Starch - Stärke

Cover image for Vol. 69 Issue 5-6

Edited By: Editor in Chief: Christine Mayer, Deputy Editor: Julia Reuter

Impact Factor: 1.837

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 50/129 (Food Science & Technology)

Online ISSN: 1521-379X



Author Guidelines


Last update: March, 2014


Overview

Instructions and Forms
Language Assistance
Conflict of Interest Statement
Online Submission of Manuscripts
Reprint Permissions
Copyright Policy, Licensing Agreements and Funding


Instructions and Forms

To ensure fast publication we kindly ask you to follow our Instructions to Authors when preparing your manuscript.

Instructions to Authors (html)
Instructions to Authors (pdf)

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

In addition, if you wish to order color figures in the printed journal please fill in the following form:

Color Figure Order Form (pdf)

Language Assistance

Should authors who are not native English speakers have problems writing their papers, assistance is available with style, grammar and vocabulary. Improvement of the English can maximize the accuracy of the submission and help to communicate clearly and concisely the contents to the readers, editors and reviewers of Starch/Stärke.

Please note: Wiley provides a new professional language and manuscript editing service.

English Language Editing
Translation Service
Manuscript Formatting
Figure Preparation

For detailed information and instructions please go to:
http://wileyeditingservices.com/en/

Conflict of Interest Statement

All authors must declare financial/commercial conflicts of interest. Even if there are none, this should be stated in a separate paragraph following on from the acknowledgements section. This is a mandatory requirement for all articles.

Online Submission of Manuscripts

Starch/Stärke offers a web-based manuscript submission and peer review system. Using this system is obligatory; conventional submission of manuscripts is not accepted.

Online Submission to Starch/Stärke

If you have any questions concerning the online submission, do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Office
starch@wiley.com.

Reprint Permissions

Please note that if you are submitting material which has already been published elsewhere, you must also send to the Editorial Office permission in writing that this material may be reprinted in Starch/Stärke.
You can use the Copyright Permission Request Form (pdf) for this purpose.

If you want to request permission to use material published by Wiley you can use our Online Permission Request From.

Copyright Policy, Licensing Agreements and Funding

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.


(a) For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option (b) is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the copyright transfer agreement can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs: http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/faqs---copyright-301.asp

Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version
Funder arrangements
Certain funders, including the NIH, members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust require deposit of the Accepted Version in a repository after an embargo period. Details of funding arrangements are set out at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement

Institutions
Wiley has arrangements with certain academic institutions to permit the deposit of the Accepted Version in the institutional repository after an embargo period. Details of such arrangements are set out at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement

(b) For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/faqs---copyright-301.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.



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Instructions to authors


Starch
March 2014

Authors are requested to follow these instructions carefully.
Manuscripts not prepared accordingly will not be accepted.

1 Aims and scope
2 General terms of publication
3 Online submission of manuscripts
4 Types of contributions
5 Organization of manuscripts
6 Proofs and reprints
7 OnlineOpen, Licensing Agreement, Copyright Policy
8 Standard abbreviations


1 Aims and scope

STARCH welcomes research papers, review articles, and short communications in the field of investigation, processing and use of carbohydrates and their derivatives dealing with the following topics: starch technology, starch characterization, starch structure and molecular association, physicochemical properties of starch, starch derived chemicals and products, starch modification, plant biotechnology, starch hydrolysis, enzymes and starch conversion, modified starches: characterization and analysis, food and non-food applications, by-product utilization, renewable resources, biodegradable starch-based polymers, and alternative starch resources. In addition, papers focusing on other polysaccharides, such as plant gums, are welcome. STARCH publishes articles in English. Manuscripts must be grammatically and linguistically correct, and authors less familiar with English usage are advised to seek the help of English-speaking colleagues. Either American or British spelling is acceptable.

STARCH is published in 12 issues per year.

