Chemistry - A European Journal

Cover image for Vol. 23 Issue 16

Editor: Neville Compton, Deputy Editors: Anne Deveson, Elisabeth Roedern

Impact Factor: 5.771

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 24/163 (Chemistry Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1521-3765

Associated Title(s): Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Chemistry – An Asian Journal, ChemistryOpen, ChemistrySelect, ChemBioChem, ChemCatChem, ChemElectroChem, ChemMedChem, ChemPhotoChem, ChemPhysChem, ChemPlusChem, ChemSusChem, European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, European Journal of Organic Chemistry

Reviews and Minireviews

Reviews should provide a critical survey of selected material of interest to the general readership of the journal. Most of the Reviews will be invited by the Editorial Office. Should you be interested in submitting a Review Article to Chemistry—A European Journal, please contact the Editorial Office directly.

Also see our Concepts section.

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R. Morris Bullock, Atanu K. Das, Aaron M. Appel
Surface Immobilization of Molecular Electrocatalysts for Energy Conversion

Surface Immobilization of Molecular Electrocatalysts for Energy Conversion

The conversion between electrical and chemical energy by electrocatalysts means that they are critically important for a secure energy future. This Minireview highlights surface immobilization of molecular electrocatalysts for reduction of O2, oxidation of H2O, production of H2, and reduction of CO2 (see scheme).

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201605066

Tina Skorjanc, Farah Benyettou, John-Carl Olsen, Ali Trabolsi
Design of Organic Macrocycle-Modified Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery

Design of Organic Macrocycle-Modified Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery

Wrapping up nanoparticles: Current strategies for synthesizing macrocycle-modified iron oxide nanoparticles for drug delivery are described, and the corresponding mechanisms of controlled drug release are discussed (see figure).

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201605246

Chengwei Liu, Michal Szostak
Twisted Amides: From Obscurity to Broadly Useful Transition-Metal-Catalyzed Reactions by N−C Amide Bond Activation

Twisted Amides: From Obscurity to Broadly Useful Transition-Metal-Catalyzed Reactions by N−C Amide Bond Activation

Twist of faith! Recently the use of amide bond twist (distortion) has advanced to the general organic chemistry mainstream enabling a host of highly attractive N−C amide bond cross-coupling reactions of broad synthetic relevance. In this Minireview, recent progress in this area is discussed and a detailed overview of the prominent role of amide bond destabilization as a driving force in the development of transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions by N−C amide bond activation is presented.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201605012

Tuhin Patra, Debabrata Maiti
Decarboxylation as the Key Step in C−C Bond-Forming Reactions

Decarboxylation as the Key Step in C−C Bond-Forming Reactions

C here: This Review article covers the recent and important developments in the rapidly growing field of decarboxylative C−C bond formation.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604496

Yu Jung Choi, Stephanie J. Chang, Krzysztof S. Gibala, Marino J. E. Resendiz
8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroadenine and 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroadenosine-Chemistry, Structure, and Function in RNA and Their Presence in Natural Products and Potential Drug Derivatives

8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroadenine and 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroadenosine-Chemistry, Structure, and Function in RNA and Their Presence in Natural Products and Potential Drug Derivatives

The role of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroadenine (8-oxoAde) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroadenosine (8-oxoA) in various fields is discussed. Focus was placed on the formation, interaction and its potential role in the development/progression of disease as well as its presence in natural products. Included are reports in independent syntheses and of potential drug derivatives.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201605163

Hellmut Eckert
Advanced Magnetic Resonance Techniques for the Structural Characterization of Aminoxyl Radicals and Their Inorganic-Organic Nanocomposite Systems

Advanced Magnetic Resonance Techniques for the Structural Characterization of Aminoxyl Radicals and Their Inorganic-Organic Nanocomposite Systems

Magnetic dilution: EPR (left) and 13C NMR spectra of a nanocomposite of mesoporous silica containing the amphiphilic nitroxide radical CAT-16 and the diamagnetic amphiphile CTAB in its mesopores, illustrating the effect of magnetic dilution on the spectroscopic properties. The CAT-16/CTAB ratio is 1:0 (top), 1:4 (middle), and 1:10 (bottom).

