Anatomical Sciences Education

Cover image for Vol. 7 Issue 2

Edited By: Richard L. Drake, PhD and Wojciech Pawlina, MD

Online ISSN: 1935-9780

Associated Title(s): The Anatomical Record, Developmental Dynamics


Author Guidelines


NIH Public Access Mandate
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Author Guidelines


SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS CONSIDERED FOR PUBLICATION
MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
Proofs and Reprints
Page Charges
Software and Format
AAA Journals Support Authors Via Submission to PubMed Central
CONTACTING EDITORIAL OFFICES

Search Engine Optimization for Your Paper
Consult our SEO Tips for Authors page in order to maximize online discoverability for your published research. Included are tips for making your title and abstract SEO-friendly, choosing appropriate keywords, and promoting your research through social media.

AAA Journals Support Authors Via Submission To PubMed Central

AAA journal authors whose research is funded by NIH will not have to worry about submitting their accepted manuscripts to PubMed Central (PMC). AAA’s publisher, Wiley-Blackwell, will support authors by posting the accepted version of articles by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance by the journal. The accepted version is the version that incorporates all amendments made during peer review, but prior to the publisher’s copy-editing and typesetting. This accepted version will be made publicly available on PMC 12 months after publication.

The NIH public access mandate applies to all articles based on research that has been wholly or partially funded by the NIH and that are accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008.

In addition to depositing manuscripts on behalf of NIH-funded authors, Wiley has reached an agreement with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) to make post-peer reviewed articles publicly available six months after final publication. HHMI will cover the cost of this service.

For other authors of primary research articles whose funding agency requires earlier public access, Wiley-Blackwell offers a $3,000 funded access option for public availability in PubMed Central and on the journal’s website immediately upon publication. Details are available here .


SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE

Anatomical Sciences Education offers an international forum for the exchange of ideas, opinions, innovations and research on topics related to education in the anatomical sciences of gross anatomy, embryology, histology and neuroscience at all levels.

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

All submissions are required to be made online at the Anatomical Sciences Education Manuscript Central site ( http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ase ). If you are submitting for the first time, and you do not have an existing account, create a new account. Returning users should check for an existing account.

Once you are logged onto the site, submission should be made via the Author Center page. Submit your manuscript and all figures as separate files. You do not need to mail any paper copies of your manuscript. At the end of a successful submission, a confirmation screen with manuscript number will appear and you will receive an e-mail confirming that the manuscript has been received by the journal. If this does not happen, please check your submission and/or contact technical support at support@scholarone.com .

Only manuscripts written in acceptable English will be considered. If the author does not have English-writing skills equivalent to that of a native English speaker, the manuscript should be appropriately edited prior to submission to avoid rejection based on unacceptable writing. Manuscripts should be as concise as possible, and all authors must approve submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts must be original and must not have been published previously either in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and must not be under consideration by any other journal.

AAA Guidelines for Research Involving Human Subjects and Vertebrate Animals. The authors signify by submission of their manuscript that research involving use of human subjects—including research for educational studies—has been conducted according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and Title 45, U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Part 46, Protection of Human Subjects, Revised November 13, 2001, unless regulated by more restrictive state or local laws. Research involving vertebrate animals must adhere to AAA's Guiding Principles in the Care and Use of Animals. For investigations involving human subjects or vertebrate animals, a statement of protocol approval from an Institutional Review Board (IRB) or Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) or its equivalent, respectively, must be included in the Methods section of the paper. Editors and Associate Editors are expected to refuse papers in which evidence of adherence to these principles is not stated explicitly.

Review and Publication We strive for speedy review and rapid publication of accepted papers. On the average, the first decision on a submitted manuscript occurs within about 4 weeks of initial submission. Publication online occurs about 6-8 weeks after acceptance and in print copy within 2 months. Manuscripts requiring revisions must be resubmitted within three months of the decision date, to be considered as a revised manuscript rather than as a new manuscript requiring full review.

TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS CONSIDERED FOR PUBLICATION

Descriptive Articles. Descriptive articles cover topics of general interest and concern to educators in the anatomical sciences. Such topics include descriptions of innovative programs, advances in educational technologies and discussions of activities affecting anatomical sciences education. The text of these articles should include an introduction, a description and a discussion. Descriptive articles are typically 4 to 6 journal pages (950 words per page) in length.

Editorials. These typically consist of 1 to 2 journal pages (950 words per page) and usually do not have subheadings.

Letters to the Editor. These typically are 1 page in length (950 words) and do not have subheadings. The Abstract and Notes on Contributors sections are not required.

Relevant Reviews. These can be short perspective-type reviews or longer comprehensive reviews generally ranging from 3 to 15 journal pages (950 words per page). The text of the review should be organized appropriately for the topic and include a short perspectives or future directions section at the end.

Research Report. These can be of any length, ranging from short communications to comprehensive studies. The text of the manuscript should be organized with an introduction, experimental procedures, results and discussion.

Short Communications. These can be in the form of a descriptive article or a research report and typically is 2 to 4 journal pages (950 words per page) in length. The text of these manuscripts should be organized appropriately.

Viewpoint Commentaries. These are opinion pieces about issues that directly affect or influence anatomical sciences education. The text of these pieces should be organized appropriately for the topic and their length should be 1 to 3 journal pages (950 words per page).

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

The manuscript should have uniform style and be submitted exactly as the author wishes it to appear in print. It should be typed using double-spacing (except tables), with margins of at least 1 inch (2.5 cm). All pages should be numbered. Manuscript should be be as concise as possible without omitting relevant results. Literature surveys, overly detailed methods, or extensive bibliographies will not be published.

Use standard abbreviations and units. Abbreviations and style of references are contained in the current edition of the CBE style manual (sixth edition, 1994, Council of Biology Editors, Inc. Suite 230 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60601). Spelling reference is to the current edition of Webster's International Dictionary. If necessary to use, spell out all nonstandard abbreviations the first time used. In items of anatomical nomenclature, this journal adheres to the principles specified in Terminologia Anatomica , Terminologia Histologica , and Nomina Embryologica where appropriate. The manuscript should be subdivided into the following sequence with each section beginning on a new page:

Title page: It should be the first page of the manuscript and should include:

  • Title of paper
  • Full name of author(s)
  • Institutional affiliation including name of home department and complete postal address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author
  • Telephone and facsimile numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding author
  • Running title not to exceed 45 letters and spaces
  • Individual and address to whom correspondence concerning manuscript should be sent
  • All grant information in the following format: Grant sponsor ________; Grant number: _________.

Abstract: It should concisely state the significant findings without reference to the rest of the paper.

  • The abstract must be written in complete sentences.
  • As the abstract is made available through other services, it should be a single paragraph of 250 words or less that will serve in lieu of a concluding summary. It should not contain author/date reference citations.
  • Append three to eight key words at the end of the abstract for the purposes of citing your work by the secondary services.

Text: It should be divided into sections appropriate for the type of manuscript being submitted. At acceptance of the manuscript, the authors must submit the final revised version of an accepted manuscript (text, tables, and illustrations) online. Text files must be submitted as .doc or .rtf files.

Acknowledgments: Authors should obtain written permission from all individuals who are listed in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript. If this section is not included, no other persons have made substantial contributions to this manuscript.

  • All potential conflicts of interest must be stated within this section.
  • This pertains to relationships with industry and other corporations whose products or services are related to the subject matter of the submitted manuscript.

Notes on Contributors: This section should contain short biographical notes on each contributor to a maximum of 50 words per contributor. It should contain contributor’s first and last name (in capital letters), academic degree, title, affiliation and location of , title and position in the organization/university (for US locations list town and spelled out name of the state; for international locations list town and country). Please use the format given below.

