Advanced Functional Materials

Cover image for Vol. 26 Issue 40

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)


  1. 1 - 100
  2. 101 - 153
  1. Full Papers

    1. Superhydrophilic Coating Induced Temporary Conductivity for Low-Cost Coating and Patterning of Insulating Surfaces

      Shuang Zheng, Dianyu Wang, Ye Tian and Lei Jiang

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602843

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      Insulating substrates are endowed with superhydrophilicity by TiO2/SiO2 coatings, on which water drops can spread completely and connect together to form uniform water films. The liquid film makes the surfaces conductive and suited for electrostatic powder coating. Based on this, powder particles are assembled into target area in air by manipulating surface wettability of the substrates, opening a new way for electrostatic attraction induced patterning in air.

    2. Strain Relaxation of Monolayer WS2 on Plastic Substrate

      Qianhui Zhang, Zhenyue Chang, Guanzhong Xu, Ziyu Wang, Yupeng Zhang, Zai-Quan Xu, Shujian Chen, Qiaoliang Bao, Jefferson Zhe Liu, Yui-Wing Mai, Wenhui Duan, Michael S. Fuhrer and Changxi Zheng

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603064

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      Strain relaxation with wrinkle formation is observed on monolayer WS2 triangular crystals at high tensile strain. Raman and photoluminescence mapping, atomic force microscopy, and finite element simulation are applied to investigate the characteristics of wrinkles. The results reveal the distribution of wrinkles is highly dependent on the orientation of the triangle crystals relative to the tensile strain direction.

    3. Spin Crossover of Yb2+ in CsCaX3 and CsSrX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) – A Guideline to Novel Halide-Based Scintillators

      Markus Suta and Claudia Wickleder

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602783

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      In this paper, the thermally induced spin crossover of Yb2+ in the halidoperovskites CsCaX3 and CsSrX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) is analyzed. It is shown that there is a delicate dependence of the luminescence intensities of the spin-forbidden and spin-allowed emission upon the vibrational energies of the [YbX6]4− moieties. This may be important for the design of novel Yb2+-based scintillators.

    4. Micropatterned Down-Converting Coating for White Bio-Hybrid Light-Emitting Diodes

      Lukas Niklaus, Samira Tansaz, Haider Dakhil, Katharina T. Weber, Marlene Pröschel, Martina Lang, Monika Kostrzewa, Pedro B. Coto, Rainer Detsch, Uwe Sonnewald, Andreas Wierschem, Aldo R. Boccaccini and Rubén D. Costa

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201601792

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      The first example of bio white hybrid light-emitting diodes (WHLEDs) with a micropatterned rubber-like coating is presented. The excellent luminescent features of the proteins and the mechanical properties of the matrix allow for straightforward design of a down-converting micropatterned coating prepared using a 3D plotting technique. Direct comparison with a cascade-like bio-WHLED shows that the use of micropatterned coating leads to a ≈5-fold enhancement of the luminous efficiency without losing stability or color quality.

    5. Visible-Light Excited Luminescent Thermometer Based on Single Lanthanide Organic Frameworks

      Liang Li, Yali Zhu, Xinhui Zhou, Carlos D. S. Brites, Duarte Ananias, Zhi Lin, Filipe A. Almeida Paz, João Rocha, Wei Huang and Luís D. Carlos

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603179

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      The first metal-organic framework (MOF) ratiometric luminescent thermometer excited by visible light (Me2NH2)3[Eu3(FDC)4(NO3)4]·4H2O (H2FDC = 9-fluorenone-2,7-dicarboxylic acid) is reported. The thermometer exhibits a maximum sensitivity of 2.7% K−1 and a repeatability >96% in the working range of 12−320 K. This work rationalizes the material's thermometric response, showing the potential applications of this single−lanthanide MOF in temperature determination upon blue-light excitation.

    6. A Multiresponsive Anisotropic Hydrogel with Macroscopic 3D Complex Deformations

      Chunxin Ma, Xiaoxia Le, Xinlei Tang, Jiang He, Peng Xiao, Jing Zheng, He Xiao, Wei Lu, Jiawei Zhang, Youju Huang and Tao Chen

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603448

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      Through a local UV–reduction of patterned graphene oxide sheets (GOs) in the GO-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (GO-PNIPAM) composite hydrogel sheet, macroscopically anisotropic stimuli-responsive polymer hydrogels (MA-SPHs) can be achieved after the introduction of a second poly(methylacrylic acid) network in the unreduced part of GO-PNIPAM hydrogel sheet. The resulting 3D MA-SPHs can provide remote-controllable light-driven-, as well as thermo-, pH-, and ionic strength-triggered multiresponsive 3D complex deformations.

    7. Chemical Blowing Approach for Ultramicroporous Carbon Nitride Frameworks and Their Applications in Gas and Energy Storage

      Siddulu Naidu Talapaneni, Ji Hoon Lee, Sang Hyun Je, Onur Buyukcakir, Tae-woo Kwon, Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Jang Wook Choi and Ali Coskun

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604658

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      A scalable, template-free synthetic strategy is introduced for the preparation of ultramicroporous carbon nitride frameworks with high nitrogen content through a facile chemical blowing and activation approaches for efficient gas and energy storage.

    8. Advanced Lithium–Sulfur Batteries Enabled by a Bio-Inspired Polysulfide Adsorptive Brush

      Teng Zhao, Yusheng Ye, Xiaoyu Peng, Giorgio Divitini, Hyun-Kyung Kim, Cheng-Yen Lao, Paul R. Coxon, Kai Xi, Yingjun Liu, Caterina Ducati, Renjie Chen and R. Vasant Kumar

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604069

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      A bio-inspired polysulfide adsorptive brush, consisting of zinc oxide nanowires and conductive frameworks, has been designed and used as a chemi-functional interlayer to advance lithium–sulfur batteries by effectively trapping and re-utilizing migrating polysulfides. With the incorporation of this hierarchically nano-structured interlayer, good cycle stability and rate capability have been achieved for a readily available sulfur/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite cathode.

    9. 1-Ethynyl Ethers as Efficient Thermal Crosslinking System for Hole Transport Materials in OLEDs

      Felix R. P. Limberg, Tanja Schneider, Stefan Höfle, Felix Reisbeck, Silvia Janietz, Alexander Colsmann and Hartmut Krüger

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603862

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      1-Ethynyl ethers are introduced as crosslinkers for solution processable hole transport materials in organic light emitting diode (OLED) applications. Thermally initiated crosslinking proceeds at 160 °C within 30 min quantitatively. 1-Ethynyl ethers are introduced as polymerizable styrene monomers and co-polymerized with styrene functionalized hole transport groups (m-BuO4TCTA). The co-polymers are fully bench-stable and the corresponding OLEDs yield high efficiencies.

    10. A Fluorinated Bola-Amphiphilic Dendrimer for On-Demand Delivery of siRNA, via Specific Response to Reactive Oxygen Species

      Xiaoxuan Liu, Yang Wang, Chao Chen, Aura Tintaru, Yu Cao, Juan Liu, Fabio Ziarelli, Jingjie Tang, Hongbo Guo, Roseline Rosas, Suzanne Giorgio, Laurence Charles, Palma Rocchi and Ling Peng

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604192

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      A fluorinated bola-amphiphilic dendrimer, sensitive to reactive oxygen species (ROS), is capable of on-demand delivery of siRNA in ROS-rich cancer cells. The unique bola amphiphilic feature endows this vector with the combined advantages of lipid and dendrimer vectors, while the fluorine tags enable the delivery process to be studied using 19F-NMR, opening up a new perspective on on-demand stimulus-responsive delivery.

    11. CuCo Hybrid Oxides as Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Efficient Water Splitting

      Min Kuang, Peng Han, Qihao Wang, Jun Li and Gengfeng Zheng

      Version of Record online: 26 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604804

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      Copper-cobalt oxide nanowires, consisting of Cu2O, CoO, and CuCo2O4 , are demonstrated as a 3D array for overall water splitting, including both hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions in the same electrolyte. This hierarchical architecture is binder-free and beneficial for exposing catalytic active sites, enhancing mass transport and accelerating dissipation of gases generated during water electrolysis.

    12. Controlled Modulation of Surface Coating and Surface Charging on Quantum Dots with Negatively Charged Gelatin for Substantial Enhancement and Reversible Switching in Photoluminescence

      Shuhua Liu, Xiangyang Liu and Ming-Yong Han

      Version of Record online: 24 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604351

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      Gelatinated quantum dots with tunable negative charging at the surface are synthesized by using sequential acidic-alkaline processed gelatin with a greatly reduced isoelectric point when chemically adsorbed on quantum dots. The increase of pH greatly enhances emission but the decrease of pH greatly weakens emission, demonstrating reversible switching in photoluminescence for five cycles without obvious deterioration.

