Water Resources Research

Cover image for Vol. 50 Issue 6

Accepted Articles (Accepted, unedited articles published online and citable. The final edited and typeset version of record will appear in future.)

Impact Factor: 3.709

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 1/20 (Limnology); 3/79 (Water Resources); 25/215 (Environmental Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1944-7973


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  1. Research Articles

    1. Spatial and diurnal below canopy evaporation in a desert vineyard: Measurements and modeling

      D. Kool, A. Ben-Gal, N. Agam, J. Šimůnek, J.L. Heitman, T.J. Sauer and N. Lazarovitch

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 JUL 2014 04:51PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015409

      Key Points

      • Evaporation was quantified in a drip irrigated desert vineyard
      • Specific focus was on spatial and temporal variations across the inter-row
      • Adapted HYDRUS (2-D/3-D) model succesfully simulated evaporation patterns
    2. Improved regional water management utilizing climate forecasts: An interbasin transfer model with a risk management framework

      Weihua Li, A. Sankarasubramanian, R. S. Ranjithan and E.D. Brill

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 JUL 2014 04:30PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015248

      Key Points

      • Climate forecasts promote interbasin transfer
      • Spatial correlation between inflows and initial storage control the transfers
      • Low spatial correlation between inflows and/or initial storage promote IBT
    3. Impact of ambient conditions on evaporation from porous media

      Asaf Ben Neriah, Shmuel Assouline, Uri Shavit and Noam Weisbrod

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 JUL 2014 04:30AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015523

      Key Points

      • Cumulative evaporation during S1 was higher in low temperature
      • The evaporation characteristic length, Lc, decreases linearly with temperature
      • The resistance coefficient is constant in S1 and change with T for S2 and ep
    4. Saltwater-freshwater mixing dynamics in a sandy beach aquifer over tidal, spring-neap, and seasonal cycles

      James W. Heiss and Holly A. Michael

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 JUL 2014 04:12AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015574

      Key Points

      • Beach mixing zone varied over tidal, spring-neap, and seasonal cycles
      • Intertidal salinity varied inversely with the seasonal inland water table
      • Beach groundwater dynamics have implications for biogeochemical cycling
    5. Examining spatial and temporal variability in snow water equivalent using a 27 year reanalysis: Kern River watershed, Sierra Nevada

      Manuela Girotto, Gonzalo Cortés, Steven A. Margulis and Michael Durand

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUL 2014 04:00AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015346

      Key Points

      • Spatially and temporally continuous high-resolution SWE estimates are obtained
      • Length and resolution of the reanalysis are unprecedented
      • Interannually variable patterns and mostly nonsignificant trends were found
    6. Controls on groundwater flow in a semiarid folded and faulted intermountain basin

      Lyndsay B. Ball, Jonathan Saul Caine and Shemin Ge

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUL 2014 03:58AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014451

      Key Points

      • Numerical groundwater model of folded and faulted intermountain basin
      • Different landscapes form topography or permeability controlled flow systems
      • Geologic structure controls recharge mechanisms in valley aquifers
    7. Improving nutrient management practices in agriculture: The role of risk-based beliefs in understanding farmers' attitudes toward taking additional action

      Robyn S. Wilson, Gregory Howard and Elizabeth A. Burnett

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUL 2014 03:48AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015200

      Key Points

      • Farmers' attitudes are largely driven by perceived risk and response efficacy
      • The majority of farmers (~93%) have a positive attitude toward taking action
      • Younger farmers already enrolled in conservation have a more positive attitude
    8. Local and field-scale stochastic-advective vertical solute transport in horizontally heterogeneous unsaturated soils

      Richa Ojha, A. Prakash and Rao S. Govindaraju

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUL 2014 03:46AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015562

      Key Points

      • Local-scale model for solute transport is developed
      • The local-scale solutions are upscaled to field-scale solute transport
      • Analytical expressions are developed for mean field-scale resident concentration
    9. Reimagining cost recovery in Pakistan's irrigation system through willingness-to-pay estimates for irrigation water from a discrete choice experiment

