Chinese Journal of Chemistry

Cover image for Vol. 35 Issue 1

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Editors: Guozhen Ji, Shengming Ma

Online ISSN: 1614-7065

Associated Title(s): Chemistry - A European Journal, Chemistry – An Asian Journal, Israel Journal of Chemistry, The Chemical Record


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  1. Full Papers

    1. Shape Controllable Preparation of Submicronic Cadmium Tetrazole-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks via Solvothermal or Microwave-Assisted Methods and Their Photocatalytic Studies

      Arti Chouhan, Guillaume Pilet, Stéphane Daniele and Ashutosh Pandey

      Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600685

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      Entry for the Table of Contents

    2. Design, Synthesis, and Antiviral Activity of Novel Chalcone Derivatives Containing a Purine Moiety

      Xiuhai Gan, Yanjiao Wang, Deyu Hu and Baoan Song

      Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600568

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      Novel chalcone derivatives containing a purine moiety were designed and synthesized by combining bioactive substructures. Compound 3n exhibited remarkable inhibitory activity against TMV and showed a moderate affinity to TMV CP.

    3. Two New 2D POMs-Based Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Compounds Constructed from the Proline and 4,4’-Bipy Mixed Ligands

      Yanli Ren, Dandan Yang, Na Li and Rudan Huang

      Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600656

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      Two new inorganic-organic hybrid compounds constructed from Keggin-type [BW12O40]5− anion, proline and 4,4’-bipy mixed ligands have been hydrothermally synthesized. Compounds 1, 2 present the opposite arrangement mode in the final structures. The electrochemical properties show that compounds 1, 2 possess good electrocatalytic activities for the reduction of nitrite.

  2. Communications

    1. Improving the Catalytic Activity of Au25 Nanocluster by Peeling and Doping

      Man-bo Li, Shi-kai Tian and Zhikun Wu

      Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600526

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      A well-known Au25(SCH2CH2Ph)18 (Au25 for short) nanocluster has been transformed to a rare cadmium doped gold nanocluster [Au13Cd2(PPh3)6(SC2H4Ph)6(NO3)2]2Cd(NO3)4 (Au26Cd5 for short) by peeling and doping. Although Au25 exhibits no catalytic activity toward A3-coupling reaction under the investigated conditions, the novel cadmium doped gold nanocluster Au26Cd5 shows high catalytic activity, as well as good recyclability and substrate tolerance for the same reaction.

  3. Full Papers

    1. Radical-Enabled Bicyclization Cascades of Oxygen-Tethered 1,7-Enynes Leading to Skeletally Diverse Polycyclic Chromen-2-ones

      Bo Jiang, Jie Li, Yuanyuan Pan, Wenjuan Hao, Guigen Li and Shujiang Tu

      Version of Record online: 16 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600571

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    2. Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide Catalyzed by Bimetallic Salen-Type Titanium Complexes

      Ranlong Duan, Zhi Qu, Xuan Pang, Yu Zhang, Zhiqiang Sun, Han Zhang, Xinchao Bian and Xuesi Chen

      Version of Record online: 16 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600580

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      Three kinds of bimetallic Schiff base titanium complexes with different substituent moieties on organic ligands were synthesized. Ring-opening polymerizations (ROP) of lactides were carried out by using these titanium complexes as catalysts. All the complexes showed higher polymerization activity and better molecular weight control than their monometallic counterparts reported in our previous work.

    3. Tannic Acid as a Polyphenol Material-Assisted Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates Using CO2 as a Feedstock: Kinetic Characteristic and Mechanism Studies

      Rongchang Luo, Wuying Zhang, Xiantai Zhou and Hongbing Ji

      Version of Record online: 16 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600622

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      The solvent-free cycloaddition reactions of CO2 and epoxides for producing cyclic carbonates were catalyzed by the binary tannic acid/KI system.

