Packaging Technology and Science

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 4

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editors-in-Chief: David Shires, Diana Twede

Impact Factor: 1.584

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 12/39 (Engineering Manufacturing); 53/123 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1099-1522

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  1. Research Articles

    1. Development of Films of Novel Polypropylene based Nanomaterials for Food Packaging Application

      Z. Ayhan, S. Cimmino, O. Esturk, D. Duraccio, M. Pezzuto and C. Silvestre

      Article first published online: 23 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2126

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      New antimicrobial nanocomposite films of polypropylene random copolymer (PPR), PPR/Poly-β-pinene (PβP), PPR/clay, and PPR/PβP/clay were prepared by melt extrusion for food packaging application. Structural, morphological, and mechanical barrier; antimicrobial properties; and thermal stability of the films were determined. The incorporation of both clay and PβP increased thermal stability and tensile mechanical properties of PPR and improved barrier and antimicrobial properties compared with plain PPR.

    2. Antifungal Activity of Crude Extracts of Coffee and Spent Coffee Ground on Areca Palm Leaf Sheath (Areca catechu) Based Food Packaging

      Athiya Nonthakaew, Narumol Matan, Tanong Aewsiri and Nirundorn Matan

      Article first published online: 23 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2132

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      This study observed the antifungal activity of crude coffee extract (CCE) and crude spent coffee ground extract (CSCGE) against Aspergillus, Penicillum and Eurotium on the surface of an areca palm leaf sheath (Areca catechu). The extraction of CCE and CSCGE could be performed twice to obtain extracts containing aromatic compounds such as caffeine capable of inhibiting mould growth on an areca palm leaf sheath.

  2. Review Articles

    1. A Review of Thermoplastic Composites Vapour Permeability Models: Applicability for Barrier Dispersion Coatings

      Gonzalo A. Martinez-Hermosilla, Behudin (Beko) Mesic and John E. Bronlund

      Article first published online: 9 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2125

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      This review discusses the applicability of the permeability models available for thermoplastic composites to predicting the performance of barrier dispersion coatings for paper materials. Because of the parallel orientation and the similar length and widths of fillers used in barrier dispersion coatings, three dimensional models such as the Fredickson–Bicerano, the Gusev–Lustic, and the Moggridge are more suitable to predict relative permeability. Further experiments are required to validate the models under varied combinations of aspect ratio and the volume fraction of fillers.

  3. Paper Presented at IAPRI Conference

    1. On-the-road Measurements to Establish the Dynamic Characteristics of Transport Vehicles

      Daniel Ainalis, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Article first published online: 20 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2124

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      This paper presents the continued research into the development of an experimental technique to accurately estimate the dynamic characteristics (frequency response function) of road vehicles using only in-service response data. The single-wheeled prototype vehicle was instrumented to measure the actual longitudinal pavement elevation profile traversed by the vehicle. The measured pavement profiles were used to establish the actual (on-the-road) dynamic characteristics of the vehicle for comparison and to ascertain the spectral shape of the pavement excitation during each experimental run.

  4. Research Articles

    1. Choice of Life Cycle Assessment Software Can Impact Packaging System Decisions

      Ricky Speck, Susan Selke, Rafael Auras and James Fitzsimmons

      Article first published online: 2 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2123

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      Evaluation of several model packaging systems using COMPASS, SimaPro, GaBi, and Package Modeling software found significant discrepancies in LCA results. Given a common set of basic packaging containers as input, results from the LCA software systems studied disagreed on which container had the greatest environmental impact, and in some cases, impact indicators were more than an order of magnitude different between software. For LCA to be useful in guiding packaging design, this issue must be fully understood and resolved.

  5. Review Articles

    1. The Potential of NanoCellulose in the Packaging Field: A Review

      Fei Li, Erika Mascheroni and Luciano Piergiovanni

      Article first published online: 22 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2121

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      A 1.5 µm thick coating on (a) a polyethylene terephthalate film, (b) made of cellulose nanocrystals and (c) obtained by acidic hydrolysis of cotton linters.

  6. Research Articles

    1. Migration Model of Toxic Metals from Ceramic Food Contact Materials into Acid Food

      Zhan-hua Dong, Li-xin Lu and Zhi-gang Liu

      Article first published online: 22 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2122

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      The aims of the study were to investigate the kinetics of the leaching of lead and cadmium and to propose a mathematical model to simulate the migration of lead and cadmium from ceramic food contact materials into acid food simulants. The result of this study showed that the migration of lead and cadmium was a diffusion-controlled process. Moreover, the proposed model could be applied into the migration prediction of toxic metals from ceramic food packaging materials.

    2. Proposition of a New Severity Analysis Based on ‘Shake’ Detection: Example of the Vatry Airport Tarmac

      Victor Huart, Jean-Charles Candore, Jean-Baptiste Nolot, Nicolas Krajka, Jérôme Pellot, Serge Odof and Damien Erre

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2119

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      This study focuses on a transport phase that has not been studied in depth to date. Transportation operations on tarmacs include many handling and transportation machines, which are characterized by typical constraints that are often more stringent than airlift phase constraints. An important phenomenon is defined and analysed: the shake. In this study, acceleration distributions on the tarmac and road were analysed and compared. The following work shows comparisons of severity indicators and the hardness of tarmac phase during a trip.