      Andrew Reid Bell, M. Azeem Ali Shah and Patrick S. Ward

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUL 2014 03:46AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015704

      Key Points

      • Farmers are typically willing to pay more for canal water than is assessed
      • Those farmers with most reliable supply are willing to pay the most
      • There is potential to develop self-reinforcing cost recovery in the Indus
    10. Antecedent moisture conditions control mercury and dissolved organic carbon concentration dynamics in a boreal headwater catchment

      Claire J. Oswald and Brian A. Branfireun

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 JUL 2014 06:53AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014736

      Key Points

      • Mercury dynamics depend on antecedent moisture conditions
      • Mercury concentration-discharge relationships shift after dry periods
      • Changing runoff sources and flow pathways result in variable solute export
    11. Discontinuous Galerkin flood model formulation: luxury or necessity?

      Georges Kesserwani and Yueling Wang

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 JUL 2014 06:34AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014906

      Key Points

      • Improved flood model formulation
      • Comparative performance study
      • Implication to flood modeling practice
    12. Using multiple donor sites for enhanced flood estimation in ungauged catchments

      T. R. Kjeldsen, D. A. Jones and D. G. Morris

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 JUL 2014 04:22AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015203

      Key Points

      • statistical framework for optimal transfer of data from multiple donor sites
      • New performance measure accounting for at-site sampling variability
      • A minimum of six donor sites gives the optimal index flood prediction
    13. Robust, low-cost data loggers for stream temperature, flow intermittency, and relative conductivity monitoring

      Thomas P. Chapin, Andrew S. Todd and Matthew P. Zeigler

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 JUL 2014 02:49AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015158

      Key Points

      • High-resolution, long-duration, stream intermittency and temperature sensor
      • Measures relative conductivity and can estimate specific conductivity
      • Simple, low-cost, robust design, operates when frozen or buried in sediment
    14. Assessing the value of seasonal climate forecast information through an end-to-end forecasting framework: Application to U.S. 2012 drought in Central Illinois

      Majid Shafiee-Jood, Ximing Cai, Ligang Chen, Xin-Zhong Liang and Praveen Kumar

      Accepted manuscript online: 22 JUL 2014 04:30AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015822

      Key Points

      • Current seasonal forecasts can make farmers worse off in extreme droughts
      • Institutional interventions affect value of forecasts and farmers' decisions
      • Limited predictability of extreme droughts challenges exante assessment
    15. Approximate Bayesian computation using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation: DREAM_ABC

      Mojtaba Sadegh and Jasper A. Vrugt

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 JUL 2014 10:55PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015386

      Key Points

      • ABC is a vehicle for diagnostic model evaluation
      • Application of ABC requires availability of an efficient sampling methodology
      • DREAM(ABC) is 3-1000 times more efficient than other ABC sampling approaches
    16. Effects of tidal fluctuations on mixing and spreading in coastal aquifers: Homogeneous case

      María Pool, Vincent E.A. Post and Craig T. Simmons

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 JUL 2014 10:20PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015534

      Key Points

      • Identification of the controls of tidally driven dynamics
      • Systematic quantification of tidal effects on solute mixing and spreading in SWI
      • Quantitative guidance
    17. Economic analysis of the water demand in the hotels and restaurants sector: Shadow prices and elasticities

      Ana Angulo, Majed Atwi, Ramón Barberán and Jesús Mur

      Accepted manuscript online: 18 JUL 2014 03:22AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014085

      Key Points

      • Water consumption is largely out of control in the hotels and restaurants sector
      • The shadow price of water is higher than the observed price
      • Water price elasticity enables the use of pricing in water demand management
    18. Inference of reactive transport model parameters using a Bayesian multivariate approach

      Luca Carniato, Gerrit Schoups and Nick van de Giesen

      Accepted manuscript online: 18 JUL 2014 03:22AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014156

      Key Points

      • Effect of residual correlation is limited to strongly correlated cases
      • Linearly correlated residuals cannot account for model structural errors
      • Analytically integrating out covariances leads to efficient inference
    19. Detection of spatially limited high porosity layers using crosshole GPR signal analysis and full-waveform inversion

