Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Copyright © 2013 SETAC
Edited By: Richard J. Wenning, Editor-in-Chief
Online ISSN: 1551-3793
Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management (IEAM) is published quarterly by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). The journal is devoted to bridging the gap between scientific research and the application of science in decision making, policy and regulation, and environmental management. IEAM aims to be the premier scientific journal for presenting new information, promoting dialogue, and fostering new methods for the analysis of ecological, chemical, engineering, physical, and social science research applied to the advancement of environmental management strategies, policy and regulation, and problem solving.
IEAM provides a peer-reviewed international forum for communicating new ideas and information from environmental science professionals in academia, business, government, and nongovernmental organizations. The journal welcomes scientific, social, and regulatory information through critical reviews, original research, commentaries, policy analyses, case studies, and special series. IEAM strives to provide a unique position in the peer-reviewed literature, focusing on continually evolving collaborations by offering perspectives from diverse disciplines and a variety of stakeholders. The internationally recognized scientists, academicians, and policy specialists who serve as subject matter Editors, members of the Editorial Board, and manuscript reviewers reflect this diversity of views and experience in each of the following major topic areas:
- Climate change challenges
- Decision analysis
- Ecological and human health risk assessment
- Environment impact analysis
- Environmental policy and regulation
- Environmental management
- Life cycle analysis and sustainable environmental practices
In addition, IEAM regularly features non–peer-reviewed Learned Discourses that provide a forum for rapid communication of professional opinions on timely scientific issues, and Book Reviews that alert the scientific community to new publications in the broad field of environmental science.
IEAM publishes Letters to the Editor, Critical Reviews, Original Research, Case Studies, Regulatory Policy Analyses, Brief Communications, Debate and Commentary, Learned Discourses, Book Reviews, and Special Series. While IEAM does not impose limitations on the length of manuscripts accepted for publication, authors are strongly encouraged to consider the recommendations on manuscript page limits in each category below.
Journal Cover Images are encouraged from SETAC members and authors of papers accepted for publication in IEAM. IEAM will select one image for publication that most closely reflects the content of the issue or a particular paper. The successful contributor will be acknowledged in the table of contents.
Letters to the Editor may concern any scientific topic relevant to the purposes of the journal, including critical discussion of recently published papers. Letters to the Editor should not exceed 2 printed journal pages.* Tables and figures are not typically featured; however, literature cited in the letter should include the full citation at the end of the text.
Critical Reviews must provide comprehensive information and critical analysis on subjects relevant to the purposes of the journal. Papers addressing a topic of potential global significance will be designated by the Editor-in-Chief as “Global Environmental Reviews.” Manuscripts should not normally exceed 20 printed journal pages* in length, including abstract, text, tables, figures, and references.
Original Research must report original research that has not been submitted elsewhere, other than as an abstract or an oral or poster presentation. Manuscripts should not exceed 10 printed journal pages,* including abstract, text, tables, figures, and references.
Case Studies should illustrate the application of new investigation and assessment methods, regulatory policies, environmental management practices or new challenges facing business and governments. Manuscripts should not exceed 15 printed journal pages,* including abstract, text, tables, figures, and references.
Regulatory Policy Analysis contributions may address current, new, and emerging national or international environmental policies and challenges facing the regulatory and business communities. Manuscripts should not exceed 10 journal pages,* including abstract, text, tables, figures, and references.
Brief Communications may report on the findings of workshops and meetings, or provide a preliminary report on a timely technical issue or significant research contribution, or reflect a balanced perspective on scientific, engineering, and regulatory issues. Manuscripts should not exceed 5 printed journal pages,* including abstract, text, tables, figures, and references.
Learned Discourse provides an opportunity in a non-peer reviewed forum for comments on a wide range of topics of interest to members of the SETAC community. Manuscripts are limited to 1000 words and may include not more than one table or figure and up to 6 references. Manuscripts are subject to review and approval by the Learned Discourse Editor.
Book Reviews offer readers a concise overview of recent published books on a wide range of environmental topics of potential interest to readers. Manuscripts are limited to 1000 words and must be accompanied by an electronic file (JPG or TIFF) containing the book cover. Reviews from commercial publishers are not accepted by the journal. Manuscripts are subject to review and approval by the Book Reviews Editor.
In addition to regularly featured content, IEAM offers 3 special features to encourage collaboration among scientists and organizations to present a more thorough examination of topics relevant to the journal. Special Series, Supplemental Issues, and E- Issues provide a forum for publishing collections of peer-reviewed, original papers guided by one or more Guest Editors and the IEAM Editorial Board. Papers must represent original research that has not been submitted elsewhere, other than as an abstract or an oral or poster presentation. Individual manuscripts should not exceed 10 printed journal pages,* including abstract, text, tables, figures, and references.
