physica status solidi (b)

Cover image for Vol. 254 Issue 9

Editor: Stefan Hildebrandt (Editor-in-Chief), Sabine Bahrs (Deputy Editor)

Online ISSN: 1521-3951

Associated Title(s): physica status solidi (a), physica status solidi (c), physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters

Feature Article: Understanding strongly correlated many-body systems with quantum Monte Carlo simulations

242_10/2005The cover picture of the current issue, taken from the Feature Article [1], depicts the evolution of local density (a) and its quantum fluctuations (b) in trapped fermions on one-dimensional optical lattices. As the number of fermions in the trap is increased, figure (a) shows the formation of a Mott-insulating plateau (local density equal to one) whereas the quantum fluctuations – see figure (b) – are strongly suppressed, but nonzero. For a larger number of fermions new insulating plateaus appear (this time with local density equal to two), but no density fluctuations. Regions with non-constant density are metallic and exhibit large quantum fluctuations of the density.

The first author Catia Lavalle is a Postdoc at the University of Stuttgart. She works in the field of strongly correlated quantum systems by means of Quantum Monte Carlo methods (QMC). While working on her PhD thesis at the University of Stuttgart, she developed a new QMC technique that allows to study dynamical properties of the tJ model.

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