Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Cover image for Vol. 6 Issue 4

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Impact Factor: 5.149

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 4/76 (Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1942-2466

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  1. 1 - 27
  1. Research Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A multiscale modeling framework model (superparameterized CAM5) with a higher-order turbulence closure: Model description and low-cloud simulations

      Minghuai Wang, Vincent E. Larson, Steven Ghan, Mikhail Ovchinnikov, David P. Schanen, Heng Xiao, Xiaohong Liu, Philip Rasch and Zhun Guo

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000375

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      Key Points:

      • A higher-order closure is implemented in SPCAM5
      • CLUBB performs better in two-moment microphysics than in one-moment microphysics
      • CLUBB produces quantitatively similar improvements in the MMF and CAM5
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Development of a Polar Stratospheric Cloud Model within the Community Earth System Model using constraints on Type I PSCs from the 2010–2011 Arctic winter

      Yunqian Zhu, Owen B. Toon, Alyn Lambert, Douglas E. Kinnison, Matthias Brakebusch, Charles G. Bardeen, Michael J. Mills and Jason M. English

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2015MS000427

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      Key Points:

      • Interactive PSC/stratospheric sulfate model embedded in CESM
      • Nonequilibrium growth of Type Ib PSC particles
      • Homogeneous nucleation of Type Ia PSC particles
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Second-moment budgets in cloud topped boundary layers: A large-eddy simulation study

      Rieke Heinze, Dmitrii Mironov and Siegfried Raasch

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000376

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      Key Points:

      • Pressure-scrambling terms are crucial in Reynolds-stress and scalar-flux budgets
      • Third-order transport plays key role in TKE and scalar (co)variance budgets
      • TKE dissipation rate is underestimated with a diffusive advection scheme in LES
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Resolution-dependent behavior of subgrid-scale vertical transport in the Zhang-McFarlane convection parameterization

      Heng Xiao, William I. Gustafson Jr., Samson M. Hagos, Chien-Ming Wu and Hui Wan

      Article first published online: 18 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000356

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      Key Points:

      • ZM convective transport resolution-dependence is determined by QE closure
      • Simple modification of closure improves significantly the resolution dependence
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Ertel potential vorticity versus Bernoulli streamfunction in earth's extratropical atmosphere

      J. Du, T. E. Dowling and M. E. Bradley

      Article first published online: 11 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000420

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      Key Points:

      • Ertel PV correlates well with Bernoulli streamfunction in the extratropics
      • Mixed PV is only prevalent in the mid-mesophere, not in the lower atmosphere
      • Except in summer, a nondimensional correlation is ∼ 1 in the polar stratosphere
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Modeling methane emissions from arctic lakes: Model development and site-level study

      Zeli Tan, Qianlai Zhuang and Katey Walter Anthony

      Article first published online: 11 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000344

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      Key Points:

      • CH4 emissions from lakes can be modeled by using a process-based model
      • Bubbling rate controlling N2 strippig predominantly determines CH4 concentration
      • The thawing of organic-rich yedoma permafrost can fuel sediment methanogenesis
    7. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The influence of misrepresenting the nocturnal boundary layer on idealized daytime convection in large-eddy simulation

      Bart J. H. van Stratum and Bjorn Stevens

      Article first published online: 11 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000370

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      Key Points:

      • A resolution study for the diel cycle of dry convection in LES was performed
      • Misrepresenting the NBL only has a small influence on daytime convection in LES
      • Low-resolution LES can be appropriate to study the diel cycle of convection
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Exploring the concept of maximum entropy production for the local atmosphere-glacier system

      Thomas Mölg

      Article first published online: 10 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000404

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      Key Points:

      • Entropy production is calculated with a glacier-atmosphere model
      • In situ measurements support a state of maximum entropy production
      • This state is most important for internal system parameters
    9. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Parametric sensitivity analysis of precipitation at global and local scales in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5

      Yun Qian, Huiping Yan, Zhangshuan Hou, Gardar Johannesson, Stephen Klein, Donald Lucas, Richard Neale, Philip Rasch, Laura Swiler, John Tannahill, Hailong Wang, Minghuai Wang and Chun Zhao

