Packaging Technology and Science

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 3

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editors-in-Chief: David Shires, Diana Twede

Impact Factor: 1.584

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 12/39 (Engineering Manufacturing); 53/123 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1099-1522

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  1. 1 - 22
  1. Paper Presented at IAPRI Conference

    1. On-the-road Measurements to Establish the Dynamic Characteristics of Transport Vehicles

      Daniel Ainalis, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Article first published online: 20 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2124

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      This paper presents the continued research into the development of an experimental technique to accurately estimate the dynamic characteristics (frequency response function) of road vehicles using only in-service response data. The single-wheeled prototype vehicle was instrumented to measure the actual longitudinal pavement elevation profile traversed by the vehicle. The measured pavement profiles were used to establish the actual (on-the-road) dynamic characteristics of the vehicle for comparison and to ascertain the spectral shape of the pavement excitation during each experimental run.

  2. Research Articles

    1. Choice of Life Cycle Assessment Software Can Impact Packaging System Decisions

      Ricky Speck, Susan Selke, Rafael Auras and James Fitzsimmons

      Article first published online: 2 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2123

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      Evaluation of several model packaging systems using COMPASS, SimaPro, GaBi, and Package Modeling software found significant discrepancies in LCA results. Given a common set of basic packaging containers as input, results from the LCA software systems studied disagreed on which container had the greatest environmental impact, and in some cases, impact indicators were more than an order of magnitude different between software. For LCA to be useful in guiding packaging design, this issue must be fully understood and resolved.

  3. Review Articles

    1. The Potential of NanoCellulose in the Packaging Field: A Review

      Fei Li, Erika Mascheroni and Luciano Piergiovanni

      Article first published online: 22 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2121

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      A 1.5 µm thick coating on (a) a polyethylene terephthalate film, (b) made of cellulose nanocrystals and (c) obtained by acidic hydrolysis of cotton linters.

  4. Research Articles

    1. Migration Model of Toxic Metals from Ceramic Food Contact Materials into Acid Food

      Zhan-hua Dong, Li-xin Lu and Zhi-gang Liu

      Article first published online: 22 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2122

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      The aims of the study were to investigate the kinetics of the leaching of lead and cadmium and to propose a mathematical model to simulate the migration of lead and cadmium from ceramic food contact materials into acid food simulants. The result of this study showed that the migration of lead and cadmium was a diffusion-controlled process. Moreover, the proposed model could be applied into the migration prediction of toxic metals from ceramic food packaging materials.

    2. Proposition of a New Severity Analysis Based on ‘Shake’ Detection: Example of the Vatry Airport Tarmac

      Victor Huart, Jean-Charles Candore, Jean-Baptiste Nolot, Nicolas Krajka, Jérôme Pellot, Serge Odof and Damien Erre

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2119

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      This study focuses on a transport phase that has not been studied in depth to date. Transportation operations on tarmacs include many handling and transportation machines, which are characterized by typical constraints that are often more stringent than airlift phase constraints. An important phenomenon is defined and analysed: the shake. In this study, acceleration distributions on the tarmac and road were analysed and compared. The following work shows comparisons of severity indicators and the hardness of tarmac phase during a trip.

    3. Effect of Pasteurization and Retort Processing on Spectral Characteristics, Morphological, Thermal, Physico-Mechanical, Barrier and Optical Properties of Nylon-Based Food Packaging Materials

      Rajamanickam Ramalingam, Sajeevkumar VA, Johnsy George and Sabapathy SN

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2120

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      The results show that WVTR and OTR of nylon-based packaging materials increased, and this increase is higher with severity of heat treatment. This could be attributed to the fact that N6 can form hydrogen bonding in the presence of high moisture environment, small crystal formation as a result of heat processing.

    4. A Comparison of the Migration of ‘Spiked’ and ‘Intrinsic’ Substances from Paper and Board into Raisins and into Tenax as a Food Simulant

      E. L. Bradley, L. Castle and D. R. Speck

      Article first published online: 24 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2117

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      Chemical migration was studied from paper and board into raisins (as a typical dried preserved fruit) and into the simulant Tenax. The test results using Tenax are considered to be appropriate without application of a correction factor. There was evidence that substances intrinsic to the P/B sample (i.e., DiPN and DiBP) migrated less readilly than these substances ‘spiked in’.

