Annalen der Physik

Cover image for Vol. 528 Issue 3-4

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editor: Stefan Hildebrandt

Impact Factor: 3.048

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 12/78 (Physics Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1521-3889

Associated Title(s): physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters, Advanced Materials, Laser & Photonics Reviews


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    1. Nobel Lectures

  2. Original Papers

    1. The osgood criterion and finite-time cosmological singularities

      Ikjyot Singh Kohli

      Article first published online: 29 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500360

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      Determining whether a cosmological solution to Einstein's field equations has any finite-time singularities is of considerable importance. Scenarios such as a “big crunch" and other ultimate fate of the universe possibilities are examples of such finite-time singularities. In this paper, a criterion is established that allows one to easily detect such finite-time singularities.

    2. On the role of a torsion-like field in a scenario for the Spin Hall Effect

      C. F. L. Godinho and J. A. Helayël Neto

      Article first published online: 29 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500346

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      The main purpose of this work is to propose a possible connection between the non-relativistic regime of Dirac’s equation, investigated in a scenario with anisotropy, and the physics of the Spin Hall Effect.

  3. Corrigendum

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      Corrigendum to the Elementary Process Theory

      Marcoen J.T.F. Cabbolet

      Article first published online: 29 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600077

      This article corrects:

      Addendum to the Elementary Process Theory

      Vol. 523, Issue 12, 990–994, Article first published online: 4 NOV 2011

  4. Original Papers

    1. Bismuth telluride topological insulator nanosheet saturable absorbers for q-switched mode-locked Tm:ZBLAN waveguide lasers

      Xiantao Jiang, Simon Gross, Han Zhang, Zhinan Guo, Michael J. Withford and Alexander Fuerbach

      Article first published online: 28 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600014

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      Novel saturable absobers for ultrashort-pulsed operation of mid-infrared waveguide chip lasers have been fabricated by depositing multiple layers of nanosheets of topological insulator material onto a glass substrate. By optimizing the number of spin coating layers, highly stable Q-switched mode-locked pulse trains have been generated in an external-cavity Thulium-ZBLAN depressed-cladding waveguide laser. These results pave the way for the realization of fully integrated ultrashort-pulsed chip lasers in the mid-infrared.

    2. Nonlinear arcsin-electrodynamics and asymptotic Reissner-Nordström black holes

      S. I. Kruglov

      Article first published online: 26 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600027

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      A new model of nonlinear arcsin-electrodynamics with a dimensional parameter β is proposed. It was shown that in the model under consideration the scale invariance and dual invariance of electromagnetic fields are broken. In the limit when β approaches to zero arcsin-electrodynamics is converted into Maxwell's electrodynamics and the scale and dual invariances are recovered. The effect of coupling electromagnetic fields with the gravitational field is investigated. The asymptotic black hole solution is found which is similar to the Reissner-Nordström solution. Corrections to Coulomb's law and to the Reissner-Nordström solution are obtained. The existence of the regular asymptotic at big distances from the black hole was demonstrated. The mass of the black hole is calculated and is treated as the electromagnetic energy. It was shown that there are not superluminal fluctuations and principles of causality and unitarity take place.

    3. Accelerating spontaneous emission in open resonators

      Pavel Ginzburg

      Article first published online: 20 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500317

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      Strength of light-matter interactions and radiative dynamics of emitters could be controlled with structuring of electromagnetic environment. While local and cross density of electromagnetic states are routinely used for predicting total and radiative decay rates in the weak coupling regime, resonant nanostructures offer going beyond this description, giving rise to new phenomena. The manuscript presents quantum formalism for describing light-matter interactions in vicinity of open nano-resonators.

    4. Nonlinear optical characteristics of monolayer MoSe2

      Chinh Tam Le, Daniel J. Clark, Farman Ullah, Velusamy Senthilkumar, Joon I. Jang, Yumin Sim, Maeng-Je Seong, Koo-Hyun Chung, Hyoyeol Park and Yong Soo Kim

      Article first published online: 1 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600006

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      A high second-order susceptibility and strong laser-induced damage threshold of two-step grown MoSe2 monolayer is reported. This superior nonlinear optical behavior is attributed to its electronic band structure modification when transition metal dichalcogenides (MX2) are thinned down to the monolayer regime. Futher, wavelength-dependent second harmonic scan can identify the bound excitonic states much more efficiently, compared with the PL method at room temperature.