NIRUSHA LACHMAN, Ph.D. is an assistant professor in the Department of Anatomy at the Mayo Medical School, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. She teaches anatomy and histology to first year medical students.

PETRUT GOGALNICEANU, MBBS, B.Sc. (Hons) is an academic foundation trainee (surgery) of the North Central Thames Foundation School and the Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology at the University College London, London, UK.

Literature Cited: Reference should be made only to articles that are published or in press. Unpublished results and personal communications should be cited parenthetically in the text, not in the reference list. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. In the final citation list, arrange references alphabetically listing all authors, then year of publication and abbreviated journal names. Complete author citation is required (use of "et al" is not acceptable).

  • Journals and Other Periodicals

    Citations to articles in journals and periodicals should include all authors’ names (“et al” is not acceptable); year of publication; article title; abbreviated title of journal or periodical according to Index Medicus; volume number; and first and last page number. Please use the format given below.


    Turinsky AL, Fanea E, Trinh Q, Wat S, Hallgrimsson B, Dong X, Shu X, Stromer JN, Hill JW, Edwards C, Grosenick B, Yajima M. Sensen CW. 2008. CAVEman: Standardized anatomical context for biomedical data mapping. Anat Sci Ed 1:10–18.


    Von Lüdinghausen M, Miura M, Würzler N. 1999. Variations and anomalies of the human orbital muscles. Surg Radiol Anat 21:69–76.


  • Book Chapters and Edited Collections

    Citations to book chapters and articles in an edited collection should include the author's name; year of publication; article title; editor's name; title of book or edited collection; place of publication (for US publishers: town and abbreviated state; for international publishers: town and country); publisher and first and last page numbers.


    Baldwin DC Jr, Daugherty SR. 2006. Using surveys to assess professionalism in individuals and institutions. In: Stern DT, (Editor). Measuring Medical Professionalism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc, p 95–116.


    Marton F, Säljö R. 1984. Approaches to learning. In: Marton F, Hounsell D, Entwistle N, (Editors). The Experience of Learning. Edinburgh, Scotland: Scottish Academic Press, p. 36–55.


  • Book

    Citation to entire books should include the author's name; year of publication; title; edition number; place of publication (for US publishers: town and abbreviated state; for international publishers: town and country); publisher; and total number of pages. Please use the format given below.


    Gilbert SF. 2000. Developmental Biology. 5th Edition. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc. 749 p.


    Michaelsen LK, Knight AB, Fink LD. 2004. Team-Based Learning: A Transformative Use of Small Groups in College Teaching. 1st Edition. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC. 286 p.


  • Conference Abstracts and Proceedings

    Citations to abstracts or articles in conference proceedings should include the author's name; year of publication; article title; editor's name (if any); title of proceedings; conference place; conference date, first and last page numbers or abstract identification number; publisher and/or organization from which the proceedings can be obtained; location of the office. Please use the format given below.


    Donnelly L, Patten D, White P, Finn G. Virtual human dissector as a learning tool for studying cross-sectional anatomy. In Abstracts of AMEE 2007 Conference; Trondheim , Norway ; 2007 Aug 25-29; Abstract 2C/SC3. Dundee, ( Scotland , UK ): Association for Medical Education in Europe ; 2007.


    Albertine KH. 2008. Creating a teacher-scholar training program for anatomy at the University of Utah School of Medicine. In: Abstracts of Experimental Biology 2008 Conference; San Diego, CA; 2008 Apr 5-9; Abstract 241.4. American Association of Anatomists: Bethesda, MD.


  • Electronic Citations

    Non-periodical documents on the Internet, such as electronic catalogs, databases, electronic conference proceedings, abstracts and papers in electronic journals, and other stable (not continually updated) documents available online should be listed in the literature cited list in the same manner as other citation followed by the location (town and state) of the organization/publisher/university that owns the web site, the URL, and accessed date. Citations of electronic journals should follow normal journal format, omitting page number if none are used, followed by the URL and accessed date. For materials that appear in both electronic and print format, the citation information from the print format should always be used. It may be supplemented with electronic citation. Please use the format given below.


    ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, 1999. ACGME Outcome Project. General Competencies: minimum program requirements language, Chicago, IL . URL: http://www.acgme.org/outcome/comp/compMin.asp [accessed 8 June 2008].


    Scholten, I. 2001. The influence of supplementary multimedia instruction on students' knowledge of normal swallowing: An authentic investigation over time. In: Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of ASCILITE 2001; Melbourne, Australia; 2001 Dec 9-12; p. 499-508. The Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education: Figtree, New South Wales, Australia. URL: http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/melbourne01/pdf/papers/scholteni.pdf [accessed 24 May 2008].


In-Text Citations

All references should be cited parenthetically in the text at least once, and include the first author's last name and publication year arranged chronologically, then alphabetically. When there are more than two authors, use the first author’s name followed by “et al.” Citations for published papers by different authors within the same parentheses should be separated by a semicolon. When references are made to more than one paper by the same author, published in the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the citation list should be designated by consecutive lower case letters as a, b, c, etc.

Example: In the last few years, medical schools have been adopting TBL in preclinical courses (Siedel and Richards, 2001; McInerney, 2003; Nieder et al., 2005), clerkships, and resident training (Hunt et al., 2003a; 2003b).

Footnotes: The only footnotes should be on the title page of the manuscript. Do not use other footnotes; instead, place all textual information within the manuscript. All references should be placed in the proper form in the appropriate section of the manuscript.

Tables: Each table must have a self-explanatory title, be numbered in order of appearance with Arabic numerals and be cited at an appropriate point in the text. Tables should be constructed in the simplest format possible, in black and white with clear divisions between table cells. They are intended to show comparisons of data that are too cumbersome to describe in the text; they should not merely repeat text information. Every table column, including subcolumns should have a heading. If manuscript is accepted for publication, the tables will be reformatted by the ASE’s graphic designer. Tables must be submitted as ( .doc ) or ( .rtf ) files (which can be embedded in the text file) or as separate ( .xls ) files.

Figures: At acceptance of the manuscript, the authors must submit the final revised version of an accepted manuscript (text, tables, and illustrations) online. Figures need to be cited at an appropriate point in the text.

  • Figures must be submitted as .tif or .eps files. Do not submit PDFs, jpegs, or PowerPoint files. Please select LWZ compression (an option in the "save" process of programs such as Photoshop) when saving your figures. This is a lossless compression routine that reduces the size of your figures without compromising their quality.
  • Figures should be submitted as electronic images to fit either one (85 mm, 3 3/8”, 20 picas) or two (185 mm, 6 13/16”, 41 picas) columns. The length of an illustration cannot exceed 227 mm (9”, 54 picas). Journal quality reproduction requires grey scale and color files at resolutions of 300 dpi. Bitmapped line art should be submitted at resolutions of 600-1200 dpi. These resolutions refer to the output size of the file; if you anticipate that your images will be enlarged, resolutions should be increased accordingly.
  • Helvetica typeface is preferred for lettering of illustrations. All letters, numbers and symbols must be at least 2 mm high. Courier typeface should be used for sequence figures. Number figures in one consecutive series with Arabic numerals, and key them into the text. Freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable.
  • Submit a brief descriptive legend with each illustration, and do not repeat results in figure legends.
  • There are no charges to publish color figures in Anatomical Sciences Education.
  • Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission for use of previously published figures. Such permissions should be included with the manuscript.

Figure Legends: Legends for each figure should not exceed 200 words.

  • Abbreviations used in figures and legends must match exactly those used in the text.

Supplementary Materials (if applicable): Materials suitable for inclusion as online documentation, such as movies, 3-D structures, high resolution images, programming sequences, and large data sets are welcome. All supplemental materials must be peer reviewed and approved by the Editor-in Chief in order to be published online.