      Article first published online: 10 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000354

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      Key Points:

      • Parametric sensitivity of precipitation and their dependence are quantified
      • Precipitation does not respond linearly and monotonically to parameter change
      • Much of sensitivity is from independent parameters instead of their interactions
    10. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Mechanisms of convective cloud organization by cold pools over tropical warm ocean during the AMIE/DYNAMO field campaign

      Zhe Feng, Samson Hagos, Angela K. Rowe, Casey D. Burleyson, Matus N. Martini and Simon P. de Szoeke

      Article first published online: 3 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000384

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      Key Points:

      • Intersecting cold pools trigger more clouds than isolated ones
      • Intersecting cold pools produce larger clouds and closer spacing among them
      • Larger clouds and closer spacing promote deeper convection
    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Self-consistency tests of large-scale dynamics parameterizations for single-column modeling

      Jacob P. Edman and David M. Romps

      Article first published online: 18 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000378

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      Key Points:

      • Self-consistency tests isolate errors due to parameterized large-scale dynamics
      • WPG and WTG pass self-consistency tests based on RCE
      • A new version of WPG eliminates an undesirable gravity-wave resonance
    12. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Uncertainty quantification for a climatology of the frequency and spatial distribution of North Atlantic tropical cyclone landfalls

      S. E. Tolwinski-Ward

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000407

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      Key Points:

      • First explicitly spatial model for a climatology of tropical cyclone landfalls
      • Uncertainty from multiple contributing sources rigorously quantified
      • Skillful statistical model is interpretable in terms of climatic mechanisms
    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Regionally coupled atmosphere-ocean-sea ice-marine biogeochemistry model ROM: 1. Description and validation

      Dmitry V. Sein, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Matthias Gröger, Irina Fast, William Cabos, Joaquim G. Pinto, Stefan Hagemann, Tido Semmler, Alfredo Izquierdo and Daniela Jacob

      Article first published online: 7 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000357

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      Key Points:

      • The regionally coupled climate model is validated for the North Atlantic
      • Ocean circulation and biogeochemistry in the northern North Atlantic
      • Atmospheric circulation and river runoff in Europe
    14. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Future climate change under RCP emission scenarios with GISS ModelE2

      L. Nazarenko, G. A. Schmidt, R. L. Miller, N. Tausnev, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, S. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K. K. Lo, S. Menon, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao and Jinlun Zhang

      Article first published online: 24 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000403

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      Key Points:

      • Global warming ranges from 1 to 4.5°C by 2100
      • Atlantic overturning circulation decreases by 2100
      • There is a collapse of the overturning in RCP8.5 in E2-R models
    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      An empirical model relating U.S. monthly hail occurrence to large-scale meteorological environment

      John T. Allen, Michael K. Tippett and Adam H. Sobel

      Article first published online: 20 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000397

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      Key Points:

      • Develops an empirical model to describe hail occurrence over the U.S.
      • Index is capable of capturing the interannual and seasonal variability of hail
      • Discusses the limitations of existing hail climatology from observations
    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Numerical simulations of Hurricane Katrina (2005) in the turbulent gray zone

      Benjamin W. Green and Fuqing Zhang

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000399

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      Key Points:

      • TC simulations with and without a BL scheme are substantially different
      • TC BL features are sensitive to grid spacing and choice of SGS parameterization
      • Despite differences among LEP runs the net effect on TC evolution may be similar
    17. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The effects of vortex structure and vortex translation on the tropical cyclone boundary layer wind field

      Gabriel J. Williams Jr.