Special Series consist of at least 4 manuscripts prepared by experts who wish to explore an emerging technical issue or recent developments in a subject area relevant to the journal. Papers appearing in a Special Series are included as part of a regularly scheduled issue of IEAM. The collection typically is supplemented by a brief opening commentary prepared by the Guest Editor(s) describing the significance of the issue and the importance of the individual papers included in the Special Series. The opening commentary should not exceed 2 printed journal pages.
For instructions on submitting Special Series papers, please click here:
Supplement Issue involves 4 or more manuscripts prepared in a manner similar to Special Series, but the articles appear as a separately bound, supplement issue that is published concurrently and shipped with a regularly scheduled issue of IEAM. A minimum of 50 printed journal pages* are required for content to appear as a supplement issue. Guest Editors and authors incur additional costs associated with the production and distribution of a supplement issue, which must be addressed in advance with the IEAM Editorial Office.
For instructions on submitting Supplement Issues, please click here:
E-Issue offers all the advantages of special series and supplement issue content, with the exception that content appears online only and does not appear in print. Content typically includes 4 or more manuscripts. Guest Editors and authors incur additional costs associated with the production and distribution of an E-issue, which must be addressed in advance with the IEAM Editorial Office. Papers reviewed and accepted for publication online as a virtual issue are available on the IEAM website at www.setacjournals.org.
*On average, 1 printed journal page in IEAM is the equivalent of 3 single-sided, double-spaced manuscript pages prepared using Times Roman 12-point font and 1-inch margins, header, and footer on either A4 or 8.5” × 11” paper. For tables and figures, assume 1 complete page is devoted to one table or figure. Authors are encouraged to submit supplemental data files, such as additional references, figures, and data tables, which are posted online at no cost to authors.
Cover Letter: Each manuscript must be accompanied with a cover letter describing how the work contributes to the mission and scope of IEAM. This same brief statement on how the manuscript fits with IEAM's mission is required as part of the online submission process. This letter should also state any conflicts of interest and describe other manuscripts the authors have published or intend to publish on closely related work, and the relationship of the current work to these other manuscripts. Authors are required to identify 2 or more reviewers for their work.
Manuscript and Graphics: Submit text, tables, and figures as separate files using the following file formats. Additional information can be found under the sections for Tables and Figures.
- Manuscript: Microsoft Word or text file (no pdf files).
- Tables: Microsoft Excel (preferred), Word, tab- or comma-delimited files.
- Figure and Image files: TIFF, EPS, or JPG. To ensure the highest print quality, submit your figures in TIF format with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (dots per inch).
Supplemental Data: Supplemental data files to support the information and analysis provided in a manuscript are welcome and will be published online only, free of charge, in their original form. Submit all supplemental files with the manuscript. Supplemental data files are identified in the journal table of contents and on the first page of the manuscript.
Statement of Protocol Approval for Animal Research: Research involving animals (vertebrates, cephalopods) must conform to the SETAC Code of Ethics (http://www.setac.org/node/18) and to contemporary guidelines for the care and use of animals (e.g., http://www.the-aps.org/publications/journals/guide.htm; http://www.toxicology.org/AI/FA/guidingprinciples.pdf;http://www.avma.org/resources/euthanasia.pdf). The manuscript should include a statement of protocol approval from an Institutional Review Board or an Institution Animal Care and Use Committee.
Language Assistance: IEAM is unable to provide extensive editorial assistance regarding English usage and grammar. Authors are asked to seek appropriate editorial assistance before submitting manuscripts for review. See also http://www.journalexperts.com; http://www.bluepencilscience.com/; http://www.biosciencewriters.com/.
Manuscripts should be submitted online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/IEAM.
IEAM uses iThenticate software to screen submissions for content published elsewhere. By submitting your manuscript to IEAM, authors accept that their manuscript may be screened against previously published work and may be asked for clarification about similar work appearing elsewhere. IEAM reserves the right to reject submissions that contain content judged by the Editorial Board to have appeared elsewhere.
A. Order of Manuscript Pages: Please arrange the manuscript in the following order:
Page 1: Manuscript Cover Page - Details: Provide article title, running head (short version of title, not to exceed 60 characters and spaces), and complete name, affiliation, and both e-mail and institutional addresses of all contributing authors. Use the following symbol order to designate authors' affiliations: † (dagger),‡ (double dagger), § (section mark), || (parallels), # (number sign). When more are needed, double them in the same sequence. All persons listed as authors should have been sufficiently involved in the research to take public responsibility for its content.
