

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional: tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission please visit:

The availability of Supporting Information should be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear after the Acknowledgements, headed 'Supporting Information' as displayed below:


Additional Supporting Information may be found online in the supporting information tab for this article.

Post Acceptance

Further Information. For accepted manuscripts the publisher will supply proofs to the submitting author prior to publication. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced during the production process. Prompt return of the corrected proofs, preferably within two days of receipt, will minimise the risk of the paper being held over to a later issue. Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only (unless otherwise stated). Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Reprints of your article and copies of the journal may be ordered.


OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article open access. With OnlineOpen the author, their funding agency, or institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites. In addition to publication online via Wiley Online Library, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server, immediately on publication.

All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Copyright and Permissions

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time.

Authors Resources: Manuscript now accepted for publication?

If so, check out our suite of tools and services for authors and sign up for:

  • Article Tracking
  • E-mail Publication Alerts
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Cite Early View Articles

To link to an article from the author’s homepage, take the DOI (digital object identifier) and append it to "" as per following example:
DOI 10.1002/aqc.2715, becomes