      Anja Klotzsche, Jan van der Kruk, John Bradford and Harry Vereecken

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 JUL 2014 04:11AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015177

      Key Points

      • High contrast layers generate specific waveguide phenomena in crosshole GPR
      • Novel amplitude analysis indicate discontinuous waveguide in GPR data
      • High resolution full-waveform inversion results are confirmed by porosity logs
    20. Modeling spatio-temporal impacts of hydro-climatic extremes on groundwater recharge at a Mediterranean karst aquifer

      Andreas Hartmann, Matías Mudarra, Bartolomé Andreo, Ana Marín, Thorsten Wagener and Jens Lange

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 JUL 2014 04:08AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015685

      Key Points

      • A new approach for spatiotemporal recharge estimation for karst aquifers
      • Impacts of hydro-climatic extremes on the entire karst system are elaborated
      • Recharge rates are more sensitive to a precipitation decrease than an increase
    21. Behavioral response to contamination risk information in a spatially explicit groundwater environment: Experimental evidence

      Jingyuan Li, Holly A. Michael, Joshua Duke, Kent Messer and Jordan Suter

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 JUL 2014 04:07AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015230

      Key Points

      • Economics experiments test groundwater user behavior with contamination risk
      • Risk information affects extraction behavior with invariant economic incentives
      • More extensive hydrogeologic information leads to more sustainable behavior
    22. Comparing vertical profiles of natural tracers in the Williston Basin to estimate the onset of deep aquifer activation

      M. Jim Hendry and Glenn A. Harrington

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 JUL 2014 03:46AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015652

      Key Points

      • Two naturally occurring tracers yield consistent and complementary results
      • Solute transport in thick (395 m) Cretaceous shale is dominated by diffusion
      • Water recharge into an aquifer during glaciation is the dominant palaeo-event
    23. Nonequilibrium water dynamics in the rhizosphere: How mucilage affects water flow in soils

      Eva Kroener, Mohsen Zarebanadkouki, Anders Kaestner and Andrea Carminati

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 JUL 2014 04:24AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014756

      Key Points

      • Development of a new model of root water uptake including nonequilibrium
      • Experimental evidence how mucilage alters hydraulic properties
      • Hydraulic nonequilibrium observed with neutron radiography
    24. Impact of numerical artifact of the forward model in the inverse solution of density-dependent flow problem

      Mohamed K. Nassar and Timothy R. Ginn

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 JUL 2014 03:40AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014672

      Key Points

      • Numerical errors in forward model play a big role in calibration success
      • Numerical errors roughen the objective function making the inverse nonunique
      • Some techniques to reduce the impact of errors are demonstrated
    25. Characterization of flow parameters and evidence of pore clogging during limestone dissolution experiments

      L. Luquot, T. S. Roetting and J. Carrera

      Accepted manuscript online: 14 JUL 2014 05:18AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015193

      Key Points

      • A new methodology to evaluate flow and transport parameters
      • Clogging phenomenum observed during calcite dissolution
      • Permeability-porosity/diffusion coefficient relationships are negative
    26. Single-parameter model of vegetated aquatic flows

      Ilenia Battiato and Simonetta Rubol

      Accepted manuscript online: 12 JUL 2014 06:30AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015065

      Key Points

      • Analytical model characterized by one fitting parameter
      • Velocities in the canopy and surface layers follow two different scaling laws
      • Good agreement between our model predictions and experimental data
    27. Modeling irrigation behavior in groundwater systems

      Timothy Foster, Nicholas Brozović and Adrian P Butler

      Accepted manuscript online: 12 JUL 2014 06:21AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015620

      Key Points

      • Declining well yields restrict optimal irrigated area and irrigation demand
      • Reductions in irrigated area are required to avoid damaging crop water stress
      • Failure to model well yield leads to overprediction of profits and resilience
    28. Assessing the impacts of fiscal reforms on investment in village-level irrigation infrastructure