    13. Direct Observation of Negative Capacitance in Polycrystalline Ferroelectric HfO2

      Michael Hoffmann, Milan Pešić, Korok Chatterjee, Asif I. Khan, Sayeef Salahuddin, Stefan Slesazeck, Uwe Schroeder and Thomas Mikolajick

      Version of Record online: 24 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602869

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      Negative capacitance in ferroelectric materials can be directly measured by applying bipolar voltage pulses to a series connection of a resistor and a ferroelectric capacitor. This measurement is used to show negative capacitance in ferroelectric HfO2, which is a promising material for energy-efficient nanoelectronic devices. Additionally, this proves that even polycrystalline ferroelectrics can exhibit negative capacitance phenomena.

  2. Feature Articles

    1. Melting of Colloidal Crystals

      Feng Wang, Di Zhou and Yilong Han

      Version of Record online: 21 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603077

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      Crystal melting exhibits rich phenomenology but is much less studied than crystallization. Colloidal crystals are powerful model systems which enable the direct visualization of melting with single-particle dynamics. This review covers the experiments and simulations about the homogeneous and heterogeneous melting and premelting of 3D and 2D colloidal crystals. The results greatly expanded the understanding of microscopic melting kinetics.

  3. Full Papers

    1. Prolifera-Green-Tide as Sustainable Source for Carbonaceous Aerogels with Hierarchical Pore to Achieve Multiple Energy Storage

      Jinfeng Cui, Yunlong Xi, Shuai Chen, Daohao Li, Xilin She, Jin Sun, Wei Han, Dongjiang Yang and Shaojun Guo

      Version of Record online: 21 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603933

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      Hierarchical porous carbonaceous aerogels (HPCAs) are scale-up synthesized using prolifera-green-tide as a sustainable source. The HPCAs possess high specific surface area and multilevel micro-, meso-, and macropore structures. These important features make the HPCAs exhibit remarkable performance when used as anode materials for Li-ion batteries and electrodes for supercapacitors.

    2. Polymer-Supramolecular Polymer Double-Network Hydrogel

      Wenxu Sun, Bin Xue, Ying Li, Meng Qin, Junyi Wu, Ke Lu, Junhua Wu, Yi Cao, Qing Jiang and Wei Wang

      Version of Record online: 21 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603512

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      A novel double-network hydrogel based on an interconnected polymer-supramolecular polymer network is engineered by mimicking microscopic architecture of articular cartilage. The gel possesses high mechanical stiffness, fracture energy, compressibility, and fast recovery rate. It also shows significant energy dissipation, strain stiffening, and stress-relaxation behaviors similar to articular cartilage, making it an ideal candidate for cartilage regeneration.

    3. High Strength Conductive Composites with Plasmonic Nanoparticles Aligned on Aramid Nanofibers

      Jing Lyu, Xinzhi Wang, Lehao Liu, Yoonseob Kim, Ekembu K. Tanyi, Hang Chi, Wenchun Feng, Lizhi Xu, Tiehu Li, Mikhail A. Noginov, Ctirad Uher, Mark D. Hammig and Nicholas A. Kotov

      Version of Record online: 21 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603230

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      A composite based on aramid nanofibers and gold nanoparticles reveals high mechanical properties and conductivity, being competitive with the best nanocomposites and amorphous metals. Gold nanoparticles are self-assembled in chains on aramid nanofibers, which reduces the percolation threshold. Thermal annealing further facilitates charge transport. The scalable fabrication of the free-standing composites sheets leads to ground-breaking materials for wearable electronics and plasmonics.

    4. A Composite of Carbon-Wrapped Mo2C Nanoparticle and Carbon Nanotube Formed Directly on Ni Foam as a High-Performance Binder-Free Cathode for Li-O2 Batteries

      Qian-Cheng Zhu, Shu-Mao Xu, Michelle M. Harris, Chao Ma, Yu-Si Liu, Xiao Wei, Hua-Sheng Xu, Yong-Xian Zhou, Yu-Cai Cao, Kai-Xue Wang and Jie-Sheng Chen

      Version of Record online: 20 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603462

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      A composite of carbon-wrapped Mo2C nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes is prepared on Ni foam via a simple carbonization method. The even distribution of Mo2C nanoparticles with well-controlled size shows enhanced oxygen reduction reaction/oxygen evolution reaction activities. The binder-free cathode for Li-O2 batteries results in high rate capability and outstanding long term cycle ability.

    5. The Root Causes of the Limited Stability of Solution-Coated Small-Molecule Organic Light-Emitting Devices: Faster Host Aggregation by Exciton–Polaron Interactions

      Yong Joo Cho, Yingjie Zhang, Hyeonghwa Yu and Hany Aziz

      Version of Record online: 19 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603542

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      The degradation mechanism by electrical aging in small-molecule organic light-emitting diodes using a solution-coated process are investigated. The results reveal that the faster degradation of solution-processed devices relative to their vacuum-deposited counterparts under electrical stress is due to a faster aggregation of the host materials.

  4. Feature Articles

    1. Inorganic and Hybrid Organo-Metal Perovskite Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

      Daniel Amgar, Sigalit Aharon and Lioz Etgar

      Version of Record online: 18 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603752

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      Recent developments in the evolving research field of nanomaterial-based perovskite are reviewed. Both hybrid organic-inorganic and all-inorganic perovskite nanostructures are discussed, as well as approaches to tune the optical properties by controlling the size and the shape of the perovskite nanostructures. Several applications, including light-emitting diodes, lasers, and detectors, demonstrate the latent potential of perovskite nanostructures.

  5. Full Papers

    1. Solvent-Polarity-Engineered Controllable Synthesis of Highly Fluorescent Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Quantum Dots and Their Use in White Light-Emitting Diodes

      Guopeng Li, Hui Wang, Ting Zhang, Longfei Mi, Yugang Zhang, Zhongping Zhang, Wenjun Zhang and Yang Jiang

      Version of Record online: 18 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603734

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      CsPbX3 quantum dots (QDs) have superior photophysics properties, including high quantum yield (up to 72%), wide color gamut (>NTSC standard), and narrow emission width (18–38 nm). The WLED based on CsPbBr3 QDs present excellent warm white light emission with a high rendering index of 93.2 and CIE coordinate of (0.3339, 0.3617).

    2. Liposome-Supported Peritoneal Dialysis for the Treatment of Hyperammonemia-Associated Encephalopathy

      Valentina Agostoni, Soo Hyeon Lee, Vincent Forster, Meriam Kabbaj, Cristina R. Bosoi, Mélanie Tremblay, Matthias Zadory, Christopher F. Rose and Jean-Christophe Leroux

      Version of Record online: 18 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603519

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      Liposome-supported peritoneal dialysis appears as an effective, safe, and easy-to-implement ammonia detoxification therapy. Transmembrane pH-gradient liposomes (acidic core) efficiently scavenge ammonia in the peritoneal space, outperforming conventional peritoneal dialysis, and significantly attenuating brain edema in cirrhotic rats. This study spans from the development of a manufacturing procedure suitable for clinical implementation to efficacy and safety assessment in appropriate animal models.

    3. Favorable Molecular Orientation Enhancement in Semiconducting Polymer Assisted by Conjugated Organic Small Molecules

      Minji Kang, Jun-Seok Yeo, Won-Tae Park, Nam-Koo Kim, Dae-Hee Lim, Hansu Hwang, Kang-Jun Baeg, Yong-Young Noh and Dong-Yu Kim

      Version of Record online: 18 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603617

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      Polymer morphology and molecular orientation are significantly changed by introducing conjugated planar small molecules into semiconducting polymer films. Face-on and edge-on bimodal texture with better long-range arrangement and ordered lamellar stacking enhances efficient charge transport in the polymer semiconductor of organic field-effect transistors.

    4. Hydroxyapatite/Mesoporous Graphene/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Freestanding Flexible Hybrid Membranes for Regenerative Medicine

      Rujing Zhang, Noah Metoki, Orna Sharabani-Yosef, Hongwei Zhu and Noam Eliaz

      Version of Record online: 13 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602088

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      Flexible, freestanding mesoporous graphene/single-walled carbon nanotubes hybrid membranes are electrodeposited with well-aligned biomimetic hydroxyapatite. Nitrogen doping and oxygen plasma etching of the substrates improve the coating. The coated membranes show excellent biocompatibility, bioactivity, and biomineralization in vitro. These novel membranes hold great promise in regenerative medicine applications such as bone repair and restoration of tooth enamel.