2 General terms of publication

The author(s) vouch that the work has not been published elsewhere, either completely, in part, or in any other form, that the manuscript has not been submitted to another journal and that there are no restrictions to publication in the journal. The submitting author (listed under 'Correspondence') accepts the responsibility of having included as coauthors all appropriate persons. The submitting author certifies that all coauthors have seen a draft copy of the manuscript and agree with its contents for publication.

Scientific contributions will be peer-reviewed on the criteria of originality and quality. To aid in the peer review, the Journal invites authors to suggest potential reviewers (please provide their e-mail addresses) during the online submission procedure. Authors also have the option of naming non-preferred reviewers. Upon acceptance (if appropriate), papers may be subjected to editorial changes. Responsibility for the factual accuracy of a paper rests entirely with the author.

Upon acceptance of the manuscript the author is required to fill in the "Copyright Transfer Agreement" or for Online Open articles the "Open Access Agreement" and where appropriate the "Color Figure Order Form", sign and submit it/them to:

STARCH
Editorial Office
Wiley-VCH Verlag
Boschstrasse 12
D-69469 Weinheim
Germany
E-mail: starch@wiley.com
Fax: +49-6201-606-172

These mandatory forms can be found on the journal's Author Guidelines page. Please note that if you are submitting material which has already been published elsewhere, you must also send to the Editorial Office permission in writing that this material may be reprinted in STARCH. Authors are expected to carry any costs arising from permissions.

All instances of publishing misconduct, including, but not limited to, plagiarism, data fabrication, image/data manipulation to falsify/enhance results etc. will result in rejection/ retraction of the manuscript (and possibly future submissions by one or all authors).

This journal endorses the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) guidelines and will pursue cases of suspected research and publication misconduct. In such cases, the journal will follow the processes set out by COPE. For more information about COPE please visit the COPE website at http://publicationethics.org.uk. The Journal also participates in the new CrossRef service CrossCheck (http://www.crossref.org/crosscheck.html), a plagiarism screening tool that allows the comparison of authored work against the content in the internet database of published work to highlight matching or similar text sections. Please be aware that manuscripts submitted to Starch will be subject to random testing using the CrossCheck software. Please note that papers with a high percentage of copied text will be rejected.

Our Early View enables papers to be available online and citable before going into print.

3 Online submission of manuscripts

STARCH offers a web-based manuscript submission and peer review system. This service guarantees fast and safe submission of manuscripts and rapid assessment. Using this system is obligatory, conventional submission of manuscripts is not accepted.

3.1 General remarks

To submit your manuscript online, please proceed as follows:
  • Prepare your manuscript and illustrations in the appropriate format, according to the instructions given below (see Sections 4 to 7). Please also make sure that your paper conforms with the scientific and style instructions of STARCH as given herein. Links for English language assistance also provided here.
  • If you have not already done so, create an account for yourself in the system at the submission site, http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/starch/ by clicking on the "Create Account" button.
  • Let the system guide you through the submission process. Online help is available to you at all times during the process. You are also able to exit/re-enter at any stage before finally "submitting" your work. All submissions are kept strictly confidential. To monitor the progress of your manuscript throughout the review process, just login periodically and check your Author Center.
If you have any questions concerning the online submission program, do not hesitate to contact Editorial Support at starch@wiley.com.

3.2 Manuscript requirements

Please follow the instructions in Section 5 "Organization of manuscripts" when preparing the electronic version of the manuscript and ensure that data are given in the order and the correct style for the journal.
  • Main text (incl. front material) as well as Figure legends and Tables (in this order) should be given in one file, preferably saved in .doc(x) or .rtf format.
  • Data should be typed unjustified, without hyphenation except for compound words. Use carriage returns only to end headings and paragraphs; spacing will be introduced by the typesetter.
  • Do not use the space bar to make indents; where these are required (e. g. tables) use the TAB key.
  • If working in Word for Windows, please create special characters using Insert/Symbol.
  • Figures should preferably be in TIFF, EPS, PPT or the original format. See section 5.9 for details.
  • Do not submit schemes. Schemes should be named, listed and cited as figures.
All submissions will be converted to PDF format during the upload process. The system automatically generates one PDF file which contains all parts of the manuscript apart from supporting information.

