The Journal of Wildlife Management

Cover image for Vol. 81 Issue 4

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Paul R. Krausman

Impact Factor: 1.725

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 37/161 (Zoology); 83/150 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1937-2817

Associated Title(s): Wildlife Monographs, Wildlife Society Bulletin


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  1. Book Reviews

  2. Research Articles

    1. Longest sage-grouse migratory behavior sustained by intact pathways

      Rebecca E. Newton, Jason D. Tack, John C. Carlson, Marc R. Matchett, Pat J. Fargey and David E. Naugle

      Version of Record online: 19 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21274

      In the largest discovered migratory event by greater sage-grouse, individuals traveled up to 240 km along international migratory pathways in a stepping-stone fashion analogous to big game species such as mule deer. Avoidance of croplands and treed areas was the common thread among resource selection during migration, underscoring the role of intact sagebrush grasslands in maintaining this unique behavior.

    2. Winter habitat associations of eastern spotted skunks in Virginia

      Emily D. Thorne, Charles Waggy, David S. Jachowski, Marcella J. Kelly and W. Mark Ford

      Version of Record online: 18 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21282

      Summary for Online TOC

      Winter habitat occupancy of eastern spotted skunks in the Appalachian Mountains, Virginia, USA, was negatively influenced by forest stand age and elevation. Reduced timber harvest and habitat fragmentation may lead to reduced winter habitat availability in this region for this rare and vulnerable species.

  3. Book Reviews

  4. Research Articles

    1. Bumble bee use of post-fire chaparral in the central Sierra Nevada

      Helen L. Loffland, Julia S. Polasik, Morgan W. Tingley, Erin A. Elsey, Chuck Loffland, Gretchen Lebuhn and Rodney B. Siegel

      Version of Record online: 14 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21280

      Although chaparral and other upland vegetation is less intensively used by bumble bees than riparian vegetation, it can nevertheless provide important foraging resources. Post-fire reforestation efforts in the Sierra Nevada can address bumble bee habitat needs in upland areas by retaining mosaics of herbaceous vegetation and bearclover (the only chaparral shrub species in our study that was favored by bumble bees), which collectively can provide foraging resources that persist throughout the lengthy bumble bee nesting cycle.

    2. Adapting coastal management to climate change: Mitigating our shrinking shorelines

      Scott A. Martin, Rhett M. Rautsaw, Rebecca Bolt, Christopher L. Parkinson and Richard A. Seigel

      Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21275

      Gopher tortoises in Florida rapidly colonized 1.4 km of constructed coastal dunes, reaching higher density than nearby coastal scrub and strand tortoise habitat. Constructed dunes represent a potential management solution to habitat loss for coastal tortoise populations in the face of sea-level rise.

    3. Shorebird stopover habitat decisions in a changing landscape

      Caitlyn R. Gillespie and Joseph J. Fontaine

      Version of Record online: 29 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21271

      Invertebrate abundance predicted occupancy, but not abundance, of Calidris shorebirds at managed wetlands in the Rainwater Basin during spring migration 2013 and 2014, Nebraska, USA, and although wetland characteristics that predicted shorebird occupancy were similar between stopover regions, wetlands in the Prairie Pothole Region, South Dakota, USA, supported a higher abundance of Calidris species than wetlands in the Rainwater Basin. Our results suggest that for wetland management actions to successfully provide resources for shorebirds during migratory stopover, managers should maintain the cues (i.e., mudflat) and ecological conditions that predict shorebird habitat use, beyond invertebrate abundance.

  5. Notes

    1. Landscape capability predicts upland game bird abundance and occurrence

      Zachary G. Loman, Erik J. Blomberg, William V. Deluca, Daniel J. Harrison, Cynthia S. Loftin and Petra B. Wood

      Version of Record online: 27 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21265

      Landscape capability models were predictive of American woodcock and ruffed grouse occurrences but were not useful in predicting abundance. Landscape capability models may provide surrogates of present species distribution; however, they are unlikely to be informative of population densities.

  6. Research Articles

    1. Predicting off-site impacts on breeding success of the marsh harrier

      Masayuki Senzaki, Yuichi Yamaura and Futoshi Nakamura

      Version of Record online: 27 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21266

      We quantified how eastern marsh harriers breeding in wetland patches responded to the amount of foraging habitat and artificial land use in the surrounding areas. Our results showed that the number of juveniles per patch was most susceptible to the artificial land use within 2 km of the wetland patches via direct impacts of artificial land use on the number of juveniles per pair and indirect impacts on the number of pairs per patch.