  6. Feature Articles

    1. Near-Field Energy Transfer Using Nanoemitters For Optoelectronics

      Burak Guzelturk and Hilmi Volkan Demir

      Version of Record online: 12 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603311

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      Utilization of near-field energy transfer is essential for photonic applications of emerging nanoemitters such as 2D semiconductors, colloidal nanocrystals, and organic semiconductors. This review captures recent developments in the field of energy transfer materials reaching unprecedented efficiency levels and highlights their exciting prospects for light generation and harvesting devices.

  7. Full Papers

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Mapping Morphological and Structural Properties of Lead Halide Perovskites by Scanning Nanofocus XRD

      Samuele Lilliu, Thomas G. Dane, Mejd Alsari, Jonathan Griffin, Alexander T. Barrows, Marcus S. Dahlem, Richard H. Friend, David G. Lidzey and J. E. Macdonald

      Version of Record online: 12 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603446

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      Scanning nanofocus X-ray diffraction is used to simultaneously probe the morphology and the structural properties of spin-coated CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite films. The technique allows for perovskite grain segmentation based on a variety of structural properties and is used to understand why spin-coating the perovskite precursor solution at elevated temperature leads to improved surface coverage and enhanced solar cell performance.

  8. Feature Articles

    1. Nanostructuring Ferroelectrics via Focused Ion Beam Methodologies

      Stuart R. Burns, J. Marty Gregg and Valanoor Nagarajan

      Version of Record online: 10 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603812

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      Recently, the use of focused ion beam microscopy to nanostructure ferroelectric and multiferroic materials has unveiled some interesting new physics despite the initial problems faced with this fabrication technique. The basic principles, history, pitfalls and future promise of nanostructuring ferroic materials with focused ion beams are explored.

  9. Full Papers

    1. Development of Therapeutic Small-Molecule Fluorophore for Cell Transplantation

      Xin Wang, Zelin Chen, Shenglin Luo, Taotao Jin, Yu Wang, Fuqin Chen, Liao Wu, Xu Tan and Chunmeng Shi

      Version of Record online: 10 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201600996

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      A small-molecule mitochondrial fluorophore, NIR cell protector-61, is characterized and found to have unique optical imaging and cytoprotective properties for cell transplantation. The fluorophore enhances cell survival by inducing endogenous cytoprotective molecules against oxidative stress via activating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B pathways, and subsequently augments tissue repair and regeneration.

    2. Tuning the Cell Adhesion on Biofunctionalized Nanoporous Organic Frameworks

      Sophia Schmitt, Julia Hümmer, Saskia Kraus, Alexander Welle, Sylvain Grosjean, Maximilian Hanke-Roos, Axel Rosenhahn, Stefan Bräse, Christof Wöll, Cornelia Lee-Thedieck and Manuel Tsotsalas

      Version of Record online: 10 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603054

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      Controlling the structure of biomaterials on a molecular level is crucial for their performance. The synthesis and post-synthetic modification of ideal network polymer thin films via orthogonal metal-free click chemistries is described and it is demonstrated that these surface-grafted gels (SURGELs) combined with post-synthetic surface biofunctionalization are suitable materials for implant coatings and nanomedicine.

  10. Feature Articles

    1. Recent Development of Transparent Conducting Oxide-Free Flexible Thin-Film Solar Cells

      Wenxi Guo, Zijie Xu, Fayin Zhang, Shuyao Xie, Hongyao Xu and Xiang Yang Liu

      Version of Record online: 10 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603378

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      Three groups of flexible transparent conducting oxide (TCO)-free thin film solar cells can be categorized according to their configurations: (i) front-side illuminated planar configuration; (ii) back-side illuminated planar configuration; and (iii) fiber-shaped solar cells. This article is focused on flexible TCO-free transparent conducting electrodes, including carbon nanotubes, graphene, metallic nanowires/nanotroughs, metallic grids, conducting polymers, metallic fiber, and carbon-based fibers.

  11. Full Papers

    1. Self-Limiting Growth Nanoscale Coordination Polymers for Fluorescence and Magnetic Resonance Dual-Modality Imaging

      Yong-Mei Wang, Wei Liu and Xue-Bo Yin

      Version of Record online: 10 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602925

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      Uniform nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs) are robustly prepared with a Ru complex and Gd3+ for use as a dual-modality imaging probe. The excellent red fluorescence and high longitudinal relaxivity of the NCPs realize fluorescence-magnetic resonance dual-modality imaging with low background and toxicity.

  12. Feature Articles

    1. Functionalization of Silk Fibroin Materials at Mesoscale

      Naibo Lin, Liwei Cao, Qiaoling Huang, Changyong Wang, Yan Wang, Jin Zhou and Xiang-Yang Liu

      Version of Record online: 7 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603826

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      Functional silk materials can be fabricated in vitro and in vivo by material assembly on the mesoscopic scale based on the understanding and controlling of the hierarchical structure. The knowledge of the functionalization of silk by mesoscopic material assembly should be translated in such a way that it can facilitate functionalization and rational design of materials in a controllable manner.

  13. Full Papers

    1. Near-Infrared Photoresponse of One-Sided Abrupt MAPbI3/TiO2 Heterojunction through a Tunneling Process

      Keyou Yan, Zhanhua Wei, Tiankai Zhang, Xiaoli Zheng, Mingzhu Long, Zefeng Chen, Weiguang Xie, Teng Zhang, Yuda Zhao, Jianbin Xu, Yang Chai and Shihe Yang

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602736

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      Hybrid perovskite has detectable infrared response in thick film due to trap state absorption and perovskite/TiO2 p-N one-sided abrupt heterojunction that enables the partial collection of excited trap charges before recombination through tunneling. The tunneling behavior across the N-type depletion region of TiO2 allows the reverse conduction in a diode and high gain in photodetection in a wideband spectrum.

    2. Facile Fabrication of High-Density Sub-1-nm Gaps from Au Nanoparticle Monolayers as Reproducible SERS Substrates

      Shaorong Si, Wenkai Liang, Yinghui Sun, Jing Huang, Weiliang Ma, Zhiqiang Liang, Qiaoliang Bao and Lin Jiang

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602337

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      A facile and low-cost approach is demonstrated for the fabrication of high-density sub-1-nm gaps from Au nanoparticle monolayers as reproducible surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates. Remarkable SERS performance with a 1011 magnitude Raman enhacement is achieved for 120 nm Au nanoparticle monolayers due to the dramatic increase in the electromagnetic field enhancement when the obtained gap is smaller than 0.5 nm.

    3. Design and Synthesis of “All-in-One” Multifunctional FeS2 Nanoparticles for Magnetic Resonance and Near-Infrared Imaging Guided Photothermal Therapy of Tumors

      Zhouqi Meng, Fang Wei, Wujun Ma, Nuo Yu, Peiling Wei, Zhaojie Wang, Yueqin Tang, Zhigang Chen, Huiping Wang and Meifang Zhu

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603776

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      “All-in-one” multifunctional FeS2 nanoparticles with size of ≈350 nm (FeS2-350) are prepared and their photoabsorption intensity goes up with the increase of the wavelength from 550 to 950 nm. They can be used as a novel theranostics nanoagent for simultaneous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared dual-modal imaging and for photothermal therapy of tumors.

    4. In Situ Confinement Pyrolysis Transformation of ZIF-8 to Nitrogen-Enriched Meso-Microporous Carbon Frameworks for Oxygen Reduction

      Qingxue Lai, Yingxuan Zhao, Yanyu Liang, Jianping He and Junhong Chen

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603607

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      In situ confinement pyrolysis strategy without using any template is proposed to construct nitrogen-enriched meso-microporous carbon (NEMC) frameworks from a metal organic framework for use as metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts. Uing a very simple but effective strategy, the NEMC catalysts with well-defined 1D–3D morphology can be easily realized and they demonstrate excellent electrocatalytic performance through optimizing the channel structures and nitrogen-doped sites.

