PROTEOMICS

Cover image for Vol. 15 Issue 14

Edited By: Michael J. Dunn

Impact Factor: 3.807

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 17/79 (BIOCHEMICAL RESEARCH METHODS); 84/289 (Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Online ISSN: 1615-9861

Associated Title(s): PROTEOMICS - Clinical Applications

8_05/2008Cover Picture: Proteomics 5/2008

In this issue of Proteomics you will find the following highlighted articles:

When is a stain not a stain?

When it's dyeing! [Dumb proteomics joke!] This silly riddle is actually relat­ed to a recurrent question in proteomics: when is the best time to apply detection reagents to proteins for quantitative analysis? (a) pre-electrophoresis labeling with DIGE/Cy-type of covalent stains, or (b) post-electrophoresis staining with silver, Sypro Ruby or Deep Purple? Karp et al. explore the question using a bacterial extract as a typical sample, DIGE Cy labels, and Deep Purple. It gets more complex when they have to deal with the “missingness” of spots: just because a spot doesn’t show up doesn’t mean it is not there, there just may not be enough to detect. Progenesis SameSpots software was used to analyze images for missing spots. In the end, DIGE gave better sensitivity as previously reported, and fewer missing spots. Deep Purple was more competitive when analyzed with SameSpots software.

Karp, N. A. et al., Proteomics 2008, 8, 948–960.

Your own best enemy?

If there weren’t one maverick, black sheep, rebel, outlaw, eccentric, or rotten apple in most families, a lot of novels would never have been written. Mammalian immune systems seem to have the same structure – they mostly target enemies of the body but there always seem to be a few maverick antibodies that are targeted at their own body’s antigens. Servettaz et al. take up proteomic tools to identify the targets of the anti-self antibodies expressed by apparently healthy individuals. Using umbilical cord endothelial cells as a source of antigens, the authors found 884 spots by ­2-­DE, and 61 ± 25 of those were recognized by serum IgGs. All 12 sera tested recognized 11 antigens derived from 6 proteins. There were 3 cytoskeletal, 2 glycolytic, and 1 disulfide isomerase protein seen. These were confirmed by immunoblotting of 2-D gels and identification by in-gel tryptic digestion and MALDI-TOF MS.

Servettaz, A. et al., Proteomics 2008, 8, 1000–1008.

Signature in scraps from kidney growth stages

You can tell a lot about the quality of a new building, residential or commercial, by what doesn’t go into it. The scraps of lumber, pieces of masonry, lengths and varieties of cables are all revealing. Lee et al. watch the final maturation of the rat urinary tract by proteomic analysis of the debris found in urine over time. Taking special care not to mix adult and neonatal urine, they examined four samples over 2 weeks after birth and one at maturity, >30 d. Using nano-ESI-LC-MS/MS technology, six proteins were found in all samples, 30 were adult specific. Proteins were further characterized by large format 1- and 2-DE, immunoblots, and immunofluorescent analysis of tissue sections. Days 1, 3, and 7 had 37% of proteins in common whereas days 7, 14 and >30 shared only 7.4% of proteins. Levels of fibronectin and location of E-cadherin expression shifted during maturation.

Lee, R. S. et al., Proteomics 2008, 8, 1097–1112.

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