    2. Hunting, age structure, and horn size distribution in bighorn sheep

      Susanne Schindler, Marco Festa-Bianchet, John T. Hogg and Fanie Pelletier

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21259

      We show that the effect of hunting regulations on age structure and trophy size depends strongly on the rate of trophy growth, which naturally varies between populations of the same species. This implies that the optimal hunting regulation differs between populations with different trophy growth rates.

    3. Ski areas affect Pacific marten movement, habitat use, and density

      Keith M. Slauson, William J. Zielinski and Michael K. Schwartz

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21243

      Winter ski recreation may not be incompatible with marten use of habitat in ski areas, but habitat fragmentation from ski areas affects marten movement and recreation activities affect seasonal habitat occupancy and female density. Maintaining functional habitat connectivity, via networks of short ski run crossings that link habitat in and out of ski areas, will be important for maintaining or improving marten use of remnant habitat in developed ski areas.

  7. Commentary

    1. A comment on “temporal variation in survival and recovery rates of lesser scaup”

      Mark S. Lindberg, G. Scott Boomer, Joel A. Schmutz and Johann A. Walker

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21250

      We argue that the uncertainty associated with harvest dynamics of lesser scaup and the sensitivity of scaup to changes in survival warrant an adaptive approach to harvest management that includes conservative assumptions.

  8. Research Articles

    1. Migratory connectivity of american woodcock using band return data

      Joseph D. Moore and David G. Krementz

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21269

      We analyzed crossover by leg-banded American woodcock between management regions using only band return records that represented complete migrations between the breeding and wintering grounds. Our results suggest that many woodcock from separate regions of the breeding grounds mix on the wintering grounds, which has implications for the present 2-region basis for woodcock management.

    2. White-tailed deer carrying capacity, intercropping switchgrass, and pine plantations

      Zachary G. Loman, Ethan J. Greene, Bradley R. Wheat, Stephen Demarais, Darren A. Miller, Scott A. Rush and Samuel K. Riffell

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21270

      Switchgrass intercropping is not a reliable means of increasing deer NCC as a management strategy but does not appear to reduce carrying capacity in the short-term relative to standard intensive pine management.

    3. Distribution and migration chronology of Eastern population sandhill cranes

      David L. Fronczak, David E. Andersen, Everett E. Hanna and Thomas R. Cooper

      Version of Record online: 18 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21272

      Sandhill cranes in the Eastern Population tracked from 2009 to 2014 summered in areas and used migration routes previously described; however, the distribution of winter areas ranged from Indiana to Florida and varied by year. We also assessed the locations of cranes in relation to the annual U.S. Fish and Wildlife Fall Sandhill Crane Survey observation areas and found that ∼30% of marked cranes were not in those areas at the time of the survey.

    4. Contribution of translocated greater sage-grouse to population vital rates

      Orrin V. Duvuvuei, Natasha W. Gruber-Hadden, Terry A. Messmer, Michael R. Guttery and Brian D. Maxfield

      Version of Record online: 18 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21264

      We investigated the relative contribution of translocated greater sage-grouse to population growth in the release area. Translocated sage-grouse adapted to the release area and experienced survival and reproductive success similar to the residents, but vital rates remained low, indicating that managers should address limiting factors prior to the augmentation.

    5. Mapping bald eagle activity shadows around communal roosts

      Bryan D. Watts and Courtney Turrin

      Version of Record online: 17 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21263

      We used satellite tracking data to evaluate the spatial relationship between communal roosts and daytime activity centers in nonbreeding bald eagles within the Chesapeake Bay. Our results suggest that the current recommendation of an 800-m disturbance buffer around communal roosts is adequate to protect roosting birds and a substantive portion of diurnal activity, and represents an equitable tradeoff between eagle protection and cost to society.

  9. Commentary

    1. Individual heterogeneity and effects of harvest on greater sage-grouse populations

      Danny Caudill, Michael R. Guttery, Theron M. Terhune II, James A. Martin, Gretchen Caudill, David K. Dahlgren and Terry A. Messmer

      Version of Record online: 16 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21241

      Individual heterogeneity could play an important role in the effects of harvesting free-ranging animals. Managers should consider spatiotemporal patterns in wild populations, which will aid in optimizing harvest strategies.

