Symbolic Interaction

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 1

Edited by Scott Harris with Fran Pestello, Greg Smith, and Dirk vom Lehn

Impact Factor: 0.824

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 75/142 (Sociology)

Online ISSN: 1533-8665

Author Guidelines

All manuscripts for Symbolic Interaction should be submitted via ScholarOne Manuscripts.

Symbolic Interaction Statement on Publication Ethics

Copyright Transfer Agreement

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Manuscript Requirements

Submissions should not exceed 8,000 words in length, including abstract, references and notes, without prior agreement from the editorial team. Manuscripts which significantly exceed this length will be returned without being entered into the review process. The submission of papers signifies the author's acceptance of the Symbolic Interaction Statement on Publication Ethics.

Video Abstracts
All authors whose papers are accepted are encouraged to submit video abstracts to accompany their papers. Further information about this can be found in the Symbolic Interaction Video Abstracts Guide

Manuscript Format
To ensure anonymity in the review of manuscripts, keep all author-identifying material out of the submitted manuscript file. The following list outlines all manuscript submission requirements. For a more comprehensive explanation of journal style please refer to the 5th Edition of the American Sociological Association Style Guide.

      1. A single anonymized manuscript file containing the title, abstract, keywords, references, notes, and any tables in .doc or .docx file format must be in Times New Roman 12 point font, and be double-spaced with 1-inch margins on all four sides.
      2. A single cover page (separate from the manuscript file) containing title of paper, name(s), institution(s), and complete contact information of authors, running header, word count for the manuscript (including footnotes and references), and title footnote (includes names, addresses of authors, acknowledgements, credits, and grants) .doc or .docx file format.
      3. A one-page (100 word) abstract headed with the article title must be included in the manuscript file. The abstract should be concise and complete without reference to the body of the article. Care should be taken to include all key terms. Only the title should appear as identification in the abstract
For information on what you can do to make your article more discoverable online, please read Wiley's Search Engine Optimization: For Authors guide.

      4. Tables should be on separate pages and numbered consecutively. They should have brief descriptive titles, and should be placed at the end of the manuscript following references. Placement in text must be indicated by a phrase, such as "Insert Table 1 about here," which is set off from the rest of the text. Sources for information in a table should be footnoted below the table.
      5. All illustrations and images should be referred to as Figures in the text. They must be finished drawings needing no further artwork or typesetting, and originals will be required if manuscript is accepted. Placement must be indicated in the text. Submission of Figures must be as 300 (or greater) dpi encapsulated postscript (.eps) or tagged image file format (.tiff).

Citations in Text
• If author’s name is in the text, follow it with the publication year in parentheses: When Chu (1977) studied…
• If the author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses: When the study was completed… (Jones 1994).
• If the page number is to be included, it follows the year of publication after a colon, with no space between the colon and the page number:…as reported by Chavez (1966:16).
• For three authors, give all last names in the first citation in the text. Afterwards use the first name and “et al.” For more than three names, use the first author’s last name plus “et al.” Examples as follow:
Three authors, first in-text citation = (Smith, Garcia, and Lee 1954)
Three authors, later in-text citations = (Smith et al. 1954)
More than three authors = (Snow et al. 1999)
• Quotations in the text must begin and end with quotation marks. The citation follows the end-quote mark and precedes the period, as follows: “In the late 1990s, data showed that technologically oriented jobs were higher paying” (Hildenbrand 1999:47).

Notes should be kept to a minimum, and used only for substantive observations, or to add information presented in a table. Source citations are made in the text rather than the notes.
Endnotes should be numbered consecutively throughout the text with superscript Arabic numerals and included on a separate section headed "Endnotes" preceding the references at the end of the manuscript.

Reference List
• References follow the text and endnotes in a separate section headed "References."
• All references cited in the text must be listed and vice-versa.
• Remember: Like all other parts of the manuscript, references should be double-spaced.
• List references in alphabetical order by authors’ last names.
• Use hanging indention (see examples below).
• Invert the author’s name (type the last name first). If there are two or more authors, invert only the first author’s name.
• Arrange multiple items by the same author in order by year of publication, earliest year first.
• Distinguish works by the same author in the same year by adding letters (e.g. 1993a, 1993b, 1993c).
• Use italics for book and periodical titles (underline if italics are not available).
• If no date is available use "N.d." in place of the date.
• Include the state abbreviation only if the city of publication is not well known (i.e. New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles do not need a state abbreviation). For foreign cities provide the name of the country.

Examples of Formatted References
The basic form for a book entry includes…
1. Author’s last name, followed by a comma and author’s first name and middle initial, ending with a period.
2. Year of publication followed by a period.
3. Title of book italicized ending with a period. Follow with edition number if 2nd ed. or later.
4. City of publication (with state abbreviation if it’s not a well-known city), followed by a colon and name of publisher, ending with a period.

