Laser & Photonics Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 8 Issue 4

Editor: Katja Paff

Impact Factor: 9.313

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 3/82 (Optics); 9/67 (Physics Condensed Matter); 10/136 (Physics Applied)

Online ISSN: 1863-8899

Associated Title(s): Advanced Optical Materials, Journal of Biophotonics

Editorial Advisory Board

Hans A. Bachor (Founding Editor)
ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Hans-Albert Bachor received his diploma and doctorate in Physics from the University of Hannover, Germany. Since 1981, he has been teaching physics at the Australian National University where he was head of the Physics Department from 1996-2001. He established a widely known group for optics and explores the possibilities of harnessing the quantum nature of light.
Professor Bachor is the Director of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics at the Australian National University in Canberra, a national centre to study atoms and light at the quantum level and to explore options for future quantum technologies. He currently investigates the spatial quantum properties of laser beams.
Jeremy J. Baumberg
Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK

Jeremy J. Baumberg, FRS, directs a UK NanoPhotonics Centre at the University of Cambridge and has extensive experience in developing optical materials structured on the nano-scale and assembling them on large scales. He is also the Director of the Cambridge Nano Doctoral Training Centre, which is one of the key UK sites for training >50 PhD students in interdisciplinary Nano research. Strong experience with Hitachi, as an IBM Fellow, his spin-off Mesophotonics, and several new ventures give him a unique position to combine academic insight with industry application in a two-way flow. With over 7000 citations, he is a leading innovator in Nanophotonics. This has led to awards of the Royal Society Mullard Prize (2005), the IoP Charles Vernon Boys Medal (2000) and the IoP Mott Lectureship (2005). He frequently talks on NanoScience to the media, and is a strategic advisor on NanoTechnology to the UK Research Councils. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, the Optical Society of America, the Institute of Physics, and the Institute of NanoTechnology.
Federico Capasso
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Federico Capasso is the Robert Wallace Professor of Applied Physics at Harvard University, which he joined in 2003 after a 27 years career at Bell Labs where he did research, became Bell Labs Fellow and held several management positions including VP for Physical Research. His research has spanned a broad range of topics from applications to basic science in the areas of electronics, photonics, mesoscopic physics, nanotechnology and quantum electrodynamics. He is a co-inventor of the quantum cascade laser, a fundamentally new light source, which has now been commercialized. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and an Honorary Member of the Franklin Institute. His awards include the King Faisal International Prize for Science, the American Physical Society Arthur Schawlow Prize, the IEEE Edison Medal, the Wetherill Medal of the Franklin Institute, the Optical Society of America Wood Prize, the Materials Research Society Medal, the Rank Prize in Optoelectronics, the IOP Duddell Medal, the IEEE David Sarnoff Award, the IEEE-LEOS Streifer Award, the Welker Medal. He is a Fellow of OSA, APS, IEEE, SPIE, IOP and AAAS.
John T. Fourkas
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, USA

John T. Fourkas is Millard Alexander Professor of Chemistry at the University of Maryland, and holds a joint appointment in the Institute for Physical Science and Technology. He received his BS and MS in Chemistry from the Caltech and his PhD in Chemistry from Stanford. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, and the Optical Society of America. His research focuses on applications of nonlinear optics in areas including chemical physics, materials science, cellular biophysics, nanoscale fabrication and imaging, and plasmonics.
Thomas Graf (Founding Editor)
Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

Thomas Graf received the Physics M. Sc. degree in 1993 and the Ph. D. degree in 1996 from the University of Bern, Switzerland. After working as a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Bern until 1997, he joined the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (UK) where he was engaged in research on nonlinear optics and passively mode-locked multi-Watt all-solid-state lasers. In April 1999 he was appointed head of the High-Power Lasers and Material Science Group at the Laser Department of the Institute of Applied Physics, University of Bern (Switzerland) where he was nominated assistant professor in April 2002. In June 2004 he was appointed university professor and director of the Institut fuer Strahlwerkzeuge (IFSW) at the University of Stuttgart.
He is currently engaged in high-power all-solid-state laser systems, laser beam shaping and laser applications in manufacturing.
Theodor W. Hänsch (Founding Editor)
Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Garching, Germany

