Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution

Cover image for Vol. 328 Issue 6

Edited By: Günter P. Wagner

Impact Factor: 2.387

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 17/162 (Zoology); 20/41 (Developmental Biology); 30/48 (Evolutionary Biology)

Online ISSN: 1552-5015

Associated Title(s): Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology

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Author Guidelines

Note to NIH Grantees
General Format
Conflict of interest
Ethics Guidelines
Title page
Research Highlights
Graphical Abstract
Literature cited
General Manuscript Instructions
Supplementary Material
Services for Non-native Speakers
Rapid Communications

Online Submission and Peer Review

Note to NIH Grantees.

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Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution is now receiving submitted manuscripts online at:

Editorial office contact information:

Dr. Günter P. Wagner
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Yale University
327 Osborn Memorial Laboratories
New Haven, CT 06520-8106
Phone: 203-432-2041

Submit all new manuscripts online. Launch your web browser and go to Check for an existing account. If you are submitting for the first time, and you do not have an existing account, create a new account. Follow all instructions.

At the end of a successful submission, a confirmation screen with manuscript number will appear and you will receive an e-mail confirming that the manuscript has been received by the journal. If this does not happen, please check your submission and/or contact tech support at

Submit manuscript and all figures as separate files. You do not need to mail any paper copies of your manuscript.

General Format

The manuscript should have a uniform style and be submitted exactly as it is to appear in print. It should consist of the following subdivisions, each starting on a new page.

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Text
  4. Acknowlegments
  5. Literature Cited
  6. Footnotes
  7. Tables
  8. Figure legends

Conflict of interest.

JEZ requires all authors to disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker's fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the cover letter (if applicable) to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (in the footnotes, Conflict of Interest or Acknowledgements section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

. The Journal of Experimental Zoology abides by Wiley's ethics guidelines and by the guidelines produced by the Committee on Publication Ethics. Please contact the editorial office with any questions on ethics or authorship.


Title page. The first page of the manuscript should include the following:

  1. Complete title of paper
  2. Author's name or names. We request that authors use full names in order to aviod errors caused by the use of initials. Each author's name should carry a superscript number. The corresponding author should be indicated by an asterisk.
  3. Institutional affiliation(s) with city, state, and Zip code. Each distinct affiliation should be listed as a separate entity, with a superscript number that link it to the individual author(s).
  4. Total number of text figures, graphs, and charts
  5. Abbreviated title (running headline) not to exceed 48 letters and spaces
  6. The correspondence address should appear as an asterisked footnote, worded as "Correspondence to:..." This should consist of the author's name and complete mailing address, even if identical to the one given above. The telephone and telefax numbers and the e-mail address should also be provided.
  7. Supporting grant information should appear as a footnote on the title page and should include the grant sponsor and the grant number.

Abstract. An abstract of 250 words or less should be prepared. It will serve in lieu of a concluding summary and when published will precede the introductory section of the text. The abstract should be written in complete sentences and should succinctly state the objectives, the experimental design of the paper, the principal observations and conclusions, and be intelligible without reference to the rest of the paper. Abbreviations should be used sparingly in the abstract and must be spelled out completely the first time they are used. References to the literature should not be cited in the abstract without the complete citation.

Research Highlights are the most important findings and/or conclusions of the article (or review), stated concisely. Research Highlights will be displayed online immediately below the article's title (they will not appear in the printed version of the paper). Research Highlights should consist of 2 to 3 short sentences and should not exceed 250 characters (including spaces). These are required for all papers published in the journal, and must be submitted at the time of the manuscript submission in ScholarOne.

Graphical Abstract. The graphical abstract provides readers with a visual representation of the conclusions and an efficient way to appreciate the key finding and main message of the work. This feature is part of the online article format and will appear in the online Table of Contents of each issue of the journal but will not appear in the printed version of the paper. Please upload an illustration describing the context and significance of the findings for the broader journal readership to attract the attention of non-specialists. The image should be a single image not containing multiple panels. It is meant to represent one key aspect of the results. The selected image must be a figure or part of a figure that is included in the paper. To prepare the image, select an image or graphic that is easy to read and as much as possible devoid of cluttering items, conveying clear, non-speculative, visual information about the biological context of the findings. Labels, while useful, must be kept to a minimum. The image should be provided in one of the following height and width configurations: 400 x 300 pixel, 300 x 400 pixel, or 400 x 400 pixel, and at a maximal resolution of 72 dpi. Please use Arial or Helvetica font with a size of 10–12 points; preferred file types are EPS and TIFF. The Graphical Abstract is optional for the papers published in the journal. When uploading, please designate the image as Graphical Abstract Image in ScholarOne Manuscripts.