Manuscript completeness check

You will be asked to answer the questions below (with “yes” or “no” or “not applicable”) during the submission process, and we will check internally. We will reject any manuscript which gets any “no” answer. This will delay your submission date.
  • Does the manuscript contain a title page with all authors affiliations?
  • Did you adhere to the requested manuscript structure (Abstract, Keywords, Abbreviations (if applicable), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, References, Figure legends)?
  • Does your manuscript contain a Conflict of Interest Statement?
  • Figures: are figure legends included in the manuscript (below Reference section)?
  • Figures/Tables: are all figures and tables cited in the text and are legends complete and clearly understandable?
  • Citations: have citations of references been indicated properly?
  • References: are they in accordance with STARCH-STÄRKE style and ordered correctly?
  • Plagiarism: have longer passages from previously published papers been sufficiently rephrased?
  • Language: has your manuscript been checked by a native English speaker or has it been processed by a professional language editing service?
  • Supporting Information: has all supporting information been labelled and cited as requested?
  • Supporting Information: are figure legends included?
  • Supporting Information: have supporting information captions been listed at the end of the manuscript?
     
    3.3 Revised manuscripts

    In revised manuscripts the areas containing the major required changes must be marked and the script colour changed (red preferred). The author(s) must also include a covering letter describing the changes and how they answer queries provided by the referees. The file(s) with the changes visible on screen should be submitted to the online procedure. Upon acceptance of the manuscript the final uploaded version will be taken as the basis for copy editing and the subsequent production process.

    4 Types of contributions

    Three types of scientific contributions are considered for publication:
    (i) Research articles describing complete and novel investigations. Research papers consist of experimental and theoretical work with new results in the topics given in Section 1. Research papers should not exceed 5000 words in length (including references as well as figures, tables and their legends). Please note: your manuscript should not include more than 8 illustrations (figures and / or tables) in total.

    (ii) Reviews are comprehensive and critical descriptions on the present knowledge of actual research subjects or technological developments. The articles should be divided into sections that are appropriate to the topic and not exceed 8500 words in length (including references as well as figures, tables and their legends). Reviews are frequently submitted upon invitation; however, they are of course also welcome from other authors.

    (iii) Short communications describing results that are brief, novel, timely and/or of such importance that rapid publication is warranted. They should be subdivided into titled sections similar to Research articles. Short communications should not exceed 2500 words (including references as well as figures, tables and their legends) and should not contain more than 3 figures and/or tables in total..

    5 Organization of manuscripts

    Overview:
    Authors should ensure that the English is of a quality appropriate for publication.

    Articles should:
    • Not replicate previously published work all or in part
    • Be written in third person past tense
    • Incorporate sentences that do not begin with abbreviations. Abbreviations to be defined in the manuscript
    • Ensure that the grammar is used correctly and flows properly
    • Ensure that tenses are used correctly and consistently
    • Define materials as the exact products used and allow other workers to purchase the same.
    • For methods, define exactly what was done and how
    • Define results in a logical and statistically relevant way (use for example error bars on Figures, standard deviations on Tables etc.)
    • Discuss results clearly and coherently
    • Overview the work clearly and concisely
    • Ensure the work fits the focus of the Journal


    Manuscripts must be typewritten with double spacing (including references, tables, legends, etc.).


    5.1 Contents of first page of manuscript

    The first page of the manuscript should contain only the following:

    1) Title of the paper. Standard abbreviations may be used in the title following the full words (e.g. nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)).
    2) Full names (including first name) of the authors and the name of their institute. If the publication originates from several institutes the affiliations of all authors should be stated clearly by using superscript numbers after the name and before the institute.
    3) Name (and title) and full postal address of the author to whom all correspondence (including galley proofs) is to be sent. Both e-mail and fax number must be included to speed up communication.
    4) A list of abbreviations used in the paper excluding standard abbreviations (see list of "Standard Abbreviations", Section 7).
    5) Keywords (max. 5, in alphabetical order).