    5. Toward New Polymeric Oxygen Scavenging Systems: Formation of Poly(vinyl alcohol) Oxygen Scavenger Film

      Ziad Damaj, Catherine Joly and Emmanuel Guillon

      Article first published online: 24 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2112

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      A cobalt-threonine complex is used as oxygen scavenger after incorporation in a polar polymer film based on poly(vinyl alcohol). The complex needs to be activated by water before being efficient allowing an easiest industrial process. The oxygen absorption capacity of the complex after its incorporation in poly(vinyl alcohol) is 2.5 mg of oxygen per gramme.

    6. Towards a Conceptual Sustainable Packaging Development Model: A Corrugated Box Case Study

      C.A.S. Dominic, S. Östlund, J. Buffington and M. M. Masoud

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2113

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      The study presents a unique integrated model of most relevant agents related to the design and implementation of a corrugated packaging through a supply chain from design to post-consumer and reuse. The research enlightens how small efforts can reduce CO2 emissions and waste, through four ex ante design stages and two ex post facto supply chain stages. Further, the research integrates the design criterion for a unit load and creates opportunity to observe the packaging system holistically.

  5. Paper presented at IAPRI World Conference 2014

    1. Maximum Gauge Pressure in Dangerous Goods Packagings Under Normal Conditions of Carriage – Comparison of Direct Measurement and Calculation

      Eva Schlick-Hasper, John Bethke, Wolfgang Jahnke, Björn Drousch, Thomas Goedecke and Matthias Kraume

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2111

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      The objective of this work was to determine the maximum gauge pressure in the vapour phase above the liquid in different design types of dangerous goods packagings under normal conditions of carriage. The volume of the design types was approximately 6 l. Two different methods were compared: direct measurement, using dichloromethane as test liquid, and calculation, using a packaging-specific relative expansion function. The results showed that the calculation method provides conservative results for the gauge pressure.

  6. Short Communications

    1. Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Guava Fruit

      D. K. Antala, A. K. Varshney, P. R. Davara and V. P. Sangani

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2110

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      Fully matured fresh guava fruits were precooled and pretreated with fungicide. The fruits were packed in 25- and 50-µm LDPE bags with active MAP of three O2 concentrations and stored at 5 ± 1 and 10 ± 1 °C temperatures. Results revealed that guava fruits were stored up to 42 days with 9% O2 + 5% CO2 gas concentration in 50-µm LDPE bags at 10 °C storage temperature, retaining the highest score of physicochemical and sensory characteristics.

  7. Paper Presented at IAPRI World Conference 2014

    1. Determination of Four Types of Hazardous Chemicals in Food Contact Materials by UHPLC-MS/MS

      Qin-Bao Lin, Long-Fei Cai, Shao-Jing Wu, Xi Yang, Zhi-Nan Chen, Song-Hua Zhou and Zhi-Wei Wang

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2116

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      An UHPLC-MS/MS method for the identification and quantification of two photoinitiators, nine plasticizers, three primary aromatic amines and six bisphenols in food contact materials has been developed. Under optimised conditions, the chromatographic separation was performed in 12 min. The optimised method was successfully applied to trace analysis of the four classes of hazardous chemicals in commercially available food contact materials.

  8. Research Articles

    1. Impact of Production and Conversion Processes on the Carbon Footprint of Flexible Plastic Films

      Ngamtip Poovarodom, Chularat Ponnak and Natthaphon Manatphrom

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2118

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      Film production and conversion processes greatly contribute to the total carbon footprint of plastic films, ranging from 16% to 40%, depending on plastic type, printing area, and number of lamination layers. An empirical model is developed to help calculate the carbon footprint of polyolefin films of different thickness and structure in an affordable and less time-consuming manner.

  9. Paper Presented at IAPRI World Conference 2014

    1. Microperforation of Three Common Plastic Films by Laser and Their Enhanced Oxygen Transmission for Fresh Produce Packaging

      Charinee Winotapun, Noppadon Kerddonfag, Pramote Kumsang, Bongkot Hararak, Vanee Chonhenchob, Teerapon Yamwong and Wannee Chinsirikul

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2108

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      Laser microperforation of biaxially oriented polypropylene, biaxially oriented polyethylene terephthalate and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films (neat LDPE and LDPE containing 0.5 wt% of silica-based additive) was investigated. Explanations on different perforation performances and characteristics among these films were contributed to polymer inherent property and its interaction with laser. Based on the measured oxygen transmission rate using the static method, laser perforation appeared to be an effective method for developing high-oxygen permeable plastic films.

