Obesity

Cover image for Vol. 24 Issue 12

Editors: Eric Ravussin and Donna Ryan

Impact Factor: 3.614

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 18/80 (Nutrition & Dietetics); 41/133 (Endocrinology & Metabolism)

Online ISSN: 1930-739X

Associated Title(s): Obesity Science & Practice

Virtual Issues


Obesity and the Brain | It All Starts in the Womb | Inflammation and Obesity


Obesity and the Brain

A growing body of evidence suggests that individuals with obesity are more “neurologically sensitive” in regions of the brain associated with reward, emotion, and motivation. Meanwhile, increased body fat has been linked to functional and structural changes in the brain. How does this knowledge inform our efforts to help people of all ages achieve and maintain a healthy weight? And how does weight loss affect these neurological differences? Obesity Associate Editor Stephen Anton, of the University of Florida College of Medicine, has selected recent articles that detail important findings in this emerging area of research.


Improved memory function two years after bariatric surgery
Michael L. Alosco, Mary Beth Spitznagel, Gladys Strain, Michael Devlin, Ronald Cohen, Robert Paul, Ross D. Crosby, James E. Mitchell, and John Gunstad
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 155k) |

Changes in Taste Perception and Eating Behavior After Bariatric Surgery-Induced Weight Loss in Women
Marta Yanina Pepino, David Bradley, J. Christopher Eagon, Shelby Sullivan, Nada A. Abumrad, and Samuel Klein
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 352k) |

A Comparison of Functional Brain Changes Associated with Surgical Versus Behavioral Weight Loss
Amanda S. Bruce, Jared M. Bruce, Abigail R. Ness, Rebecca J. Lepping, Stephen Malley, Laura Hancock, Josh Powell, Trisha M. Patrician, Florence J. Breslin, Laura E. Martin, Joseph E. Donnelly, William M. Brooks, and Cary R. Savage
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 331k) |

Preliminary Evidence of Cognitive and Brain Abnormalities in Uncomplicated Adolescent Obesity
Po Lai Yau, Esther H. Kang, David C. Javier, and Antonio Convit
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 250k) |

Decision-Making, Sensitivity to Reward and Attrition in Weight Management
Gilly Koritzky, Camille Dieterle, Chantelle Rice, Katie Jordan, and Antoine Bechara
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 145k) |

Bariatric Surgery-Induced Weight Loss Causes Remission of Food Addiction in Extreme Obesity
Marta Yanina Pepino, Richard I. Stein, J. Christopher Eagon, and Samuel Klein
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 283k) |

Cigarette Smoking and Obesity are Associated with Decreased Fat Perception in Women
Marta Yanina Pepino andJulie A. Mennella
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 238k) |

White Matter Integrity in Older Females Is Altered by Increased Body Fat
Lee Ryan and Katrin Walther
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 270k) |

Amodal Brain Activation and Functional Connectivity in Response to High-Energy-Density Food Cues in Obesity
Susan Carnell, Leora Benson, Spiro P. Pantazatos, Joy Hirsch, and Allan Geliebter
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 390k) |

Cognitive Performance and BMI in Childhood: Shared Genetic Influences Between Reaction Time But Not Response Inhibition
Alexis C. Frazier-Wood, Susan Carnell, Oscar Pena, Sheryl O. Hughes, Teresia M. O'Connor, Philip Asherson, and Jonna Kuntsi
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 218k) |

Long Duration of Stressful Homework as a Potential Obesogenic Factor in Children: A QUALITY Study
Isabelle Michaud, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Jennifer O'Loughlin, Angelo Tremblay, and Marie-Eve Mathieu
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 232k) |

Functional Brain Response to Food Images in Successful Adolescent Weight Losers Compared With Normal-Weight and Overweight Controls
Chad D. Jensen and C. Brock Kirwan
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 361k) |

Effect of mineralocorticoid receptor blockade on hippocampal-dependent memory in adults with obesity
Lisa S. Rotenstein, Margaret Sheridan, Rajesh Garg, and Gail K. Adler
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 275k) |


It All Starts in the Womb

Maternal weight status beginning at the time of conception influences the metabolic and hormonal milieu of the intrauterine environment, and it has become clear that this environment has a lifelong influence on a child's risk for obesity and chronic disease. We are also beginning to understand how a host of other influences, such as pollutants and maternal diet, can contribute to metabolic programming and thus have wide-ranging effects on offspring outcomes. To highlight the latest research in this area, the Editors of Obesity have created a free access virtual issue, with articles selected by our Associate Editor Leanne Redman, of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center.


Prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants and rapid weight gain and overweight in infancy
Damaski Valvi, Michelle Ann Mendez, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Ferran Ballester, Jesus Ibarluzea, Fernando Goni, Joan O. Grimalt, Sabrina Llop, Loreto Santa Marina, Esther Vizcaino, Jordi Sunyer, and Martine Vrijheid
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 166k) |

Maternal obesity or weight loss around conception impacts hepatic fatty acid metabolism in the offspring
Lisa M. Nicholas, Leewen Rattanatray, Janna L. Morrison, David O. Kleemann, Simon K. Walker, Song Zhang, Severence MacLaughlin, and I. Caroline McMillen
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 609k) |

The impact of change in pregnancy body mass index on macrosomia
Morgan L. Swank, Aaron B. Caughey, Christine K. Farinelli, Elliott K. Main, Kathryn A. Melsop, William M. Gilbert, and Judith H. Chung
Abstract | References | Full Text:HTML PDF (size: 202k) |

Bariatric surgery influences the number and quality of oocytes in patients submitted to assisted reproduction techniques
Juliana Christofolini, Bianca Bianco, Gustavo Santos, Fernando Adami, Denise Christofolini, and Caio Parente Barbosa
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 125k) |

The association between early menarche and offspring's obesity risk in early childhood was modified by gestational weight gain
Jungwon Min, Zhu Li, Xia Liu, and Youfa Wang
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 248k) |

Maternal hypertriglyceridemia: A link between maternal overweight-obesity and macrosomia in gestational diabetes
Pablo R.Olmos, Attilio Rigotti, Dolores Busso, Loni Berkowitz, Jose L. Santos, Gisella R. Borzone, Jose A. Poblete, Claudio Vera, Cristian Belmar, Denisse Goldenberg, Barbara Samith, Ana M. Acosta, Manuel Escalona, Ian Niklitschek, Jorge R Mandiola, and Nicolas Mertens
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 300k) |

Maternal high-protein or high-prebiotic-fiber diets affect maternal milk composition and gut microbiota in rat dams and their offspring
Megan C. Hallam, Daniela Barile, Mickael Meyrand, J. Bruce German, and Raylene A Reimer
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 607k) |

Exposure to prenatal smoking and early-life body composition: The healthy start study
Curtis S. Harrod, Tasha E. Fingerlin, Lisa Chasan-Taber, Regina M. Reynolds, Deborah H. Glueck and Dana Dabelea
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 177k) |

Weight gain in pregnancy and application of the 2009 IOM guidelines: Toward a uniform approach
L. Anne Gilmore, and Leanne M. Redman
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 233k) |

Pregnancy weight gain charts for obese and overweight women
Jennifer A. Hutcheon, Robert W. Platt, Barbara Abrams, Katherine P. Himes, Hyagriv N. Simhan, and Lisa M. Bodnar
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 363k) |

Longitudinal body composition of children born to mothers with normal weight, overweight, and obesity
Alone Andres, Holy R. Hull, Kartik Shankar, Patrick H. Casey, Mario A. Cleves, and Thomas M. Badger
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 378k) |

Maternal adiposity negatively influences infant brain white matter development
Xiawei Ou, Keshari M. Thakali, Kartik Shankar, Aline Andres, and Thomas M. Badger
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 599k) |

Inflammation and Obesity

In support of the TOS symposium at Immunology 2014 (on Saturday, May 3 in Pittsburgh, PA), titled "Unresolved, chronic inflammation as a mediator of diverse disease risks in insulin-resistant obesity" the Editors of Obesity have created a free access virtual issue collating recent articles on the relationship between inflammation and obesity. These articles have been selected by our Associate Editor Jacqueline Stephens, of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center.

