Packaging Technology and Science

Cover image for Vol. 30 Issue 3

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editors-in-Chief: David Shires, Diana Twede

Impact Factor: 1.292

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 23/42 (Engineering Manufacturing); 66/124 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1099-1522

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  1. 1 - 15
  1. Research Articles

    1. Practical Considerations for Estimating Road Vehicle Frequency Response Functions from Response Data

      Daniel Ainalis, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Version of Record online: 6 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2287

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      A practical step-by-step guide is given to outline the measurement and analysis of road vehicle vibrations (constant speed operation) using the random decrement technique to estimate the dynamic characteristics (frequency response function) of the vehicle's sprung mass mode. An experimental investigation into the minimum length of road required to obtain accurate estimates is also presented, and a pavement length of 10–15 km is found sufficient.

  2. Paper submitted to IAPRI peer review stream

    1. Set-off: Development of a Simulation Press and Analytical Approach to Study the Phenomenon

      Aline Brionisio Lemos, Mary Ângela Fávaro Perez, Mauricio Rossi Bordin, Lecticia Bose Silva, Helena Teixeira Godoy and Marisa Padula

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2280

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      One type of mass transfer between package and food is through set-off. A set-off simulation press was built to simulate this phenomenon, and its efficiency was tested by evaluating the extent of benzophenone transfer from the printed surface to the non-printed side.

    2. Medication Packaging and Older Patients: A Systematic Review

      Giana Carli Lorenzini and Daniel Hellström

      Version of Record online: 9 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2241

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      The literature on medication packaging and older people is fragmented and diverse. An integrated view is provided, which describes the research landscape (characteristics of context and older patients studied), synthesizes the original research on medication packaging and older people and classifies the literature according to research streams and orientations. Additionally, the study contributes with propositions and guidance for researchers and practitioners in further research and development initiatives.

    3. Opening of Perforated Folding Cartons: From the Field to Testing

      Di Wang and Changfeng Ge

      Version of Record online: 9 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2266

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      This study introduced a process that can potentially help packaging engineers evaluate the design of opening features on packaging that has various opening patterns while in a service environment. The study found that the majority of the opening patterns can be grouped into one typical opening pattern. The variations of the patterns could be further narrowed down by using the guided test for mapping the opening process.

    4. Selection of Nanomaterial-Based Active Agents for Packaging Application: Using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a Tool

      Hai Zhang, Mercedes Hortal, Antonio Dobon, Maria Jorda-Beneyto and Jose M. Bermudez

      Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2238

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      Packaging materials incorporating different active agents (silver nanoparticles and titanium dioxide nanoparticles) were investigated with life cycle assessment. The antimicrobial efficacy of each agent was considered in the life cycle assessment calculation. The results indicate that the packaging using a mixture of both nanoparticles had the lowest environmental impact.

    5. Influence of Packaging Interaction Experience on Willingness to Pay

      Markus Joutsela, Terhi Latvala and Virpi Roto

      Version of Record online: 16 AUG 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2236

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      The present study examines how consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) changes when measured before and after interacting with a new package. A between-subjects experiment of three different package prototypes for different products was administered to 77 consumers. The first WTP was based on first impression and appearance of the package and the second WTP on the opening experience. Differences in the increase of WTP were found between respondent groups and between packages. Stimulating user experiences were found to have a significant impact on the increase in WTP.

  3. Paper Submitted to IAPRI Peer Review Stream

    1. Measurement and Analysis of Vibration Levels in Rail Transport in Central Europe

      Péter Böröcz and S. Paul Singh

      Version of Record online: 20 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2225

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      The aim of this paper is to provide vibration levels measured for rail shipments on a major railway line in Central Europe that has not been previously published. The vibration levels that were measured in this study were compared with American Society of Testing and Materials, United States Military Standards and United Kingdom Defense Standards and International Safe Transit Association procedures in the form of power spectral density spectrums.

    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Realizing Product-Packaging Combinations in Circular Systems: Shaping the Research Agenda

      Bjorn de Koeijer, Renee Wever and Jörg Henseler

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2219

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      Recent years have shown a shift in the focus of sustainable development from eco-efficiency (minimizing negative impacts) towards eco-effectiveness (optimising positive impacts). Currently, a focus on circular models can be identified. This article explores packaging development models and tools in relation to circular systems. Resulting from this analysis, three types of integration — integrated product-packaging development, the cross-functional integration of actors and the front-end integration of sustainability considerations — are appropriate for the development of product-packaging combinations for circular systems.