    4. Rapid and Complete Conversion of CH3NH3PbI3 for Perovskite/C60 Planar-Heterojunction Solar Cells by Two-Step Deposition

      Weihai Sun, Yunlong Li, Weibo Yan, Haitao Peng, Senyun Ye, Haixia Rao, Ziran Zhao, Zhiwei Liu, Zuqiang Bian and Chunhui Huang

      Version of Record online: 16 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600704

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      An improved two-step deposition method by optimizing the reaction temperature and the dipping time was proposed for the fabrication of perovskite films. The perovskite film fabricated at 70 C exhibited a full surface coverage with an average thickness of approximately 240 nm. The corresponding inverted perovskite solar cell with a structure of ITO/PEDOT PSS/CH3NH3PbI3/C60/BCP/Ag showed a superior PCE of 13.6% than those of the devices fabricated by one-step spin-coating method (5.73%) and two-step deposition method at 20 C (8.06%).

    5. Structure Engineered g-C3N4 Nano-Sheets by Switching the Pyrolysis Gas Atmosphere for Enhanced Photo-Catalytic Degradation

      Yuanyuan Chai, Qianqian Liu, Lu Zhang, Jia Ren and Wei-Lin Dai

      Version of Record online: 14 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600608

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      For the first time, the influence of the preparation gas atmosphere on the composition, crystalline and polymerization degree, and the activity of the g-C3N4 synthesized from thermal condensation of urea was investigated. Impressively, the g-C3N4 nano-sheets obtained under NH3 gas atmosphere exhibited much superior photo-catalytic activities to the prepared g-C3N4 in air or N2. Furthermore, we studied in depth the structure–property relationship in the system, and it was found that the synergistic effect of the larger surface area, the adjusted band energy structure and the good crystallization may be conductive to the higher separation of the electron–hole, thus leading to the wonderful performance for the g-C3N4-NH3. Notably, the method has the merits of the low cost, scalable production and environmental friendliness.

  4. Accounts

    1. Nanostructured Materials of Calcium Phosphates and Calcium Silicates: Synthesis, Properties and Applications

      Ying-Jie Zhu

      Version of Record online: 14 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600696

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      Calcium phosphates and calcium silicates-based materials have promising applications in various biomedical fields. This article provides a brief review on our recent main research work on nanostructured materials of calcium phosphates and calcium silicates, and future perspectives and challenges.

  5. Full Papers

    1. Further Studies on the Direct Synthesis of α,β-Unsaturated Ketimines and α,β-Enones by Chemoselective Dehydrative Addition of Functionalized Alkenes to Secondary Amides

      Pei-Qiang Huang and Ying-Hong Huang

      Version of Record online: 14 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600700

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      We report the extension of the dehydrative-coupling reaction of alkenes with secondary amides to give functionalized α,β-unsaturated ketimines and α,β-enones, and its application to the synthesis of natural products.

    2. ZnS Nano-Spheres Formed by the Aggregation of Small Crystallites and Their Photocatalytic Degradation of Eosin B

      Sovann Khan, Joon Soo Han, Seung Yong Lee and So-Hye Cho

      Version of Record online: 13 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600725

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      Monodispersed ZnS nano-spheres were synthesized by a simple precipitation. By adjusting the concentration of Zn and S sources, the particle size and morphology were easily controlled. Careful examination of the obtained particles suggested porous structures composed of building blocks of small crystallites, ca. 4–13.4 nm in diameter.

    3. Potassium Tantalate K6Ta10.8O30 with Tungsten Bronze Structure and Its Photocatalytic Property

      Junting Wang, Chun Xiao, Xiaoyong Wu and Gaoke Zhang

      Version of Record online: 13 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600642

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      A novel potassium tantalate K6Ta10.8O30 with tungsten bronze structure was prepared by a facile solid-phase method, which shows high photocatalytic activity of the degradation of ARG dye under UV irradiation.

  6. Reviews

    1. Robust Ti- and Zr-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks for Photocatalysis

      Dengrong Sun and Zhaohui Li

      Version of Record online: 13 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600647

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      Robust Ti- and Zr-based MOFs have been successfully applied in a variety of photocatalytic applications, including water reduction and oxidation, CO2 reduction and organic syntheses. The photocatalytic efficiency can be effectively enhanced by improving the light absorption and promoting the charge separation.