    5.2 Abstract

    The second and (if necessary) third page of the manuscript should contain the Abstract only. This must be self-explanatory and intelligible without reference to the text. It should not exceed 200 words. Abbreviations that are non-standard must be written in full when used for the first time.

    5.3 Division into sections

    Manuscripts should be divided into the following sections (and in the style of the associated Short Communication, Paper or Review) written in third person past tense:

    5.3.1 Introduction
    The introduction should explain sufficiently and concisely the latest scientific research on the subject, using recent and appropriate international references. It should be followed by a short objective text, showing why, and with what aim, the work has been performed.

    5.3.2 Materials and methods
    This section must be written in a manner that enables the reader to follow in detail both the materials and the methods and to reproduce the experiments. For materials, suppliers, products used, product codes (catalogue number), activity and source if appropriate (e.g. enzyme) have to be included. It is sufficient to cite the corresponding reference for the exact description of a method after a brief overview. An additional short description is advisable if the references are not easily accessible or are given in unfamiliar languages.

    5.3.3 Results and discussion
    The results should be described by including tables, figures, formulae, etc. The results must represent new knowledge and not replicate what has been published elsewhere. Contents of tables or figures should not be repeated in the text, but should be commented on if necessary.

    • Experimental data should be evaluated by suitable statistical methods.
    • The results should be discussed with regard to present knowledge and the aim of the work.
    • Results and discussion may be given as separate sections, if appropriate.

    5.3.4 Conclusions
    Conclusions should be drawn (e.g., for further research, possibilities of transfer into practice or production) in a separate section. The conclusion should not be a repetition of the abstract.

    5.4 References

    References should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they are cited in the text. The numbers should be set in brackets, thus [2, 18]. References are to be collected in numerical order at the end of the manuscript under the heading "References"; they should also be typed with double spacing throughout. Papers with multiple authors should be limited to listing five authors. Where there are more than five authors, the first four should be listed, followed by et al. Please include the title of the manuscript in full, followed by a full stop. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the practice of Chemical Abstracts. The abbreviated journal name and the volume number should be in italics.
    Please note the following examples.

    Journals:
    [1] Chen, J. J., Lai, M. F. V., Lii, C, Effects of compositional and granular properties on the pasting viscosity of rice starch blends. Starch/Stärke 2003, 55, 203-212.

    Books:
    [2] Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F., Maniatis, T., (Eds.), Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed., Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory Press, New York 1989.

    Chapter in a book:
    [3] Messing, J., Geraghty, D., Heidecker, G., Hu, N.-T et al. in: Kosuge, T., Meredith, C. P., Hollaender. A. (Eds.), Genetic Engineering of Plants, Plenum Press, New York, 1983, pp. 211-227.

    References to 'unpublished observations', papers 'to be published' or 'submitted for publication' and the like should be a part of the text, in parentheses. Material 'in press' should be entered under references along with the DOI (Digital Object Identifier), if available. Posters and abstracts in meetings books must not be cited unless they are generally accessible. Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic references rests entirely with the author. Please note that website addresses must not be included as a reference, but should be inserted in parentheses in the text directly after the data to which they refer and avoided as far as possible in preference for referred journal papers.


    5.5 Acknowledgements

    Acknowledgements as well as information regarding funding sources should be provided on a separate page and will appear at the end of the text (before the 'References').

    5.6 Conflict of interest statement

    Authors are responsible for disclosing all and any financial and personal relationships between themselves and others that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. Should such a conflict of interest exist, a statement to that effect must be included in a separate paragraph following on from the acknowledgements section detailing - for each author - the nature of the conflict. Even if there is none, this should also be stated. This is a mandatory requirement for all articles.

    5.7 Tables

    Tables with suitable captions at the top and numbered with Arabic numerals should be collected at the end of the text on separate sheets (one page per table). Column headings should be kept as brief as possible and indicate units (in parentheses). Footnotes to tables should be indicated with a), b), c) etc. and typed on the same page as the table. Please note that tables should be provided in an editable format (only as a Word table or Excel file, not embedded in Word).