    5. BEC Dynamics in a Double-Well with Interferometric Feedback

      V. A. Tomilin and L. V. Il'ichov

      Article first published online: 31 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500313

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      The feedback control scheme for a Bose-Einstein condensate in a double-well trapping potential located in one arm of Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is investigated. The parameters of the trapping potential are controlled via a feedback loop based on the measured output of the MZI. Significant modifications of the stationary populations of the wells are predicted. These distributions can effectively be controlled by the tunable phase shift in the other arm of the MZI.

    6. Bound states and Cooper pairs of molecules in 2D optical lattices bilayer

      A. Camacho-Guardian, G. A. Domínguez-Castro and R. Paredes

      Article first published online: 31 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500342

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      Formation of Cooper pairs, bound dimeric states and dimer-dimer scattering is investigated in Fermi molecules confined in a 2D optical lattice bilayer array. While Cooper pairs are addressed as in the original formulation, bound dimeric states are investigated in a variational way. An analytic expression for the dimer-dimer effective interaction in the deep BEC regime is found. This study is a route to address the entire BCS-BEC crossover both theoretically and experimentally.

    7. Magnetic quantum criticality in quasi-one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet Cu (C4H4N2)( NO 3)2

      V. R. Shaginyan, V. A. Stephanovich, K. G. Popov, E. V. Kirichenko and S. A. Artamonov

      Article first published online: 31 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500352

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      The experimentally observed thermodynamic properties of the 1D Heisenberg antiferromagnet Cu(C4H4N2)(NO3)2 (CuPzN) are so unusual that nobody expects that it might belong to the class of heavy-fermion compounds. Here we propose the theory which permits to reveal the latter resemblance and construct for the first time the phase diagram, that contains Fermi liquid, crossover and non Fermi liquid parts.

  5. Nobel Lecture

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  6. Original Papers

    1. Towards intrinsic phonon transport in single-layer MoS2

      Bo Peng, Hao Zhang, Hezhu Shao, Yuanfeng Xu, Xiangchao Zhang and Heyuan Zhu

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500354

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      The present work calculates the thermal conductivity of isotopically pure and naturally occurring single-layer (SL) MoS2 using the Boltzmann transport equation for phonons. The lattice dynamics properties, the scattering mechanism and the size dependence of thermal conductivity in SL MoS2 are investigated in details.

  7. Rapid Research Letters

    1. Observation of Fano resonance and classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in toroidal metamaterials

      Song Han, Lonqing Cong, Fei Gao, Ranjan Singh and Helin Yang

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600016

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      This work experimentally and numerically presents a 3D toroidal metamaterial with two different toroidal dipoles along orthogonal directions. The chosen toroidal metamaterial also supports Fano resonance and electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) phenomena in the transmission spectra. The radiation pattern of the multipole and the destructive interference between electric–toroidal and electric–magnetic dipoles are clearly illustrated to understand the unerlying physics of the proposed 3D toroidal metamaterial.

  8. Original Papers

    1. Nonlinear selective reflection spectroscopy of V-type atomic system at the gas-solid interface

      Tengfei Meng, Zhonghua Ji, Dianqiang Su, Yanting Zhao, Liantuan Xiao and Suotang Jia

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500357

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      The nonlinear selective reflection (SR) spectroscopy of V-type atomic system at gas-solid interface is analyzed. Saturation and coherence effects are distinguished in the absence and presence of density matrix element between two excited levels. SR spectroscopy as a function of pump field intensity, frequency detuning and coherent decay rate induced by collision between atoms are investigated. The lineshape is explained based on SR spectroscopy contributed from atoms with negative and positive velocities, single-phonon and two-photon processes.

    2. Analytic soliton solutions of cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation with variable nonlinearity and spectral filtering in fiber lasers

      Long-Gang Huang, Li-Hui Pang, Pring Wong, Yan-Qing Li, Shao-Yi Bai, Ming Lei and Wen-Jun Liu

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500322

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      Four families (kink solitons, gray solitons, Y-type solitons and combined solitons) of exact soliton solutions for the variable-coefficient cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation are obtained. The influences of nonlinearity and spectral filtering effect are discussed. Methods to amplify the amplitude and compress the width of solitons are put forward, with numerical simulations being added.