  7. Full Papers

    1. Solvothermal Synthesis of TiO2/Bi2WO6 Heterojunction Photocatalyst with Optimized Interface Structure and Enabled Photocatalytic Performance

      Linpeng Jiang, Shujie Wang, Liyi Shi, Yin Zhao, Zhuyi Wang, Meihong Zhang and Shuai Yuan

      Version of Record online: 13 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600563

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      The TiO2/Bi2WO6 (TB) heterojunction interface structure was optimized via adjusting the ethylene glycol/water (EG/W) ratio. Since precursor TiO2 nano-particles cannot be well dispersed in EG compared with the water reaction solvent, it leads to self-agglomeration and decrease of the TiO2/Bi2WO6 interfaces. When EG/water mixture was used as the reaction solvent, sample TBEG/W comprises more plenty of and tighter contact interface between Bi2WO6 and TiO2, which is beneficial for promoting the photocatalytic efficiency. From the view of charge dynamics, the highest quantity of electron–hole pairs separated driven by optimized heterojunction interface between two semiconductors.

  8. Communications

    1. A New Strategy to Design Highly Sustainable Sulfide PhotoCatalyst for Hydrogen Production

      Lu Wang and Wenzhong Wang

      Version of Record online: 11 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600668

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      Ag8SnS6, without any noble metal deposition, was found to be a photocatalyst with superior stability, which could produce H2 for at least 400 h without any deactivation and the turnover number is as high as 95.8.

  9. Full Papers

    1. Effect of Ti (III) Surface Defects on the Process of Photocatalytic Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium

      Hongxia Qin, Yingying Bian, Yaxi Zhang, Longfei Liu and Zhenfeng Bian

      Version of Record online: 11 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600578

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      The adsorption selectivity of Ti3+/TiO2 for Cr(VI) and Cr(III) provides a new model to enhance the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) anions.

  10. Notes

    1. Synthesis of 1,3,4,6-Tetra-O-acetyl-l-gulose

      Rui Che, Xingui Liu and Wei Lu

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600658

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      A novel, practical and concise synthesis of 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-l-gulose was described, using easily available and non-toxic reagents.

  11. Full Papers

    1. Synthesis of Visible-Light-Driven g-C3N4/PPy/Ag Ternary Photocatalyst with Improved Photocatalytic Performance

      Fengli Zhang, Fang Duan, Zhigang Ding and Mingqing Chen

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600589

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      g-C3N4/PPy/Ag ternary photocatalyst was synthesized by a three-step method. Firstly, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) photocatalyst was obtained by sintering melamine at high temperature, then a series of g-C3N4/PPy composite photocatalysts were prepared by in-situ polymerization of pyrrole, and finally the g-C3N4/PPy/Ag ternary composite photocatalyst was obtained by depositing Ag on the surface of g-C3N4/PPy. The constructed g-C3N4/PPy/Ag ternary composite showed increased photocatalytic activity caused by the synergistic effect of PPy and Ag toward tetracycline degradation in comparison with pure g-C3N4, PPy, g-C3N4/PPy and g-C3N4/Ag under visible light irradiation.

    2. Synthesis and Characterization of Osmium Polycyclic Aromatic Complexes via Nucleophilic Reactions of Osmapentalyne

      Qin Zhu, Congqing Zhu, Zhihong Deng, Guomei He, Jiangxi Chen, Jun Zhu and Haiping Xia

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600478

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      Osmium polycyclic aromatic complexes, a series of metal-bridged polycyclic aromatic complexes, in which the metal center was shared by three aromatic five-membered rings, were constructed by the reactions of osmapentalyne with arylamines via the nucleophilic additionandaryl C[BOND]H activation.

  12. Communications

    1. Synthesis of Substituted Benzoxacycles via a Pd(II)-Catalyzed Intramolecular Arylation Reaction of Allylic Alcohols

      Jingjie Li, Ceheng Tan, Xinpeng Mu, Jianxian Gong and Zhen Yang

      Version of Record online: 14 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600527

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      Herein a Pd-catalyzed intramolecular allylation reactions of unprotected allylic alcohols was developed, and the reaction proceeded through a Pd(II)-mediated allylic carbocation species formation, followed by a Friedel-Crafts type annulation to afford functionalized chromanes.