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000299

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      Key Points:

      • Structure of wind field and secondary circulation depends on vortex structure
      • 3-D model is governed by vertical advection and vertical diffusion in inner core
      • Slab model is dominated by radial and azimuthal advection in inner core
  2. Review Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Sensitivity of decomposition rates of soil organic matter with respect to simultaneous changes in temperature and moisture

      Carlos A. Sierra, Susan E. Trumbore, Eric A. Davidson, Sara Vicca and I. Janssens

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000358

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      Key Points:

      • Large uncertainties in the climate controls on decomposition
      • Higher sensitivities in warm and moist regions
      • Lower sensitivities with temperatures below the freezing point
  3. Research Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evaluating uncertainty in convective cloud microphysics using statistical emulation

      J. S. Johnson, Z. Cui, L. A. Lee, J. P. Gosling, A. M. Blyth and K. S. Carslaw

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000383

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      Key Points:

      • Processes driving uncertainty in convective cloud physics are identified
      • Emulation makes comprehensive sensitivity analysis of cloud models feasible
      • Aerosol effects can be smaller than many microphysical uncertainties
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Short-term time step convergence in a climate model

      Hui Wan, Philip J. Rasch, Mark A. Taylor and Christiane Jablonowski

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000368

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      Key Points:

      • Convergence is slow in CAM5
      • Stratiform cloud parameterizations have large errors
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Decadal simulation and comprehensive evaluation of CESM/CAM5.1 with advanced chemistry, aerosol microphysics, and aerosol-cloud interactions

      Jian He, Yang Zhang, Tim Glotfelty, Ruoying He, Ralf Bennartz, John Rausch and Karine Sartelet

      Article first published online: 8 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000360

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      Key Points:

      • Comprehensive evaluation of improved CESM with surface/satellite observations
      • Comparable or better performance for improved CESM/CAM5 than CESM-CMIP5
      • Anthropogenic emissions can have sizeable impacts on radiation and climate
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Putting to rest WISHE-ful misconceptions for tropical cyclone intensification

      Michael T. Montomery, John Persing and Roger K. Smith

      Article first published online: 31 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000362

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      Key Points:

      • WISHE is not the essential intensification mechanism for TCs
      • WISHE is inconsistently represented in educational material
      • Some minimal enthalpy fluxes are only needed to maintain convection
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Tracking gravity waves in moist baroclinic jet-front systems

      Junhong Wei and Fuqing Zhang

      Article first published online: 20 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000395

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      Key Points:

      • Ray-tracing experiments are performed to study gravity waves in moist flows
      • Convection may force new waves and modify existing dry waves induced by jet
      • Thermodynamics effect may counteract, enhance, or even take over wind effect
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      An approach estimating bidirectional air-surface exchange for gaseous elemental mercury at AMNet sites

      L. Paige Wright and Leiming Zhang

      Article first published online: 19 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000367

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      Key Points:

      • Compensation points for surface mercury fluxes are reviewed
      • A bidirectional air-surface exchange model is proposed
      • Net deposition of gaseous elemental mercury is simulated
    7. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A modified ensemble Kalman particle filter for non-Gaussian systems with nonlinear measurement functions

      Zheqi Shen and Youmin Tang

      Article first published online: 19 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000373

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      Key Points:

      • We have extended the EnKPF method to systems with nonlinear measurement function
      • The modified EnKPF is shown to perform better than the EnKF
      • This method suggests a promising direction for non-Gaussian data assimilation
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Global energy and water balance: Characteristics from Finite-volume Atmospheric Model of the IAP/LASG (FAMIL1)

      Linjiong Zhou, Qing Bao, Yimin Liu, Guoxiong Wu, Wei-Chyung Wang, Xiaocong Wang, Bian He, Haiyang Yu and Jiandong Li

      Article first published online: 16 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000349

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      Key Points:

      • Description of a new generation AGCM, developed at LASG/IAP, and designed for CMIP6
      • Evaluation the simulated global energy and water balance in the AGCM
      • Identification of possible solutions to reduce the bias
    9. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quantitative attribution of major driving forces on soil organic carbon dynamics

      Yiping Wu, Shuguang Liu and Zhengxi Tan

      Article first published online: 16 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000361

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      Key Points:

      • Equilibrium SOC varies greatly depending on cropping and management practices
      • Fractional factorial design can help attribute contributions of driving forces
      • Residue management deserves a balance for carbon sink and biofuel production

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