Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Cover image for Vol. 7 Issue 1

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Impact Factor: 5.149

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 4/76 (Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1942-2466

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  1. 1 - 20
  1. Research Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Precipitation over East Asia simulated by NCAR CAM5 at different horizontal resolutions

      Jian Li, Rucong Yu, Weihua Yuan, Haoming Chen, Wei Sun and Yi Zhang

      Article first published online: 27 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000414

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      Key Points:

      • The rainfall distribution over East Asia improves with resolution increases
      • A new method is used to evaluate the simulated intensity-frequency structure
      • The intensity structure is more realistic in higher-resolution simulation
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The integrated urban land model

      Chunlei Meng

      Article first published online: 27 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2015MS000450

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      Key Points:

      • An integrated land model integrates the urban model with the common land model
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Processes and mechanisms for the model SST biases in the North Atlantic and North Pacific: A link with the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation

      Liping Zhang and Chuanhu Zhao

      Article first published online: 25 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000415

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      Key Points:

      • Climate models has cold SST biases in Northern basins
      • The cold biases in the Atlantic bias have remote impacts on the Pacific
      • The atmospheric bridge is the main pathway for connecting biases in both basins
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Role of water vapor and convection-circulation decoupling in MJO simulations by a tropical channel model

      Marcela Ulate, Chidong Zhang and Jimy Dudhia

      Article first published online: 19 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000393

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      Key Points:

      • MJO metric was developed to quantify simulated MJO events
      • Present evidence for possible precipitation-circulation decoupling
      • Error corrections needed for water vapor perturbations of planetary scales 1–3
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Convective response to changes in the thermodynamic environment in idealized weak temperature gradient simulations

      Sharon L. Sessions, Michael J. Herman and Stipo Sentić

      Article first published online: 19 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2015MS000446

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      Key Points:

      • Deep tropical convection is sensitive to the thermodynamic environment
      • Atmospheric stability determines the convective profile in WTG simulations
      • Parameterization scheme for horizontal moisture advection modifies convection
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      An LES model study of the influence of the free tropospheric thermodynamic conditions on the stratocumulus response to a climate perturbation

      J. J. van der Dussen, S. R. de Roode, S. Dal Gesso and A. P. Siebesma

      Article first published online: 12 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000380

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      Key Points:

      • Positive stratocumulus cloud-climate feedback found from steady state LESs
      • The LWP of top-driven stratocumulus depends mainly on free tropospheric humidity
      • Climate response attributable to change of bulk lower tropospheric humidity jump
    7. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Stepwise sensitivity analysis from qualitative to quantitative: Application to the terrestrial hydrological modeling of a Conjunctive Surface-Subsurface Process (CSSP) land surface model

      Yanjun Gan, Xin-Zhong Liang, Qingyun Duan, Hyun Il Choi, Yongjiu Dai and Huan Wu

      Article first published online: 8 MAY 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000406

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      Key Points:

      • Presented a multiobjective two-stage sensitivity analysis approach, which combines the merits of qualitative and quantitative global sensitivity analysis methods
      • Described the mechanisms of the terrestrial hydrological processes of a Conjunctive Surface-Subsurface Process (CSSP) land surface model
      • Identified dominant parameters and reduced parameter dimensionality for parameter estimation
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A single-column model intercomparison on the stratocumulus representation in present-day and future climate

      S. Dal Gesso, J. J. van der Dussen, A. P. Siebesma, S. R. de Roode, I. A. Boutle, Y. Kamae, R. Roehrig and J. Vial

      Article first published online: 26 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000377

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      Key Points:

      • The article presents a hierarchy of models: six SCMs, the corresponding GCMs, one LES
      • SCM biases: too shallow, cool, moist, and precipitating ABL, lack of clouds
      • Positive overall cloud feedback in line with LES but SCMs show a noisy behavior
    9. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The behavior of trade-wind cloudiness in observations and models: The major cloud components and their variability

      Louise Nuijens, Brian Medeiros, Irina Sandu and Maike Ahlgrimm

      Article first published online: 23 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000390

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      Key Points:

      • Models fail to couple cloud near cumulus tops with cloud near cumulus bases
      • Models vary the wrong component of trade-wind cloudiness
      • Models do not capture the processes that underlie cloud changes
    10. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quantifying the sensitivity of maximum, limiting, and potential tropical cyclone intensity to SST: Observations versus the FSU/COAPS global climate model

      S. E. Strazzo, J. B. Elsner and T. E. LaRow

      Article first published online: 23 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2015MS000432

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      Key Points:

      • Link statistical TC limiting intensity to theoretical TC potential intensity
      • Quantify differences in observed/simulated sensitivities of TC intensity to SST
      • Understand why GCMs miss the sensitivity of hurricane limiting intensity to SST
    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A multiscale modeling framework model (superparameterized CAM5) with a higher-order turbulence closure: Model description and low-cloud simulations