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604685

Lili Lin, Xiaoming Feng
Catalytic Strategies for Diastereodivergent Synthesis

Catalytic Strategies for Diastereodivergent Synthesis

Stereo-Inspiration: A summary is provided of significant results in the catalytic asymmetric diastereodivergent synthesis without drastically changing the reaction conditions or substrate structures. Diastereocontrol strategies as well as mechanisms are detailed so that they may inspire new diastereodivergent strategies and more types of diastereodivergent reactions.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604617

Hien Duy Mai, Khezina Rafiq, Hyojong Yoo
Nano Metal-Organic Framework-Derived Inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials: Synthetic Strategies and Applications

Nano Metal-Organic Framework-Derived Inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials: Synthetic Strategies and Applications

Sacrificial templates based on NMOFs are described for the preparation of a wide range of nanomaterials because of their structural and functional tailorbility at molecular levels. In the current Review, a comprehensive summary of recent progress in terms of synthetic approaches for the production of diverse inorganic hybrid nanostructures from as-synthesized NMOFs and their promising applications is described.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604703

Hideto Miyabe, Akira Kawashima, Eito Yoshioka, Shigeru Kohtani
Progress in Enantioselective Radical Cyclizations

Progress in Enantioselective Radical Cyclizations

Remarkable progress in enantioselective radical cyclization reactions has taken place recently. This Review summarizes radical cyclizations controlled by chiral Lewis acids, chiral metallic reagents, chiral imidazolidinone catalysts, chiral non-covalent organocatalysts, and chiral thiols.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201603124

Min-Rui Gao, Jiayin Yuan, Markus Antonietti
Ionic Liquids and Poly(ionic liquid)s for Morphosynthesis of Inorganic Materials

Ionic Liquids and Poly(ionic liquid)s for Morphosynthesis of Inorganic Materials

Designer solvents and additives: Ionic liquids and poly(ionic liquid)s have demonstrated great potential as “designer solvents and additives” for advanced inorganic synthesis. This review surveys recent key progress in this exciting research field and speculates on possible future directions.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604191

Taiyo Shimizu, Kazuyoshi Kanamori, Kazuki Nakanishi
Silicone-Based Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Aerogels and Xerogels

Silicone-Based Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Aerogels and Xerogels

Gelling together: Organic–inorganic hybrid aerogels and xerogels from organoalkoxysilane precursors are reviewed. Careful tuning of the sol–gel process yields transparent silicone-type hybrid aerogels that show improved mechanical strength and flexibility. Further, these gels undergo “spring-back” during ambient pressure drying, successfully leading to xerogels with comparable properties with corresponding aerogels. Focus is given to recent extensions to different silicone networks.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201603680

Philipp Alexander Held, Harald Fuchs, Armido Studer
Covalent-Bond Formation via On-Surface Chemistry

Covalent-Bond Formation via On-Surface Chemistry

React and watch! On-surface chemistry has great potential for preparation of defined nanostructures on metal surfaces. When it is performed in the cavity of a scanning probe microscope on a metal crystal under ultrahigh vacuum conditions, the metal first acts as a platform for self-assembly of the organic building blocks and in many cases it also acts as a catalyst for the given chemical transformation. Products and hence success of the reaction can be directly analyzed by scanning probe microscopy. This Review gives an overview of the achievements of this emerging research area.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604047

Farjana Khatun, Rachel J. Stephenson, Istvan Toth
An Overview of Structural Features of Antibacterial Glycoconjugate Vaccines That Influence Their Immunogenicity

An Overview of Structural Features of Antibacterial Glycoconjugate Vaccines That Influence Their Immunogenicity

