Packaging Technology and Science

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 7

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editors-in-Chief: David Shires, Diana Twede

Impact Factor: 1.706

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 11/40 (Engineering Manufacturing); 47/123 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1099-1522


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  1. Research Articles

    1. Determination of Selected Perfluorinated Acids (PFCAs) and Perfluorinated Sulfonates (PFASs) in Food Contact Materials Using LC-MS/MS

      M. Surma, W. Wiczkowski, H. Zieliński and E. Cieślik

      Article first published online: 29 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2140

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The food contact materials from commercially available packaging products contain selected perfluorinated compounds. The LC-MS/MS system showed potential for the measurement of selected perfluorinated acids and perfluorinated sulfonates in food contact materials.

  2. Paper Presented at 2015 IAPRI Symposium

    1. Flexible and Tough Poly(lactic acid) Films for Packaging Applications: Property and Processability Improvement by Effective Reactive Blending

      Wannee Chinsirikul, Jareenuch Rojsatean, Bongkot Hararak, Noppadon Kerddonfag, Ajcharaporn Aontee, Kanisorn Jaieau, Pramote Kumsang and Chao Sripethdee

      Article first published online: 13 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2141

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      Highly flexible PLA film was successfully produced by integrating effective reactive blending and economical film blowing process. Ductile PLA film having high elongation at break of ~250% and toughness of ~100 MPa was obtained by incorporating PBAT of 20 wt% via reactive blending with a small amount of chain extender (ESA) of only 1%. Films of PLA/PBAT/1%ESA exhibit potential as packaging material; their mechanical and optical properties are comparable with or even exceed some existing films used in the market.

  3. Research Articles

    1. Comparison of Disposable Dunnage and Reusable Cradles in Container Shipping of Steel Rolled Coils: A Case Study in South Korea

      Bu-Lim Choi and Kang-Dae Lee

      Article first published online: 13 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2142

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      This research is to show that, compared with dunnage, coil cradles can reduce the amount of time required, the number of workers needed and the related work expenses.

  4. Paper Presented at 2015 IAPRI Symposiums

    1. Development of Palladium-based Oxygen Scavenger: Optimization of Substrate and Palladium Layer Thickness

      Selçuk Yildirim, Bettina Röcker, Nadine Rüegg and Wolfgang Lohwasser

      Article first published online: 1 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2134

      Oxygen scavenging films based on a palladium coating were developed to remove residual oxygen remaining in food packages after modified atmosphere packaging. It was demonstrated that the oxygen scavenging activity of those films was strongly dependent on the coating substrate as well as on the palladium deposition thickness. The resulting scavenger films have the potential to scavenge residual headspace oxygen of sensitive foods within a matter of minutes leading to shelf life extension and overall quality improvements.

  5. Paper Presented at 2015 IAPRI Symposium

    1. Measurement and Analysis of Physical and Climatic Distribution Environment for Air Package Shipment

      Sher Paul Singh, Jay Singh and Koushik Saha

      Article first published online: 1 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2136

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      This study was aimed at establishing the ‘air package shipment’ conditions experienced by packages transported by air under ‘normal conditions of transport’. A ‘single profile’ or ‘test’ was developed using the time spent by the package in each of the segments of transportation to represent the average and normal expected levels for each hazard element. The recommended test methods and levels can be easily adopted by existing distribution packaging testing labs globally.

    2. A Review of Ethylene Permeability of Films

      Andrew R. East, Himani C. Samarakoon, Thamarath Pranamornkith and John E. Bronlund

      Article first published online: 1 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2137

      For fresh produce, ethylene regulates ripening and deterioration. In-package ethylene concentration is often sought to be minimized or used as a quality indicator. To predict in-package ethylene concentration, knowledge of the ethylene permeability of the film is required. This study reviews the available existing ethylene permeability data for films and found a scarcity, especially at industrially relevant conditions. Collection of more ethylene permeability data is required in order to enable prediction and control of ethylene in produce packaging systems.