Page 1: Manuscript Cover Page - Corresponding Author Information: Identify the corresponding author using an *(asterisk), and a footnote that reads “*To whom correspondence may be addressed”. Place the asterisk in front of the symbol that designates institutional affiliation. Please list the corresponding author's name, postal address, telephone, fax, and e-mail address if different from those provided as a contributing author.
Page 2: Abstract. Include an abstract describing the research, results, and conclusions (maximum of 500 words). The abstract should be a single paragraph and contain no citations or footnotes.
Page 2: Key words. Provide at least 5 key words that closely reflect the technical content of the manuscript and will aid in the identification of their published paper in searches of online databases. IEAM reserves the right to change or supplement key words to improve the opportunity to find and access the paper by the scientific community. The abstract and keywords, collectively, should not exceed one single-sided, double-spaced page in length.
Page 3 and thereafter: Text. Prepare the main text using Times Roman 12-point font and 1-inch margins, header, and footer on either standard A4 or 8.5 x 11 paper. Text must be double spaced, and the first sentence of each paragraph must be indented.
Acknowledgments (last page before references): Provide a brief paragraph recognizing the source of funding for the work and acknowledging the assistance of individuals or organizations not identified among the list of authors. Include a disclaimer and disclosure when applicable.
Disclaimer (last page before references): If appropriate to advocate the objectivity and unbiased nature of the work, provide a brief statement indicating the limitations of the opinions or scope of the work represented by the work. For example, such statements are typically, but not always, required by authors from government institutions or from institutions represented on the IEAM Editorial Board.
References: In-text citations should follow the name-year format (Name year). Format follows the Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style. Group full references alphabetically by author, then chronologically for multiple papers by the same author. References to unpublished data may not be used in the text. Papers in preparation or still in review may not be cited in the text or the reference list. Articles that have been accepted for publication may be cited as "forthcoming" and placed in the reference list, with a DOI. Copies of all "forthcoming" articles should accompany manuscript submissions.
List of Figures: Provide a list of figures and captions after the References. Number sequentially using Arabic numbers. All figures must be accompanied by a figure legend.
Tables: Upload table files after the manuscript text document. Number sequentially using Arabic numbers. Include the table number and title with each table.
Figures: Upload figures as separate files, after the table files. Include the figure number at the top of each figure.
- i. Main Text
- Prepare the text as a single-sided, double-spaced manuscript using Times Roman 12-point font and 1-inch margins, header, and footer on either A4 or 8.5” × 11” paper.
- Indent the first sentence of each paragraph.
- Do not indent section titles. Format section titles as:
MAIN SECTION TITLE (boldface and capitalize all letters)
Second Order Section Title (capitalize the first letter of each word)
Third Order Section Title (capitalize the first letter of each word and italicize)
- Define all acronyms at first mention.
- Refrain from using boldface or italics to add emphasis.
- Personal communications should be mentioned parenthetically in the text (e.g., R.G. Rogers, personal communication). Verify all personal communications with the source of the information and obtain approval for use of the author's name.
- References to unpublished data may not be used in the text.
- Revised manuscripts must include “Revised Manuscript [date]” at the top of each page in the header, including tables and figures.
- ii. References
- While the appropriate citation of technical information is important, authors are encouraged to limit the number of references to 40 or fewer.
- Citations in the reference section should be formatted in accordance with CSE style.
- Use BIOSIS abbreviations for journal titles.
- Articles that have been accepted for publication may be cited as "forthcoming" and placed in the reference list with a DOI. Copies of all forthcoming articles should accompany manuscript submissions. Papers in preparation or still in review may not be cited in the text or references.
- When citing a publishing company, please include the complete location— City, State or Province if applicable, Country. Use 2-letter abbreviations for states in the USA and provinces in Canada.
Examples of Appropriate Reference Formats:
Books. Author AB, Author CD. 1998. Title of book. City (ST), Country: Publisher. 00 p.
Book articles. Author AB, Author CD, Author EF. 1998. Title of article. In: Anderson AB, Jones CD, Smith EF, editors. Title of book, 2nd ed. City (ST), Country: Publisher. p 00-00.
Journal articles. Author AB, Author CD, Author EF. 1998. Title of article. J Agric Food Chem 22:11-33.