Book with One Author
Bergesen, Albert. 2006. The Depth of Shallow Culture: The High Art of Shoes, Movies,      Novels,Monsters, and Toys. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

Book with Two Authors
Mouer, Ross, and Hirosuke Kawanishi. 2005. A Sociology of Work in Japan. New York: Cambridge      University Press.

Chapter in Book
Holley, Phillip D., and David E. Wright, Jr. 2006. "A Sociology of Rib Joints." Pp. 46-53 in      McDonaldization: The Reader, edited by G. Ritzer. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine ForgePress.

Book with No Author (List books alphabetically by the first significant word in the title.)
     Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. 2005. 11th ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Journal Articles
The basic form for a journal article includes…
1. Author’s last name, followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial ending with a period.
2. Year of publication followed by a period.
3. Title of article in “quotations,” ending with a period inside the closing quotation mark.
4. Title of journal in italics, no period following.
5. Volume number followed by issue number in parentheses, followed by a colon, page number(s) and period.

For articles found online, including from a commercial database
If the article has a DOI (Digital Object Identifer), add it at the end of the citation: doi:10.0011/0000000X0001100101.

If the article does not have a DOI, add the date of retrieval and the URL of the site at which you located the article in parentheses, followed by a period: Retrieved [date of retrieval] (

Print Journal Article with One Author
Garcia, Alma M. 1998. "An Intellectual Odyssey: Chicana/Chicano Studies Moving Into the
     Twenty-first Century." Journal of American Ethnic History 18(1):109.

Print Journal Article with Two or More Authors
Exum, William H., Robert J. Menges, Bari Watkins, and Patricia Berglund. 1984. "Making It at
     the Top: Women and Minority Faculty in the Academic Labor Market." American
     Behavioral Scientist

Journal Article from a Commercial Database
Brunson, Rod K., and Jody Miller. 2006. “Gender, Race, and Urban Policing: The Experience of
     African American Youths.” Gender & Society 20(4):531-552. Retrieved October 26, 2010

Newspaper & Magazine Articles
The basic form for a newspaper or magazine entry includes…
1. Author’s last name, followed by a comma and the first name and middle initial,
ending with a period.
2. Year of publication followed by a period.
3. Title of article in “quotations,” ending with a period inside the closing quotation mark.
4. Name of newspaper/magazine in italics, followed by a comma.
5. Month and date of publication followed by a comma.
6. Page number of article within the publication, designated by “pp.” and ending
with a period.
7. For articles found online, add the date of retrieval and the URL of the site at which you
located the article in parentheses, followed by a period: Retrieved [date of retrieval]

Print Magazine Article
Jana, Reena. 2000. "Preventing Culture Clashes — As the IT Workforce Grows More Diverse,
     Managers Must Improve Awareness Without Creating Inconsistency." InfoWorld, April
     24, pp. 95.

Newspaper Article from a Commercial Database
Harris, Gardiner. 2007. "Teenage Birth Rate Rises For First Time Since '91." New York Times,
     December 6, pp. 26. Retrieved August 28, 2010 (

Electronic Resources
Journal Article from a Commercial Database [Article has DOI]
Sweeten, Gary, Shawn D. Bushway, and Raymond Paternoster. 2009. “Does Dropping Out of
     School Mean Dropping Into Delinquency?” Criminology 47(1):47-91. doi:10.1111/j.1745-

Journal Article from a Commercial Database [Article does not have DOI]
Menon, Nivedita. 2009. “Sexuality, Caste, Governmentality: Contests Over 'Gender' in India”
     Feminist Review 91:94-112. Retrieved November 2, 2010 (

Information Posted on a Web Site
Spalter-Roth, Roberta, and William Erskine. 2007. “Race and Ethnicity in the Sociology
     Pipeline.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved January 9,
     2008 (

Web-Based Journal Article
Smith, Herman W., and Takako Nomi. 2000. "Is Amae the Key to Understanding Japanese
     Culture?" Electronic Journal of Sociology 5:1. Retrieved May 5, 2009

Web Version of Newspaper
Blank, Rebecca M. 2008. “How We Measure Poverty.” Los Angeles Times, September 15.
     Retrieved January 7, 2009 (

Government Documents
U.S. Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2009. “Offenders” Hate Crime
     Statistics, 2008. Washington, DC: Criminal Justice Information Services Division
     Retrieved September 14, 2010 (

Dissertations & Theses
Valencia, Albert. 1995. "An Examination of Selected Characteristics of Mexican-American
     Battered Women and Implications for Service Providers." Ph.D. dissertation, Department
     of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University      of the Pacific. Retrieved from
     ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database, 741159811.