Design for life: The avidity and selectivity of glycoconjugate vaccines (see scheme) is dependent on key factors, such as the choice of carbohydrate antigen, immunogenic carrier molecule, conjugation strategy, ratio of carbohydrate to carrier protein, and the spacer used for the conjugation process. This Review article presents the importance of the variables governing the development of antibacterial glycoconjugate vaccines and their effects on immune efficacy.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201603599

Maxence Bos, Thomas Poisson, Xavier Pannecoucke, André B. Charette, Philippe Jubault
Recent Progress Toward the Synthesis of Trifluoromethyl- and Difluoromethyl-Substituted Cyclopropanes

Recent Progress Toward the Synthesis of Trifluoromethyl- and Difluoromethyl-Substituted Cyclopropanes

The most important progress made in the last six years toward the synthesis of trifluoromethyl and difluoromethyl-substituted cyclopropanes is summarized in this Minireview.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604564

Xiang Yu, Zhiping Che, Hui Xu
Recent Advances in the Chemistry and Biology of Podophyllotoxins

Recent Advances in the Chemistry and Biology of Podophyllotoxins

Interesting podophyllotoxins: Podophyllotoxin and its related aryltetralin cyclolignans exhibit various important biological activities. In this Review, 68 podophyllotoxins and their analogues, which were isolated from plants, are described. Recent developments in the total chemical synthesis, structural modifications, biosynthesis and biotransformation of podophyllotoxin and its analogues are comprehensively highlighted. Moreover, the structure–activity relationships of podophyllotoxin derivatives as cytotoxic and insecticidal agents are also discussed.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201602472

Chunngai Hui, Fan Pu, Jing Xu
Metal-Catalyzed Asymmetric Michael Addition in Natural Product Synthesis

Metal-Catalyzed Asymmetric Michael Addition in Natural Product Synthesis

A metal-catalyzed asymmetric Michael addition has been employed as a key reaction in natural product synthesis for the construction of contiguous quaternary stereogenic center(s), which is still a difficult task in organic synthesis. Previously reported applications of metal-catalyzed asymmetric Michael additions in natural product synthesis are presented here and discussed in depth.

Chem. Eur. J. 10.1002/chem.201604110

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  • Danila A. Barskiy, Aaron M. Coffey, Panayiotis Nikolaou, Dmitry M. Mikhaylov, Boyd M. Goodson, Rosa T. Branca, George J. Lu, Mikhail G. Shapiro, Ville-Veikko Telkki, Vladimir V. Zhivonitko, Igor V. Koptyug, Oleg G. Salnikov, Kirill V. Kovtunov, Valerii I. Bukhtiyarov, Matthew S. Rosen, Michael J. Barlow, Shahideh Safavi, Ian P. Hall, Leif Schröder, Eduard Y. Chekmenev
    NMR Hyperpolarization Techniques of Gases
    Chem. Eur. J. 2017, 23, No. 4, 725–751

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  • Claudio Toniolo, Marco Crisma, Alessandro Moretto, Cristina Peggion, Fernando Formaggio, Carlos Alemán, Carlos Cativiela, Chandrasekharan Ramakrishnan, Padmanabhan Balaram
    Peptide δ-Turn: Literature Survey and Recent Progress
    Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, No. 40, 13866–13877
  • Antonio Molinaro, Otto Holst, Flaviana Di Lorenzo, Maire Callaghan, Alessandra Nurisso, Gerardino D'Errico, Alla Zamyatina, Francesco Peri, Rita Berisio, Roman Jerala, Jesús Jiménez-Barbero, Alba Silipo, Sonsoles Martín-Santamaría
    Chemistry of Lipid A: At the Heart of Innate Immunity
    Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, No. 2, 500–519

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  • Benjamin W. Harper, Anwen M. Krause-Heuer, Maxine P. Grant, Madhura Manohar, K. Benjamin Garbutcheon-Singh, Janice R. Aldrich-Wright
    Advances in Platinum Chemotherapeutics
    Chem. Eur. J. 2010, 16, No. 24, 7064-7077.

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