  10. Research Articles

    1. Persistence of greater sage-grouse in agricultural landscapes

      Andrew J. Shirk, Michael A. Schroeder, Leslie A. Robb and Samuel A. Cushman

      Version of Record online: 12 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21268

      Greater sage-grouse habitat use in Washington, USA (1992–2014) is influenced by the local amount and configuration of native sagebrush-steppe and Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) fields, proximity to transmission lines and roads, and climate variability. Our study suggests management targets based on these variables would support sage-grouse occupancy and highlights a role for CRP lands in augmenting native sagebrush-steppe to add additional habitat in agricultural landscapes.

    2. Nest site selection and nest survival of eastern wild turkeys in a pyric landscape

      Nathan A. Yeldell, Bradley S. Cohen, Andrew R. Little, Bret A. Collier and Michael J. Chamberlain

      Version of Record online: 12 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21267

      Concealment, particularly ground cover vegetation immediately surrounding the nest, influences nest site selection of wild turkeys. Turkeys selected to nest in stands that had been burned 2 years prior and nest survival was lowest in stands burned ≥3 years ago, suggesting turkeys may benefit from a 3-year fire return interval (i.e., applying prescribed fire after 3 growing seasons).

  11. Note

    1. Mammalian mesocarnivore visitation at tortoise burrows in a wind farm

      Mickey Agha, Amanda L. Smith, Jeffrey E. Lovich, David Delaney, Joshua R. Ennen, Jessica Briggs, Leo J. Fleckenstein, Laura A. Tennant, Shellie R. Puffer, Andrew Walde, Terence R. Arundel, Steven J. Price and Brian D. Todd

      Version of Record online: 12 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21262

      We evaluated how proximity to roads and wind turbines affects mesocarnivore visitation with desert tortoises and their burrows at a wind energy facility. Our results suggest that anthropogenic infrastructure associated with wind energy developments might influence the general behavior of predators and their prey.

  12. Research Articles

    1. Cause-specific neonatal mortality of white-tailed deer in Wisconsin, USA

      Camille H. Warbington, Timothy R. Van Deelen, Andrew S. Norton, Jennifer L. Stenglein, Daniel J. Storm and Karl J. Martin

      Version of Record online: 7 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21260

      Summary for Online TOC

      This project reports on a radio-telemetry study of mortality of neonatal white-tailed deer in 2 ecologically distinct regions of Wisconsin. Higher rates of predation occurred in the study area with higher predator diversity and precipitation associated with high mortality in an agricultural area.

    2. Survival of white-tailed deer neonates in Louisiana

      Rebecca M. Shuman, Michael J. Cherry, Taylor N. Simoneaux, Elizabeth A. Dutoit, John C. Kilgo, Michael J. Chamberlain and Karl V. Miller

      Version of Record online: 7 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21257

      Summary for Online TOC

      White-tailed deer neonate survival in Louisiana was low compared to research conducted throughout the United States, and black bear predation was the greatest source of mortality for neonates. We conclude that although predation pressure was high, survival rates were similar to those observed in 2-predator systems in the region, suggesting the possibility that an upper limit to predation rates may exist for white-tailed deer neonates.

    3. Survey and analysis design for wood turtle population monitoring

      Donald J. Brown, Madaline M. Cochrane and Ron A. Moen

      Version of Record online: 2 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21249

      Our survey method for long-term monitoring of wood turtle populations appears effective for detecting a substantial proportion of the population, with 68% of captures being recaptures by the eighth replication. Our analysis design provides reasonable precision for abundance estimates, and allows for flexibility in size of monitoring sites and changes in survey effort across survey years.

    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Security areas for elk during archery and rifle hunting seasons

      Dustin H. Ranglack, Kelly M. Proffitt, Jodie E. Canfield, Justin A. Gude, Jay Rotella and Robert A. Garrott

      Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21258

      We recommend that managers develop areas with ≥13% canopy cover that are ≥2,760 m from a motorized route during the archery season and for areas ≥20.23 km2 with ≥9% canopy cover that are ≥1,535 m from a motorized route during the rifle season to maintain elk distribution on publicly accessible lands. Given the strength of selection for areas that restricted access to public hunters in both seasons, we recommend managers work closely with private landowners to increase public accessibility to private lands if management goals are to reduce elk population size, while also considering the amount of hunter pressure and motorized routes in the elk populations they are managing.

    5. Evaluating population expansion of black bears using spatial capture-recapture

      Catherine C. Sun, Angela K. Fuller, Matthew P. Hare and Jeremy E. Hurst

      Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21248

      Summary for Online TOC

      We identified unexpected patterns in landcover related to the density of an expanding black bear population in southern New York. Results from our noninvasive, genetic, spatial capture-recapture study suggest that, in the absence of active management, further population growth or range expansion may not be limited by the highly human-influenced landscapes that continue north of the study area.