References should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). This means in text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998). The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper.

A sample of the most common entries in reference lists appear below. Please note that a DOI should be provided for all references where available. For more information about APA referencing style, please refer to the APAFAQ. PLease note that for Journal articles, issue numbers are not included unless each issue in the volume begins with page one.

Journal articles

Example of reference with 2 to 7 authors

Beers, S.R., & De Bellis, M.D. (2002). Neuropsychological function in children with maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 483-486. doi:10,1176/appi.ajp.159.3.483

Ramus, F., Rosen, S., Dakin, S.C., Day, B.L., Castellote, J.M., White, S., & Frith, U. (2003). Theories of developmental dyslexia: Insights from a multiple case study of dyslexix adults. Brain, 126(4), 841-865. doi: 10.1093/brain/awg076

Example of referencewith more than 7 authors

Rutter, M., Caspi, A., Fergusson, D., Horwood, L.J., Goodman, R., Maughan, B., Carroll, J. (2004). Sex differennces in developmental reading disability: New findings from 4 epidemiological studies. Journal of the Amereican Medical Association, 291(16), 2007-2012. doi: 10.1001/Jama.291.16.2007

Book Edition

Brandely-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, Tx: Pro-ed.

Footnotes . Number footnotes to the text consecutively with corresponding reference numbers clearly indicated in the text. Additional references to the identical footnotes are to be numbered with the next following consecutive number; for example:
2 Material used for this experiment secured through the courtesy of . . .
3 See footnote 1, page . . .
Footnotes to a table should be typed directly beneath the table and lettered 1,2,3 etc. They should not be numbered in sequence with the footnotes in the text. Asterisks are used for P values.

Tables. All tables must be numbered and cited consecutively in the text, and they should have titles that are complete but brief. Since tabular matter is expensive to reproduce it should be simple and uncomplicated, with as few horizontal rules as possible and no vertical rules. The text should indicate where the tables are to appear in the text. Tables should be numbered with Arabic, not Roman, numerals. Information other than that defining the data should be presented as table footnotes.

Legends. All figures (including charts and graphs) must be numbered and cited consecutively in the text. Figure legends are to be numbered consecutively, as follows:
Fig. 1 . .
Fig. 2 . .
Fig. 3 . .
Reference to relevant text passages can often reduce the length of legends and avoid redundancy. Figures may extend across two or more pages, but each figure requires a separate legend, except for a plate of figures that can be described in a single legend.

Abbreviations . Abbreviations pertaining to the labeling of figures should be listed once alphabetically and placed before the first figure containing these abbreviations:


General Manuscript Instructions. The manuscript should be double-spaced throughout with a 1" (2.5 cm) margin on all sides. Submitters can indicate preference of division for the review and publication of their work.

Number all pages of the manuscript consecutively.

Do not divide words at the end of a line, for if they are unfamiliar to the printer they may be incorrectly hyphenated. Manuscripts should not be right-hand justified.

Do not begin sentences with abbreviations or Arabic numerals -- always spell out numbers when they stand as the first word in a sentence; do not follow such numbers with abbreviations. Use Arabic numerals to indicate time, weight, and measurements when followed by abbreviations (e.g., 2 mm; 1 sec; 3 ml). Numbers applicable to the same category should be treated alike throughout a paragraph (e.g., 2 male rates and 4 female rates). In general, the numbers one to ten should be written in the text; all numbers over ten should be given in Arabic numerals (12, 27, 42, etc.).

The word "Figure" is not abbreviated in the text except when appearing in parentheses: Figure 2 (Figs. 4-6).

Spell nontechnical terms according to the current Webster's International Dictionary.

Dates should be written as follows:
October 11, 1994 –or– 11th of October

Label any Greek letters in your manuscript which could be confused with English alphabet characters. For example, µ is easily confused with u.

The sections on Materials and Methods should include a clear description of the method of killing of any animals that may be used. Research involving vertebrate animals must have been approved by the author's institution's animal care and use committee and should conform to NIH guidelines. A statement to this effect must be included in the Materials and Methods section.

The manuscript should be accompanied by a statement by the submitting author certifying that all the authors have read the paper and have agreed to having their names listed as authos. A similar statement should be appended for the names of colleagues who are acknowledged in footnotes as having contributed to or criticized the paper. Either American or British spelling is acceptable so long as one usage is maintained thoughout the paper.

