Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

Cover image for Vol. 11 Issue 4

Edited By: Professor Bruce E. Dale

Impact Factor: 3.694

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 26/92 (Energy & Fuels); 34/158 (Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology)

Online ISSN: 1932-1031

Associated Title(s): Chemistry & Industry, Energy Science & Engineering, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Pest Management Science, Polymer International

Author Guidelines


Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining is a review and commentary journal. Manuscripts are normally commissioned, but the journal also warmly welcomes ideas for submission. Please contact the Managing Editor ( ) with your proposal; once a proposal is accepted or commissioned, detailed format guidelines will be provided. In general, the journal prefers lively pieces of interest to a wider audience. All articles are subject to peer review. Please note that the journal does not publish primary research papers.


Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface.

Please read the remainder of these instructions to authors and then visit and navigate to the Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining online submission site. IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.

All papers must be submitted via the online system.

File types. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .rtf, .ppt, .xls. LaTeX files may be submitted provided that an .eps or .pdf file is provided in addition to the source files. Figures may be provided in .tiff or .eps format.

Upload your manuscript files. At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.

Search Engine Optimization for Your Paper
Consult our SEO Tips for Authors page in order to maximize online discoverability for your published research.  Included are tips for making your title and abstract SEO-friendly, choosing appropriate keywords, and promoting your research through social media.

Guidelines for Cover Submissions
If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these general guidelines follow these general guidelines.


Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.
Previous versions of uploaded documents must be deleted. If your manuscript is accepted for publication we will use the files you upload to typeset your article within a totally digital workflow.


  • To enable the publisher to disseminate the author’s work to the fullest extent, the author must sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement, via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) described above, transferring copyright of the article to the Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • Permission grants - if the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts using the Wiley Permission Request Form .

The Permissions Request Form should be uploaded as “Supplementary files not for review” with the online submission of your article.

Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


The language of the journal is English. 12-point type in one of the standard fonts: Times, Helvetica, or Courier is preferred. It is not necessary to double-line space your manuscript. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files.

  • During the submission process you must enter the full title, short title of up to 70 characters and names and affiliations of all authors. Give the full address, including email, telephone and fax, of the author who is to check the proofs.
  • Include the name(s) of any sponsor(s) of the research contained in the paper, along with grant number(s) .
  • Enter an abstract of up to 250 words for all articles [except book reviews]. An abstract is a concise summary of the whole paper, not just the conclusions, and is understandable without reference to the rest of the paper. It should contain no citation to other published work.
  • Include up to six keywords that describe your paper for indexing purposes.
  • Supply a brief biography and recent photograph of each author.

Illustrations. Upload each figure as a separate file in either .tiff or .eps format, with the lead author's name, the figure number and the top of the figure indicated. Compound figures e.g. 1a, b, c should be uploaded as one figure. Tints are not acceptable. Lettering must be of a reasonable size that would still be clearly legible upon reduction, and consistent within each figure and set of figures. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend. All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:

  • Black and white and colour photos - 300 dpi
  • Graphs, drawings, etc - 800 dpi preferred; 600 dpi minimum
  • Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) - 500 dpi

Colour policy. Where colour is necessary to the understanding of the figures, colour illustrations will be reproduced in the journal without charge to the author.


Further information. For accepted manuscripts the publisher will supply proofs to the corresponding author prior to publication. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced during the production process. Prompt return of the corrected proofs, preferably within two days of receipt, will minimise the risk of the paper being held over to a later issue. Once your article is published online no further amendments can be made. There is no page charge to authors.

Author Resources. Manuscript now accepted for publication?

If so, visit out our suite of tools and services for authors and sign up for:

  • Article Tracking
  • E-mail Publication Alerts
  • Personalization Tools

English-checking service for authors in Asia (from non-English speaking countries): A list of recommended English editing services is available for authors who want to have their paper checked and improved before submission. This list and further information on the service is available at: Please note that this is an optional service paid for by the author.

Note to NIH Grantees
Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance.  This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  For further information, see



A full-length review provides a summary and discussion of the relevant literature about any topic covered within the aims and scope of the journal. Reviews should generally be about 5000 – 6000 words in length (or 10 - 12 double-spaced manuscript pages, including tables and figures). 


A Perspective is a lightly referenced scholarly opinion piece about current or future directions in a field. A Perspective can serve to assess the science directly concerned with a particular topic or report on relevant issues that may arise from the discipline (for example, policy, effects on society, regulatory issues and controversies). Perspectives that address interdisciplinary research areas or experimental results with significance to a broader audience are of particular interest to the Editors. The Perspective should generally range from 4000 – 5000 words (or 8 – 10 double-spaced manuscript pages, including tables and figures).

