Cover image for Vol. 31 Issue 5

Edited By: Gary Huckleberry and Jamie C. Woodward

Impact Factor: 1.344

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 117/184 (Geosciences Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1520-6548

Author Guidelines

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Publication Forms

Author Guidelines

Manuscripts must be original works not currently under consideration elsewhere for publication. Geoarchaeology uses an on-line submission process, available at Each manuscript must include a maximum 200-word abstract, text, references, tables, and figures. Number all pages through the reference section, beginning with the abstract. Three types of articles will be considered.

Research Articles

These are the most common type of submission. Research articles present original, significant, and rigorous geoarchaeological research of relevance to an international scholarly community. Although exceptions will be considered, text should not exceed 30 double-spaced, typewritten pages.

Short Contributions

The journal will consider short contributions that are less than 15 manuscript pages in length (double-spaced text). They may include up to three figures. This option is designed to encourage authors to submit manuscripts that present new methodological developments or preliminary results of field studies. Short contribution submissions will be fast-track peer-reviewed. They should also be original contributions that are of interest to the international geoarchaeological community.

Geoarchaeology Review Papers

This journal has published a number of review papers over the years, but as part of a series of initiatives to mark the 25th anniversary of the journal, we introduced a new category of paper in 2010 to allow for extended treatments of key themes and ideas in geoarchaeology and allied fields. A key objective of the journal is to publish a series of Geoarchaeology Review Papers (GRPs) that reflect the breadth and relevance of modern geoarchaeology with the widest possible international coverage. These reviews perform an important role. In the best traditions of this journal, GRPs will be important contributions to scholarship that integrate ideas and findings at the forefront of current geoarchaeological knowledge (see the editorial by Woodward and Huckleberry, 2010). GRPs follow a fast track peer review process and are published as soon as possible following acceptance. Each GRP can be prefaced by a brief introduction and author biography. The first GRP (Lewin, 2010) was submitted in early December 2009 and was published in hard copy in less than five months (and online in just over four months). We invite prospective authors of a GRP to submit a proposal to the Editors-in-Chief.

Lewin, J. (2010) Medieval environmental impacts and feedbacks: The lowland floodplains of England and Wales. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 25, 267-311.

Woodward, J.C. and Huckleberry, G. (2010) Editorial: Geoarchaeology Review Papers. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 25, 265–266.


Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Review Process

Authors will receive an automatically generated e-mail acknowledging their manuscript submission. All manuscripts will be reviewed by the Editors-in-Chief, an Associate Editor, and by two or more external referees. If review remarks are such that substantial changes are necessary before a manuscript is acceptable for publication, the revised manuscript may be re-reviewed, preferably by the original readers, before it is accepted for publication by the Editors-in-Chief. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain written permission to reproduce material that has appeared in another publication.

Copyright/Licensing Agreement

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.
For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions
For authors choosing OnlineOpen:
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Manuscript Format

Text must be submitted in DOC, DOCX, or RTF format. Do not embed figures or tables within the main document; these will be submitted as separate files in Manuscript Central.


Titles should be as short as possible but still convey the essence of the manuscript.

Name(s) and Affiliation(s) of Author(s)

Keep addresses short but complete, including zip code and country so that communications can reach you. A complete phone number, fax number, and e-mail address should be given in the cover letter included with the manuscript.


The abstract should represent a complete, concise summary of the paper, including the subject, aim, methods and conclusions, and should not exceed 200 words. Statements such as “the implications of the results are discussed...” are not acceptable. The word ABSTRACT should be capitalized and placed flush at the left margin of the page above the abstract.


The introduction should give the purpose and a review of previous work for a synthesis, research paper, or methodology/technique paper. As with the remainder of the manuscript, all headings should be placed flush on the left margin of the page. The first-order heading, INTRODUCTION, should be capitalized. Second-order headings should have the first letter of each principle word capitalized and the following letters in lower case. Third-order headings are italicized (underlined) with the first letter of each principal word capitalized and the remaining letters in lower case. Fourth-order headings are not permitted.