      Minghuai Wang, Vincent E. Larson, Steven Ghan, Mikhail Ovchinnikov, David P. Schanen, Heng Xiao, Xiaohong Liu, Philip Rasch and Zhun Guo

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000375

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      Key Points:

      • A higher-order closure is implemented in SPCAM5
      • CLUBB performs better in two-moment microphysics than in one-moment microphysics
      • CLUBB produces quantitatively similar improvements in the MMF and CAM5
    12. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Development of a Polar Stratospheric Cloud Model within the Community Earth System Model using constraints on Type I PSCs from the 2010–2011 Arctic winter

      Yunqian Zhu, Owen B. Toon, Alyn Lambert, Douglas E. Kinnison, Matthias Brakebusch, Charles G. Bardeen, Michael J. Mills and Jason M. English

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2015MS000427

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      Key Points:

      • Interactive PSC/stratospheric sulfate model embedded in CESM
      • Nonequilibrium growth of Type Ib PSC particles
      • Homogeneous nucleation of Type Ia PSC particles
    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Second-moment budgets in cloud topped boundary layers: A large-eddy simulation study

      Rieke Heinze, Dmitrii Mironov and Siegfried Raasch

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000376

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      Key Points:

      • Pressure-scrambling terms are crucial in Reynolds-stress and scalar-flux budgets
      • Third-order transport plays key role in TKE and scalar (co)variance budgets
      • TKE dissipation rate is underestimated with a diffusive advection scheme in LES
    14. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Resolution-dependent behavior of subgrid-scale vertical transport in the Zhang-McFarlane convection parameterization

      Heng Xiao, William I. Gustafson Jr., Samson M. Hagos, Chien-Ming Wu and Hui Wan

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000356

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      Key Points:

      • ZM convective transport resolution-dependence is determined by QE closure
      • Simple modification of closure improves significantly the resolution dependence
    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Ertel potential vorticity versus Bernoulli streamfunction in earth's extratropical atmosphere

      J. Du, T. E. Dowling and M. E. Bradley

      Article first published online: 11 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000420

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      Key Points:

      • Ertel PV correlates well with Bernoulli streamfunction in the extratropics
      • Mixed PV is only prevalent in the mid-mesophere, not in the lower atmosphere
      • Except in summer, a nondimensional correlation is ∼ 1 in the polar stratosphere
    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Modeling methane emissions from arctic lakes: Model development and site-level study

      Zeli Tan, Qianlai Zhuang and Katey Walter Anthony

      Article first published online: 11 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000344

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      Key Points:

      • CH4 emissions from lakes can be modeled by using a process-based model
      • Bubbling rate controlling N2 strippig predominantly determines CH4 concentration
      • The thawing of organic-rich yedoma permafrost can fuel sediment methanogenesis
    17. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The influence of misrepresenting the nocturnal boundary layer on idealized daytime convection in large-eddy simulation

      Bart J. H. van Stratum and Bjorn Stevens

      Article first published online: 11 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000370

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      Key Points:

      • A resolution study for the diel cycle of dry convection in LES was performed
      • Misrepresenting the NBL only has a small influence on daytime convection in LES
      • Low-resolution LES can be appropriate to study the diel cycle of convection
    18. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Exploring the concept of maximum entropy production for the local atmosphere-glacier system

      Thomas Mölg

      Article first published online: 10 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000404

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      Key Points:

      • Entropy production is calculated with a glacier-atmosphere model
      • In situ measurements support a state of maximum entropy production
      • This state is most important for internal system parameters
    19. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Parametric sensitivity analysis of precipitation at global and local scales in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5

      Yun Qian, Huiping Yan, Zhangshuan Hou, Gardar Johannesson, Stephen Klein, Donald Lucas, Richard Neale, Philip Rasch, Laura Swiler, John Tannahill, Hailong Wang, Minghuai Wang and Chun Zhao

      Article first published online: 10 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000354

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      Key Points:

      • Parametric sensitivity of precipitation and their dependence are quantified
      • Precipitation does not respond linearly and monotonically to parameter change
      • Much of sensitivity is from independent parameters instead of their interactions
    20. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Mechanisms of convective cloud organization by cold pools over tropical warm ocean during the AMIE/DYNAMO field campaign

      Zhe Feng, Samson Hagos, Angela K. Rowe, Casey D. Burleyson, Matus N. Martini and Simon P. de Szoeke

      Article first published online: 3 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000384

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      Key Points:

      • Intersecting cold pools trigger more clouds than isolated ones
      • Intersecting cold pools produce larger clouds and closer spacing among them
      • Larger clouds and closer spacing promote deeper convection

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