      Christine E. Boyle, Qiuqiong Huang and Jinxia Wang

      Accepted manuscript online: 12 JUL 2014 06:21AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015125

      Key Points

      • Fiscal reforms reduced villages' capacity to fund irrigation infrastructure
      • There was a drop in upper-level government investment posttax-for-fee policy
      • Fiscal reforms least impacted farmers' irrigation investment
    29. A simple inverse method for the interpretation of pumped flowing fluid electrical conductivity logs

      R.S. Moir, A.H. Parker and R.T. Bown

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 JUL 2014 12:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013871

      Key Points

      • A simple method for automatic processing of pumped dilution tests is presented
      • The method allows depth varying hydraulic conductivity to be calculated
    30. Including adaptation and mitigation responses to climate change in a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm framework for urban water supply systems incorporating GHG emissions

      F. L. Paton, H. R. Maier and G. C. Dandy

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JUL 2014 05:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015195

      Key Points

      • Developing an urban water supply planning framework to mitigate GHG emissions
      • Analyzing the impact of minimizing GHG emissions on cost and supply security
      • Using a real-life case study to illustrate the planning value of the approach
    31. A vertically integrated model with vertical dynamics for CO2 storage

      Bo Guo, Karl W. Bandilla, Florian Doster, Eirik Keilegavlen and Michael A. Celia

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JUL 2014 05:20AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015215

      Key Points

      • A vertically integrated model with vertical dynamics is developed
      • It extends the applicability of vertically integrated models for CO2 storage
      • It maintains most computational advantages of vertical equilibrium models
    32. Hydrogeologic insights for a Devil’s Slide-like system

      Matthew A. Thomas and Keith Loague

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JUL 2014 05:18AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015649

      Key Points

      • Hydrogeologic study of a landslide-prone section of the central California coast
      • Simulated fluid pressures suggest that the slope is unconditionally unstable
      • Consideration of the unsaturated zone is important to understand slope failure
    33. Numerical assessment of potential impacts of hydraulically fractured Bowland Shale on overlying aquifers

      Zuansi Cai and Ulrich Ofterdinger

      Accepted manuscript online: 9 JUL 2014 02:54AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014943

      Key Points

      • Hydraulically Fractured Bowland Shale unlikely poses risks to aquifers
      • Horizontal mass fluxes significantly reduce pollution risks to aquifers
      • Flow and solute transport approaches must be used for the risk assessment
  2. Technical Reports: Methodss

    1. Identifying sampling locations for field-scale soil moisture estimation using K-means clustering

      Zach Van Arkel and Amy L. Kaleita

      Accepted manuscript online: 9 JUL 2014 02:16AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015015

      Key Points

      • Locations to monitor soil moisture can be found using topography and soil data
      • This method is accurate without the need to observe soil moisture a priori
  3. Research Articles

    1. Bed load fluctuations in a steep channel

      Tamara Ghilardi, Mário J. Franca and Anton J. Schleiss

      Accepted manuscript online: 8 JUL 2014 06:04AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014449

      Key Points

      • Observation of bed load fluctuations and correlated bed states in a steep channel
      • Correlational and phase analysis of bed load, flow velocity, and bed morphology
      • Link between velocity, morphology variables, and bed load transport is shown
    2. Extrapolating active layer thickness measurements across Arctic polygonal terrain using LiDAR and NDVI data sets

      Chandana Gangodagamage, Joel C. Rowland, Susan S. Hubbard, Steven P. Brumby, Anna K. Liljedahl, Haruko Wainwright, Cathy J. Wilson, Garrett L. Altmann, Baptiste Dafflon, John Peterson, Craig Ulrich, Craig E. Tweedie and Stan D. Wullschleger

      Accepted manuscript online: 8 JUL 2014 03:47AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014283

      Key Points

      • First effort to map the ALT using fine resolution remotely sensed data
      • A blended methodology incorporating RS data and statistical manipulation
      • Smaller-scale ALT is controlled by eco-hydro-geo variables
    3. Modeling hydrologic and ecologic responses using a new eco-hydrological model for identification of droughts