    3. Primary Resonance Behaviour of a Nonlinear, Viscoelastic Model of Expanded Polymer Cushion Material

      By Gregory S. Batt, James M. Gibert and Mohammed Daqaq

      Article first published online: 1 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2131

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      The solution of a nonlinear and viscoelastic ordinary differential equation is analytically approximated and is demonstrated to be capable of capturing the qualitative bending behavior, amplitude, and bandwidth near primary resonance. Limitations due to the system-identification data-collection method are demonstrated to affect the ability of the model to capture the degree of the nonlinearity present at lower strain levels. The nonlinear solution is used to study the effect of varying excitation acceleration and static stress on the frequency response of expanded polymer foam.

    4. Monitoring the Condition of Non-linear Packaging Materials Subject to Varying Excitation Levels Using a Reverse Multiple Input/Single Output Based Approach

      Matthew J. Lamb and Anthony J. Parker

      Article first published online: 1 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2130

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      This paper presents the results from the use of an optimised reverse multiple input/single output algorithm for tracking variations in the condition of packaging elements subjected to excitation with varying magnitude. The results are compared with those obtained using a more traditional single input/single output based approach. Experiments are performed on expanded polystyrene cushions and corrugated paperboard containers. The reverse multiple input/single output technique provides a consistent measure of the condition of non-linear systems, which is not influenced by the excitation level.

  6. Research Article

    1. Review Paper on Road Vehicle Vibration Simulation for Packaging Testing Purposes

      Julien Lepine, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Article first published online: 1 JUN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2129

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      This review paper identifies and critically evaluates the recent developments in transport vibration simulation for packaging testing purposes. It begins with an overview of the standardized methods followed by the more advanced developments that focus on the different random processes of vehicle vibration by simulating non-Gaussian, non-stationary, transient, and harmonic signals. As no ideal method exists yet, the review presented in this paper is a guide for further research and development on the topic.

  7. Research Articles

    1. The Effect of Active Packaging on Microbial Stability and Quality of Chinese Steamed Bread

      Qi Sheng, Xiao-Na Guo and Ke-Xue Zhu

      Article first published online: 15 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2138

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      (a) Control: air-packaged sample, (b) samples packaged with oxygen absorber (OA), (c) samples packaged with OA + EE (1% v/v) and (d) samples packaged with OA + EE (3% v/v).

      1. A novel method is found for Chinese steamed bread preservation.
      2. Microbial shelf-life of Chinese steamed bread can be extended for 11 days.
      3. Active packaging can effectively maintain the quality of Chinese steamed bread.
    2. The Effect of Active Packaging on Minimizing Food Losses: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Essential Oil Component-enabled Packaging for Fresh Beef

      Hai Zhang, Mercedes Hortal, Antonio Dobon, Jose M. Bermudez and Marta Lara-Lledo

      Article first published online: 4 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2135

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The objective of this study is to assess the overall eco-profile of the food packaging system considering the positive effect of minimizing food losses by using active packaging based on a case study on beef using essential oil component as active agent. A life cycle assessment has been carried out, and it was shown that in the case of the best-performance active packaging used, it was possible to achieve the breakeven point across all the impact categories concerned, which is a remarkable environmental merit for promoting the use of active packaging.

  8. Paper Presented at IAPRI Conference

    1. On-the-road Measurements to Establish the Dynamic Characteristics of Transport Vehicles

      Daniel Ainalis, Vincent Rouillard and Michael Sek

      Article first published online: 20 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/pts.2124

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      This paper presents the continued research into the development of an experimental technique to accurately estimate the dynamic characteristics (frequency response function) of road vehicles using only in-service response data. The single-wheeled prototype vehicle was instrumented to measure the actual longitudinal pavement elevation profile traversed by the vehicle. The measured pavement profiles were used to establish the actual (on-the-road) dynamic characteristics of the vehicle for comparison and to ascertain the spectral shape of the pavement excitation during each experimental run.


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