    5. Modulating the Photocatalytic Activity of Graphene Quantum Dots via Atomic Tailoring for Highly Enhanced Photocatalysis under Visible Light

      Su-Ji Jeon, Tae-Woog Kang, Jong-Min Ju, Man-Jin Kim, Jung Hyun Park, Faizan Raza, Juhee Han, Hye-Rim Lee and Jong-Ho Kim

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603803

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      Modulation of the photocatalytic activity of heteroatom-doped graphene quantum dots (GQDs) is reported. A single precursor, norepinephrine, is used to effectively produce N,S-co-doped GQDs and N-doped GQDs under microwave irradiation. Tailoring dopant types, constitution, and content imparts much higher photocatalytic activity to N,S-codoped GQDs than N-doped GQDs and O-doped GQDs in the visible-light-driven oxidative coupling reaction of various amines.

    6. Phase Inversion: A Universal Method to Create High-Performance Porous Electrodes for Nanoparticle-Based Energy Storage Devices

      Xiaofei Yang, Yuqing Chen, Meiri Wang, Hongzhang Zhang, Xianfeng Li and Huamin Zhang

      Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604229

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      A scalable, energy-saving and environmentally friendly phase inversion method is successfully used to prepare electrodes (PIEs) with tricontinuous phase structure. The as-prepared electrodes have increased adhesive strength and improved Li+/e transport, which leads to high active material loadings, excellent cycling stability, and good C-rate performance for both Li–S batteries and Li-ion batteries.

    7. (Magic Dopant) Amphoteric Behavior of a Redox-Active Transition Metal Ion in a Perovskite Lattice: New Insights on the Lattice Site Occupation of Manganese in SrTiO3

      Russell A. Maier, Aaron C. Johnston-Peck and Matthew P. Donohue

      Version of Record online: 5 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602156

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      A transition metal redox-active amphoteric dopant is investigated in the perovskite lattice. Electron paramagnetic resonance is used to determine the site occupancy of manganese ions doped in dilute concentrations in the SrTiO3 host lattice as a function of Sr/Ti cation non-stoichiometry.

    8. Vertical 2D MoO2/MoSe2 Core–Shell Nanosheet Arrays as High-Performance Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

      Xiaoshuang Chen, Guangbo Liu, Wei Zheng, Wei Feng, Wenwu Cao, Wenping Hu and PingAn Hu

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603674

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      Vertically aligned quasi 2D MoO2/MoSe2 coreshell nanosheet arrays have a synergistic effect that results in outstanding hydrogen evolution reaction performance. Structural defects and disorders on the shell, generated by a large crystalline mismatch of MoO2 and MoSe2, act as multiple active sites and the metallic MoO2 core facilitates charge transport for proton reduction while vertical arrays ensure full exposure of the active sites toward electrolytes.

    9. A Sequentially Triggered Nanosystem for Precise Drug Delivery and Simultaneous Inhibition of Cancer Growth, Migration, and Invasion

      Ting Liu, Lanhai Lai, Zhenhuan Song and Tianfeng Chen

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201604206

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      The rational design of a sequentially triggered selenium nanoparticle drug delivery system as the carrier of copper complexes for precise drug delivery and simultaneous inhibition of cancer growth, migration, and invasion is presented. This system allows direct fluorescence monitoring of the selective cellular uptake and co-localization of the nanoparticles in cancer cells.

    10. Color-Temperature Tuning and Control of Trichromatic White Light Emission from a Multisegment ZnCdSSe Heterostructure Nanosheet

      Sunay Turkdogan, Fan Fan and Cun-Zheng Ning

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603620

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      Tuning and control of the color temperature of white light emission from a monolithic heterostructure nanosheet is demonstrated. Correlated color temperature tunable between 2700 and 14400 K is achieved using a simple but versatile growth method. Additionally, dynamical tuning of colors is demonstrated by adjusting the relative pumping power of each segment via a simple laser beam sweeping method.

    11. The Effect of the Microstructure on Trap-Assisted Recombination and Light Soaking Phenomenon in Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells

      Shuyan Shao, Mustapha Abdu-Aguye, Tejas S. Sherkar, Hong-Hua Fang, Sampson Adjokatse, Gert ten Brink, Bart J. Kooi, L. Jan Anton Koster and Maria Antonietta Loi

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602519

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      The effects of the perovskite film microstructure on the charge recombination and light-soaking phenomenon are investigated in hybrid perovskite solar cells (HPSCs). It is demonstrated that interface electron traps at the grain boundaries as well as at the crystal surface dominate the light soaking effect.

    12. Programing Performance of Silk Fibroin Materials by Controlled Nucleation

      Zhengwei Chen, Honghao Zhang, Zaifu Lin, Youhui Lin, Jan H. van Esch and Xiang Yang Liu

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602908

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      With the aid of monodispersed colloidal particles, silk fibroin gelation is greatly enhanced via the promotion of the nucleation of β-crystallites. Furthermore, by controlling the nucleation promotion centers, the mesoscopic structure of silk materials is manipulated to acquire the desired performance.

    13. Highly Efficient Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction Based on 1D Ternary Doped Porous Carbons Derived from Carbon Nanotube Directed Conjugated Microporous Polymers

      Yafei He, Dominik Gehrig, Fan Zhang, Chenbao Lu, Chao Zhang, Ming Cai, Yuanyuan Wang, Frédéric Laquai, Xiaodong Zhuang and Xinliang Feng

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603693

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      1D conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) are prepared using a layer-by-layer method, in contrast to one-step random methods. Three-layered CMP has a more favorable inverse decay rate (τeff) than that for random CMP. The as-prepared CMPs are used as precursors to obtain 1D ternary-doped porous carbons. Porous carbon derived from layered CMP exhibits excellent electrocatalytic properties.

    14. Development of a Unique Class of Spiro-Type Two-Photon Functional Fluorescent Dyes and Their Applications for Sensing and Bioimaging

      Hua Chen, Huiming Shang, Yong Liu, Rui Guo and Weiying Lin

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603495

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      A unique class of spiro-type two-photon fluorescent dyes (STP) is engineered and applied in sensing and bioimaging for the first time. By exploiting the superior two-photon optical properties of the novel STP dyes, the first two-photon ratiometric HOCl fluorescent probe STP-HClO for sensing and imaging HOCl in living cells and tissues is constructed.

    15. A Multi-Gradient Targeting Drug Delivery System Based on RGD-l-TRAIL-Labeled Magnetic Microbubbles for Cancer Theranostics

      Lei Duan, Fang Yang, Wen He, Lina Song, Fan Qiu, Ning Xu, Lu Xu, Yu Zhang, Zichun Hua and Ning Gu

      Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603637

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      The optimized arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-l-tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (RGD-l-TRAIL) protein modified novel magnetic microbubble delivery system is endowed with a multigradient cascade targeting strategy followed by magnetic field, RGD, as well as enhanced permeability and retention effect targeting. The results demonstrate highly targeted dual ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging and targeted TRAIL molecules for tumor selective apoptotic activity.

    16. Singlet–Triplet Splitting Energy Management via Acceptor Substitution: Complanation Molecular Design for Deep-Blue Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Emitters and Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Application

      Xinyi Cai, Bin Gao, Xiang-Long Li, Yong Cao and Shi-Jian Su

      Version of Record online: 28 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603520

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      Integrating a strong electron-withdrawing acceptor moiety with short conjugation length and n–π* character into a planar molecular backbone is promising for meeting high radiative rate, weak intramolecular charge-transfer state, and small singlet–triplet splitting energy simultaneously. Employing such a strategy, deep-blue organic light emitting diode with external quantum efficiency of 11.5% and Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage coordinates of (0.16, 0.09) is achieved.

    17. Tunable Nanoparticle and Cell Assembly Using Combined Self-Powered Microfluidics and Microcontact Printing

      Cyrille Hamon, Malou Henriksen-Lacey, Andrea La Porta, Melania Rosique, Judith Langer, Leonardo Scarabelli, Ana Belén Serrano Montes, Guillermo González-Rubio, Marian M. de Pancorbo, Luis M. Liz-Marzán and Lourdes Basabe-Desmonts

      Version of Record online: 28 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602225

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      Multipatterns of gold nanoparticles and proteins are simultaneously prepared on a large scale using Printing and Vacuum Lithography to direct cell adhesion on a substrate and to control the cell microenvironment by modulating the gold assemblies' properties as well as the cell-substrate affinity. The application of the system to pattern a range of mammalian cell lines is tested, and readouts on cell viability and cell morphology are obtained.

