Autism Research

Cover image for Vol. 7 Issue 3

Edited By: Anthony J. Bailey

Impact Factor: 4.532

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 4/65 (Psychology Developmental); 5/49 (Behavioral Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1939-3806

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  • Classification of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder by Sensory Subtype: A Case for Sensory-Based Phenotypes

    Classification of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder by Sensory Subtype: A Case for Sensory‐Based Phenotypes

    Bayesian Information Criteria values for each Gaussian model (each represented by a different icon) considered in the analysis. Each Gaussian model used in this analysis is identified in the figure legend by a combination of the letters E, V, and I. The sequence of the letters indicates specific variance and geometric features of each model. For a detailed description of this methodology, please see Fraley and Raftery [].

  • Mice Exposed to Diagnostic Ultrasound In Utero Are Less Social and More Active in Social Situations Relative to Controls

    Mice Exposed to Diagnostic Ultrasound In Utero Are Less Social and More Active in Social Situations Relative to Controls

    Schematic of the three-chamber social interaction testing set up showing the virtual zones analyzed by the Ethovision software and positioning of Object A or Object B, each representing a novel object, or a novel stranger mouse in a novel object, or a familiar stranger mouse in a novel object.

  • Electroencephalogram Coherence in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorders: Decreased Interhemispheric Connectivity in Autism

    Electroencephalogram Coherence in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorders: Decreased Interhemispheric Connectivity in Autism

    Fisher Z-transform estimates of coherence in alpha frequency (A) across right frontal/left frontal electrode pairs and (B) across right temporal-parietal/left temporal-parietal electrode pairs for baseline and video stimuli conditions in the ASD group (filled) and TYP group (open). Error bars indicate ± 1 standard error. *P < 0.05.

  • A Meta-Analysis of Imitation Abilities in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders

    A Meta‐Analysis of Imitation Abilities in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Meta-regression plot showing Hedge's g effect sizes against the average ADOS severity scores of participants in ASD groups, for the comparison of ASD and non-ASD individuals' performance on imitation tests in the studies analyzed. Each circle represents a single study, and circle sizes are proportional to studies' sample sizes. A statistically significant strong negative effect of average ADOS score of the ASD sample on imitation effect size was found (βADOS = −0.199, P = 0.017). ADOS, Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; ASD, autism spectrum disorder.

  • Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample

    Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample

    Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scores by proband and examiner Behavioral Perception Inventory (BPI) ratings.

  • Propensity to Imitate in Autism Is Not Modulated by the Model's Gaze Direction: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Propensity to Imitate in Autism Is Not Modulated by the Model's Gaze Direction: An Eye‐Tracking Study

    Average number of visual fixations to the model's face in the averted and direct gaze conditions. Error bars represent standard error, **P = .001. ns = non-significant.

  • Gut Permeability in Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Gut Permeability in Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Mannitol recovery (% of dose) by diagnostic group as raw (unweighted) data; boxplots indicate median, lower, and upper quartiles, and outliers.

  • Classification of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder by Sensory Subtype: A Case for Sensory‐Based Phenotypes
  • Mice Exposed to Diagnostic Ultrasound In Utero Are Less Social and More Active in Social Situations Relative to Controls
  • Electroencephalogram Coherence in Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorders: Decreased Interhemispheric Connectivity in Autism
  • A Meta‐Analysis of Imitation Abilities in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample
  • Propensity to Imitate in Autism Is Not Modulated by the Model's Gaze Direction: An Eye‐Tracking Study
  • Gut Permeability in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Recently Published Issues

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Treatment Research in ASD

Autism Treatment Research
Anthony Bailey
Editorial

Since the launch of Autism Research, there have been exciting advances in the genetics and neuroscience of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Concomitantly, there has been a significant increase in the number of well-designed and controlled treatment studies, reflecting both the development of new, more effective developmental and behavioral interverntions, as well as pressure for research that addresses the immediate needs of affected individuals. READ MORE...

Improvement in Social Deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorders Using a Theatre-Based, Peer-Mediated Intervention
Blythe A. Corbett, Deanna M. Swain, Catherine Coke, David Simon, Cassanda Newsom, Nea Houchins-Juarez, Ashley Jenson, Lily Wang, Yanna Song
Research Article

Social Emotional NeuroScience Endocrinology Theatre is a novel intervention program aimed at improving reciprocal social interaction in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using behavioral strategies and theatrical techniques in a peer-mediated model. Previous research using a 3-month model sowed improvement in face perception, social interaction, and reductions in stress. The current study assessed a 2-week summer camp model. Typically developing peers were trained and paired with ASD youth (8-17 years). READ MORE...

Autism Research Scientific Summaries for Families with ASD

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Propensity to Imitate in Autism Is Not Modulated by the Model's Gaze Direction: An Eye-Tracking Study
Giacomo Vivanti and Cheryl Dissanayake
Volume 7, Issue 3

Scientific Summary for Families with ASD

Typically developing children are more likely to imitate a model when he or she establishes eye-contact prior to demonstrating the action. Individuals with ASD show a diminished propensity to imitate others’ actions, as well as a diminished interest and responsivity to others’ direct gaze. We hypothesised that failure to notice or to appreciate the model's direct gaze would be associated with a diminished propensity to imitate her actions in this population. READ MORE...

Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample
Katherine Gotham, Somer L. Bishop, Steven Brunwasser, and Catherine Lord
Volume 7, Issue 3

Scientific Summary for Families with ASD

Loneliness and lack of social connectedness have been shown to predict depression in typically developing adolescents and adults. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have intact cognitive ability may be at particular risk for depression because of greater awareness of their social deficits and greater desire for social connection. READ MORE...

A Meta-Analysis of Imitation Abilities in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Laura A. Edwards
Volume 7, Issue 3

Scientific Summary for Families with ASD

Imitation is essential for social and cognitive learning and typically arises early in development. Although imitation impairments are thought to be common in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), previous work has not yet determined whether these impairments are significant, specific to ASD, and present across the entire spectrum of this heterogeneous disorder. Studies on imitation in ASD also vary greatly in experimental design, including how they define and measure imitation. READ MORE...

Popular Rearch and Review Articles in Autism Research

Take advantage of FREE access to popular Research Articles and Review Articles in Autism Research for a limited time.

Two to Ten Years: Developmental Trajectories of Joint Attention in Children with ASD Who Received Targeted Social Communication Interventions
Amanda C. Gulsrud, Gerhard S. Hellemann, Stephanny F.N. Freeman, Connie Kasari
Research Article
Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2014

Serotonin Hypothesis of Autism: Implications for Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy
Rebecca A. Harrington, Li-Ching Lee, Rosa M. Crum, Andrew W. Zimmerman, Irva Hertz-Picciotto
Review Article
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2013

Classification of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder by Sensory Subtype: A Case for Sensory-Based Phenotypes
Alison E. Lane, Cynthia A. Molloy, Somer L. Bishop
Research Article
Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2014

Assessing the Minimally Verbal School-Aged Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Connie Kasari, Nancy Brady, Catherine Lord, Helen Tager-Flusberg
Review Article
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2013

Brain Function Differences in Language Processing in Children and Adults with Autism
Diane L. Williams, Vladimir L. Cherkassky, Robert A. Mason, Timothy A. Keller, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just
Research Article
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2013

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