Modeling and Analysis

A Modeling and Analysis manuscript should provide a well referenced in-depth analysis and discussion, or discuss/compare modeling applications in a relevant field. The intent is not to present a traditional primary research paper. Instead, the aim is to provide a platform to discuss higher level analyses and investigations into issues affecting the development and growth of the biorenewables sector. An example might be analysis of the efficiency of different biorefinery types, an economic comparison of different pretreatment methods, carbon emissions modeling for different biofuels or a socio-economic study examining consumer or political attitudes. A Modeling and Analysis article should generally range from 4000 – 5000 words.


A Spotlight is a brief, lightly referenced article about an outstanding area, newsworthy advance or event in the field. Spotlights may report on the contemporary significance of new or established experimental methodologies and discoveries. These articles should be written in a lively and accessible style, be accompanied by a provocative image and caption and generally should not exceed 3000 words (or 6 double-spaced manuscript pages, including tables and figures).

In the Field

An ‘In the Field’ manuscript is a case study describing the application of a technology or method to the production of fuels, chemicals or energy from renewable resources. We are interested in technologies or processes applied at any stage in the production of a fuel or chemical, from growing and harvesting the feedstock to processing the feedstock in a biorefinery or similar industrial facility. The primary objective is to discuss a particular working example that has been applied “in the field” at pilot or commercial scale.  An ‘In the Field’ should be approximately 3000 – 4000 words (or 6-8 double-spaced manuscript pages, including tables and figures).

On the Map

An ‘On the Map’ article assesses the current status and future potential of biorenewable fuels, chemicals or energy in a particular geographic region. Authors are encouraged to examine the methods and techniques being used to integrate a biorenewables product(s) into the consumer market such as: development and production of feedstocks; level of industrial activity; developing cost effective processes along the supply chain; biorefinery integration; waste product management; local and regional economics; academic research and development; and regional policy and investment initiatives. An example might be the development of a local biorefinery and supply of a bioproduct using locally available crops or plant species, or it could be the success or current attempt of a particular region or country at broadly supplying a bioproduct to consumers (e.g. Brazilian sugarcane-ethanol). An ‘On the Map’ should be approximately 3000 – 4000 words (or 6-8 double-spaced manuscript pages, including tables and figures).


Layout will depend on the content and there is some flexibility for authors to write in their own style. The information below can be used as a guide for authors.

Title This should be concise, reasonably specific and explain the nature of the paper, but it is also ideal for the title to appeal to a broader audience and to capture the audience’s attention. In some cases the use of puns or creative titles may be appropriate. The Editorial Office can offer additional ideas if required. State in a footnote if the paper was given, in whole or part, at a scientific meeting. If the paper is a part of a series, the full reference of the previous part should be given in a footnote on the title page.

Authors' names These must each have one forename in full and initials for any further forenames (for example, Arthur B Smith). Give the address where the work was done, and the name, address, phone and fax numbers (and e-mail address where available) of the corresponding author to whom correspondence and proofs are to be sent.

Abstract This should draw attention to the salient points and be intelligible by itself. The aim is to attract readers to download and read the full paper.

Key words Appropriate key words (4-6) should be provided for indexing, abstracting and online searching.

Headings Sections depend on content, the type of article to be written and to some extent the author’s style. Ideally each manuscript should contain an introduction and a conclusion although it is not essential for these to be identified under headings.  Sub-headings should be numbered thus: 1 FOR MAIN HEADINGS ; 1.1 For headings ; 1 . 1 . 1 For sub - headings .

Acknowledgements Keep these to the absolute minimum.

References Check these carefully for accuracy and follow the Vancouver style (see Section 3 f below).


( a ) Typing Type in double spacing on one side of the paper, using at least a 10 cpi or 12 point font and leaving adequate margins. Each page should be numbered individually. Text lines should be numbered, with the numbers restarting on each page. Italicize no part of the text or headings unless it is absolutely necessary, i.e., for emphasis, genera and species names, some chemical descriptors and journal titles. Do not underline headings.

( b ) Tables Number tables consecutively using arabic numerals and supply each table on a separate sheet. Keep the number of columns as few as possible and the titles of the tables concise. Units should appear in parentheses in the column heading and not in the body of the table. Give essential details as footnotes, each identified by an alphabetical superscript (e.g. a Minimum inhibitory concentration). The results must be easy to follow without horizontal lines between entries.

( c ) Chemical structures Number these with bold arabic numerals ( 1 , 2 ) and submit them as figures (see Section d ). Use bond CH 3 , bond C 2 H 5 etc, rather than Me, Et. Aromatic and unsaturated heterocyclic systems are shown by the presence of double bonds. Preferably use general structures, distinguishing related compounds by substitutions R 1 , R 2 , etc.

( d ) Illustrations Include only if essential, and number the figures and photographs in a single sequence in order of appearance using arabic numerals. Keep lettering and numbering (characters) on illustrations to a minimum and include essential details in the legend. Photomicrographs must have a scale bar. All legends should ideally be included under each figure, not in a separate place in the manuscript.  

Figures should be in a high-resolution (ideally 300 dpi or greater) electronic format suitable for print reproduction.