  10. Research Articles

    1. Screening for Chemicals in Paper and Board Packaging for Food Use: Chemometric Approach and Estimation of Migration

      Valeria Guazzotti, Barbara Giussani, Luciano Piergiovanni and Sara Limbo

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2109

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      An analytical survey on paper and board materials intended for food use was carried out by means of solvent extraction with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Principal component analysis was used to explore the data. It allowed to identify and select some compounds as markers for sample classification. Additionally, the semi-quantification of the compounds in the packaging allowed a worst case estimation of food contamination by means of the infinite total migration model; occasionally, migration estimations overcame the specific migration limits.

  11. Human-Packaging Interaction

    1. Professionals' View of Consumers' Packaging Interactions – A Narrative Analysis

      Toni Ryynänen and Elina Rusko

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2107

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      The article investigates how professionals perceive consumer interactions with packaging. The aims are to provide insight into factors relevant for consumer-centred packaging development in industry and to identify the potential challenges for adopting a consumer-centred model. As a result, five narratives and five challenges for packaging development were constructed.

    2. Capturing the User Mindset – Using the Online Research Community Method in Packaging Research

      Markus Joutsela and Virpi Korhonen

      Article first published online: 22 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2106

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      This paper presents a case study of using an online research community as a method for collecting information, user experiences, and ideas from packaging users. 137 participants were recruited to a closed online platform. The various discussion topics and tasks were predetermined by the researchers, and new topics were introduced daily over a period of 13 days. The benefits, challenges, and opportunities of the method are discussed in relation to packaging research.

    3. European Consumers' Perceptions of Time–Temperature Indicators in Food Packaging

      Kyösti Pennanen, Caralampo Focas, Vilja Kumpusalo-Sanna, Kaisu Keskitalo-Vuokko, Imke Matullat, Mariem Ellouze, Saara Pentikäinen, Maria Smolander, Virpi Korhonen and Margareetta Ollila

      Article first published online: 22 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2105

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      Sixteen qualitative focus groups and a quantitative survey were conducted in four European countries (Finland, Greece, France and Germany) in 2012 to capture consumers' views on both time–temperature indicator (TTI) technology concept and two commercial TTI applications. The results of the study show that consumers in all countries understand the value of the TTI concept, but the studied applications did not meet the consumers' expectations implying the need for further work to enable the TTI acceptance among consumers.

  12. Research Articles

    1. The Impact of Plasma-modified Films with Sulfur Dioxide, Sodium Oxide on Food Pathogenic Microorganisms

      Elżbieta Maćkiw, Łukasz Mąka, Halina Ścieżyńska, Marzena Pawlicka, Paulina Dziadczyk and Zenobia Rżanek-Boroch

      Article first published online: 22 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2104

      In this study, plasma modification was carried out in barrier discharge under atmospheric pressure. Sulfurdioxide and/or sodium oxide was used as the coating precursor. The results show that the films treated with a mixture of argon and sulfur dioxide inhibited microbial growth considerably better than those with coatings containing argon and sodium oxide. The highest levels of growth inhibition, of 86% for Staphylococcus aureus and 82% for Escherichia coli, were achieved with films carrying a sulfur-containing coating (1.4% SO2).

  13. Paper Presented at IAPRI World Conference 2014

    1. Modelling of Migration from Printing Inks on Paper Packaging

      Zhi-Wei Wang, Song Gao, Chang-Ying Hu and Yu-Mei Wu

      Article first published online: 12 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2102

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      The migration model of contaminants from inks on paper packaging to food is developed based on the penetration of ink in paper and Fick's diffusion by considering the mass transfer coefficient and partition coefficient in the interface between paper and food. The fitting method is used between the model and the migration experimental data to obtain the diffusion coefficients DP and mass transfer coefficients hm for dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC). It is found that there exist linear relationships between ln(DP) and 1/T, and also between ln(hm) and 1/T for DBP and ATBC.

  14. Research Articles

    1. Active Packaging System Based on Ag/TiO2 Nanocomposite Used for Extending the Shelf Life of Bread. Chemical and Microbiological Investigations

      Anca Mihaly Cozmuta, Anca Peter, Leonard Mihaly Cozmuta, Camelia Nicula, Liliana Crisan, Lucian Baia and Alin Turila

      Article first published online: 12 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2103

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      The Ag/TiO2 based on packaging considerable extends the shelf life and microbiological safety of white bread. The Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite reduces the degradation rates of nutritional compounds and inhibits the microorganisms' proliferation, and thus, the shelf life and microbiological safety of bread are extended. The Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite shows oxygen and water scavenging property.

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