  13. Full Papers

    1. Rh(I)-Catalyzed Arylation of α-Diazo Phosphonates with Aryl Boronic Acids: Synthesis of Diarylmethylphosphonates

      Yujing Zhou, Yan Zhang and Jianbo Wang

      Version of Record online: 14 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600487

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      In this article, an efficient synthetic method for diarylmethylphosphonates is presented. A series of phosphonate derivatives with diverse functional groups can be accessed via a rhodium catalyzed cross-coupling reaction between α-diazo phosphonates and aryl boronic acids. Migratory insertion of rhodium carbene intermediates is postulated to be the critical step in this transformation.

    2. Role of Sn in Ni-Sn/CeO2 Catalysts for Ethanol Steam Reforming

      Hao Tian, Xinyu Li, Sai Chen, Liang Zeng and Jinlong Gong

      Version of Record online: 14 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600569

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      Nickel is robust in hydrogen production via catalyzing steam reforming process. However, Ni-based reforming catalysts were prone to encounter deactivation due to carbon deposition. This paper describes the utilization of NiSn/CeO2 catalysts to suppress coke formation via introducing Ni-CeO2 interaction and the coverage of Sn on Ni surface. Although the addition of Sn suppressed the reforming activity of Ni/CeO2 in some degree, the stability of Ni/CeO2 could be improved when 0.25 wt% Sn was added. The influence of Sn addition on the performance of Ni/CeO2 catalysts in ethanol steam reforming was discussed in detail in this paper.

    3. A New Fluorescent Chemodosimeter for Hg2+ with High Selectivity and Sensitivity in Water

      Dengchen Yang, Meng Li and Chuanfeng Chen

      Version of Record online: 24 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600519

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      A new fluorescent chemodosimeter 1 based on tetrahydro[5]helicene imide was synthesized, and it showed high selectivity and sensitivity toward Hg2+ in water. The response time was within 0.5 min, and the detection limit of 1 for Hg2+ was 2.0×10−8 mol·L−1. Moreover, the response mechanism that Hg2+ promoted deprotection of dithioacetal groups of 1 to form its water-insoluble aldehyde precursor was also proposed.

    4. Co9Se8 Nanosheets Electrodes: Drop-Cast versus in situ Growth

      Hong Sun, Gang Wang and Zhong-Sheng Wang

      Version of Record online: 24 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600411

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      The in situ growth Co9Se8 nanosheets film exhibits higher electrocatalytic activity for the reduction of triiodide to iodide and better photovoltaic performance than the drop-casted film when applied as the counter electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells.

    5. Visible Light-Induced Photocatalysis on Carbon Nitride Deposited Titanium Dioxide: Hydrogen Production from Sacrificial Aqueous Solutions

      Shinya Higashimoto, Kohji Hikita, Masashi Azuma, Mari Yamamoto, Masanari Takahashi, Yoshihisa Sakata, Masaya Matsuoka and Hisayoshi Kobayashi

      Version of Record online: 12 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600409

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      Carbon and nitrogen species-involved TiO2 (CN-TiO2) was systematically synthesized by thermal condensation of cyanuric acid on the TiO2 surface. The CN-TiO2 photocatalyst was found to exhibit high photocatalytic activities for H2 production from alcoholic aqueous solutions under visible-light irradiation. It was emphasized that an enhancement of H2 production is associated with effective charge separations through the photo-excitation of highly dispersed carbon nitride coupled with TiO2 surface.

    6. A Novel CdS/g-C3N4 Composite Photocatalyst: Preparation, Characterization and Photocatalytic Performance with Different Reaction Solvents under Visible Light Irradiation

      Xiangju Ye, Xia Dai, Sugang Meng, Xianliang Fu and Shifu Chen

      Version of Record online: 12 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.201600251

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      CdS/graphtic carbon nitride (CdS/g-C3N4) hybrid materials were synthesized by thermal polymerization and hydrothermal methods using Cd(CH3COO)2·2H2O, thioacetamide, and melamine as precursors. Upon visible light irradiation, a coupled system toward the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde and the reduction of nitrobenzene into aniline was realized by the as-synthesized photocatalyst. Results indicate that CdS/g-C3N4 sample exhibits an outstanding photocatalytic performance for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol and reduction of nitrobenzene. Further study suggests that the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde is induced by the photoexcited holes and the reduction of nitrobenzene into aniline is triggered by the photoexcited electrons. Additionally, the catalyst can be recycled several times without noticeable deactivation.


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