Autism Research

Cover image for Vol. 7 Issue 4

Edited By: Anthony J. Bailey

Impact Factor: 4.532

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 4/65 (Psychology Developmental); 5/49 (Behavioral Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1939-3806

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  • Testing the Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Familial Design

    Testing the Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Familial Design

    (A) Mean z scores of digit lengths of children, corrected for age, age squared, and height. (B) Mean z scores of digit lengths of parents, corrected for height.

  • What and Why Understanding in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Williams Syndrome: Similarities and Differences

    What and Why Understanding in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Williams Syndrome: Similarities and Differences

    Sample of study phases for Experiments 1 (upper panel) and 2 (lower panel).

  • Prepotent Response Inhibition and Interference Control in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Two Meta-Analyses

    Prepotent Response Inhibition and Interference Control in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Two Meta‐Analyses

    Flow diagram showing the literature search and study selection process.

  • Susceptibility to Distraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Probing the Integrity of Oscillatory Alpha-Band Suppression Mechanisms

    Susceptibility to Distraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Probing the Integrity of Oscillatory Alpha‐Band Suppression Mechanisms

    (A) Topographic representation of alpha power for the two cued attention conditions and their subtraction, averaged over the 200 ms before S2 onset. Units are baseline normalized z-scores. (B) Topographies representing t-scores of significant electrodes resulting from paired t-tests of cue-auditory versus cue-visual alpha power in the 200 ms window prior to S2 onset across all electrodes, FDR corrected for multiple comparisons.

  • Family-Based Clinical Associations and Functional Characterization of the Serotonin 2A Receptor Gene (HTR2A) in Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Family‐Based Clinical Associations and Functional Characterization of the Serotonin 2A Receptor Gene (HTR2A) in Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Allelic expression in brain samples heterozygous for rs6311 in the extended 5′UTR. All brain samples heterozygous for rs6311 display significant allelic expression imbalance (AEI), with the major rs6311/G allele expressing 1.16 to 2.2-fold more mRNA relative to the minor rs6311/A allele. The magnitude of allelic expression is not significantly different across diagnosis groups. Note. dashed line represents 2 standard deviations of the within-sample assay error, indicative of significant AEI.

  • Electrodermal and Behavioral Responses of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders to Sensory and Repetitive Stimuli

    Electrodermal and Behavioral Responses of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders to Sensory and Repetitive Stimuli

    Models of hypothesized relationships between sensory and repetitive stimuli, sensory symptoms, repetitive behavior, and electrodermal activity (EDA) measures. MAG, magnitude of response; MD-BSCL, mean difference from baseline skin conductance level; NR, no response; RBS, Repetitive Behaviors Scale; SSP, Sensory Profile-Short.

  • Testing the Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Familial Design
  • What and Why Understanding in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Williams Syndrome: Similarities and Differences
  • Prepotent Response Inhibition and Interference Control in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Two Meta‐Analyses
  • Susceptibility to Distraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Probing the Integrity of Oscillatory Alpha‐Band Suppression Mechanisms
  • Family‐Based Clinical Associations and Functional Characterization of the Serotonin 2A Receptor Gene (HTR2A) in Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Electrodermal and Behavioral Responses of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders to Sensory and Repetitive Stimuli

Recently Published Issues

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Treatment Research in ASD

Autism Treatment Research
Anthony Bailey
Editorial

Since the launch of Autism Research, there have been exciting advances in the genetics and neuroscience of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Concomitantly, there has been a significant increase in the number of well-designed and controlled treatment studies, reflecting both the development of new, more effective developmental and behavioral interverntions, as well as pressure for research that addresses the immediate needs of affected individuals. READ MORE...

Improvement in Social Deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorders Using a Theatre-Based, Peer-Mediated Intervention
Blythe A. Corbett, Deanna M. Swain, Catherine Coke, David Simon, Cassanda Newsom, Nea Houchins-Juarez, Ashley Jenson, Lily Wang, Yanna Song
Research Article

Social Emotional NeuroScience Endocrinology Theatre is a novel intervention program aimed at improving reciprocal social interaction in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using behavioral strategies and theatrical techniques in a peer-mediated model. Previous research using a 3-month model sowed improvement in face perception, social interaction, and reductions in stress. The current study assessed a 2-week summer camp model. Typically developing peers were trained and paired with ASD youth (8-17 years). READ MORE...

Autism Research Scientific Summaries for Families with ASD

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Propensity to Imitate in Autism Is Not Modulated by the Model's Gaze Direction: An Eye-Tracking Study
Giacomo Vivanti and Cheryl Dissanayake
Volume 7, Issue 3

Scientific Summary for Families with ASD

Typically developing children are more likely to imitate a model when he or she establishes eye-contact prior to demonstrating the action. Individuals with ASD show a diminished propensity to imitate others’ actions, as well as a diminished interest and responsivity to others’ direct gaze. We hypothesised that failure to notice or to appreciate the model's direct gaze would be associated with a diminished propensity to imitate her actions in this population. READ MORE...

Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample
Katherine Gotham, Somer L. Bishop, Steven Brunwasser, and Catherine Lord
Volume 7, Issue 3

Scientific Summary for Families with ASD

Loneliness and lack of social connectedness have been shown to predict depression in typically developing adolescents and adults. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have intact cognitive ability may be at particular risk for depression because of greater awareness of their social deficits and greater desire for social connection. READ MORE...

A Meta-Analysis of Imitation Abilities in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Laura A. Edwards
Volume 7, Issue 3

Scientific Summary for Families with ASD

Imitation is essential for social and cognitive learning and typically arises early in development. Although imitation impairments are thought to be common in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), previous work has not yet determined whether these impairments are significant, specific to ASD, and present across the entire spectrum of this heterogeneous disorder. Studies on imitation in ASD also vary greatly in experimental design, including how they define and measure imitation. READ MORE...

Popular Rearch and Review Articles in Autism Research

Take advantage of FREE access to popular Research Articles and Review Articles in Autism Research for a limited time.

Two to Ten Years: Developmental Trajectories of Joint Attention in Children with ASD Who Received Targeted Social Communication Interventions
Amanda C. Gulsrud, Gerhard S. Hellemann, Stephanny F.N. Freeman, Connie Kasari
Research Article
Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2014

Serotonin Hypothesis of Autism: Implications for Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy
Rebecca A. Harrington, Li-Ching Lee, Rosa M. Crum, Andrew W. Zimmerman, Irva Hertz-Picciotto
Review Article
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2013

Classification of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder by Sensory Subtype: A Case for Sensory-Based Phenotypes
Alison E. Lane, Cynthia A. Molloy, Somer L. Bishop
Research Article
Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2014

Assessing the Minimally Verbal School-Aged Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Connie Kasari, Nancy Brady, Catherine Lord, Helen Tager-Flusberg
Review Article
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2013

Brain Function Differences in Language Processing in Children and Adults with Autism
Diane L. Williams, Vladimir L. Cherkassky, Robert A. Mason, Timothy A. Keller, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just
Research Article
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2013

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