    18. Codelivery of a π–π Stacked Dual Anticancer Drug Combination with Nanocarriers for Overcoming Multidrug Resistance and Tumor Metastasis

      Xiao Wei, Yi Wang, Xiang Xiong, Xing Guo, Lei Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang and Shaobing Zhou

      Version of Record online: 28 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603336

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      A π–π stacked dual anticancer drug combination is successfully delivered into target cells with an actively targeted, pH- and reduction-sensitive nanocarrier. The π–π stacking interaction enables the released therapeutic agents to evade the recognition of drug pumps and has a great capacity for overcoming multidrug resistance and tumor metastasis.

    19. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Size-Selective Binding of Sodium and Potassium Ions in Nanoporous Thin Films of Polymerized Liquid Crystals

      Gerardus M. Bögels, Jody A. M. Lugger, Olga J. G. M. Goor and Rint P. Sijbesma

      Version of Record online: 28 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603408

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      A nanoporous material was developed by the self-assembly and cross-linking of a hydrogen-bonded columnar liquid crystalline complex. Subsequent quantitative removal of the template affords the nanoporous material that size-selectively binds sodium and potassium ions over other ions. This is analyzed for the first time by utilizing the quartz crystal microbalance.

    20. All-in-One Theranostic Nanoplatform Based on Hollow TaOx for Chelator-Free Labeling Imaging, Drug Delivery, and Synergistically Enhanced Radiotherapy

      Guosheng Song, Yu Chao, Yuyan Chen, Chao Liang, Xuan Yi, Guangbao Yang, Kai Yang, Liang Cheng, Qiao Zhang and Zhuang Liu

      Version of Record online: 28 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603845

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      Hollow TaOx nanoshells are fabricated via a rather simple one-pot template-free method. The nanoshells can bond with metal ions in the absence of molecular chelators, enabling magnetic resonance imaging (with Fe3+) and nuclear imaging (e.g., with 99mTc4+). Meanwhile, TaOx nanoshells can efficiently load hydrophobic drugs to realize chemoradiotherapy, which results in great synergistic antitumor therapeutic outcomes via a comprehensive mechanism.

    21. Ternary Ta2NiSe5 Flakes for a High-Performance Infrared Photodetector

      Liang Li, Weike Wang, Lin Gan, Nan Zhou, Xiangde Zhu, Qi Zhang, Huiqiao Li, Mingliang Tian and Tianyou Zhai

      Version of Record online: 28 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603804

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      A multilayered ternary single crystal of Ta2NiSe5 is proposed to serve as an infrared photodetector for the first time. The photodetector displays a high responsivity of 17.21 A W−1 at room temperature. Such high performance makes it a promising candidate for future optoelectronic applications.

    22. Anomalous Enhancement of Li-O2 Battery Performance with Li2O2 Films Assisted by NiFeOx Nanofiber Catalysts: Insights into Morphology Control

      Jiaqiang Huang, Biao Zhang, Zhaowen Bai, Ruiqiang Guo, Zheng-Long Xu, Zoya Sadighi, Lei Qin, Tong-Yi Zhang, Guohua Chen, Baoling Huang and Jang-Kyo Kim

      Version of Record online: 27 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603178

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      The film-shaped discharge product, Li2O2, has long been considered detrimental for Li-O2 batteries because it may lead to premature cell death. Contrary to this, it is revealed that the Li2O2 films ameliorate the battery's electrochemical performance when assisted by NiFeOx catalysts. The presence of Li vacancies, small size crystallites, and large contact areas with the electrode/electrolyte provides solid evidence of this finding.

    23. Novel Cathode Materials for Na-Ion Batteries Composed of Spoke-Like Nanorods of Na[Ni0.61Co0.12Mn0.27]O2 Assembled in Spherical Secondary Particles

      Jang-Yeon Hwang, Seung-Taek Myung, Chong Seung Yoon, Sung-Soo Kim, Doron Aurbach and Yang-Kook Sun

      Version of Record online: 27 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603439

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      The tailored microstructural design of spoke-like nanorods assemblies and their unique chemical composition contribute to high capacity, excellent rate capability, and low temperature performance due to their superior mechanical strength during Na+ ion insertion and extraction even at high rates. Furthermore, this unique particle morphology guarantees high thermal stability in the desodiated state of electrodes materials.

    24. On Optical Dipole Moment and Radiative Recombination Lifetime of Excitons in WSe2

      Chenhao Jin, Jonghwan Kim, Kedi Wu, Bin Chen, Edward S. Barnard, Joonki Suh, Zhiwen Shi, Steven G. Drapcho, Junqiao Wu, Peter James Schuck, Sefaattin Tongay and Feng Wang

      Version of Record online: 27 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201601741

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      The dipole moment and “intrinsic” radiative lifetime of excitons in WSe2 are determined from absorption measurements. The “effective” radiative lifetime of excitons is also obtained using time-resolved photoluminescence and absolute quantum yield measurements with resonant excitation. The framework developed provides helpful information to determine fundamental quantities of exciton light–matter interaction, and to understand the dynamics of delocalized excitons in solids.

    25. Immune Complexes Mimicking Synthetic Vaccine Nanoparticles for Enhanced Migration and Cross-Presentation of Dendritic Cells

      Sun-Young Kim, Hathaichanok Phuengkham, Young-Woock Noh, Hong-Guen Lee, Soong Ho Um and Yong Taik Lim

      Version of Record online: 27 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603651

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      Antigen-antibody immune complexes (ICs) mimicking synthetic vaccine nanoparticles for activation of dendritic cells for antigen-specific adaptive immunity are designed. Mice immunized with dendritic cells treated with ICs mimicking synthetic vaccine nanoparticles induce significant tumor growth inhibition as well as prolonged survival through cytotoxic T lymphocyte response.

    26. Electrochemical Intercalation of Potassium into Graphite

      Jin Zhao, Xiaoxi Zou, Yujie Zhu, Yunhua Xu and Chunsheng Wang

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602248

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      Stable potassium-ion batteries using graphite anodes with reversible capacity of 246 mAh g–1 and 89% remains after 200 cycles are demonstrated. In spite of worse kinetics and much larger volume change for K than Li, comparable cycling stability is achieved. This provides a battery chemistry that is compatible with commercial Li-ion batteries using abundant potassium, thus promising low cost for large-scale energy storage.

    27. Synergistic Effect of PbI2 Passivation and Chlorine Inclusion Yielding High Open-Circuit Voltage Exceeding 1.15 V in Both Mesoscopic and Inverted Planar CH3NH3PbI3(Cl)-Based Perovskite Solar Cells

      Fangyuan Jiang, Yaoguang Rong, Huawei Liu, Tiefeng Liu, Lin Mao, Wei Meng, Fei Qin, Youyu Jiang, Bangwu Luo, Sixing Xiong, Jinhui Tong, Yun Liu, Zaifang Li, Hongwei Han and Yinhua Zhou

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603968

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      A synergistic effect of PbI2 passivation and chlorine incorporation induces suppression of non-radiative recombination in a perovskite film. This leads to a high open-circuit voltage exceeding 1.15 V in both mesoscopic and inverted planar CH3NH3PbI3(Cl)-based perovskite solar cells.

    28. Single-Layer MoS2 Nanosheets with Amplified Photoacoustic Effect for Highly Sensitive Photoacoustic Imaging of Orthotopic Brain Tumors

      Jingqin Chen, Chengbo Liu, Dehong Hu, Feng Wang, Haiwei Wu, Xiaojing Gong, Xin Liu, Liang Song, Zonghai Sheng and Hairong Zheng

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603758

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      Single-layer MoS2 nanosheets with an amplified photoacoustic (PA) effect are demonstrated and applied for highly sensitive PA molecular imaging of brain tumors in both subcutaneous and orthotopic mouse models. They demonstrate very efficient tumor retention and enhanced contrast performance. The novel PA probe has great potential for PA-imaging-guided cancer therapy and theranostic applications.

    29. Hyperspectral Imaging Offers Visual and Quantitative Evidence of Drug Release from Zwitterionic-Phospholipid-Nanocarbon When Concurrently Tracked in 3D Intracellular Space

      Santosh K. Misra, Fatemeh Ostadhossein, Enrique Daza, Elyse V. Johnson and Dipanjan Pan

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602966

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      Hyperspectral mapping of drug-laden phospholipid-nanocarbon offers visual clue of release of drug in vitro and synchronous tracking of nanoformulation in 3D intracellular space.