    3. Phonon-polariton entrapment in homogenous surface phonon cavities

      Didit Yudistira, Andreas Boes, Benjamin Dumas, Amgad R. Rezk, Morteza Yousefi, Bahram Djafari-Rouhani, Leslie Y. Yeo and Arnan Mitchell

      Article first published online: 5 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500348

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      Surface phonon cavity formed by the placement of a defect of a single domain within periodic domain inversion of single crystal piezoelectric lithium niobate exhibiting surface phononic bandgap through the phonon-polariton coupling is introduced. It is shown that the proposed cavity can exhibit entrapment of phonon-polariton, indicated by the simultaneous localization of both surface phonons and the electric within the defect.

    4. Spectroscopy of rotating linear dilaton black holes from boxed quasinormal modes

      I. Sakalli and G. Tokgoz

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500305

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      Bekenstein conjectured that black hole area should be quantized in discrete levels (equidistant) to account for the quantized entropy. We show that when a non-asymptotically flat rotating black hole filled with dilaton and axion fields (strong candidates for the dark matter/energy) is caged by a scalar cloud, the resulting boxed quasinormal modes support Bekenstein's conjecture when Maggiore's adiabatic invariant formula is employed.

    5. Separate Einstein-Eddington spaces and the cosmological constant

      Hemza Azri

      Article first published online: 7 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500270

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      In affine variational principle, a symmetric linear connection is taken as a fundamental field. The metric tensor is generated dynamically, and it appears as a canonically conjugate to the connection. From this picture, Einstein's gravity with a cosmological constant can be obtained by a covariant Legendre transformation of the affine Lagrangian. In the present paper, this formalism is applied to product spaces and the cosmological constant problem.

    6. Magnetoplasmons in gapped graphene in a periodically modulated magnetic field

      M. Tahir and U. Schwingenschlögl

      Article first published online: 7 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500279

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      We study the inter and intra Landau band magnetoplasmons in gapped graphene by the self-consistent field approach. Long-lived magnetoplasmons are important in graphene due to the large carrier mobility and doping tunability. They facilitate a strong spatial confinement of light and the terahertz frequencies are promising for next generation optoelectronics.

    7. Cavity-photon contribution to the effective interaction of electrons in parallel quantum dots

      Vidar Gudmundsson, Anna Sitek, Nzar Rauf Abdullah, Chi-Shung Tang and Andrei Manolescu

      Article first published online: 21 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500298

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      The authors explore theoretically through several measurable quantities how cavity photons can enhance or reduce the interaction of two electrons in parallel quantum dots embedded in a photon cavity.

  9. Editor's Choice

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      High-temperature study of superconducting hydrogen and deuterium sulfide

      A.P. Durajski, R. Szczȩśniak and L. Pietronero

      Article first published online: 21 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500316

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      Hydrogen-rich compounds are extensively explored as candidates for a high-temperature superconductors. Currently, the measured critical temperature of 203 K on H3S is among the highest over all-known superconductors. This paper investigates the thermodynamic properties of superconducting hydrogen and deuterium sulfide at high pressure. In particular, the energy gap, the specific heat, the thermodynamic critical field and the London penetration depth were calculated within the framework of the Eliashberg formalism.

  10. Original Papers

    1. Quantum confinement in an asymmetric double-well potential through energy analysis and information entropic measure

      Neetik Mukherjee and Amlan K. Roy

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500301

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      Some simple rules are proposed to analyze the distribution of a particle in an asymmetric double-well potential given by,

      • display math

      Straightforward modification of the same rule also enables one to explain energy distribution. Energy states become quasi-degenerate only at certain characteristic values of the asymmetry parameter, γ. For remaining values of γ, the two wells may be treated as two different single-well potentials.

      Information-based uncertainty relations like Fisher information, Shannon entropy, Onicescu energy and Onicescu Shannon entropy, as well as conventional uncertainty product and phase space calculations also consolidate the above-mentioned rules in such potentials.

    2. Statistical mechanics of holonomic systems as a Brownian motion on smooth manifolds

      Fabio Manca, Pierre-Michel Déjardin and Stefano Giordano

      Article first published online: 6 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/andp.201500221

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      The formulation of statistical mechanics based on Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations is typically developed for particles without mechanical constraints. However, the constrained statistical mechanics is indispensable to study several statistical properties of molecular assemblies of interest in chemistry, physics and biology. Therefore, in this paper we analyze arbitrary holonomic scleronomous systems by specializing the Lagrange and Hamilton equations of motion to those of the Langevin dynamics on a smooth manifold.


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