      Yohei Sawada, Toshio Koike and Patricia Ann Jaranilla-Sanchez

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 JUL 2014 12:22PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014847

      Key Points

      • We develop a new eco-hydrological model that can reproduce historical droughts
      • We quantify ecological responses to severe droughts by modeling plant growth
      • The response of agricultural drought is faster than that of hydrological one
    4. Epidemiology of urban water distribution systems

      Jean-Pierre Bardet and Richard Little

      Accepted manuscript online: 4 JUL 2014 11:20AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015017

      Key Points

      • Application of human epidemiology to water pipes breaks in cities
      • Stressors trigger failure waves in pipes weakened by fatigue and corrosion
      • Prediction of clustered pipe breaks with harvesting model
    5. Snow depth, density, and SWE estimates derived from GPS reflection data: Validation in the western U.S.

      James L. McCreight, Eric E. Small and Kristine M. Larson

      Accepted manuscript online: 2 JUL 2014 03:22AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015561

      Key Points

      • GPS-based snow depth measurements validated at 18 sites at peak accumulation
      • Snow water equivalent calculated based on modeled density and GPS-based depth
      • Near real-time, GPS depth and SWE are accurate enough for most applications
    6. Climate change, water rights, and water supply: The case of irrigated agriculture in Idaho

      Wenchao Xu, Scott E. Lowe and Richard M. Adams

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 FEB 2014 05:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014696

      Key Points

      • Farmers' responses to water supply changes depend on their water right priority
      • Climate change variations can cause substantial damages to irrigated agriculture
      • Major losses (up to 32%) are projected under future climate scenarios in Idaho
  4. Regular Articles

    1. Multi-resolution analysis of precipitation teleconnections with large-scale climate signals – a case study in South Australia

      Xinguang He and Huade Guan

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 OCT 2013 02:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013566

      Key Points

      • Multi-temporal & spatial patterns of precipitation teleconnections
      • Interdependence between climate signals at different time scales
      • Improving interpretation of monthly precipitation temporal variability
    2. An un-mixing algorithm for remotely sensed soil moisture

      Amor V.M. Ines, Binayak P. Mohanty and Yongchul Shin

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:31AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20061

      Key Points

      • An unmixing scheme for remote sensing soil moisture is developed
      • Stochastic unmixing provide soil-crop combination at local scale
      • Unmixing method validated using airborne remote sensing data
    3. On the separate effects of soil and land cover on mediterranean ecohydrology: Two contrasting case studies in Sardinia, Italy

      Nicola Montaldo, Roberto Corona and John D. Albertson

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:27AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20058

      Key Points

      • Comparison of evapotraspiration observations at 2 Mediterranean ecosystems
      • CO2 and water use efficiency at two competitive ecosystems
      • Investigate the role of the vegetation type on ET and CO2 exchange dynamics
    4. Uncertainty assessment of quantifying spatially concentrated groundwater discharge to small streams by distributed temperature sensing

      Florian Lauer, Hans-Georg Frede and Lutz Breuer

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:26AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20060

      Key Points

      • Low artificially created inflow fractions could be detected
      • Quantitative results are comparably to directly measured inflow fractions
      • Uncertainty gets larger closer to the detection limits
    5. Dynamically downscaled winter precipitation over complex terrain of the Central Rockies of Western Montana, USA

      N. L. Silverman, M. P. Maneta, S-H. Chen and J. T. Harper

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20055

      Key Points

      • NCEP-WRF winter precipitation reanalysis downscale is compared to PRISM
      • Largest differences seen at high elevations and west of continental divide
      • WRF predicts higher amounts of precipitation than PRISM at high elevations
  5. Technical Notes

    1. Analytical solution and simplified analysis of coupled parent-daughter steady-state transport with multirate mass transfer

      Roy Haggerty

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20057

      Key Points

      • Ratio of daughter to parent concentrations is a simple function
      • Ratio information that characterizes bed exchange and respiration


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