    30. Unprecedented “All-in-One” Lanthanide-Doped Mesoporous Silica Frameworks for Fluorescence/MR Imaging and Combination of NIR Light Triggered Chemo-Photodynamic Therapy of Tumors

      Poliraju Kalluru, Raviraj Vankayala, Chi-Shiun Chiang and Kuo Chu Hwang

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603749

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      Unprecedented all-in-one multifunctional lanthanide-doped mesoporous silica frameworks (EuGdOx@MSF) are used for bimodal fluorescence/T1-magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and near infrared (NIR) light-triggered chemo-photodynamic therapy to completely destroy tumors. It is demonstrated that EuGdOx@MSF can sensitize formation of singlet oxygen upon NIR light excitation and exert nanomaterial-mediated photodynamic therapy effects without the need for externally added organic photosensitizers.

    31. Nanodroplets for Stretchable Superconducting Circuits

      Long Ren, Jincheng Zhuang, Gilberto Casillas, Haifeng Feng, Yuqing Liu, Xun Xu, Yundan Liu, Jun Chen, Yi Du, Lei Jiang and Shi Xue Dou

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603427

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      Superconducting eutectic gallium–indium–tin (EGaInSn) alloys and their nanosized droplets with different weight ratios are developed for realizing printable and stretchable superconducting circuits. The highest superconducting critical temperature of EGaInSn is 6.6 K. The corresponding EGaInSn nanodroplets retain the bulk superconducting properties. Their dispersion in various solvents shows excellent wettability, which can be easily applied to print stretchable superconductive micro/nanoelectronics.

    32. Size Effects of Platinum Nanoparticles in the Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production Over 3D Mesoporous Networks of CdS and Pt Nanojunctions

      Ioannis Vamvasakis, Bin Liu and Gerasimos S. Armatas

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603292

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      3D mesoporous architectures of CdS and Pt nanocrystals are demonstrated as highly effective catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Photocatalytic measurements coupled with spectroscopic studies suggest that deposition of ultrasmall Pt nanoparticles enhances the HER activity because of variations in the band-edge positions and electron donor density of CdS nanocrystals.

    33. High Performance, Multiplexed Lung Cancer Biomarker Detection on a Plasmonic Gold Chip

      Bin Liu, Yaling Li, Hao Wan, Lin Wang, Wei Xu, Shoujun Zhu, Yongye Liang, Bo Zhang, Jiatao Lou, Hongjie Dai and Kun Qian

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603547

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      Plasmonic gold (pGOLD) chip-based diagnosis of lung cancer is performed using multiplexed near-infrared detection of biomarkers in the serum samples of patients. Multiplexed microarray analysis of biomarkers in 10 μL of human serum on a pGOLD chip leads to markedly improved limit-of-quantification, limit-of-detection, reproducibility, and higher diagnostic sensitivity and specificity compared to traditional biochips and Luminex technology currently in use in hospitals.

    34. Effective Ligand Engineering of the Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanocrystal Surface for Increasing Hole Transport Efficiency in Perovskite Solar Cells

      Laraib Sarfraz Khanzada, Ievgen Levchuk, Yi Hou, Hamed Azimi, Andres Osvet, Rameez Ahmad, Marco Brandl, Patrick Herre, Monica Distaso, Rainer Hock, Wolfgang Peukert, Miroslaw Batentschuk and Christoph J. Brabec

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603441

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      Effective ligand engineering of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanocrystal surface is demonstrated to lead to improvement of the electrical properties of the thin film. Furthermore, surface-modified CZTS nanocrystals exhibit excellent hole transporting properties as the interface layer in a perovskite solar cell. The perfomance of perovskite devices is shown to vary from 12.2% to 15.4% as a function of ligand removal.

    35. Invisibility Dips of Near-Field Energy Transport in a Spoof Plasmonic Metadimer

      Fei Gao, Zhen Gao, Yu Luo and Baile Zhang

      Version of Record online: 26 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602233

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      Invisibility dips associated with asymmetric line-shapes, arising from interference between multipolar modes, are observed in a spoof-localized-surface-plasmon dimer. The sensing capability of invisibility dips is also demonstrated.

    36. Band Diagram and Rate Analysis of Thin Film Spinel LiMn2O4 Formed by Electrochemical Conversion of ALD-Grown MnO

      Matthias J. Young, Hans-Dieter Schnabel, Aaron M. Holder, Steven M. George and Charles B. Musgrave

      Version of Record online: 22 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602773

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      Three key advances are described in this work: 1) Room-temperature electrochemical conversion of MnO to LiMn2O4 demonstrates phase-controlled electrochemical synthesis of metastable cation intercalation polymorphs. 2) The new unified electrochemical band diagram approach enables prediction of LiMn2O4 redox potentials, motivating its use to study battery materials. 3) Experimental verification of bulk capacitive charge storage inspires materials design to exploit this effect for rapid energy storage.

    37. Ultrabroadband Optical Superchirality in a 3D Stacked-Patch Plasmonic Metamaterial Designed by Two-Step Glancing Angle Deposition

      Yidong Hou, Ho Ming Leung, Che Ting Chan, Jinglei Du, Helen Lai-Wai Chan and Dang Yuan Lei

      Version of Record online: 22 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602800

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      A 3D stacked-patch plasmonic metamaterial is fabricated and it shows a circular dichroism signal of ≈11° and an average polarization rotation angle of 27° in a wide spectral range from 480 to 750 nm. This giant ultrabroadband chiroptical response results from a constructively weighted average of local chiralities and concurrent elimination of the racemic mixture in the sample.

    38. Epidermal Supercapacitor with High Performance

      Pingshan Luan, Nan Zhang, Weiya Zhou, Zhiqiang Niu, Qiang Zhang, Le Cai, Xiao Zhang, Feng Yang, Qingxia Fan, Wenbin Zhou, Zhuojian Xiao, Xiaogang Gu, Huiliang Chen, Kewei Li, Shiqi Xiao, Yanchun Wang, Huaping Liu and Sishen Xie

      Version of Record online: 22 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603480

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      An epidermal supercapacitor with micrometer-thickness and high performance is developed by the combination of single-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) hybrid electrodes and a stepwise lift-off technique. The free-standing supercapacitor has superior capacity and a superhigh power density of 332 kW kg−1 as well as outstanding flexibility. It is promising for integration into future smart and epidermal systems.

    39. Dual-Targeting Heparin-Based Nanoparticles that Re-Assemble in Blood for Glioma Therapy through Both Anti-Proliferation and Anti-Angiogenesis

      Jihui Wang, Yuantao Yang, Yonghong Zhang, Min Huang, Zhenjun Zhou, Wanxian Luo, Jiao Tang, Jianguo Wang, Qian Xiao, Huajian Chen, Yingqian Cai, Xinlin Sun, Ying Wang and Yiquan Ke

      Version of Record online: 22 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602810

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      Nanoparticles (NPs) are formed when a heparin-based polymer containing two different peptides self-assembles in water. The peptides target different cell receptors, and their structures enable the NPs to rearrange and re-self-assemble in blood. Their dual-targeting capability and resulting size in blood make them suitable for in vivo brain drug delivery. By-passing the vascular–tumor barrier and accumulating specifically in glioma, these NPs exhibit an excellent anti-glioma effect in mice.

    40. Systematic Study of Widely Applicable N-Doping Strategy for High-Performance Solution-Processed Field-Effect Transistors

      Jihong Kim, Dongyoon Khim, Kang-Jun Baeg, Won-Tae Park, Seung-Hoon Lee, Minji Kang, Yong-Young Noh and Dong-Yu Kim

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602610

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      Simple and efficient chemical doping methods are studied in P(NDI2OD-T2) and semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes sorted by conjugated polymers. As a result of effective electron transfer, the electrical properties of the device are dramatically improved and significantly altered. This approach could broadly contribute towards tuning the electrical properties of various semiconductors.

    41. Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Ribbon Assembled Core–Sheath MnO@Graphene Scrolls as Hierarchically Ordered 3D Porous Electrodes for Fast and Durable Lithium Storage

      Yun Zhang, Penghui Chen, Xu Gao, Bo Wang, Heng Liu, Hao Wu, Huakun Liu and Shixue Dou

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603716

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      A hierarchically ordered 3D porous electrode architecture is designed and constructed by assembling ultralong 1D core–sheath MnO@N-doped graphene scrolls with 2D N-doped graphene ribbon networks. As a consequence of this unique multidimensional and hierarchically ordered structure engineering, the as-built composite serves as an excellent anode for lithium storage, enabling ultrahigh rate capability and robust cycling stability.