    3. Effect of Pasteurization and Retort Processing on Spectral Characteristics, Morphological, Thermal, Physico-Mechanical, Barrier and Optical Properties of Nylon-Based Food Packaging Materials

      Rajamanickam Ramalingam, Sajeevkumar VA, Johnsy George and Sabapathy SN

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2120

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      The results show that WVTR and OTR of nylon-based packaging materials increased, and this increase is higher with severity of heat treatment. This could be attributed to the fact that N6 can form hydrogen bonding in the presence of high moisture environment, small crystal formation as a result of heat processing.

    4. A Comparison of the Migration of ‘Spiked’ and ‘Intrinsic’ Substances from Paper and Board into Raisins and into Tenax as a Food Simulant

      E. L. Bradley, L. Castle and D. R. Speck

      Article first published online: 24 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2117

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      Chemical migration was studied from paper and board into raisins (as a typical dried preserved fruit) and into the simulant Tenax. The test results using Tenax are considered to be appropriate without application of a correction factor. There was evidence that substances intrinsic to the P/B sample (i.e., DiPN and DiBP) migrated less readilly than these substances ‘spiked in’.

    5. Towards a Conceptual Sustainable Packaging Development Model: A Corrugated Box Case Study

      C.A.S. Dominic, S. Östlund, J. Buffington and M. M. Masoud

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2113

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      The study presents a unique integrated model of most relevant agents related to the design and implementation of a corrugated packaging through a supply chain from design to post-consumer and reuse. The research enlightens how small efforts can reduce CO2 emissions and waste, through four ex ante design stages and two ex post facto supply chain stages. Further, the research integrates the design criterion for a unit load and creates opportunity to observe the packaging system holistically.

  7. Paper presented at IAPRI World Conference 2014

    1. Maximum Gauge Pressure in Dangerous Goods Packagings Under Normal Conditions of Carriage – Comparison of Direct Measurement and Calculation

      Eva Schlick-Hasper, John Bethke, Wolfgang Jahnke, Björn Drousch, Thomas Goedecke and Matthias Kraume

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2111

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      The objective of this work was to determine the maximum gauge pressure in the vapour phase above the liquid in different design types of dangerous goods packagings under normal conditions of carriage. The volume of the design types was approximately 6 l. Two different methods were compared: direct measurement, using dichloromethane as test liquid, and calculation, using a packaging-specific relative expansion function. The results showed that the calculation method provides conservative results for the gauge pressure.

  8. Short Communications

    1. Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Guava Fruit

      D. K. Antala, A. K. Varshney, P. R. Davara and V. P. Sangani

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2110

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      Fully matured fresh guava fruits were precooled and pretreated with fungicide. The fruits were packed in 25- and 50-µm LDPE bags with active MAP of three O2 concentrations and stored at 5 ± 1 and 10 ± 1 °C temperatures. Results revealed that guava fruits were stored up to 42 days with 9% O2 + 5% CO2 gas concentration in 50-µm LDPE bags at 10 °C storage temperature, retaining the highest score of physicochemical and sensory characteristics.

  9. Paper Presented at IAPRI World Conference 2014

    1. Determination of Four Types of Hazardous Chemicals in Food Contact Materials by UHPLC-MS/MS

      Qin-Bao Lin, Long-Fei Cai, Shao-Jing Wu, Xi Yang, Zhi-Nan Chen, Song-Hua Zhou and Zhi-Wei Wang

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2116

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      An UHPLC-MS/MS method for the identification and quantification of two photoinitiators, nine plasticizers, three primary aromatic amines and six bisphenols in food contact materials has been developed. Under optimised conditions, the chromatographic separation was performed in 12 min. The optimised method was successfully applied to trace analysis of the four classes of hazardous chemicals in commercially available food contact materials.

  10. Research Articles

    1. Impact of Production and Conversion Processes on the Carbon Footprint of Flexible Plastic Films

      Ngamtip Poovarodom, Chularat Ponnak and Natthaphon Manatphrom

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2118

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      Film production and conversion processes greatly contribute to the total carbon footprint of plastic films, ranging from 16% to 40%, depending on plastic type, printing area, and number of lamination layers. An empirical model is developed to help calculate the carbon footprint of polyolefin films of different thickness and structure in an affordable and less time-consuming manner.

    2. Screening for Chemicals in Paper and Board Packaging for Food Use: Chemometric Approach and Estimation of Migration

      Valeria Guazzotti, Barbara Giussani, Luciano Piergiovanni and Sara Limbo

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2109

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      An analytical survey on paper and board materials intended for food use was carried out by means of solvent extraction with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Principal component analysis was used to explore the data. It allowed to identify and select some compounds as markers for sample classification. Additionally, the semi-quantification of the compounds in the packaging allowed a worst case estimation of food contamination by means of the infinite total migration model; occasionally, migration estimations overcame the specific migration limits.

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