Pest Management Science

Cover image for Vol. 73 Issue 2

Editor-in-Chief: Stephen O. Duke

Impact Factor: 2.811

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 7/94 (Entomology); 11/83 (Agronomy)

Online ISSN: 1526-4998

Associated Title(s): Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Chemistry & Industry, Energy Science & Engineering, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Polymer International

Author Guidelines


Pest Management Science accepts papers that deal with all aspects of science pertaining to the management of pests. Examples of topics covered by the journal can be found in the Aims & Scope

Papers on products of uncertain chemical composition (e.g. crude extracts, formulations with incomplete chemical descriptions) or unknown or unclear active ingredients are not accepted.

Pest Management Science operates an online submission system. Details of how to submit online and full author instructions can be found at: . Referees may ask to see hard copies of electronic figures for clarification; these must be available immediately on request.

For enquiries regarding submissions please contact the Editorial Office at

Authors should notify the Editor if the paper is part of a series of papers.

Authors will receive an immediate acknowledgement of receipt of their paper followed, normally within three months, by notification of acceptance or rejection. Inadequately or incorrectly prepared typescripts may be delayed or even rejected. Authors should refer to a recent copy of the Journal for its style and practices when preparing a manuscript and follow the instructions given below. The corresponding author must obtain the consent of all the co-authors to the submission of the paper. Papers may not be offered for publication elsewhere while under consideration by Pest Management Science . Manuscripts must be in clear, concise English. If possible, papers should be checked by a native English speaker.

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English language. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Note to NIH Grantees: Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance.  This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  For further information, see


Front matter articles (reviews, mini-reviews and perspectives) are invited and commissioned by the Reviews Editor (Jonathan Gressel – or the Editor-in-Chief (Stephen Duke – If you would like to propose such an article on a topic for which you are an expert, please contact one of these Editors with a detailed proposal before writing/submitting the paper to ascertain whether the topic is pertinent to the journal, and that a similar article is not in the pipeline. Front matter articles should maximize critical reviewing and minimize cataloging of the literature, providing thoughtful synthesis and speculation. Such papers should go beyond the facts, to the implications and missing studies that are needed to advance the field, but the authors should clearly delineate where facts end and speculation begins. All such articles are subject to stringent peer review.


A Spotlight is a brief, lightly referenced article about an outstanding area, newsworthy advance or event in the field. Spotlights may report on the contemporary significance of new or established experimental methodologies and discoveries. These articles should be written in a lively and accessible style, be accompanied by a one-sentence abstract, a provocative image and caption and generally should not exceed 6 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).


A Perspective is a lightly referenced scholarly opinion piece about current or future directions in the field. A Perspective can serve to assess the science directly concerned with a particular topic or report on relevant issues that may arise from the discipline (for example, policy, effects on society, regulatory issues and controversies). Perspectives that address interdisciplinary research areas or experimental results with significance to a broader audience are of particular interest to the Editors. The Perspective should be accompanied by an abstract and generally range from 6 to 12 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures).


A Mini-review is a sharply focused summary and assessment of the relevant literature concerning any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. These reviews are particularly effective when discussing cutting-edge advancements in the discipline. Mini-reviews should be accompanied by an abstract, are generally no longer than 14 double-spaced manuscript pages (including tables and figures), and are selectively referenced.


A full-length critical Review provides a summary and discussion of the relevant literature about any topic covered within the Aims and Scope of the Journal. Reviews should be accompanied by an abstract and should be a maximum of 6000 words excluding references and tables.

In Focus

The In Focus section presents a collection of articles (full papers and/or other article types) by different research groups on a theme of interest to the Journal’s readership. These themes will be linked to the Journal’s Aims and Scope, as well as to novel subjects or techniques. In Focus themes and articles are generally solicited by the Journal's Editors or by a guest editor with particular expertise, but ideas are also welcome.

Guidelines for Cover Submissions
If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these general guidelines.


Layout will depend on the content but the below is suitable for most research papers.

Title This should be concise, reasonably specific and explain the nature of the work. In general, use scientific names for specific pests, pathogens, weeds and so on. State in a footnote if the paper was given, in whole or part, at a scientific meeting. If the paper is a part of a series, the full reference of the previous part should be given in a footnote on the title page.

Running title An abbreviated running title of up to 80 characters should also be provided.

Authors' names These must each have one forename in full and initials for any further forenames (for example, Arthur B Smith). Give the full address(es) where the work was done, and the name, address, phone and fax numbers (and e-mail address where available) of the corresponding author to whom correspondence and proofs are to be sent.