    42. An O2 Self-Sufficient Biomimetic Nanoplatform for Highly Specific and Efficient Photodynamic Therapy

      Hong Cheng, Jing-Yi Zhu, Shi-Ying Li, Jin-Yue Zeng, Qi Lei, Ke-Wei Chen, Chi Zhang and Xian-Zheng Zhang

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603212

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      An O2 self-sufficient cell-like biomimetic nanoplatform based on zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) is developed for effective photodynamic therapy (PDT). In vitro and in vivo investigations confirm that this cell-like PDT agent possesses immune escape, homologous targeting, and O2 self-sufficient capabilities for highly specific PDT against hypoxic tumor cells.

    43. Plasmonic Nanowire-Enhanced Upconversion Luminescence for Anticounterfeit Devices

      Kisun Park, Kinam Jung, Seok Joon Kwon, Ho Seong Jang, Dongjin Byun, Il Ki Han and Hyungduk Ko

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603428

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      A plasmonic configuration combining randomly arranged silver nanowires with an upconverting nanoparticles monolayer on a substrate is reported for an anticounterfeit applications.

    44. Controllable Synthesis of 2D and 1D MoS2 Nanostructures on Au Surface

      Hai Xu, Zijing Ding, Chang Tai Nai, Yang Bao, Fang Cheng, Sherman J. R. Tan and Kian Ping Loh

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603887

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      The dimensional crossover of MoS2 from 1D nanoribbons to 2D islands synthesized by the assembly of Mo and S atoms on Au(100) surface is studied. It is found that the thermodynamic instability of the armchair edges causes the 1D system to develop faceted zigzag edges, which manifests in the morphological evolution from 1D ribbons to 2D triangles as the system size increases.

    45. Coulomb Enhanced Charge Transport in Semicrystalline Polymer Semiconductors

      Riccardo Di Pietro, Iyad Nasrallah, Joshua Carpenter, Eliot Gann, Lisa Sophie Kölln, Lars Thomsen, Deepak Venkateshvaran, Kathryn O'Hara, Aditya Sadhanala, Michael Chabinyc, Christopher R. McNeill, Antonio Facchetti, Harald Ade, Henning Sirringhaus and Dieter Neher

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602080

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      The charge density dependence of the charge carrier mobility in semicrystalline polymers is shown to be directly correlated to the increase in crystallite size in the polymer film. The effect is not caused by energetic disorder and can be explained if the morphology of semicrystalline polymers and the effect of electron electron interaction is explicitly taken into account.

    46. A Top-Down Strategy toward 3D Carbon Nanosheet Frameworks Decorated with Hollow Nanostructures for Superior Lithium Storage

      Yanfeng Dong, Mingliang Yu, Zhiyu Wang, Yang Liu, Xuzhen Wang, Zongbin Zhao and Jieshan Qiu

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603659

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      3D carbon nanosheet frameworks decorated with hollow nanostructures of metal oxides or carbon hollow shells are synthesized using a metal nitrate-assisted polymer-blowing process and subsequent chemical conversion. Because of the unique structures, they exhibit superior electrochemical performance as the electrode materials in lithium-ion and lithium–sulfur batteries.

    47. Ternary Metal Phosphide with Triple-Layered Structure as a Low-Cost and Efficient Electrocatalyst for Bifunctional Water Splitting

      Jing Yu, Qianqian Li, Yuan Li, Cheng-Yan Xu, Liang Zhen, Vinayak P. Dravid and Jinsong Wu

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603727

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      Bimetallic phosphide (Ni0.51Co0.49P) films with a triple-layered and hierarchical morphology with superior performance toward overall water splitting are successfully synthesized. The phosphides present versatile activities that are strongly dependent on the Ni/Co ratios. The improvement in performance is mainly ascribed to the alloying effect between Ni and Co atoms.

    48. Toward High Energy Organic Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries: A Case Study of Vat Dye/Graphene Composites

      Wei Ai, Weiwei Zhou, Zhuzhu Du, Chencheng Sun, Jun Yang, Yu Chen, Zhipeng Sun, Shun Feng, Jianfeng Zhao, Xiaochen Dong, Wei Huang and Ting Yu

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603603

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      A versatile strategy involving the combination of sonication and hydrothermal techniques is successfully developed for scalable fabrication of vat dye/graphene composites. The commercialized vat dyes with electroactive conjugated carbonyl groups are confined between the graphene layers, forming a compatible 3D hybrid architecture. This unique structural feature provides the composites with superior cathodic performance for Li storage.

    49. Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Material as Host with Novel Spiro-Based Skeleton for High Power Efficiency and Low Roll-Off Blue and White Phosphorescent Devices

      Ya-Kun Wang, Qi Sun, Sheng-Fan Wu, Yi Yuan, Qian Li, Zuo-Quan Jiang, Man-Keung Fung and Liang-Sheng Liao

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603654

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      A blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence material, Tri-o-2PO, is developed and implemented as the host for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Efficiency roll-off based on Tri-o-2PO is ultralow with external quantum efficiency (EQE) dropping by only around 2% in the high luminance range (1000 to  10 000 cd m−2). Additionally, low turn-on voltages (≈2.9 V) and high power efficiency (≈60 lm W−1) are achieved simutaneously.

    50. Properties of Native High-Density Lipoproteins Inspire Synthesis of Actively Targeted In Vivo siRNA Delivery Vehicles

      Kaylin M. McMahon, Michael P. Plebanek and Colby Shad Thaxton

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602600

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      Synthetic, templated lipoprotein nanoparticles (TLPs) self-assemble with single-stranded complements of short interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes after the RNA is complexed with cationic lipid. Resultant siRNA-TLPs target specific cells and potently reduce in vitro and in vivo target gene expression.

    51. Electrochemically Driven Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles Coating of Medical Implants

      Ori Geuli, Noah Metoki, Noam Eliaz and Daniel Mandler

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603575

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      Electrochemical deposition of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (NPs) is developed for biomedical applications. This unique method is based on oxidation of water, which leads to precipitation of hydroxyapatite (HAp) NPs by protonating the carboxylic group of the dispersing agents. As it is a simple, straightforward, and low-cost method, this technique may be well-suited for industrial use.

    52. Acoustic Nanofluidics via Room-Temperature Lithium Niobate Bonding: A Platform for Actuation and Manipulation of Nanoconfined Fluids and Particles

      Morteza Miansari and James R. Friend

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602425

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      Surface acoustic waves are induced in a nanoslit formed by room-temperature bonding of lithium niobate, and drive capillary drainage against over 1 MPa of filling pressure, offer femtoliter droplet manipulation, and provide a means to fractionate and deagglomerate particles.

    53. Effective Polysulfide Rejection by Dipole-Aligned BaTiO3 Coated Separator in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

      Taeeun Yim, Seung Ho Han, Nam Hwan Park, Min-Sik Park, Ji Hoon Lee, Jaeho Shin, Jang Wook Choi, Yongju Jung, Yong Nam Jo, Ji-Sang Yu and Ki Jae Kim

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602498

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      Poling for polysulfide rejection: The fatal shuttling process in lithium–sulfur batteries is effectively suppressed by “poled” BaTiO3 or BTO particles coated on a poly(ethylene) separator. The permanent dipoles of poled BTO particles repel polysulfides via electrostatic repulsion. The coating of BTO particles also provides a resistance against thermal shrinkage of the polyethylene separator at high temperature, thus enhancing the safety of the given cell.

    54. Artificial Metalloenzyme-Based Enzyme Replacement Therapy for the Treatment of Hyperuricemia

      Xinping Liu, Zhijun Zhang, Yan Zhang, Yijia Guan, Zhen Liu, Jinsong Ren and Xiaogang Qu

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602932

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      A novel artificial metalloenzyme with self-protection and toxic immediate self-cleaning ability is developed for hyperuricemia treatment with tolerable toxic side effects. It has a high uric acid degradation activity, as well as a strong resistance capability toward various insults, such as pH, temperature, and protease. The feasibility for friendly hyperuricemia therapy is demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo.

    55. Surfactant-Assisted Emulsion Self-Assembly of Nanoparticles into Hollow Vesicle-Like Structures and 2D Plates

      Ji-eun Park, Danielle Reifsnyder Hickey, Sangmi Jun, Seulki Kang, Xiaole Hu, Xi-Jun Chen and So-Jung Park

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603971

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      Nanoparticles can be organized into hollow vesicle-like structures and 2D plates by the surfactant-assisted emulsion-based self-assembly. The results underscore the importance of surfactants in interfacial self-assembly and demonstrate that emulsion self-assembly can be used to fabricate unusual low-dimensional assembly structures.

