Investigation of Skull Formation in a Blast Furnace Hearth
Yongfu Zhao, Dong Fu, Louis W. Lherbier, Yan Chen, Chenn Q. Zhou and John G. Grindey
Article first published online: 11 DEC 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/srin.201300305
This is the first comprehensive work of using integrated heat transfer, fluid flow dynamics and solidification numerical simulation to investigate skull formation phenomena in a blast furnace hearth. The impact of hearth design and furnace operation parameters on skull formation is examined and compared with operating experience of United States Steel blast furnaces.