Abstract For original research articles, we now require a compound abstract. This must contain fewer than 200 words in a three-part format with three uppercase headed sections. BACKGROUND: provides a rationale for the study (understandable to a broad audience) and states the main aim(s). RESULTS: describes the main findings, including important numerical values. CONCLUSION: provides the main conclusions, including why the results are significant and advance the field.

For other article types the abstract is not structured in three parts but must be informative yet concise, give essential information such as the purpose of the paper, and be intelligible without reference to the paper itself. It should not normally exceed 150-200 words (abstracts for Perspectives should be briefer, and for Spotlights, should not exceed 1-2 sentences). Authors should remember that the abstract is often the only portion of a paper read (as in abstracting journals) and the use of unusual acronyms or abbreviations should be avoided.

Key words Appropriate key words (4-6) should be provided for indexing, abstracting and online searching.

Headings Sections should be numbered thus: 1 FOR MAIN HEADINGS ; 1.1 For headings ; 1 . 1 . 1 For sub - headings .

Introduction Give the aim of the investigations and a brief statement of previous relevant work with references. A trade mark of a pesticide may be mentioned once in the paper, either in the Introduction or the Experimental section; otherwise, use the ISO common name or full chemical name (see Section 4 h below).

Experimental methods State clearly, in sufficient detail to permit the work to be repeated, the methods and materials used. Only new techniques need to be described in detail but known methods must have adequate references. State the type and strength of formulations. The name and location of suppliers/manufacturers of equipment, chemicals, etc, should be provided. The details should be given at first mention, then subsequently only the supplier's/manufacturer's name. Express quantities thus: 'The foliage (25 g) was blended with acetone (60 ml) for 5 min, the mixture filtered, water (200 ml) added to the filtrate, and the liquid extracted with dichloro-methane (4×30 ml)'. Express mixed solvents thus: hexane+acetone (4+1 by volume). State the number of replicates used for bioassays, and the life-stage, sex, weight and age (if possible) of pests.

Results Present these concisely, using tables or illustrations for clarity; do not list the results again in the text. Give adequate indication of the level of experimental error and the statistical significance of the results. Do not overestimate the precision of your measurements. Papers on residue analysis must state the efficiency of recovery. Only in exceptional circumstances will both tables and illustrations based on them be accepted. Give residue levels in mg kg -1 and not ppm. Include analytical and spectroscopic data only if they give essential evidence on the structure of compounds and use tables whenever possible (see also Section 4). It is permissible to combine the Experimental Methods and Results sections when appropriate to do so.

Discussion Usually the Results should be followed by a concise section to discuss and interpret them. A combined Results and Discussion section sometimes simplifies the presentation.

Conclusions Do not merely repeat content of preceding sections. The Discussion and Conclusions sections may be merged.

Acknowledgements Keep these to the absolute minimum.

References Check these carefully for accuracy and follow the correct style (see Section 4 f ).

Supporting Information - Pest Management Science accepts submission of supporting information. Supporting information may include extensive tables, graphs, spectra, calculations, and other material beyond that which is essential to the printed paper. This will be included in the Web edition of the Journal. It will not be part of the printed article but can be accessed separately on the Web by Readers. Supporting information should be denoted as such when submitting via Manuscript Central. It should be uploaded as a separate file, at the time the manuscript is submitted for peer review.


( a ) Typing Type in double spacing ,using at least a 10 cpi or 12 point font, leaving adequate margins. Each page should be numbered. Text lines should be numbered, with the numbers restarting on each page. Underline (to indicate italicization) no part of the text or headings unless it is absolutely necessary, i.e. for emphasis, genera and species names, some chemical descriptors and journal titles. Do not underline headings.

( b ) Tables Number tables consecutively using arabic numerals and supply each table on a separate sheet. Keep the number of columns as few as possible and the titles of the tables concise. Units should appearinparentheses in the column heading and not in the body of the table. Give essential details as footnotes, each identified by an alphabeticalsuperscript (e.g. a Minimum inhibitory concentration). The results must be easy to follow without horizontal lines between entries.

( c ) Chemical structures Number these with bold arabic numerals ( 1 , 2 ) and submit them as figures (see Section d ). Use bond CH 3 , bond C 2 H 5 etc, rather than Me, Et. Aromatic and unsaturated heterocyclic systems are shown by the presence of double bonds. Preferably use general structures, distinguishing related compounds by substitutions R 1 , R 2 , etc.

( d ) Illustrations Include only if essential, and number the figures and photographs in a single sequence in order of appearance using arabic numerals. Keep lettering and numbering (characters) on illustrations to a minimum and include essential details in the legend. Photomicrographs must have a scale bar.

