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  1. Biomineralization: From Material Tactics to Biological Strategy

    Shasha Yao, Biao Jin, Zhaoming Liu, Changyu Shao, Ruibo Zhao, Xiaoyu Wang and Ruikang Tang

    Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.201605903

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    Biomineralization studies focus on the mediation function of organic matrices on inorganic minerals, which helps scientists to design and sythesize bioinspired functional materials. At the same time, the modification of biological systems using materials is based on the regulatory effect of inorganic materials on organic organisms, which is the aspect of biomineralization control.

  2. Advanced Materials for Use in Soft Self-Healing Devices

    Tan-Phat Huynh, Prashant Sonar and Hossam Haick

    Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.201604973

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    Wearable devices that can negate the detrimental effects of scratched and/or mechanical cuts, and that restore the mechanical/electrical/chemical properties by a self-healing mechanism are reviewed and discussed. The materials chemistry of self-healing polymers/composites is reviewed and their use in/as wearable sensors, supercapacitors, and solar cells is discussed.

  3. High Temperature-Stable Perovskite Solar Cell Based on Low-Cost Carbon Nanotube Hole Contact

    Kerttu Aitola, Konrad Domanski, Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena, Kári Sveinbjörnsson, Michael Saliba, Antonio Abate, Michael Grätzel, Esko Kauppinen, Erik M. J. Johansson, Wolfgang Tress, Anders Hagfeldt and Gerrit Boschloo

    Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.201606398

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    A perovskite solar cell with carbon nanotube-based hole contact and drop cast 2,2,7,7-tetrakis(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,90-spirobifluorene (Spiro-OMeTAD) exhibits superior stability over the standard device with spin-coated Spiro-OMeTAD and evaporated gold contact. The solar cells are subjected to a 140 h maximum power point tracking stability experiment in 1 sun illumination and 60 °C, and the carbon-based cell outperforms the gold cell clearly.

  4. Emerging Low-Dimensional Materials for Nonlinear Optics and Ultrafast Photonics

    Xiaofeng Liu, Qiangbing Guo and Jianrong Qiu

    Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.201605886

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    Two-dimensional materials, topological insulators and plasmonic nanomaterials exhibit distinct and intriguing electrical and optical properties, making them the focus of intensive research in the past decade. Their interactions with intense pulse lasers are strongly nonlinear, and surprisingly all of them can serve as efficient saturable absorbers to enable ultrafast pulse generation in a wide spectral range.

  5. Effect of the Microstructure of the Functional Layers on the Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells

    Fuzhi Huang, Alexander R. Pascoe, Wu-Qiang Wu, Zhiliang Ku, Yong Peng, Jie Zhong, Rachel A. Caruso and Yi-Bing Cheng

    Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/adma.201601715

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    The performance of perovskite solar cells is greatly affected by the microstructure of the functional layers, especially that of the perovskite film. By controlling the nucleation and crystal growth process, desirable microstructures (grains and voids size) of the perovskite films, such as dense films with large grains, can be achieved for high-efficiency solar cells.