    5.8 Supporting information

    Extensive tables should be published online as supporting information. This material will not be typeset so authors should prepare it in the final form (preferably in PDF file format). Also for this reason there will be no galley proofs of this material. Supporting information will be made freely available on the web (similar to the table of contents and the article abstracts). Authors are permitted to place this material on their homepages when they are setting up a link to the full-text version of the article in Wiley Online Library.

    Further, other files may be submitted as supporting information (e.g., animations, video sequences). All supporting information will also undergo the peer-review process. Thus, this material has to be submitted electronically along with the main body of the article. It is in the hands of the Editor to decide which part of the manuscript will be published as supporting information.

    5.9 Figures and legends

    Please prepare your figures according to the following guidelines:
    • Each figure should be given in a separate file and should have the following resolution at their final published size:

      Type

      Resolution

      Graphs

      800 -1200 DPI 

      Photos

      400 - 800 DPI

      Color (only RGB)   

      300 - 400 DPI

    • Use the zoom function to check the resolution of the figures: if an image viewed at 400 percent on screen is blurry (pixellated) then the image will not reproduce well in print. An image viewed at 100 percent on screen may look fine but will not necessarily reproduce well as the screen resolution is much lower (72-96 dpi) than that of a printing press.
    • Crop, or scale, figures to the size intended for publication; no enlargement or reduction should be necessary. Otherwise figures should be submitted in a format which can be reduced to a width of 50-80 mm or 120-170 mm, with symbols and labels to a height of 2.0 mm (after reduction) and a minimum line weight of 0.3 pt for black lines.
    • Photographic images often produce large files. Most software has an option to use LZW compression and this will produce smaller files, especially when the image contains large areas of single color or repeating textures and patterns.
    • In electropherograms presented horizontally, the anode should be on the left while in vertical presentations the anode should be at the bottom. Two-dimensional presentations, e.g. with isoelectric focusing and sodium dodecyl sulfate-electrophoresis in the two dimensions, are thus presented consistently with the standard coordinate system.
    • Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance.
    • Each figure is to be accompanied by a legend which should be self-explanatory. The legends should not appear under the figures but be included after the references.
    • Figures adapted from other sources should be indicated as such.
    • If copyright permission is required to publish figures from other sources the author(s) must seek this permission before publication.

    By supplying high-quality electronic artwork, delays in production can be reduced as follow-up requests for improvement are no longer necessary.

    Color figures can be reproduced, however, authors will be charged for additional costs incurred for the reproduction of color (see Section 2).

    5.10 Image manipulation

    Manipulation of images is strongly discouraged and all figures must accurately reflect the original data. Information should not be enhanced, eliminated, added, obscured or moved. In cases where manipulation is unavoidable, this should be clearly detailed in the Figure legend. All instruments, software and processes used to obtain the images must be fully detailed in the manuscript either in the Figure legends or the Materials and Methods. Acceptable image manipulation includes uniformly adjusting the contrast of an entire image, and any control images, ensuring that all original data, including the background, remains visible and that no new features are introduced. Cropping of gels, or re-positioning of lanes/fields, is permitted providing that all alterations are clearly indicated by the use of dividing lines in the image itself, vital data are not removed and an explanation of the alterations is included in the Figure legend. Unacceptable manipulation includes, but is not limited to, the enhancement of one feature/band over others, removal of background noise/bands and so on. Authors must be able to produce all data in their raw format upon editorial request.

    5.11 Structural formulae

    Structural formulae should be drawn in the manuscript in the position where they belong. They must be numbered in consecutive order with the other figures.

    5.12 Equations

    Mathematical and chemical equations are to be written in the manuscript at the place in which they belong and should be marked by Arabic numerals in parentheses in the right margin in the order of their appearance.