Lack of platelet-activating factor receptor protects mice against diet-induced adipose inflammation and insulin-resistance despite fat pad expansion
Zélia Menezes-Garcia, Marina C. Oliveira, Renata L. Lima, Frederico M. Soriani, Daniel Cisalpino, Leida M. Botion, Mauro M. Teixeira, Danielle G. Souza and Adaliene V.M. Ferreira
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 535k) |

CXCR3 modulates obesity-induced visceral adipose inflammation and systemic insulin resistance
Jeffrey A Deiuliis, Steve Oghumu, Dheeraj Duggineni, Jixin Zhong, Jessica Rutsky, Ambar Banerjee, Bradley Needleman, Dean Mikami, Vimal Narula, Jeffrey Hazey, Abhay R Satoskar and Sanjay Rajagopalan
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 1380k) |

Macrophages and fibrosis in adipose tissue are linked to liver damage and metabolic risk in obese children
Ryan W. Walker, Hooman Allayee, Alessandro Inserra, Rodolfo Fruhwirth, Anna Alisi, Rita Devito, Magalie E. Carey, Frank Sinatra, Michael I. Goran and Valerio Nobili
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 376k) |

Pro-Inflammatory macrophages increase in skeletal muscle of high fat-Fed mice and correlate with metabolic risk markers in humans
Lisbeth N. Fink, Sheila R. Costford, Yun S. Lee, Thomas E. Jensen, Philip J. Bilan, Andreas Oberbach, Matthias Blüher, Jerrold M. Olefsky, Anette Sams and Amira Klip
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 5022k) |

Effects of a 1-year exercise and lifestyle intervention on irisin, adipokines, and inflammatory markers in obese children
Susann Blüher, Grigorios Panagiotou, David Petroff, Jana Markert, Antje Wagner, Thorsten Klemm, Andreas Filippaios, Alexandra Keller and Christos S. Mantzoros
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 296k) |

Race modifies the association between adiposity and inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease: Findings from the chronic renal insufficiency cohort study
Maria R. Wing, Wei Yang, Valerie Teal, Sankar Navaneethan, Kaixiang Tao, Akinlolu Ojo, Nicolas N. Guzman, Muredach Reilly, Melanie Wolman, Sylvia E. Rosas, Magda Cuevas, Michael Fischer, Eva Lustigova, Stephen R. Master, Dawei Xie, Dina Appleby, Marshall Joffe, John Kusek, Harold I Feldman, Dominic S. Raj and for the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 233k) |

The role of S100B in the interaction between adipocytes and macrophages
Atsushi Fujiya, Hiroshi Nagasaki, Yusuke Seino, Tetsuji Okawa, Jiro Kato, Ayako Fukami, Tatsuhito Himeno, Eita Uenishi, Shin Tsunekawa, Hideki Kamiya, Jiro Nakamura, Yutaka Oiso and Yoji Hamada
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 580k) |

Human adipocyte extracellular vesicles in reciprocal signaling between adipocytes and macrophages
Mariëtte E. G. Kranendonk, Frank L. J. Visseren, Bas W. M. van Balkom, Esther N. M. Nolte-'t Hoen, Joost A. van Herwaarden, Wilco de Jager, Henk S. Schipper, Arjan B. Brenkman, Marianne C. Verhaar, Marca H. M. Wauben and Eric Kalkhoven
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 1247k) |

Inflammatory biomarker pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in relation to obesity, body fat depots, and weight loss
Anna Witasp, Juan Jesús Carrero, Karl Michaëlsson, Håkan Ahlström, Joel Kullberg, Viola Adamsson, Ulf Risérus, Anders Larsson, Johanna Helmersson-Karlqvist, Lars Lind, Peter Stenvinkel and Johan Ärnlöv
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 197k) |

Human intestinal microbiota composition is associated with local and systemic inflammation in obesity
Froukje J. Verdam, Susana Fuentes, Charlotte de Jonge, Erwin G. Zoetendal, Runi Erbil, Jan Willem Greve, Wim A. Buurman, Willem M. de Vos and Sander S. Rensen
Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML PDF (size: 287k) |

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