Theodor W. Hänsch studied physics at the University in Heidelberg, where he received his doctorate in 1969. In 1970 he joined the laboratory of Arthur L. Schawlow at Stanford University, California, as a NATO postdoctoral fellow. Later, he became associate professor and, in 1975, full professor of physics at Stanford. During these years he invented a new type of tunable dye laser which enables measurement of the transition frequency of the Balmer line of atomic hydrogen with a much higher precision than before.
In 1986 Theodor W. Hänsch returned to Germany to accept an offer to join the Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich as a Professor of Experimental Physics and to build a new Division of Laser Spectroscopy at the Max-Planck-Institute. For his contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique he became co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2005.
Naomi Halas
Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Naomi Halas is the Stanley C. Moore Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Rice University, where she also holds faculty appointments in the Departments of Chemistry, Bioengineering, and Physics. She joined Rice in 1989, following a postdoctoral fellowship at AT&T Bell Laboratories. She is best known scientifically as the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with tunable optical resonances that span the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. Halas has studied their properties and pursued applications of nanoshells in biomedicine and chemical sensing, promoting nanophotonics and plasmonics both nationally and internationally. She is co-founder of Nanospectra Biosciences, Inc., a company currently commercializing a photothermal cancer therapy based on nanoshells. She is founder and Director of the Laboratory for Nanophotonics (LANP), which supports collaborations and interactions among researchers at Rice and other institutions nationally and internationally in the emerging field of Plasmon-based optics and applications. She is Fellow of five professional societies: the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She authored more than 150 refereed publications and has more than ten issued patents.
Sailing He
Centre for Optical and Electromagnetic Research, Zhejiang University, China

Sailing He received his Ph.D. degrees from the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden, in 1992. Since then he has worked at KTH as an Assistant Professor, an Associate Professor, and a Full Professor. Currently he is also a national distinguished professor appointed by China’s central government (through “Qian-Ren” program) and a chief scientist for the Joint Research Center of Photonics of KTH (Sweden) and Zhejiang University (China). He has authored one monograph (Oxford University Press) and about 400 papers in refereed international journals. His current research interests include metamaterials, biophotonics, photonic integration technologies, fiber optical communication technologies, and optical sensing technologies. Prof. He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA) and the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE).
Alexander A. Kaminskii (Founding Editor)
Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Alexander A. Kaminskii received his two scientific degrees (as PhD and doctor) in physical and mathematical sciences from Institute of Crystallography of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1965 and 1974, respectively. Since 1982, he has been a Full Professor of physics. Since 1994, he has been the Director of the Joint Open Laboratory for Laser Crystals and Precise Laser Systems under the auspices of the Division of Physical Science, Russian Academy of Sciences. Currently, he is Head of the Laser Crystal Physics Laboratory at the Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. Since the end of 2006 he is Chairman of the Scientific Council on Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Professor Kaminskii discovered almost half of all known laser crystals with lanthanide activators and most of the known SRS-active inorganic and organic crystalline materials. His current scientific interests are in the field of physics and spectroscopy of laser and nonlinear-laser crystals.
Satoshi Kawata
Department of Applied Physics, Osaka University, Japan