ASTM. [ASTM] American Society for Testing and Materials. 1998. Standard practice for conducting toxicity tests with fishes, microinvertebrates and amphibians. In: ASTM. Annual book of ASTM standards, Volume 11.04. Philadelphia (PA), USA: ASTM. E 729-90. p 272-296.
USEPA. [USEPA] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1986. Quality criteria for water: 1986. Cincinnati (OH): USEPA. EPA 440/3086/001.
Proceedings. Author AB, Author CD. 1998. Title of article or presentation. In: Proceedings Name of Meeting; Date (year day–day month); City, ST. City (ST), Country: Publisher. p 00-00.
Reports. Author AB. 1998. Title of report. City (ST), Country: Agency. Contract report EL-93-2.
Theses. Author AB. 1998. Title of thesis [thesis or dissertation]. City (ST), Country: University.
Articles on the web. Author AB. 2004. Title [Internet]. [cited Year Month Day]. Available from: www.address.com.
Articles with a DOI. Author AB. 2004. Title [Internet]. [cited Year Month Day]. Available from: www.address.com doi: 00
Computer programs and databases. Author AB. 1998. ACRONYM title database, version. City (ST), Country: Publisher.
- iii. Tables:
- Authors are encouraged to include only essential tables and to limit the number of tables in a manuscript to 6 or fewer. Some tables, particularly those too lengthy and detailed for print publication, should be included as supplemental data in the online version of IEAM.
- Acceptable formats: Microsoft Excel, tab- or comma-delimited text files, submitted as separately from the main text.
- Do not embed tables in the text of the manuscript. Do not insert statements in the text indicating the preferred placement of tables.
- To the extent practical, all text should be Times Roman 12-point font. Be aware that boldface or italicized type can be difficult to recognize in print; use underlining or add symbols adjacent to text if emphasis is needed.
- Tables should stand alone and should not need to refer to the text for full comprehension. Avoid duplicating information that appears in the text.
- iv. Figures:
- Authors are encouraged to include only essential figures and to limit the number of figures in a manuscript to 6 or fewer. Some figures, e.g., detailed sampling maps and visual displays of modeling output, may be appropriate to include as supplemental data in the online version of IEAM.
- Acceptable formats: TIF, JPG, or EPS, with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, submitted as separately from the main text.
- Do not embed figures in the text of the manuscript. Do not insert statements in the text indicating the preferred placement of figures.
- Please ensure that all text (lines, numbers, and letters) is presented in at least 12-point font. Do not use boldface type.
- The use of color in figures is welcome. However, halftone colors generally do not reproduce well. Authors are advised to test the reproductive clarity of colors by printing test examples on standard black and white printers.
- Authors are encouraged to consult back issues of IEAM in order to get an indication of column and page widths.
C. PERMISSIONS AND COPYRIGHT: instructions for reprinting figures and tables
The author is responsible for obtaining permission to reprint a previously published table, figure, or excerpt of more than 250 words. Include written permission from the publisher with the manuscript submission. If in doubt, obtain permission. Acknowledgment alone is not sufficient. Authors should exercise customary professional courtesy in acknowledging intellectual properties such as patents and trademarks. Authors wishing to reprint illustrations or text previously published in IEAM should contact Wiley-Blackwell at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.
Review of Original Manuscript: Submitted manuscripts will be reviewed initially by the Editor-In-Chief and/or an Editor to verify that the work is within the scope of the journal and is otherwise appropriate for peer review. Approved manuscripts will be assigned to an Editor with expertise in the relevant technical field and will be subject to peer review by at least 2 reviewers. Authors are required to suggest a minimum of 2 preferred reviewers, but reviewer selection will be at the discretion of the Editor. Reviewers are required to complete their reviews within 45 days. Reviewers will provide the author with evaluations, suggest improvements, and recommend acceptance or rejection of the paper. The Editor will then send a conditional decision letter and reviewer critiques to the corresponding author.
Submission of Revised Manuscript: Authors are required to return a revised manuscript to IEAM within 60 days of receipt of the conditional decision letter from the editorial office.
Revised manuscripts must display “Revised Manuscript [date]” in the header of each page, including tables and figures. Revisions must also include a response to reviewer comments letter, and revised table and figure files, if applicable. Publication may be delayed if authors do not follow IEAM style and formatting guidelines.
The response to reviewer comments letter must state explicitly the disposition of all reviewer suggestions, item by item. Please provide reasons for rejecting all or any part of specific suggestions.