    6. Duckling survival of mallards in Southland, New Zealand

      Erin J. Garrick, Courtney L. Amundson and Philip J. Seddon

      Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21256

      Mallard duckling survival in Southland, New Zealand was unaffected by pasture type and was highest for older ducklings hatched from adult females that minimized overland movement but brooded far from anthropogenic structures and in the presence of ephemeral water. Therefore, we suggest managers improve mallard habitat, especially in areas relatively far from anthropogenic structures, by preventing and removing sub-surface drainage in pastures, creating seasonal wetlands.

    7. Northern bobwhite habitat use in a food subsidized pyric landscape

      Diana J. Mcgrath, Theron M. Terhune II and James A. Martin

      Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21254

      We investigated habitat selection of northern bobwhite in an intensively managed ecosystem across multiple spatiotemporal scales to understand the impact of management practices including supplemental feeding, seasonal field disking, and prescribed burning on probability of use. Bobwhites use supplemental feed during winter months, select for space proximate to disked fields during summer, and select for intermediate burn sizes and frequent fire return intervals year round.

    8. Nocturnal habitat selection of bats using occupancy models

      Benjamin P. Pauli, Patrick A. Zollner and G. Scott Haulton

      Version of Record online: 22 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21251

      Summary for Online TOC

      We modeled the probability of nocturnal site occupancy by 3 bats of conservation concern in Indiana using remotely sensed data. Covariates of occupancy differed by species but generally included measurements of forest composition and management, proximity to water, and the influence of anthropogenic development including roads.

  13. Reviews

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Clarifying historical range to aid recovery of the Mexican wolf

      James R. Heffelfinger, Ronald M. Nowak and David Paetkau

      Version of Record online: 21 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21252

      The original descriptions of historical range for the Mexican wolf were made when the animal was still present on the landscape, and are concordant with ecological relationships, physiography, morphology, and the principles of population genetics. This well-supported description of historical range should not be altered through the identification of similar habitat in other locations, the distribution of inadequately sampled molecular markers, or by theoretical arguments about movement capacity. Clarifying an accurate historical range of the Mexican wolf will be foundational to developing a scientifically defensible recovery plan.

  14. Research Articles

    1. An evaluation of northern bobwhite translocation to restore populations

      Michelle C. Downey, Dale Rollins, Fidel Hernández, David B. Wester and Eric D. Grahmann

      Version of Record online: 19 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21245

      We documented survival, reproductive effort, and site fidelity of translocated northern bobwhites and compared bobwhite relative abundance between release and control sites to evaluate the efficacy of translocation. Despite a strong demographic performance (high annual survival, high reproductive effort, and moderate site fidelity) by translocated bobwhites, we did not document a population response resulting from translocation of wild bobwhites beyond that of the control.

    2. Growth of black brant and lesser snow goose goslings in northern alaska

      Jerry W. Hupp, David H. Ward, Kyle R. Hogrefe, James S. Sedinger, Philip D. Martin, Alice A. Stickney and Tim Obritschkewitsch

      Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21246

      Summary for Online TOC

      High rates of gosling growth and standing crop of forage indicate that brood-rearing habitat has not limited the recent increase of black brant and lesser snow geese in northern Alaska. Continued population increases are likely, which could result in greater competition for forage on brood-rearing areas.

  15. Notes

    1. Seasonal variation and sexual difference of home ranges by takins

      Wen-Bo Yan, Zhi-Gao Zeng, Hui-Sheng Gong, Xiang-Bo He, Xin-Yu Liu, Yi-Sheng Ma and Yan-Ling Song

      Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21247

      Summary for Online TOC

      Annual kernel home range sizes of takins, Qinling Mountanis, China, averaged 25.3 km2. We recommend unified management by the related Nature Reserves used by takins to conserve this vulnerable ungulate.

    2. Carrying capacity of wintering American black ducks in forested wetlands

      Samantha R. Fino, Christopher K. Williams, Mark C. Livolsi, Kevin M. Ringelman, John M. Coluccy, Patrick K. Devers and Paul M. Castelli

      Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21242

      Summary for Online TOC

      Managers require estimates of energetic carrying capacity for areas used by black ducks to build landscape-level bioenergetic models. Recent evidence suggests forested wetlands provide useable space for black ducks; thus, we present food energy estimates for these areas to refine such models.


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