    56. Band Alignment of 2D Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Heterojunctions

      Ming-Hui Chiu, Wei-Hsuan Tseng, Hao-Ling Tang, Yung-Huang Chang, Chang-Hsiao Chen, Wei-Ting Hsu, Wen-Hao Chang, Chih-I Wu and Lain-Jong Li

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603756

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      The band alignment of stacked 2D material heterojunctions is experimentally proven to follow the Anderson's model. Based on this discovery it is demonstrated that electron affinity and band gap values are sufficient to construct the band alignment of stacked 2D heterojunctions.

    57. Au-Decorated Cracked Carbon Tube Arrays as Binder-Free Catalytic Cathode Enabling Guided Li2O2 Inner Growth for High-Performance Li-O2 Batteries

      Fangfang Tu, Junping Hu, Jian Xie, Gaoshao Cao, Shichao Zhang, Shengyuan A. Yang, Xinbing Zhao and Hui Ying Yang

      Version of Record online: 16 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603088

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      Ni-supported carbon submicron tube arrays with Au decorated on the inner walls (Au@CST) catalyze conformal growth of thin-layered Li2O2 on the inner walls, leading to a high capacity and long cycle life of Li-O2 cells. The Li-O2 cell with an Au@CST array cathode maintains a stable cycling of 112 times under 400 mA g–1 at 500 mAh g–1.

    58. Direct Observation of Ferroelectric Domain Walls in LiNbO3: Wall-Meanders, Kinks, and Local Electric Charges

      Julie Gonnissen, Dmitry Batuk, Guillaume F. Nataf, Lewys Jones, Artem M. Abakumov, Sandra Van Aert, Dominique Schryvers and Ekhard K. H. Salje

      Version of Record online: 16 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603489

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      The first direct observation of 180° walls in LiNbO3 is reported. The walls are not atomically flat but globally straight when considering a small thickness. Local excess charges populate the walls because these meander and each kink contains a charge. This can be used to construct walls with lots of meanders and hence high carrier densities, allowing novel device fabrications.

    59. Mechanically Robust Silver Nanowires Network for Triboelectric Nanogenerators

      Hyungseok Kang, Han Kim, Seongsu Kim, Hyeon Jin Shin, Siuk Cheon, Ji-Hyeok Huh, Dong Yun Lee, Seungwoo Lee, Sang-Woo Kim and Jeong Ho Cho

      Version of Record online: 16 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603199

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      This study develops a mechanically robust silver nanowires (AgNWs) electrode platform for use in flexible and stretchable triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs). The embedding of an AgNWs network into a photocurable or thermocurable polymeric matrix dramatically enhances the mechanical robustness of the flexible and stretchable TENG electrodes while maintaining a highly efficient triboelectric performance.

    60. High-κ Solid-Gate Transistor Configured Graphene Biosensor with Fully Integrated Structure and Enhanced Sensitivity

      Cheng Wang, Yijun Li, Yibo Zhu, Xiaohong Zhou, Qiao Lin and Miao He

      Version of Record online: 15 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602960

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      High-κ solid-gate graphene field-effect transistor (GFET) devices for biosensing applications are developed by employing a planar metallic gate electrode buried by high-κ HfO2 dielectric layer. These GFET devices eliminate the requirement for an external wire gate electrode that improves the device integration degree, and perform with enhanced sensitivity compared to conventional liquid-gate GFET biosensors.

    61. Wettability of Supported Monolayer Hexagonal Boron Nitride in Air

      Xuemei Li, Hu Qiu, Xiaofei Liu, Jun Yin and Wanlin Guo

      Version of Record online: 15 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603181

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      Wettability of 2D h-BN is investigated with regard to the substrate dependence and effect of airborne contaminants. The water contact angle of a freshly prepared h-BN monolayer is independent of the substrates, but increases in ambient air due to the adsorption of airborne contaminants. The saturated contact angle in air is robust, facilitating the practical applications.

    62. Magnetic/Fluorescent Barcodes Based on Cadmium-Free Near-Infrared-Emitting Quantum Dots for Multiplexed Detection

      Yuankui Leng, Weijie Wu, Li Li, Kun Lin, Kang Sun, Xiaoyuan Chen and Wanwan Li

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602900

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      Magnetic/fluorescent barcodes based on cadmium-free near-infrared-emitting quantum dots(QDs) of CuInS2/ZnS QDs and Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with strong encoding capacity are successfully combined with flow cytometer and one laser for multiplexed assay of tumor markers. Validating experiments also show good performance of the bifunctional barcode-based suspension array when dealing with patient serum samples, indicating their promising applications on multiplexed bioassay.

    63. High-Performance Ferroelectric Polymer Side-Gated CdS Nanowire Ultraviolet Photodetectors

      Dingshan Zheng, Hehai Fang, Peng Wang, Wenjin Luo, Fan Gong, Johnny C. Ho, Xiaoshuang Chen, Wei Lu, Lei Liao, Jianlu Wang and Weida Hu

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603152

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      A ferroelectric polymer side-gated CdS NW ultraviolet photodetector is demonstrated. The dark current of the device is reduced significantly after being depleted by the ultrahigh electrostatic field from polarization of ferroelectric polymer, exhibiting an ultrahigh detection performance. In addition, the spatially resolved scanning photocurrent mapping, noise characteristics, and noise equivalent power of the ultraviolet photodetector are investigated.

    64. Flexible Piezoelectric Nanocomposite Generators Based on Formamidinium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanoparticles

      Ran Ding, He Liu, Xiaoli Zhang, Juanxiu Xiao, Rahul Kishor, Huaxi Sun, Bowen Zhu, Geng Chen, Fei Gao, Xiaohua Feng, Jingsheng Chen, Xiaodong Chen, Xiaowei Sun and Yuanjin Zheng

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602634

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      The hybrid piezoelectric nanogenerators based on a composite of piezoelectric organic–inorganic lead halide perovskite materials and polydimethylsiloxane polymer are demonstrated. The recordable maximum piezoelectric output voltage and current density up to 8.5 V and 3.8 μA cm−2 are successfully obtained under periodically vertical compression.

    65. Mobile Silk Fibroin Electrode for Manipulation and Electrical Stimulation of Adherent Cells

      Tetsuhiko Teshima, Hiroshi Nakashima, Nahoko Kasai, Satoshi Sasaki, Aya Tanaka, Shingo Tsukada and Koji Sumitomo

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603302

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      Mobile electrodes composed of silk fibroin hydrogel with incorporated poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) are described. Because of their high biocompatibility, adherent cells can be loaded. High conductivity and mechanical stiffness also facilitate the manipulation and electrical stimulation of the cells via nanopallets while their adhesive properties and morphology are retained.

    66. Germanium Nanograin Decoration on Carbon Shell: Boosting Lithium-Storage Properties of Silicon Nanoparticles

      Wei Luo, Dengke Shen, Renyuan Zhang, Binwei Zhang, Yunxiao Wang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua Kun Liu and Jianping Yang

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603335

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      A facile Ge decoration on Si@C core–shell nanoparticles is developed via a sol–gel method. With this optimal design, Si@C@Ge core–satellite nanoparticles are expected to exhibit significant enhancement in structural stability and electrochemical kinetics, delivering an unprecedented capacity of 1854 mA h g−1 over 150 cycles and an excellent rate capability of 541 mAh g−1 at 10 A g−1.

    67. Highly Sensitive, Wearable, Durable Strain Sensors and Stretchable Conductors Using Graphene/Silicon Rubber Composites

      Ge Shi, Zhiheng Zhao, Jing-Hong Pai, Ivan Lee, Liqun Zhang, Craig Stevenson, Kalana Ishara, Rujing Zhang, Hongwei Zhu and Jun Ma

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602619

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      Sensors and conductors are fabricated from developed graphene/elastomer composites. Demonstrating response time below 50 ms, high cycling durability and a gauge factor of over 100, the sensors work well as a health-monitoring device, sound signal collector and human-machine interface detector. The conductors can be readily bent and stretched with exceptional mechanical robustness and cyclability.

    68. Tunable Structural Color Surfaces with Visually Self-Reporting Wettability

      Cihui Liu, Haibo Ding, Ziqian Wu, Bingbing Gao, Fanfan Fu, Luoran Shang, Zhongze Gu and Yuanjin Zhao

      Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602935

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      Lubricant-infused elastic inverse opal films with tunable and visually “self-reporting” surface wettability are developed. The inverse opal structure of the films can not only lock in the infused lubricating fluid to construct slippery surfaces for repelling droplets of various liquids but also self-report their surface status as a visualized structural color change.


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