    5.13 Abbreviations

    Abbreviations are hindrances to a reader working in a field other than that of the author, and to abstractors. Therefore, their use should be restricted to a minimum. Abbreviations should be introduced only when repeatedly used. Abbreviations used only in a table or a figure may be defined in the legend. Standard abbreviations (see Section 7) may be used in the title and keywords. If nonstandard abbreviations are used in the Abstract they should be defined in the Abstract, in the list of abbreviations of the manuscript, as well as when first used in the body of the paper.

    5.14 Footnotes

    Footnotes are only allowed on page 1 (to indicate additional information on authors) and in tables and figures, but not in the main body of the text. If given, they will be incorporated into the text.

    5.15 Ethics

    If the manuscript describes experiments using animals, the permission of the national or local authorities (giving the permission or the accreditation number of the laboratory and of the investigator) should be stated. If no such rules or permission are stipulated in the particular country, this must also be mentioned in the paper. In the case of human studies, it should be stated that local ethical committee approval has been received and that the informed consent of all participating subjects was obtained.


    6 Proofs and reprints

    Before publication authors will receive page proofs via Email in PDF low resolution file format, together with instructions and a reprint order form, also as PDF files. The page proofs and the reprint order form should be printed out. The proofs should be carefully corrected following the instructions. In particular, authors should answer any editing queries. Corrections should be returned to wileyvch.j@thomsondigital.com.

    The reprint order form should be filled out (even if additional reprints are not required) and returned by fax to the Editorial office (see Section 2).

    Authors will be charged for extensive alterations of their article. Reprints can be ordered at prices shown on the reprint order form. Upon publication the submitting author (listed under "Correspondence") will receive a complimentary low-resolution pdf of his/her article.

    7 OnlineOpen, Licensing Agreement, Copyright Policy

    If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.


    (a) For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
    If the OnlineOpen option is not selected (b) the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the copyright transfer agreement can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp

    Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version
    Funder arrangements
    Certain funders, including the NIH, members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust require deposit of the Accepted Version in a repository after an embargo period. Details of funding arrangements are set out at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement

    Institutions
    Wiley has arrangements with certain academic institutions to permit the deposit of the Accepted Version in the institutional repository after an embargo period. Details of such arrangements are set out at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement

    (b) For authors choosing OnlineOpen
    If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
    Creative Commons Attribution License
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License

    To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.

    If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust or members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

    8 Standard abbreviations

    The abbreviations as listed below may be used without definition in the articles published in STARCH.