    3. Inactivation of Palladium-based Oxygen Scavenger System by Volatile Sulfur Compounds Present in the Headspace of Packaged Food

      Bettina Röcker, Nadine Rüegg, Alexia N. Glöss, Chahan Yeretzian and Selçuk Yildirim

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2220

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      An inhibition in the oxygen scavenging activity of our recently developed oxygen scavenger based on a catalytic system with palladium (CSP) was observed in the presence of some foods. In this study, we identified that the interaction of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) with the palladium surface is responsible for this inhibitory effect, and it was demonstrated that the catalytic activity of the CSP was inhibited when VSCs were present in food. Moreover, the main VSCs in selected foods that might be responsible for the inactivation of the CSP were identified.

    4. Inverse Sub-structuring Method for Rigidly Coupled Product Transport System based on Frequency Response Function Testing Probe Technique

      Jun Wang, Qi-li Wang, Zhong-zhen Sun, Li-xin Lu and Zhi-wei Wang

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2224

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      The inverse sub-structuring method for rigidly coupled system is proposed, and a so-called probe technique is suggested to obtain the frequency response functions (FRFs) at the coupling interface. Unlike the traditional inverse sub-structuring method, with the probe technique, one can measure the easy-to-test point at the testing probe and obtain the FRFs to predict the needed auto FRFs at the coupling interface, which further facilitate the application process of the inverse sub-structuring method.

    5. Predicting the Effect of Temperature on the Shock Absorption Properties of Polyethylene Foam

      Samuel D. McGee, Gregory S. Batt, James M. Gibert and Duncan O. Darby

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2208

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      This study utilizes the stress-energy method of cushion evaluation and highlights temperature-dependent trends in the stress-energy equations of polyethylene foam tested at 12 different temperatures ranging from 20°C to 50°C. A quadratic polynomial is used to describe the variation in the stress-energy equation coefficients over the temperature range evaluated. The model developed enables cushion curve prediction for any static stress, drop height, material thickness and temperature expected over the intended range of use of the material.

    6. Investigations Concerning the Maximum Filling Degree of Dangerous Goods Packagings for Hazardous Liquids

      Eva Schlick-Hasper, Thomas Goedecke and Matthias Kraume

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2209

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      The dangerous goods regulations UN/ADR 6.1.5.5.4 a) prescribe a maximum filling degree for determining the test pressure for the hydraulic pressure test by measurements. The assumption is that the maximum filling degree of the liquid is the worst case concerning the gauge pressure. But if the relative expansion of the packaging exceeds the relative volume expansion of the liquid, the gauge pressure increases for decreasing filling degrees. Therefore the current regulations do not lead to the intended safety level.

  4. Paper Presented at IAPRI Conference 2012

    1. Mapping Quality in Extended Value Streams using Data Recorders

      Eric Olsen, Christopher Fung, Jay Singh and Paul Singh

      Version of Record online: 7 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2205

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      This research compares three new methods and measures for evaluating the transportation segment of a value chain. This research concludes that the energy-distance method and measure is the most effective for analyzing, comparing, and identifying opportunities for value chain improvement. It also identifies a “U-shape” that is characteristic of the energy transfer pattern during a transportation segment that suggests that damage from transportation may need to be screened for quality at a subsequent value chain node.

  5. Paper Submitted to IAPRI Peer Review Stream

    1. Effects on Oxygen-barrier Properties of Pretreating Paperboard with a Starch–Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Blend before Polyethylene Extrusion

      Asif Javed, Henrik Ullsten and Lars Järnström

      Version of Record online: 7 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2210

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      Photomicrographs showed that the barrier coating layers were rather smooth, but defects were observed in the starch–PVOH layers when a plasticizer was added. Only when a sufficient number of layers (four layers) were applied to cover defects, the starch–PVOH layers containing citric acid showed oxygen transmission-rate-values similar to those of starch–PVOH layers without plasticizer. A lower oxygen transmission rate after polyethylene extrusion was observed with polyethylene glycol as plasticizer than with citric acid as plasticizer.

    2. On the Use of Machine Learning to Detect Shocks in Road Vehicle Vibration Signals

      Julien Lepine, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Version of Record online: 4 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2202

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      This paper proposes to use machine learning to identify shocks present in acceleration signals measured on road vehicles. A machine learning algorithm is trained to identify shocks buried within road vehicle vibration signals. These signals are artificially generated using non-stationary random vibration and shock impulses that reproduce typical vehicle dynamic behaviour. The results show that the machine learning algorithm is considerably more accurate and reliable in identifying shocks than the more common approaches based on the crest factor.

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