Macromolecular Symposia

Cover image for Vol. 375 Issue 1

October 05, 2005

Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Authors of the Macromolecular Journals: Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock

Yves Chauvin (Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil-Malmaison, France), Robert H. Grubbs (California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA) and Richard R. Schrock (Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA) were awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis.

In 1971 Yves Chauvin was able to explain in detail how metathesis reactions function and what types of metal compound act as catalysts in the reactions. Now the "recipe" was known. The next step was, if possible, to develop the actual catalysts. Richard Schrock was the first to produce an efficient metal-compound catalyst for metathesis. This was in 1990. Two years later Robert Grubbs developed an even better catalyst, stable in air, that has found many applications. Metathesis is used daily in the chemical industry, mainly in the development of pharmaceuticals and of advanced plastic materials. Metathesis is an example of how important basic science has been applied for the benefit of man, society and the environment.

For further information, please have a look at the press release of the Nobel Committee.

Here is a list of selected publications from this year's laureates:

13C NMR spectra of tactic and atactic hydrogenated ring-opened polymers of enantiomeric and racemic endo,exo-5,6-dimethylnorbornene
Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, Volume 199, Issue 4, Date: April 1998, Pages: 547-553
Kenneth J. Ivin, Alan M. Kenwright, Gretchen E. Hofmeister, David H. McConville, Richard R. Schrock, Valia Amir-Ebrahimi, Andrew G. Carvill, James G. Hamilton, John J. Rooney

Synthesis and conversion kinetics of some new Durham polyacetylene precursors
Acta Polymerica, Volume 45, Issue 4, Date: July 1994, Pages: 301-307
R. S. Saunders, R. E. Cohen, R. R. Schrock

Polynorbornene and poly(exo-dicyclopentadiene) with aldehyde end groups
Makromolekulare Chemie, Rapid Communications, Volume 10, Issue 2, Date: February 1989, Pages: 73-78
Wilhelm Risse, Robert H. Grubbs

Catalysis of olefin transformation by tungsten complexes, 6. Equilibrium oligomer concentration in the polymerization of 1,5-cyclooctadiene
Makromolekulare Chemie, Volume 179, Issue 5, Date: May 1978, Pages: 1285-1290
Yves Chauvin, Dominique Commereuc, Georges Zaborowski

Catalysis of olefin transformation by tungsten complexes, 5. Tungsten carbonyl carbenes activated by titanium tetrahalides as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization of cyclopentene
Makromolekulare Chemie, Volume 177, Issue 9, Date: September 1976, Pages: 2637-2646
Yves Chauvin, Dominique Commereuc, Daniel Cruypelinck

Catalyse de transformation des oléfines par les complexes du tungstène, 4. Evolution de la distribution des masses moléculaires au cours de la polymérisation des cyclooléfines
Makromolekulare Chemie, Volume 175, Issue 3, Date: March 1974, Pages: 861-872
Jean-Pierre Arlie, Yves Chauvin, Dominique Commereuc, Jean-Pierre Soufflet

Catalyse de transformation des oléfines par les complexes du tungstène. II. Télomérisation des oléfines cycliques en présence d'oléfines acycliques
Makromolekulare Chemie, Volume 141, Issue 1, Date: 9 February 1971, Pages: 161-176
Par Jean-Louis Hérisson, Yves Chauvin

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