Packaging Technology and Science

Cover image for Vol. 29 Issue 7

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editors-in-Chief: David Shires, Diana Twede

Impact Factor: 1.292

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 23/42 (Engineering Manufacturing); 66/124 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1099-1522


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  1. Short Communications

    1. Effect of Initial Gas Flushing or Vacuum Packaging on the Ripening Dynamics and Preference for Kimchi, a Korean Fermented Vegetable

      Hye Lim Lee, Duck Soon An and Dong Sun Lee

      Version of Record online: 29 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2227

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      The effects of vacuum or modified atmosphere packaging conditions on the ripening dynamics of kimchi and sensory preference were investigated. Vacuumed and CO2-flushed packages promoted CO2 production from kimchi and helped to maintain relatively lower pressures during extended storage because of the initial vacuumization and the high solubility of CO2 in the aqueous product, respectively. CO2-flushing can provide the packaged product with a pleasant cool flavour at the properly ripened state.

  2. Research Articles

    1. Measurement and Analysis of Shocks on Small Packages in the Express Shipping Environment of China

      Chen Zhong, Jiang Li, Kazuaki Kawaguchi, Katsuhiko Saito and Hongshen An

      Version of Record online: 29 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2226

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      This study measured and analysed shock levels during the express shipping environment in China. To achieve this target, we considered the following factors: (a) dummy structure; (b) package weight; (c) package shape; (d) express company; (e) experimental route; (f) handle holes; and (g) pictorial marking. We shipped the environment data recorder from Rizhao to Shanghai through Shentong Express.

      The following conclusions are drawn: (a) The package may be subject to different drops according to the couriers, vehicle and random stocking of articles in the logistics stage. (b) 99% of the drops in the shipments of light and middle small packages occur below 40 cm; and those of heavy small packages occur below 30 cm. (c) The majority of the packages are not placed in the correct position during shipping. (d) The pictorial marking, package shape and handle holes have negligible, slight and significant effects, respectively. (e) The majority of the total drops in all the shipments occur during the handling operation in the sorting process.

  3. Paper Presented at IAPRI World Conference 2012

    1. Measurement and Analysis of Vibration Levels in Rail Transport in Central Europe

      Péter Böröcz and S. Paul Singh

      Version of Record online: 20 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2225

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      The aim of this paper is to provide vibration levels measured for rail shipments on a major railway line in Central Europe that has not been previously published. The vibration levels that were measured in this study were compared with American Society of Testing and Materials, United States Military Standards and United Kingdom Defense Standards and International Safe Transit Association procedures in the form of power spectral density spectrums.

  4. Research Articles

    1. Effects of Transportation Hazards on Barrier Properties of Gas Flushed Retort Pouches

      Kyle D. Dunno, Scott Whiteside, Ron Thomas, Kay Cooksey and Patrick Gerard

      Version of Record online: 17 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2223

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      Clear high-barrier retort pouches were filled with water and gas flushed with nitrogen. Headspace volumes utilized for this study were 200 and 400 cm3. Headspace oxygen levels were measured for all retort pouches (test and control) for 63 days. Results indicated that there were significant differences in all variables when comparing the simulated transport samples with the control samples.

  5. Paper Submitted to IAPRI Peer Review Stream

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Realizing Product-Packaging Combinations in Circular Systems: Shaping the Research Agenda

      Bjorn de Koeijer, Renee Wever and Jörg Henseler

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2219

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      Recent years have shown a shift in the focus of sustainable development from eco-efficiency (minimizing negative impacts) towards eco-effectiveness (optimising positive impacts). Currently, a focus on circular models can be identified. This article explores packaging development models and tools in relation to circular systems. Resulting from this analysis, three types of integration — integrated product-packaging development, the cross-functional integration of actors and the front-end integration of sustainability considerations — are appropriate for the development of product-packaging combinations for circular systems.

  6. Paper Presented at IAPRI Conference 2012

    1. Inactivation of Palladium-based Oxygen Scavenger System by Volatile Sulfur Compounds Present in the Headspace of Packaged Food

      Bettina Röcker, Nadine Rüegg, Alexia N. Glöss, Chahan Yeretzian and Selçuk Yildirim

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2220

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      An inhibition in the oxygen scavenging activity of our recently developed oxygen scavenger based on a catalytic system with palladium (CSP) was observed in the presence of some foods. In this study, we identified that the interaction of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) with the palladium surface is responsible for this inhibitory effect, and it was demonstrated that the catalytic activity of the CSP was inhibited when VSCs were present in food. Moreover, the main VSCs in selected foods that might be responsible for the inactivation of the CSP were identified.