Satoshi Kawata is the Director of the Photonics Advanced Research Center at Osaka University. He is also a Professor of Department of Applied Physics since 1993. He is jointly at RIKEN as a Chief Scientist (the head) of Nanophotonics Laboratory since 2002. He received his BSc, MSc and PhD all in Applied Physics from Osaka University in 1974, 1976 and 1979 respectively. He has been serving as the President of Spectroscopical Society of Japan (2004-2007), the Editor for Optics Communications (2000-present), Honorary Professor at Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Program Officer at Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and a joint professor at the Department of Physics at Gakushuin University. He is a fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA), Institute of Physics (IOP), the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) and the Japan Society of Applied Physics (JSAP). He has been awarded numerous prestigious prizes such as the Medal with Purple Ribbon by the Emperor of Japan (2007), Shimadzu Award (2003), Ichimura Award (1998), DaVinci Excellence, Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton (1997) and the Japan IBM Science Award (1996). He has pioneered in the field of near field optics, tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, two-photon photopolymerization, nanobio-imaging, and plasmonics/metamaterials.
Ursula Keller
Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Ursula Keller joined ETH as an associate professor in 1993 and has been a full professor of physics since 1997. She received the PhD in Applied Physics from Stanford University in 1989 and the Physics "Diplom" from ETH in 1984. She was a Member of Technical Staff (MTS) at AT&T Bell Laboratories in New Jersey from 1989 to 1993. Her research interests are exploring and pushing the frontiers in ultrafast science and technology: ultrafast solid-state and semiconductor lasers, ultrashort pulse generation in the one to two optical cycle regime, frequency comb generation and stabilization, reliable and functional instrumentation for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) to X-ray generation, attosecond experiments using high harmonic generation, and attosecond sience. She has published more than 280 peer-reviewed journal papers and 11 book chapters. She was a “Visiting Miller Professor” at UC Berkeley in 2006 and a visiting professor at the Lund Institute of Technologies in 2001. She received the OSA Fraunhofer/Burley Prize in 2008, the Philip Morris Research Award in 2005, the first-placed award of the Berthold Leibinger Innovation Prize in 2004, and the Carl Zeiss Research Award in 1998. She was the “2006 Ångström lecturer” supported by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the LEOS Distinguished Lecturer for modelocked solid-state lasers in 2000. She is an OSA Fellow and an elected foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Stephan W. Koch (Founding Editor)
Fachbereich Physik, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany

Stephan W. Koch received his MS and PhD in Physics from the Goethe-University Frankfurt (Germany) in 1977 and 1979, respectively. He was a visiting scientist at IBM Research in 1981 and 1983, and a Heisenberg Fellow at the University Frankfurt/Germany in 1985. He spent eight years, first as associate professor, then as professor of Physics and Optical Sciences at the University of Arizona. He has been a professor of Physics at Philipps-University Marburg (Germany), and a research professor at the Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson/USA, since 1993.
His fields of major current interests include condensed matter theory, optical and electronic properties of semiconductors, many-body interactions, disorder effects, quantum confinement in solids, coherent and ultrafast phenomena, semiconductor laser theory, microcavity effects, and optical instabilities and nonlinearities.
Joseph R. Lakowicz
Center for Fluorescence Spectroscopy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA

Joseph Lakowicz is the Director of the Center for Fluorescence Spectroscopy (CFS), a professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland at Baltimore, School of Medicine. Lankowicz' research is focused on advancing the field of fluorescence spectroscopy. This involves novel plasmon-controlled fluorescence techniques, development of novel fluorophores, development of novel fluorescence measurements, development of instrumentation for time-resolved fluorescence, and the chemical applications of fluorescence sensing. He is author of, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, and editor of several journals. He has published over 500 peer-reviewed publications.
Philippe Lalanne
Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences, Institut d'Optique d'Aquitaine, Talence Cedex, France

