Advanced Functional Materials

Cover image for Vol. 26 Issue 24

17_06/2007Cover Picture: Vapor Sorption and Electrical Response of Au-Nanoparticle– Dendrimer Composites (Adv. Funct. Mater. 6/2007)

The cover shows chemiresistors and mass-sensitive vapor sensors coated with Au-nanoparticle/dendrimer composites. The Au nanoparticles provide the film with electrical conductivity and the dendrimers control the chemical selectivity, as reported by Nadjedja Krasteva and co-workers on p. 881. Analyte sorption follows a combined Henry–Langmuir model, and measurements reveal that sorption-induced increase in film resistance scales linearly with the concentration of analyte sorbed in the film. The background shows a silicon wafer with lithographically defined microelectrode structures for chemiresistor fabrication.

Films comprising Au nanoparticles and polyphenylene dendrimers (first and second generation) are deposited onto transducer substrates via layer-by-layer self-assembly and characterized by atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Their sorption behavior is studied by measuring the uptake of solvents from the vapor phase with quartz crystal microbalances (QCMs). The resistance of the films is simultaneously monitored. Both sensor types, QCMs and chemiresistors, give qualitatively very similar response isotherms that are consistent with a combination of Henry- and Langmuir-type sorption processes. The sorption-induced increase in relative differential resistance scales linearly with the amount of analyte accumulated in the films. This result is in general agreement with an activated tunneling process for charge transport, if little swelling and only small changes in the permittivity of the film occur during analyte sorption (a first-order approximation). The relative sensitivity of the films to different solvents decreases in the order toluene ≈ tetrachloroethylene > 1-propanol ≫ water. Films containing the larger second-generation dendrimers show higher sensitivity than films containing first-generation dendrimers.

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