  7. Paper Submitted to IAPRI Peer Review Stream

    1. Inverse Sub-structuring Method for Rigidly Coupled Product Transport System based on Frequency Response Function Testing Probe Technique

      Jun Wang, Qi-li Wang, Zhong-zhen Sun, Li-xin Lu and Zhi-wei Wang

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2224

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      The inverse sub-structuring method for rigidly coupled system is proposed, and a so-called probe technique is suggested to obtain the frequency response functions (FRFs) at the coupling interface. Unlike the traditional inverse sub-structuring method, with the probe technique, one can measure the easy-to-test point at the testing probe and obtain the FRFs to predict the needed auto FRFs at the coupling interface, which further facilitate the application process of the inverse sub-structuring method.

    2. Predicting the Effect of Temperature on the Shock Absorption Properties of Polyethylene Foam

      Samuel D. McGee, Gregory S. Batt, James M. Gibert and Duncan O. Darby

      Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2208

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      This study utilizes the stress-energy method of cushion evaluation and highlights temperature-dependent trends in the stress-energy equations of polyethylene foam tested at 12 different temperatures ranging from 20°C to 50°C. A quadratic polynomial is used to describe the variation in the stress-energy equation coefficients over the temperature range evaluated. The model developed enables cushion curve prediction for any static stress, drop height, material thickness and temperature expected over the intended range of use of the material.

  8. Review Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Outlook and Challenges of Nanotechnologies for Food Packaging

      Yves Wyser, Michael Adams, Maurizio Avella, David Carlander, Leonor Garcia, Gabriele Pieper, Monique Rennen, Jeroen Schuermans and Jochen Weiss

      Version of Record online: 6 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2221

      This paper reviews the work in the field of nanomaterials and nanotechnology with a specific focus on food packaging applications and provides clarification regarding the barriers that have hindered their wider use. It explores current technological developments along with potential benefits in terms of property enhancement. The legislative framework is also investigated, along with potential safety risks.

  9. Paper Submitted to IAPRI Peer Review Stream

    1. Investigations Concerning the Maximum Filling Degree of Dangerous Goods Packagings for Hazardous Liquids

      Eva Schlick-Hasper, Thomas Goedecke and Matthias Kraume

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2209

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      The dangerous goods regulations UN/ADR a) prescribe a maximum filling degree for determining the test pressure for the hydraulic pressure test by measurements. The assumption is that the maximum filling degree of the liquid is the worst case concerning the gauge pressure. But if the relative expansion of the packaging exceeds the relative volume expansion of the liquid, the gauge pressure increases for decreasing filling degrees. Therefore the current regulations do not lead to the intended safety level.

  10. HumanߚPackaging Interaction

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Do Healthcare Professionals Comprehend Standardized Symbols Present on Medical Device Packaging?: An Important Factor in the Fight Over Label Space

      Do Chan Seo, Moslem Ladoni, Eric Brunk, Mark W. Becker and Laura Bix

      Version of Record online: 14 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2199

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      Given that the medical device industry in the USA has requested permission from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to use stand-alone symbols to better harmonize with EU Directives, the exploration of healthcare providers' comprehension of the same is an important and timely topic. Our work suggests that symbols commonly incorporated into the labeling of medical devices may not be readily understood at present. As such, policy decisions should be carefully considered.

  11. Paper Presented at IAPRI Conference 2012

    1. Mapping Quality in Extended Value Streams using Data Recorders

      Eric Olsen, Christopher Fung, Jay Singh and Paul Singh

      Version of Record online: 7 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2205

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      This research compares three new methods and measures for evaluating the transportation segment of a value chain. This research concludes that the energy-distance method and measure is the most effective for analyzing, comparing, and identifying opportunities for value chain improvement. It also identifies a “U-shape” that is characteristic of the energy transfer pattern during a transportation segment that suggests that damage from transportation may need to be screened for quality at a subsequent value chain node.

  12. Paper Submitted to IAPRI Peer Review Stream

    1. Effects on Oxygen-barrier Properties of Pretreating Paperboard with a Starch–Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Blend before Polyethylene Extrusion

      Asif Javed, Henrik Ullsten and Lars Järnström

      Version of Record online: 7 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2210

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      Photomicrographs showed that the barrier coating layers were rather smooth, but defects were observed in the starch–PVOH layers when a plasticizer was added. Only when a sufficient number of layers (four layers) were applied to cover defects, the starch–PVOH layers containing citric acid showed oxygen transmission-rate-values similar to those of starch–PVOH layers without plasticizer. A lower oxygen transmission rate after polyethylene extrusion was observed with polyethylene glycol as plasticizer than with citric acid as plasticizer.

    2. On the Use of Machine Learning to Detect Shocks in Road Vehicle Vibration Signals

      Julien Lepine, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Version of Record online: 4 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2202

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      This paper proposes to use machine learning to identify shocks present in acceleration signals measured on road vehicles. A machine learning algorithm is trained to identify shocks buried within road vehicle vibration signals. These signals are artificially generated using non-stationary random vibration and shock impulses that reproduce typical vehicle dynamic behaviour. The results show that the machine learning algorithm is considerably more accurate and reliable in identifying shocks than the more common approaches based on the crest factor.

  13. Editorials

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