Philippe Lalanne is Ancien Elève of the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Saint Cloud. He received the Agrégation de Sciences Physiques and the M.S. degree in Solid State Physics in 1986, the PhD degree in Physics in 1989 and the Habilitation à diriger les recherches in 1996 from the University of Orsay. After his first-year researches in the field of Optical Information Processing, he spent a sabbatical year at the Institute of Optics, Rochester in 1995. Since then, he has been involved in computational physics and in applications of subwavelength optical structures for diffractive optics, plasmonics, photonic crystals, integrated optics and microcavities. He is presently Directeur de Recherche au CNRS. He received the Bronze Medal of CNRS (1993) and was awarded the Fabry de Gramont price from the Société Française d’Optique (1998). He is a member of the European Optical Society, the Optical Society of America, the IEEE LEOS and is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and of the Optical Society of America.
Manijeh Razeghi
Center for Quantum Devices, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Manijeh Razeghi received the Doctorat d'État es Sciences Physiques from the Université de Paris, France, in 1980. After heading the Exploratory Materials Lab at Thomson-CSF (France) she joined Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, as a Walter P. Murphy Professor and Director of the Center for Quantum Devices in 1991 where she created the undergraduate and graduate program in solid-state engineering. She is also Adjunct Professor at the College of Optical Sciences of the University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Manijeh pioneered in the fields of semiconductor science and technology as well as in the development and implementation of major modern epitaxial techniques such as MOCVD, VPE, gas MBE, and MOMBE for the growth of entire compositional ranges of III-V compound semiconductors. She is an Adjunct Professor at the College of Optical Sciences of the University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. She has authored or co-authored more than 1000 papers, more than 30 book chapters, and fifteen books. Her current research interest is in nanoscale optoelectronic quantum devices.
Vladimir Shalaev
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Starting as an Assistant Professor at the Krasnoyarsk State University, Russia (1983-1990), he became Humboldt Foundation Fellow in 1990 and stayed for one year at the University of Heidelberg (Germany). After Associate Professorships in Toronto (Canada) he accepted the position as George W. Gardiner Professor of Physics at the New Mexico State University in 1997 where he stayed until 2001. Shalaev is now Professor of ECE Department at Purdue University, as well as Robert and Anne Burnett Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (2004) and Professor of Biomedical Engineering (2005). He is fellow of several societies (e.g. APS, OSA, SPIE) and Editor, Co-editor or Member of the Advisory Board of several journals. Shalaev has been Chair and Member of Program Committees and International Advisory Committees for a number of International Conferences, Symposia, and Schools. Curently, he has a publication record of about 300 publications. Among them a monograph, a co-authored book, 4 edited/co-edited books, 21 invited book chapters and a number of invited review articles, over 180 research papers in refereed journals.
Costas M. Soukoulis
Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA

Costas M. Soukoulis is a Senior Scientist in the Ames Laboratory and a Distinguished Professor of Physics at Iowa State University. He received his B.Sc. from University of Athens in 1974. He obtained his Ph. D. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1978. From 1978 to 1981 he was at the Physics Dept. at University of Virginia. He spent 3 years (1981-84) at Exxon Research and Engineering Co. and since 1984 has been at Iowa State University (ISU) and Ames Laboratory. He has been an associated member of FORTH since 1983 and was a Professor (part time) at Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering at Univ. of Crete (2001-2011). He has courtesy appointments at the Departments of Aerospace Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at Iowa State University. His research interest is to develop theoretical understanding of the properties of disordered systems, with emphasis on electron and photon localization, photonic crystals, random lasers, and metamaterials. Soukoulis received the senior Humboldt Research Award in 2002; he shared the Descartes award for research on metamaterials in 2005; the first Frances M. Craig endowed chair in Physics at ISU in 2007; honorary doctorate from Vrije University in Brussels in 2011, and he shared the 2013 James C. McGroddy of APS for the discovery for metamaterials. He is Fellow of the APS, OSA, and AAAS and has served on several boards and committees for organizations, including NSF, DOE, and European Union.
Sune Svanberg
Lund Laser Centre (LLC), Lund University, Sweden

Sune Svanberg obtained his PhD in Physics from University of Gothenburg, Sweden in 1972. Since 1980 he is professor of Physics at Lund University, Sweden – for about 30 years as head of the Atomic Physics Division, and for about 15 years as director of the Lund Laser Centre (LLC). After transfer as employed senior professor at the Lund University he is also part-time professor at the South China Normal University. He has about 600 scientific papers, distributed over the fields of atomic laser spectroscopy, high-power laser-matter interaction, combustion diagnostics, environmental monitoring and biophotonics.
Luc Thévenaz
EPFL Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Lausanne, Switzerland