Supplementary Material. Authors are encouraged to submit supplementary material that could aid readers in understanding the authors' findings and where appropriate to ensure that the page limits are met. Supplementary material for articles published in the Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution will be available in the online version of the journal. This accompanying information may include (but is not limited to) figures, tables, video clips, large sections of movies (QuickTime or mpeg), data sets, program code, and electronic graphical files. Supplementary material must be submitted at the time of peer review, although the reviewers and editors may also suggest that figures or table(s) be provided as supplementary material during the review process. Each piece of supplementary material should be referenced within the text, and files should be no larger than 50 MB. Supplementary material should be numbered in order, but independently of figures in the main article, e.g. S- Figure 1 would indicate a figure that follows Figure 1 in the main text. Please note that supplementary material is NOT edited by the publisher after final acceptance by the editors, and is posted online in the format in which it is supplied.

Measurements. Express all measurements (weight, etc.) according to the metric system. Metric abbreviations, as listed below, should be lowercase without periods. Temperatures should always be expressed in degrees Celsius (centigrade).

kmkilometerkm 3cubic
cmcentimeterm 3cubic
µmmicrometercm 3cubic
nmnanometermm 3cubic
ÅAngstrom unitµm 3cubic
(10 Å = 1 nm)micrometer
nm 3cubic
km2squarelliter, always
kilometerspell out

Symbols. When preceded by a digit, the following symbols are used:
% for percent
º for degree (temperature)


General Instructions. Figures must be submitted as TIF or EPS files; Word, JPG, and GIF files are not acceptable.

Resolution. Journal quality reproduction will require greyscale and color files at resolutions yielding approximately 300 ppi. Bitmapped line art should be submitted at resolutions yielding 600-1200 ppi. These resolutions refer to the output size of the file; if you anticipate that your images will be enlarged or reduced, resolutions should be adjusted accordingly.

File names. Illustration files should be given the 2- or 3-letter extension that identifies the file format used (i.e., .tif, .eps).

Color illustrations. NEW COLOR CHARGE POLICY All color pages will be published gratis online; the charge to authors for publishing color figures in print is $500 for each color figure. Once a paper has been accepted, the author will have the opportunity to approve costs and proofs prior to printing.

Cover Figure Nomination. If interested, please include no more than TWO Cover Figure Nominations using the appropriate file designation, along with your manuscript files to be considered should your manuscript be accepted for publication.

Lettering and labels. Consideration must be given to achieving greatest contrast between the label or letter and its background, placing white labeling over dark backgrounds and black labeling over light backgrounds.

Numbering. Figures, including charts and graphs, are to be numbered consecutively. Plates of photomicrographs are preferably labeled as a single figure with panels labeled as A,B,C,D, etc. (lower or uppercase).

Services for Non-native Speakers

The Journal of Experimental Zoology offers a service for contributors whose native language is not English. Contributors who are not at ease with the English language sometimes find it difficult to prepare acceptable manuscripts. Our Author Editing Services is intended to help authors in such instances. The service offers two levels of editing. Our Basic Editing Service provides thorough editing at superior value. The Wiley Advanced Editing service provides a comprehensive editing solution that includes extensive editing for language and style.

We believe this service is advantageous in a number of ways. Namely, it helps authors to prepare superior text, it frees the reviewers from this task so they can confine themselves to a consideration of the scientific content of manuscripts, and finally it shortens the publication time of articles requiring grammatical revision. For more information please visit the Wiley Editing Services page.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.
For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions
For authors choosing OnlineOpen:
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Proofs. A single set of page and illustration proofs will be sent to the author. All corrections should be marked clearly directly on page proofs. It is the policy of the Journal not to levy page charges.

Reprints. Reprints may be purchased at
Rapid Communications for Short Reports of Timely and Unusual Interest

Publication within approximately eight weeks of receipt by the Publisher will be provided for manuscripts of timely and unusual interest. These should consist of approximately eight to ten typewritten pages and one page of illustrations. Authors will receive proofs, which should be returned promptly in order to effect quick publication.

Self-Archiving Policy. Authors of articles published in Wiley journals are permitted to self-archive the submitted (preprint) version of the article at any time, and may self-archive the accepted (peer-reviewed) version after an embargo period. Please visit our Self-Archiving Policy page for details or refer to your Copyright Transfer Agreement.

Guidelines for Cover Submissions

If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these general guidelines.