Geological Journal

Cover image for Vol. 51 Issue 1

Edited By: Professor Ian D. Somerville

Impact Factor: 1.627

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 85/175 (Geosciences Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1099-1034

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Geological Journal. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

We look forward to your submission.


Aims and Scope

Click here to read the journal's Aims and Scope.

Editorial Review and Acceptance

All manuscripts are peer reviewed. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board, who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Publication Ethics

The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics:

Reproduction of Copyright Material

If excerpts from copyrighted works owned by third parties are included, credit must be shown in the contribution. It is the author’s responsibility to also obtain written permission for reproduction from the copyright owners.


Contributions should not normally exceed 12,000 words, and short communications 3000 words (excluding figure legends). Discussion papers on articles published previously in the journal are most welcome.


Pre-acceptance English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Manuscript Format, Style and Structure

• The language of the journal is English.
• Please use 12-point type in one of the standard fonts: Times, Helvetica, or Courier is preferred.
• It is not necessary to double-line space your manuscript.
• Use up to three grades of heading; the first- , second- and third-order headings should be numbered.
• Mathematical symbols and Greek letters should be typed and unusual symbols should be identified separately in the margin.
• Distinction should be made between ambiguous characters, e.g. between the letter O and zero.
• Do not use ampersand (&) in the text or references, instead use `and`.
• Genus and species in fossil names must be italicised or underlined.
• Reference to formal taxonomic units such as Phylum, Class, Order, Family etc. is with initial capital letter.
• During the submission process you must enter the full title; short title of up to 70 characters; names and affiliations of all authors; give the full address, including email, telephone and fax, of the author who is to check the proofs.
• Include the name(s) of any sponsor(s) of the research contained in the paper, along with the grant number(s).
Abstract. All articles require an abstract of up to 250 words. An abstract is a concise summary of the whole paper, not just the conclusions, and is understandable without reference to the rest of the paper. It should contain no citation to other published work.
Keywords. Include up to seven keywords.
Order of the text. Order the manuscript in the following way: introduction; description, methods and materials; results and interpretation; discussion and conclusions; acknowledgements; references; appendices; figures with legends and tables. Footnotes must not be used except in the title page and in tables.
• Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text.
• Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.


• The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below).
• In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). Where there are two or more references to one author in the same year, the following form should be used: (Smith, 1998a) or (Smith, 1998b). Where references include three or more authors, (Smith et al., 1998) should be used.
• Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data).
• In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. • In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al.
• All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.
• Where possible the DOI for the reference should be included at the end of the reference.
• Online citations should include date of access.
• Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Reference lists should use the following style:

Chen, Y.J., Ni, P., Fan, H.R. et al. 2007. Diagnostic fluid inclusions of different types of hydrothermal gold deposits. Acta Petrologica Sinica 23, 2085-2108 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Jones, P.J.F. 1998. The structure, metamorphism and stratigraphy of the Skiddaw Slates, east of Crummock Water, Cumberland. Ph.D Thesis, University of Birmingham.

Knaust, D. 2004. Cambro-Ordovician trace fossils from the SW-Norwegian Caledonides. Geological Journal 39, 1-24. DOI: 10.1002/gj.941.

Odin, G.S., Dodson, M.H. 1982. Zero isotopic age of glauconites. In: Numerical Dating in Stratigraphy , Odin, G.S. (ed.). Wiley: Chichester; 277-285.

Okay, A.I. 1984. Distribution and characteristics of the northwest Turkish blueschists. In: Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean, Dixon, J.E., Robertson, A.H.F. (eds). Geological Society, London, Special Publications 17, 455-466

Windley, B.F. 1998. The Evolving Continents . Wiley: Chichester.


Tables should be part of the main document and should be placed after the references, unless the table is created in excel in which case the file should be uploaded separately. Tables should be numbered consecutively and titled. All table columns should have an explanatory heading. Tables should not be used to present lists, or to duplicate data which are available elsewhere in the article, e.g. in a line diagram.

Figure Legends

Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend.


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals, and cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Figure legends should be incorporated in the manuscript text, not in the file name. Avoid different tints of shading in graphs. Use solid black and white or variations of cross-hatching. Annotations, e.g. arrows, should be used to indicate subtle but salient points and should be placed directly onto figures. All Figures, Diagrams and Tables must be fully referenced if duplicated or adapted from another source.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:
• Black and white and colour photos - 300 dpi
• Graphs, drawings, etc - 800 dpi preferred; 600 dpi minimum
• Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) - 500 dpi

More advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:

Please note that there are charges for printing in colour but there are no charges for the online version. Once a manuscript is accepted, the Production Manager will discuss likely costs for colour printing.


These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

Supporting Information

Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at:

Please note that the provision of supporting information is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.


Manuscripts should be submitted online at

File types. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .docx, .rtf, .ppt, .xls. LaTeX files may be submitted provided that an .eps or .pdf file is provided in addition to the source files. Figures may be provided in .tiff or .eps format.

Initial Submission

NON-LATEX USERS: Upload your manuscript files. At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.

LATEX USERS: For reviewing purposes you should upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box.

Revision Submission

NON-LATEX Users: Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

LATEX USERS: When submitting your revision you must still upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your now revised source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box. In addition you must upload your TeX source files. For all your source files you must use the File Designation "Supplemental Material not for review". Previous versions of uploaded documents must be deleted. If your manuscript is accepted for publication we will use the files you upload to typeset your article within a totally digital workflow.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.


Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article throughout the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Printed Offprints

Printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.

Author Guidelines updated 27 November 2015