Methods, Techniques, Materials Studied, or Geographic Area

This section, especially in research and methodology/technique papers, should give precise information on methods used and the data base of the study. All quantitative material should be expressed in the International System of Units (SI) or modern metric units. Scientific names of plant and animal genera, species, and subspecies should be italicized (underlined); specific and lower categories being written with a lower-case initial letter. Nomenclature should follow the appropriate international code. Geological, archaeological, ecological, and other scientific names should follow standard usage or be defined the first time they are employed in the text.

Intervals of time may be presented as yr, ka, and Ma according to guidelines of the International Union of Geological Sciences. Historical dates are to be presented as BC/AD (e.g., 550 BC to AD 200). Uncalibrated radiocarbon ages are to be presented as 14C yr BP with “present” meaning AD 1950 and include standard errors and laboratory numbers [e.g., 8690+50 (Beta-183331)]. Radiocarbon ages with standard errors between 50 and 1000 years should be rounded to the decade; standard errors greater than 1000 years should be rounded to the century. Calibrated radiocarbon ages are to be presented as cal yr BP or BC/AD and given as one or two sigma error ranges with the calibration data set used. In providing calibrated ages, always provide the original radiocarbon dates plus standard error. Other radiometric ages (e.g., K/Ar, OSL) should also include error ranges. For further guidance in presenting chronometric information, authors should refer to recent issues of Geoarchaeology.


This section should present results derived and substantiated from the data base.


Interpretations based on the results and broader implications derived from the study should be placed in this section.


If acknowledgments are desired, place them after the last section of the text. As a matter of professional courtesy, the efforts of named or anonymous referees should be acknowledged.


In text citations, the author's name (or authors connected by an ampersand (&) if two (Smith & Jones, 1980), or a comma and ampersand if three (Smith, Jones, & Davis, 2000) and with "et al." after the first name if more than three) and year of publication should be given; e.g., “(Jones, 1980)” or “according to Jones (1980).” Where more than one reference is cited, they should be placed with the oldest date first; e.g., “(Jones, 1980; Smith, 1985; Wilson, 1992).” Citations from a portion of a longer work must give a page reference. Personal communications should give name and date as follows; “(Black, personal communication, 1992).” Personal communications are not listed in the REFERENCES section. If a document is important enough to cite, then it must be accessible to the public. When citing unpublished reports and other “gray” literature, it should be declared where this document is located or can be accessed.

Works cited should be alphabetically grouped by first author's surname in an unnumbered list titled REFERENCES at the end of the body of the manuscript, following ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (if used). Where two or more references are cited for the same author(s), the name(s) is (are) spelled out a second time rather than using a dash. Authors should look at a recent issue of Geoarchaeology for bibliographic style. The following list gives the format for the most common cases:

Unpublished Reports
Albanese, J. (1977). Geology of the Laddie Creek archaeological site area, BigHorn County, Wyoming. Unpublished manuscript. Laramie: Office of the Wyoming State Archaeologist.
Arnold, B.A. (1957). Archaeological investigations on Federal lands inMartis Valley—first season (Rep. No. 52). Sacramento: California StateUniversity, Department of Anthropology.

Clark, J.D. (1969). Kalambo Falls prehistoric site (Volume 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Government Publications
Carlson, C.G. (1983). Geology of Billings, Golden Valley, and Slope Counties, North Dakota. Bulletin 76. Bismarck: North Dakota Geological Survey.

Edited Volumes
Clark, J.D. (1975). The Late Acheulian industries of Africa and the Middle East. In K.W. Butzer & G.L. Isaac (Eds.), After the Australopithecines (pp.605–659). The Hague: Mouton & Co.
Nash, D., & Petraglia, M. (Eds.) (1987). Natural formation processes andthe archaeological record. BAR International Series 352. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

Talks or Papers at Meetings
Pierce, C.D. (1988). California's milling stone horizon: Of mice or men. 53rd Annual Meeting, Society for American Archaeology, Phoenix, AZ.

Journal Articles
Sanger, D. (1988). Maritime adaptations in the Gulf of Maine. Archaeology of Eastern North America,16, 81–99.
Sanger, D., & Sanger, M.J. (1986). Boom and bust of the river: The story of the Damariscotts oyster shell heaps. Archaeology of Eastern North America,14, 65–77.