Luc Thévenaz received the MSc degree in 1982 and the PhD degree in physics in 1988, both from the University of Geneva, Switzerland. In 1988 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne (EPFL) where he currently leads a research group involved in photonics, namely fiber optics and optical sensing. Research topics include Brillouin-scattering fiber sensors, slow and fast light, nonlinear fiber optics and laser spectroscopy in gases. He achieved with his collaborators the first experimental demonstration of optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers, and is at the origin of innovative configurations for Brillouin distributed fiber sensors. During his career he has spent time at Stanford University, at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), at Tel Aviv University and at the University of Sydney. In 2000 he cofounded the company Omnisens that is developing and commercializing advanced photonic instrumentation. He is also Senior Member of the IEEE and Fellow of the Optical Society of America.
Niek van Hulst
ICFO – the Institute of Photonic Sciences, Barcelona, Spain

Niek F. van Hulst obtained his PhD (1986) in molecular and laser-physics at the University of Nijmegen (The Netherlands). After research in non-linear optics, organic materials, integrated optics and waveguides, in 1990, he became an Assistant Professor at the University of Twente, working on near-field optical & atomic force microscopy, non-linear optics and hyper Raleigh scattering. In 1997 he became full Professor in Applied Optics, at the MESA+ Institute for NanoTechnology (Enschede, The Netherlands), with focus on single molecule detection, nanophotonics, photonic structures, scanning probe technology, applications in molecular biology and chemistry. Since September 2005, he is ICREA Research Professor at ICFO – the Institute of Photonic Sciences – Barcelona (Spain), as a senior group leader in NanoPhotonics, working on nanoantennas, single photon emitters, ultrafast detection and phase control on the nanoscale. Recipient of the 2003 European Science Award (Korber foundation, Hamburg) and the 1997 Shell Research Stimulation Award. Niek van Hulst coordinates the national Spanish CONSOLIDER program “NanoLight.es – light control on the nanoscale” (2007-2012).
Anatoly Zayats
Department of Physics, King’s College London, UK

Anatoly Zayats is Professor of Physics at the Department of Physics of King’s College London. Until 2010, he was head of the Nano-optics and Near-field Spectroscopy group in the Centre for Nanostructured Media, The Queen's University of Belfast. He graduated and received PhD degree in physics from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (USSR) in 1986 and 1989, respectively. In 1999 he joined The Queen's University of Belfast. His current research interests are in the areas of near-field optics, scanning probe microscopy, nanophotonics and plasmonics, nonlinear optics and spectroscopy, surface plasmons and polaritons, and optical properties of surfaces, thin films, semiconductors and low-dimensional structures. He is a Fellow of Institute of Physics and Optical Society of America. Zayats is Editor of several books and conference proceedings. He has an excellent publication track and is an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow.
Joseph Zyss
Institut d'Alembert, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, France

Joseph Zyss is a graduate from Ecole Polytechnique in Paris and received his PhD from Pierre and Marie Curie University in 1982, under the guidance of Profs. Daniel Chemla and Guy Mayer. He started his research career in physics at CNET Bagneux (the physics and optoelectronics division of France Telecom research laboratories) where he worked in the field of nonlinear optical properties of molecular systems. Since 1997, he has moved to a professorship at the Department of Physics of Ecole Normale Supérieure in Cachan where he has contributed to the nano-scale revival of molecular nonlinear optics towards multiphoton bio-imaging and has opened up a new direction of research in the domain of planar micro-cavity lasers as model systems towards wave chaos in dissipative systems. He is the founder and current director (since 2002) of the D'Alembert Institute, a federation of four CNRS research laboratories (physics, applied physics, chemistry and biology) with joint programs putting advanced imaging and biophotonics advances in synergy with fundamental goals in cellular biology. More recently (2008), he has co-founded and is the current co-director (together with Prof. Ron Naaman) of a joint European Laboratory in Nanobiosciences in association between the Weizmann Institute and CNRS. He is the author of more than 300 peer-reviewed articles, and authored a number of review papers and book chapters. He made numerous working stays abroad including Bell Laboratories (Holmdel), MIT and the Weizmann Institute. Prof. Zyss is an OSA fellow and a recipient of the IBM prize in physics and co-recipient of the Yves Rocard prize, both from the French Physical Society.


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