Revised manuscripts not received within 90 days of the date of provisional acceptance will be considered as a new submission. Authors are urged to contact the editorial office if additional time is needed to prepare a revised manuscript. Authors will receive a final decision letter from IEAM after the Editor has reviewed the revised manuscript and response to comments letter. In some cases, the revised manuscript may be subject to further peer review.
Copyright Transfer Agreement:If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.
For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs here.
For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
- Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
- Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
- Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.
Accepted Articles: Upon submission to production, final manuscripts will be assigned a DOI number and uploaded to IEAM’s Accepted Articles web site, where they are fully citable and accessible to readers in advance of print publication. For this reason, it is important that authors adhere strictly to format requirements specified in the IEAM Instructions to Authors when preparing their manuscripts. Furthermore, it is important for authors to recognize that the content of their final manuscripts, with exception of copy-editing corrections or clarifications, should not change substantially after their final manuscripts have been submitted to IEAM.
EarlyView: Once a final version of the manuscript has been approved, the manuscript will be removed from the Accepted Articles web site and posted to the EarlyView web site as a typeset, copyedited, and unpaginated article. EarlyView articles will be removed at the time of print publication and archived via a permanent link to the final printed paper appearing on the IEAM website (www.setacjournals.com). The final printed paper appearing on the journal website represents the official published journal of record.
Publication: Authors are able to track their manuscript through the production process by registering for Author Services. Please visit the Author Services Website at http://authorservices.wiley.com for additional information.Corresponding authors will be able to access their page proofs, which are rough drafts of how the papers will appear in the journal, approximately 3 months before the print publication date. Notification and instructions for downloading documents will be provided in an e-mail from the publisher. Authors are responsible for proofreading the page proofs and providing any corrections to the document. Manuscript corrections that are not received by the publisher as directed will be pulled from production and rescheduled.
Authors should be aware that final manuscripts are subject to copy editing during the period they appear on the Accepted Articles web site. Corresponding authors will be provided with 1st stage page proofs to proofread and to address copy editor queries. Corresponding authors are expected to address queries and return their page proofs in a timely manner.
With the exception of typographical errors, authors may be charged for excessive changes to their page proofs; further, changes that the Editor-in-Chief or Editor view as substantially altering the work presented in the manuscript may result in a delay in publication and independent review by one or more qualified referees. Authors should limit changes to corrections of printer's errors and not manuscript content.
Errata: If necessary, IEAM will publish errata. Authors should advise the editorial office of any significant errors in their published manuscript.
By submitting a manuscript to IEAM, authors agree to pay these charges if their manuscript is accepted for publication:
- For Corresponding Authors who are SETAC Members-in-good-standing: Page charges for the first 6 printed journal pages are waived for corresponding authors who are SETAC members-in-good-standing. Pages 7 through 12 are subject to page charges at the rate of US$50 per page. Pages in excess of 12 will incur US$150 per printed journal page. “Member-in-good standing” is defined as a corresponding author whose membership is current at the time of submission and has been continuous for 2 years prior to submission. Note that Special Series are the exception; see “Special Series Page Charges” below.
- For Other Corresponding Authors: Non-member corresponding authors and SETAC member corresponding authors who are not “members in good standing” will incur page charges at the rate of $50 per page for the first 6 pages and $150 for each additional printed journal page.
- Special Series Page Charges: Page charges will apply to manuscripts published as a special series and to proceedings from SETAC and other workshops at the non-member rate. The corresponding author’s SETAC membership status does not apply to such papers.
- Content Appearing in a Supplement or E- Issue: Page charges, plus additional production costs, will apply to manuscripts published as part of a supplement issue or E-issue at the non-member rate. The corresponding author’s SETAC membership status does not apply to such papers.
- Learned Discourse and Book Reviews: Page charges do not apply to content appearing in either of these regularly scheduled features of IEAM.
Questions about your membership status or page charges? Please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Payment of page charges: Authors will receive a page charge form with their page proofs and are asked to return payment with their proof corrections to the publisher. The IEAM editorial office cannot modify or waive page charges under any circumstances; requests should be directed to the SETAC Business Office (email@example.com). Page charges must be paid prior to publication.
Reprints: Authors of accepted manuscripts will be invited to send by e-mail a PDF offprint of their final published paper directly from the publisher to as many as 10 individuals located anywhere in the world for free. Additional reprints may be ordered directly from Wiley-Blackwell at the following web site: https://caesar.sheridan.com/reprints/eorder/order.php?DBS=A&PUID=10089&IUID=4376&UNDO=1&SERVICE=2&ACCTUID=75.
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms.
Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: https://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/onlineopen_order.asp.
Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.