Use only essential characters and insert these and any other symbols clearly; explain all symbols used, and, where a key to symbols is required, please include this in the artwork itself, not in the figure legend. On graphs, include labels and units on axes. Units should be in the same form as used in the text (see section e , below). Data points should carry error bars where appropriate. Present logarithmic scales with arithmetic numbering 0.1, 1, 10, 100 rather than -1, 0, 1, 2. Avoid unnecessarily long axes that lead to large blank spaces on graphs.

Photographs must be submitted as digital images, preferably at a resolution of 300 dpi or higher.

( e ) Symbols , formulae and equations Write these with great care using SI units and symbols where possible (see British Standards Publication PD 5686, 1972; part 1 of BS 1991: 1976). Common units include: concentration g m -3 , mg litre -1 (not ppm, nor g/cu m, not % w/w nor % w/v); molarity M (not normality); pressure as Pa or mmHg (not psi, nor Torr).

( f ) References Format references in the Vancouver style. Refer to unpublished work entirely in the text thus: (Smith AB, unpublished), (Brown CD, 1987, pers. comm.). Indicate literature references by numerical superscripts 1 in order of appearance 2,3 after any punctuation . 4-6 Each number should refer to only one reference. List the references in numerical order at the end of the paper, giving all the authors, with forename initials after the respective surname(s) (where there are 6 authors or more the first 6 should be listed followed by et al. ). Include paper titles and chapter titles in references. Abbreviate the journal title as in Chemical Abstracts (see detailed list in Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index 1978, cumulative; and quarterly supplements; if the journal is not included, give the title in full). Note carefully the style and order:

1. Sikkema R, Junginger HM, Pichler W, Hayes S and Faaij APC, The international logistics of wood pellets for heating and power production in Europe. Biofuel Bioprod Bioref 4:132–53 (2010).

The journal title should be in italic and the volume number in bold. Give first and last page numbers of the reference but no part number unless there is separate pagination for each issue.

When quoting patents give the name of the applicant(s), the title, the country and patent number (or application number) and the year of publication, thus:

  1. Hegner MB and Wendt KL, Method of sorting seeds. UK Patent 1470133 (1977).

Quote books as follows, taking care to include the publisher's name and the place and date of publication:

  1. Doyle J, Altered Harvest . Agriculture , Genetics and the Fate of the World's Food Supply . Viking Penguin Inc., New York, pp. 136-158 (1985).

When quoting conference proceedings, include the organisers of the conference and also the publishers of the proceedings (if different from the organisers) and the date and place of publication.

Online citations to online-only journals and books should include the author, title, website and date of access:

  1. Wright NA, The standing of UK Histopathology Research 1997 - 2002.[accessed 7 October 2004]

Articles published online but not yet assigned to an issue may be cited by using the DOI :

  1. Schüder I, Port G and Bennison J, The behavioural response of slugs and snails to novel molluscicides, irritants and repellents. Pest Manag Sci DOI: 10.1002/ps.942 (2004).

All other online citations should be cited only in the text with the author's name and the website address: (Brown CD (

( g ) Footnotes Keep footnotes in the text to a minimum and indicate them by asterisks and daggers ( * †).

( h ) Nomenclature of chemicals Use the ISO common names of chemicals (or the BSI, or ANSI name if no ISO name is available; if there is a common name give the chemical name only if necessary for clarity. If there is no BSI common name use the compound's code number, giving the full chemical name (IUPAC nomenclature) at the first mention in the text; all names to be published in IUPAC form. Take care with chemical prefixes, for example o -, O , O -, N , N prime -, S -, ( R )-, ( Z )-, ( E )-, sec -, tert - (underline for italic), and with hyphens, numbers, punctuation and spacing, all of which are critical.

Certain other officially approved common names for medicinal and veterinary products are also permitted, including British Pharmacopoeia Commission Approved Names (BAN) and Recommended International Non-proprietary Names (rINN).

( i ) Scientific names of organisms Give the scientific names (with authority abbreviated as is customary, e.g. scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L.) of test plants or other organisms  in full at the first mention in the abstract and in the main text, e.g. Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Thereafter abbreviate the scientific name in the text ( M. persicae ), or, if appropriate, use the common name, e.g. wheat. Give scientific names in full (without authority) in the paper title, in the headings of sections and tables, in figure captions and at the beginning of sentences. Underline genera and species names. 

Permission grants

If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources) it is the authors responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts, using the Wiley Permission Request Form . Permission forms should be submitted with the manuscript.


Proofs will be e-mailed as a PDF file to the corresponding author, whose email address must be supplied on the manuscript. Proofs must be corrected and returned to the publishers within 48 hours of receipt. Author's corrections must be restricted to printer's errors.


Author(s) must sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement, transferring copyright of the article to the Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Where an article is prepared jointly, the corresponding author must obtain either the signature(s) of the co-author(s) to this agreement or their written permission to sign on their behalf.


There are no page charges. Free access to the final PDF of the article will be available via Author Services only. Reprints can be purchased at current printing prices.