    ΔH                                 

    gelatinisation enthalpy
    Aabsorbance
    AAMapparent amylose
    ACNacetonitrile
    A/Danalog to digital converter
    aeamylose extender
    AFMatomic force microscopy
    ALCamylose lipid complex
    AMamylose
    AMLamylose leaching
    amuatomic mass unit
    ANNannealing
    APamylopectin
    APIatmospheric pressure ionization
    BMIbody mass index
    bpbase pairs
    BSAbovine serum albumin
    Btbrittle
    °Bxdegree Brix
    13C CP/MAS-NMR 13C cross polarisation/ magic angle. spinning-nuclear magnetic resonance
    CBBCoomassie Brilliant Blue
    CEcapillary electrophoresis
    CECcapillary electrochromatography
    CFEcontinuous flowelectrophoresis
    CIDcollision-induced dissociation
    ‾CLaverage chain length
    cpmcounts per minute
    CVcoefficient of variation
    CZEcapillary zone electrophoresis
    1-Done-dimensional
    2-Dtwo-dimensional
    Dadalton (molecular mass)
    DADdiode-array detection (or diodearray detector)
    DBdegree of branching
    DEdextrose euivalent (equivalence)
    2-DEtwo-dimensional gel electrophoresis
    DMEMDulbecco's modified Eagle medium
    DMFN,N-dimethylformamide
    DMSOdimethyl sulfoxide
    DPdegree of polymerisation
    ‾DPaverage degree of polymerisation
    DPnnumber degree of polymerisation
    DPwweight degree of polymerisation
    DSCdifferential scanning calorimetry
    dsDNAdouble-stranded DNA
    DTAdifferential thermal analysis
    DTTdithiothreitol
    dudull
    EDTAethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
    EGTAethylene glycol-bis (β-aminoethylether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid
    ELISAenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    EOFelectroosmotic flow
    EOPelectron optical tomography
    ERendoplasmic reticulum
    ESIelectrospray ionization
    FABfast atomic bombardment
    FAMEfatty acid methyl esters
    FFAfree fatty acids
    FITCfluorescein isothiocyanate
    FTIRfourier transform infrared spectroscopy
    GBSSgranule bound starch synthase
    GLCgas liquid chromatography
    GIglycaemic index
    GMOgenetically modified organism
    HDLhigh density lipoprotein
    HEPES N-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-2'-(2-ethane-sulfonic acid)
    HMhigh methyl
    HMTheat moisture treatment
    HPCEhigh-performance capillary electrophoresis
    HPLChigh-performance liquid chromatography
    HPSEChigh-performance size-exclusion chromatography
    HSAhuman serum albumin
    HTMLhypertext mark-up language
    idinside diameter
    IEFisoelectric focusing
    Igimmunoglobulin
    ILinterleukin
    INFinterferon
    ITion trap
    kbpkilobase pairs
    kDakilodalton (molecular mass)
    LCliquid chromatography
    LDLlow denisty lipoprotein
    LMlow methyl
    LODlimit of detection
    LOQlimit of quantitation
    LPLlysophospholipid
    LPSlipopolysaccharide
    mAbmonoclonal antibody
    MALDI-MSmatrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry
    Mbpmegabase pairs
    MHCmajor histocompatibility complex
    MOPS3-(N-morpholino)propanesulfonic acid
    Mrrelative molecular mass (dimensionless)
    MSmass spectrometry
    MS/MStandem mass spectrometry
    MUFAmonounsaturated fatty acid
    MWmolecular weight
    MWDmolecular weight distribution
    m/zmass-to-charge ratio
    NMRnuclear magnetic resonance
    odoutside diameter
    ODoptical density
    ORFopen reading frame
    PAGEpolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
    PBSphosphate-buffered saline
    PCRpolymerase chain reaction
    PEGpolyethylene glycol
    PHIpeak height index
    pIisoelectric point
    PLphospholipid
    PMSFphenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride
    PMTphotomultiplier tube
    ppbparts per billion
    ppmparts per million
    PTFEpolytetrafluoroethylene
    PUFApolyunsaturated fatty acid
    PVPpolyvinylpyrrolidone
    RIrefractive index
    RIAradioimmunoassay
    RNAribonucleic acid
    RPreversed phase
    rpmrotations per minute
    RSresistant starch
    SANSsmall angle neutron scattering
    RSDrelative standard deviation
    RT-PCRreverse transcriptase-PCR
    SAXSsmall angle X-ray scattering
    SCFAshort chain fatty acid
    SCLCPside-chain liquid-crystalline polymer
    SDstandard deviation
    SDSsodium dodecyl sulfate
    SEstandard error
    SEMscanning electron microscopy
    SFswelling factor
    SICstarch inclusion complex
    SIMselected ion monitoring
    SLstarch lipid(s)
    S/Nsignal-to-noise ratio
    SPEsolid-phase extraction
    SSstarch synthase
    ssDNAsingle-stranded DNA
    SSLstarch surface lipids
    SSSsoluble starch synthase
    susugary
    TAMtotal amylose
    TFAtrifluoroacetic acid
    Tcgelatinisation conclusion temperature
    TEMtransmission electron microscopy
    Tqglass transition temperature
    THFtetrahydrofuran
    TICtotal ion current
    TLCthin-layer chromatography
    Togelatinisation onset temperature
    TOFtime of flight
    Tristris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane
    URLuniform resource locator
    Vhvolt x hours
    VLDLvery low density lipoprotein
    WAXSwide angle X-ray scattering
    wxwaxy
    XRDX-ray diffraction

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