Save each figure as a separate file and include the source file (i.e. a file in the program in which the image was originally created). The figures should be of high resolution (300 dpi minimum for photos, 800 dpi minimum for graphs, drawings, etc., at the size the figure will be printed). Numbers and symbols incorporated in the figure must be large enough to be legible after reduction in figure size. We cannot publish scans or photocopied figures or accept PowerPoint, Excel, LaTeX, Roshal Archive (RAR) or Portable Document Format (PDF) files. Suitable file types include Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Microsoft Word (doc) files. You must have appropriate permission to reproduce previously published figures.

Each figure must be accompanied by a legend. A legend should consist of a concise title, followed by a brief technical description which should contain enough information to make the figure understandable without reference to the text. It should not contain methods. Symbols indicated in the figure must be identified in the legend.

Use only essential characters and insert these and any other symbols clearly; explain all symbols used and, where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend. On graphs, include labels and units on axes. Units should be in the same form as used in the text (see section e , below). Data points should carry error bars where appropriate. Present logarithmic scales with arithmetic numbering 0.1, 1, 10, 100 rather than -1, 0, 1, 2. Avoid unnecessarily long axes that lead to large blank spaces on graphs.

Authors should note that printing figures in colour will incur a charge. Details are available from the Editorial Office( ).

( e ) Symbols , formulae and equations Write these with great care using SI units and symbols where possible (see British Standards Publication PD 5686, 1972; part 1 of BS 1991: 1976). Common units include: concentration g m -3 , mg litre -1 (not ppm, nor g/cu m, not % w/w nor % w/v); molarity M (not normality); pressure as Pa or mmHg (not psi, nor Torr).

( f ) References Format references in the Vancouver style. Refer to unpublished work entirely in the text thus: (Smith AB, unpublished), (Brown CD, 1987, pers. comm.). Indicate literature references by numerical superscripts 1 in order of appearance 2,3 after any punctuation . 4-6 Each number should refer to only one reference. List the references in numerical order at the end of the paper, giving all the authors, with their initials, after the respective surname(s). Include paper titles and chapter titles in references. Abbreviate the journal title as in Chemical Abstracts (see detailed list in Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index 1978, cumulative; and quarterly supplements; if the journal is not included, give the title in full). Note carefully the style and order:

  1. Hadfield ST, Sadler JK, Bolygo E, Hill S and Hill IR, Pyrethroid residues in sediment and water samples from mesocosm and farm pond studies of simulated accidental aquatic exposure. Pestic Sci 38:283-294 (1993).

The journal title should be in italic and the volume number in bold. Give fir:st and last page numbers of the reference but no part number unless there is separate pagination for each issue.

Articles published online but not yet assigned to an issue may be cited by using the DOI :

  1. Schüder I, Port G and Bennison J, The behavioural response of slugs and snails to novel molluscicides, irritants and repellents. Pest Manag Sci DOI: 10.1002/ps.942 (2004).

Quote books as follows, taking care to include the publisher's name and the place and date of publication:

  1. de Waard MA, Fungal resistance strategies in winter wheat in the Netherlands, in Resistance '91: Achievements and Developments in Combating Pesticide Resistance , ed. by Denholm I, Devonshire AL and Hollomon DW, Elsevier Science Publishers, London, pp. 48-60 (1992).

When quoting conference proceedings, include the organizers of the conference and also the publishers of the proceedings (if different from the organizers) and the date and place of publication.

When quoting patents, give the name of the applicant, title of patent, the country, patent number (or application number) and year of publication, thus:

  1. Cidaria D, Andriollo N, Cassani G, Crestani E, Spera S, Garavaglia C, Pirali G and Confalonieri G, AB021 antibiotics and process for producing them. US Patent 5 126 265 (1992).

Online citations to online-only journals and books should include the author, title, website and date of access:

  1. Wright NA, The standing of UK Histopathology Research 1997-2002. [accessed 7 October 2004]

All other online citations should be cited only in the text with the author's name and the website address: (Brown CD (

( g ) Footnotes Keep footnotes in the text to a minimum and indicate them by asterisks and daggers ( * , †).

( h ) Nomenclature of pesticides and chemicals Use the ISO common names of pesticides (or the BSI or ANSI name if no ISO name is available; see The Pesticide Manual , ed. by Tomlin C, British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, 12th edition, 2000); if there is a common name give the chemical name only if necessary for clarity. If there is no BSI common name use the compound's code number, giving the full chemical name (IUPAC nomenclature) at the first mention in the text; all names to be published in IUPAC form. Take care with chemical prefixes, for example o -, O , O -, N , Nprime -, S -, ( R )-, ( Z )-, ( E )-, sec -, tert - (underline for italic), and with hyphens, numbers, punctuation and spacing, all of which are critical.