  • Movies should be submitted online in QuickTime 4.0 or higher format; .mpeg and .avi files are also acceptable. All movies should be submitted at the desired reproduction size and length. To avoid excessive delays in downloading the files, movies should be no more than 6MB in size, and run between 30–60 seconds in length. Authors are encouraged to use QuickTime’s "compress" option when preparing files to help control file size. Additionally, cropping frames and image sizes can significantly reduce file sizes. Files submitted can be looped to play more than once, provided file size does not become excessive. Authors will be notified if problems exist with videos as submitted, and will be asked to modify them. No editing will be done to the videos at the editorial office—all changes are the responsibility of the author.

Cover Letter

A cover letter must accompany the submission and should provide the following information:

  • Assurance that the manuscript is an original work, has not been published previously either in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and is not under consideration for publication by any other journal.
  • A statement that participation of human subjects did not occur until after informed consent was obtained.
  • Confirmation that all authors have disclosed any potential competing financial interests regarding the submitted article.
  • Written permission from copyright holder to reproduce figures, tables, questionnaires in both print and electronic form.
  • A statement indicating that all authors have read and accept responsibility for the manuscript's contents.
Proofs and Reprints

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

No published material may be reproduced or published elsewhere without the written permission of the Publisher and the author. The journal will not be responsible for the loss of manuscripts at any time. All statements in, or omissions from, published manuscripts are the responsibility of the authors, who will assist the editorial office and the American Association of Anatomists by reviewing proofs before publication.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs here.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen:

If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services here and further information provided here.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

Reprints: Reprints may be purchased at https://caesar.sheridan.com/reprints/redir.php?pub=10089&acro=ase

Page Charges

There are no page charges for publication in Anatomical Sciences Education .

Software and Format

Microsoft Word 6.0 (or later) is preferred, although manuscripts prepared with any other word processor are acceptable. Refrain from complex formatting; the Publisher will style your manuscript according to the Journal design specifications. Do not use desktop publishing software such as Aldus PageMaker or Quark XPress. If you prepared your manuscript with one of these programs, export the text to a word processing format. Please make sure your word processing program's "fast save" feature is turned off. Please do not deliver files that contain hidden text: for example, do not use your word processor's automated features to create footnotes or reference lists.

AAA Journals Support Authors Via Submission to PubMed Central

AAA journal authors whose research is funded by NIH will not have to worry about submitting their accepted manuscripts to PubMed Central (PMC). AAA’s publisher, Wiley-Blackwell, will support authors by posting the accepted version of articles by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance by the journal. The accepted version is the version that incorporates all amendments made during peer review, but prior to the publisher’s copy-editing and typesetting. This accepted version will be made publicly available on PMC 12 months after publication.

The NIH public access mandate applies to all articles based on research that has been wholly or partially funded by the NIH and that are accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008.

In addition to depositing manuscripts on behalf of NIH-funded authors, Wiley has reached an agreement with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) to make post-peer reviewed articles publicly available six months after final publication. HHMI will cover the cost of this service.

For other authors of primary research articles whose funding agency requires earlier public access, Wiley-Blackwell offers a $3,000 funded access option for public availability in PubMed Central and on the journal’s website immediately upon publication. Details are available at here .

CONTACTING EDITORIAL OFFICES

For further help in understanding and clarification on any of the issues discussed in the "Instructions to Authors" please contact one of the Anatomical Sciences Education Co-editors:


Richard L. Drake, Ph.D.
Director of Anatomy
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic / NA24
9500 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44195
Email: draker@ccf.org

Wojciech Pawlina, M.D.
Professor and Chair
Department of Anatomy
Mayo Medical School
Mayo Clinic

200 First Street SW
Rochester, MN 55905
Email: pawlina.wojciech@mayo.edu

ASE is proud to participate in COPE.

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