Master's Theses and Ph.D. Dissertations
Shipps, R.C. (1987). Late-Quaternary sea-level fluctuations and geologicevolution of four embayments along the northwestern Gulf of Maine. Unpublisheddoctoral dissertation, University of Maine, Orono.
Ward, G.K. (1972). Obsidian and New Zealand archaeology. Unpublishedmaster’s thesis, University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand.

Manuscripts that have a REFERENCES section that differs from the Geoarchaeology format will be returned to the author(s) for correction before they can be accepted for publication.


Tables are to be uploaded as separate files in Manuscript Central. Tables should be created with a word processor and saved in either DOC or RTF format. Do not embed tables in your text. An in-text citation to each table should be made, either as a part of a sentence, as seen in Table III, or in parentheses (Table IV). Table captions should be grouped, consecutively numbered, and placed at the end of the manuscript.

Supplementary Material

Geoarchaeology accepts electronic supplementary material that supports key elements of the scientific article that cannot reasonably be included within the main paper. Supplementary material commonly consists of background datasets but may also include supporting text and figures especially in relation to field and laboratory methods. This information will be published online and linked to the electronic version of the article through the Wiley Online Library but will not appear in the printed journal. Supplemental files (maximum 50 Mb per file) can be uploaded in Manuscript Central and designated as Supplementary Material using a drop-down menu. Authors should cite the supplementary information in their paper as "Supplementary Table 1" (or "Supplemental Figure 1"). Captions for the supplementary information should be placed at the end of the manuscript. Authors should contact the editors if they need advice on what may or may not be appropriate to include as Supplementary Material.


To ensure the highest print quality, your figures must be submitted in TIF format according to the following minimum resolutions:

  • 1200 dpi (dots per inch) for black and white line art (simple bar graphs, charts, etc.)
  • 300 dpi for halftones (black and white photographs)
  • 600 dpi for combination halftones (photographs that also contain line art such as labeling or thin lines)

Vector-based figures (e.g. figures created in Adobe Illustrator) should be submitted in EPS format.

In addition to the above resolution guidelines, color figures must be submitted in a CMYK colorspace. Do not submit color figures as RGB. Do not submit figures in any of the following formats: JPG, GIF, PSD, CRD, PCT, PPT, PDF, XLS, DOC, BMP, 123 (or other Lotus formats).

All illustrations are to be numbered in a single sequence as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., and uploaded as separate files in ScholarOnel. Color photographs or drawings can be published at the expense of the author. Please note that original figures will be reduced to fit the text page; maximum final size after reduction is 7 × 9 in. Extra-length material requiring foldouts is not acceptable. Whenever separate items are shown in a single figure, each object is to be designated by a lower case, alphabet letter. The caption should then include descriptions of these alphabetized items. Figure captions should be consecutively numbered and placed at the end of the manuscript.

Proofs will be sent to the author (or to the principal author if more than one) of each accepted submission. It is the responsibility of the authors to check the proofs carefully for errors. Only absolutely necessary corrections can be made in proof. Reprints may be purchased at The publisher reserves the right to “pass for press” if authors' corrections are not received in time. Authors receiving proofs should check with their coauthor(s) concerning corrections. Authors who will be away for extended periods of time should arrange for a coauthor or colleague to check the proofs; their address (including e-mail) and phone number should be provided.

Proposals for Special Issues

Requests for publishing proceedings from professional meetings as a special issue of Geoarchaeology will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Proposals should be submitted in writing to the co-editors of the journal.

Comments on Previously Published Articles

We welcome short discussions on papers that have already appeared in Geoarchaeology. Discussions should be concise (ideally about 1000 words) and written in an objective and scientific manner. Authors should consult the Co-Editors in the first instance and then submit the discussion online via ScholarOne as described above. Discussions should make a significant contribution to the debate and not be just an additional observation. They may include one or two figures. Authors should ensure that they include all the cited references, even if they were in the original paper. The author(s) of the paper under discussion will be given an opportunity to respond and both discussion and response will be published together. Discussion papers will be fast-track peer-reviewed and the editors reserve the right to reject those that do not conform to the standards of the journal.

Note to NIH Grantees
Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see .

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