Certain other officially approved common names for medicinal and veterinary products are also permitted, including British Pharmacopoeia Commission Approved Names (BAN) and Recommended International Non-proprietary Names (rINN).

( i ) Scientific names of organisms Give the scientific names (with authority abbreviated as is customary, e.g. scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L.) of test plants or organisms, pests, disease pathogens and host species in full at the first mention in the abstract and in the main text, e.g. Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Thereafter abbreviate the scientific name in the text ( M. persicae ), or, if appropriate, use the common name, e.g. wheat. Give scientific names in full (without authority) in the paper title, in the headings of sections and tables, in figure captions and at the beginning of sentences. Use italic for genera and species names.

( j ) Trade or brand names of products should be confined to the Experimental Methods section only.

( k ) Avoid the use of unqualified emotive terms such as 'toxic' when describing biological activity; they should be replaced with 'active', 'fungitoxic', 'phytotoxic', 'insecticidal', 'insect toxic', etc., reflecting accurately the context of use. Similarly, be careful to differentiate between 'rate' (e.g., g ha -1 ) and 'dose' (e.g., g litre -1 ) and to use units applicable to the term used.

( l ) Permission grants If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from online or intranet sources) it is the authors' responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts, using the Wiley Permission Request Form ( ) Permission forms should be submitted with the manuscript.


All papers are analyzed by software to detect prose from already published works. If this analysis detects an unacceptable level of similarity (from works of others and/or from previous works of the same authors), the paper will be immediately rejected.


Authors submitting a manuscript containing in vivo animal work should submit details of all relevant Ethics Committee approval and authorization (e.g., institute and/or government) and all relevant reference numbers. Details will be printed as a footnote to the paper.


Proofs will be e-mailed as a PDF file to the corresponding author, whose email address must be supplied on the manuscript. Proofs must be corrected and returned to the publishers within 48 hours of receipt. Authors' corrections must be restricted to printer's and/or factual errors.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit


Pest Management Science now provides authors with Wiley-Blackwell’s Accepted Articles service, whereby peer reviewed, accepted articles, are published online within days of acceptance, without having been copyedited or typeset. The articles are available as a PDF and can be cited using their Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers. For more information on DOIs, please see Please note, as Accepted Articles are not considered to be final, changes may be made after the Accepted Article online publication date. Once copyedited and typeset, the article will be removed from the Accepted Articles area and will appear instead in Early View.

The implementation of the Accepted Articles service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers immediately after acceptance, considerably reducing time to publication.


Pest Management Science uses Wiley-Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete and final full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. They are fully copyedited and typeset and therefore no changes can be made after an article is published in Early View. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers. They can be referenced and tracked before being allocated to an issue by using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI). This will be the same DOI as assigned at Accepted Article stage. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. For more information on DOIs, please see


There are no page charges. Free access to the final PDF of the article will be available via Author Services only. Reprints can be purchased at current printing prices.


Research results that merit very rapid publication can be submitted to the Journal as Rapid Reports. Authors must specify if the paper is being submitted as a Rapid Report and the paper must conform to the format set out below. Letters accompanying submissions must state clearly why the paper should be considered for rapid publication. Reports must be written in clear, unambiguous English and authors must check their complete manuscript very carefully prior to submission because there will be no opportunity to revise the paper. Proofs will be sent to the author, but these must be returned, correcting printing errors only, within 48 hours or the author will be assumed to have made no corrections. The corresponding author must include full contact details including telephone, fax and e-mail (or these details for an alternative contact, should the corresponding author be unreachable). The proofs will be checked by the Technical Editor.

In order to maintain rapid publication, a Rapid Report must be no more than three printed pages in length, including figures, tables and references. This means that the submitted paper should be shorter than 1200 words, with a maximum combination of three figures and/or tables, and a maximum of 25 references. No colour illustrations will be accepted. All figures must be of the highest quality. A copyright transfer agreement signed by all of the authors must also be submitted.

Authors will receive an immediate acknowledgement of receipt of their paper and, subsequently, notification of acceptance or rejection according to the referees' recommendations and the Executive Editorial Board's assessment.

Papers must not have been made publicly available in print or electronic formats and may not be offered for publication elsewhere while under consideration by Pest Management Science . The corresponding author must obtain the written consent of all the co-authors prior to submission of the paper .