Water Resources Research

Cover image for Vol. 50 Issue 9

Accepted Articles (Accepted, unedited articles published online and citable. The final edited and typeset version of record will appear in future.)

Impact Factor: 3.709

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 1/20 (Limnology); 3/79 (Water Resources); 25/215 (Environmental Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1944-7973


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  1. Research Articles

    1. CO2 wettability of seal and reservoir rocks and the implications for carbon geosequestration

      Stefan Iglauer, C.H. Pentland and A. Busch

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 OCT 2014 03:45AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015553

      Key Points

      • Summary of state-of-the-art of CO2 wettability of seal and storage rock
      • CO2 wettability of rocks
      • Impact on residual and structural trapping capacity
  2. Replys

  3. Research Articles

    1. Dynamic aspects of soil water availability for isohydric plants: Focus on root hydraulic resistances

      V. Couvreur, J. Vanderborght, X. Draye and M. Javaux

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 OCT 2014 12:33AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015608

      Key Points

      • Soil water availability is expressed as a maximal possible water uptake rate
      • It depends on root hydraulic conductance and plant-sensed soil water potential
      • The effect of dynamic soil-root radial hydraulic properties is investigated
    2. Assimilation of SMOS-derived soil moisture in a fully integrated hydrological and soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer model in western Denmark

      Marc-Etienne Ridler, Henrik Madsen, Simon Stisen, Simone Bircher and Rasmus Fensholt

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 OCT 2014 12:29AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015392

      Key Points

      • SMOS is assimilated in a catchment-scale model
      • A new bias aware ensemble Kalman filter Approach
      • The method improves soil moisture in the model
    3. Controls on mixing-dependent denitrification in hyporheic zones induced by riverbed dunes: A steady state modeling study

      Erich T. Hester, Katie I. Young and Mark A. Widdowson

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 OCT 2014 12:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015424

      Key Points

      • Mixing and nonmixing-dependent denitrification in hyporheic zones is modeled
      • Mixing-dependent denitrification is often less than nonmixing dependent
      • Mixing-dependent denitrification increases with sediment hydraulic conductivity
    4. Exploration of discrepancy between radar and gauge rainfall estimates driven by wind fields

      Qiang Dai and Dawei Han

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 OCT 2014 12:34AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015794

      Key Points

      • We present a scheme to adjust wind-induced error on radar-gauge comparison
      • Downscaled wind can be used to simulate the movement of raindrop in the air
      • Wind effects on radar adjustment includes wind-drift and wind-turbulent errors
    5. Comparison of satellite rainfall estimates in the Blue Nile basin: lowland plain versus highland mountain

      Mekonnen Gebremichael, Menberu M. Bitew, Feyera A. Hirpa and Gebrehiwot N. Tesfay

      Accepted manuscript online: 20 OCT 2014 03:44AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014500

      Key Points

      • CMORPH has large bias
      • TMPA miss significant rainfall in the highlands
      • satellites overestimate light but underestimate heavy rain
    6. Lattice Boltzmann methods applied to large-scale three-dimensional virtual cores constructed from digital optical borehole images of the karst carbonate biscayne aquifer in southeastern Florida

      Michael C. Sukop and Kevin J. Cunningham

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 10:59PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015465

      Key Points

      • Large-scale simulation of 3-D explicit megapores in rock from borehole images
      • Lattice Boltzmann methods measure permeability where other methods challenged
      • Biscayne aquifer hydraulic conductivity estimated at 53 m s-1
    7. Analytical approximation for the recession of a sloping aquifer

      W.L. Hogarth, L. Li, D.A. Lockington, F. Stagnitti, M.B. Parlange, D.A. Barry, T.S. Steenhuis and J.-Y. Parlange

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 10:21PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016084

      Key Points

      • Provide analytical solution of Boussinesq equation
      • Provide understanding of recession of sloping aquifer
      • Simplify determination of aquifer property using Brutsaert's method
    8. Multisensor earth observations to characterize wetlands and malaria epidemiology in Ethiopia

      Alemayehu Midekisa, Gabriel Senay and Michael C Wimberly

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 04:49AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015634

      Key Points

      • Remote sensing produced an accurate wetland map for the Ethiopian highlands
      • Wetlands were associated with spatial variability in malaria risk
      • Mapping and monitoring wetlands can improve malaria spatial decision support

  5. Replys

  6. Research Articles

    1. Simultaneous measurement of unfrozen water content and ice content in frozen soil using Gamma ray attenuation and TDR

      Xiaohai Zhou, Jian Zhou, Wolfgang Kinzelbach and Fritz Stauffer

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 04:13AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015640

      Key Points

      • Unfrozen water and ice are measured in frozen soil
      • Unfrozen water content is independent of total water content
    2. Wind-driven nearshore sediment resuspension in a deep lake during winter

      Kristin E. Reardon, Fabián A. Bombardelli, Patricio A. Moreno-Casas, Francisco J. Rueda and S. Geoffrey Schladow

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 04:02AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015396

      Key Points

      • Field observations of nearshore sediment resuspension at Lake Tahoe in winter
      • Bottom shear stress derived from wind-waves, currents, and random motions
      • STWAVE to simulate sediment resuspension subject to a viscous-dominated flow
    3. The pronounced seasonality of global groundwater recharge

      Scott Jasechko, S. Jean Birks, Tom Gleeson, Yoshihide Wada, Peter J. Fawcett, Zachary D. Sharp, Jeffrey J. McDonnell and Jeffrey M. Welker

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 03:59AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015809

      Key Points

      • Recharge ratios are highest during the winter in arid and temperate climates
      • Recharge ratios are at a maximum during the wet season in the tropics
      • Groundwater ?18O and ?2H values are often lower than annual precipitation
    4. A climate change range-based method for estimating robustness for water resources supply

      Sarah Whateley, Scott Steinschneider and Casey Brown

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 03:42AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015956

      Key Points

      • A new metric is used to quantify robustness of alternative adaptations
      • The metric is independent of assumptions regarding future climate
      • Results show the additional robustness gained through adaptation
    5. Influence of the sediment supply texture on morphological adjustments in gravel bed rivers

      Carles Ferrer-Boix and Marwan A. Hassan

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 03:41AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015117

      Key Points

      • Experiments on how feed texture affects bed adjustments are conducted
      • Bed surface evolution is highly dependent on the feeding texture
      • Gravel fraction in the feed influences how bed load approaches the feed texture
    6. Monitoring reservoir storage in South Asia from multisatellite remote sensing

      Shuai Zhang, Huilin Gao and Bibi S. Naz

      Accepted manuscript online: 13 OCT 2014 11:03AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015829

      Key Points

      • A novel algorithm for estimating reservoir storage from satellite remote sensing
      • Storage time series for 21 reservoirs in South Asia from 2000 to 2012
      • Data products were validated by gauge observations
    7. The blue water footprint and land use of biofuels from algae

      P.W. Gerbens-Leenes, L. Xu, G.J. DeVries and A.Y. Hoekstra

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 OCT 2014 10:49AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015710

      Key Points

      • EU28 blue water footprint increases fourfold
      • Water footprints and land use among microalgae systems differ
      • Microalgal biofuels have smaller WFs and land use than biofuels from food crops
    8. Multimodel Bayesian analysis of groundwater data worth

      Liang Xue, Dongxiao Zhang, Alberto Guadagnini and Shlomo P. Neuman

      Accepted manuscript online: 9 OCT 2014 06:44AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015503

      Key Points

      • Joint consideration of geostatistical and flow model uncertainties
      • Combined assessment of added hydraulic conductivity and head data worth
      • Inverse solution of stochastic moment equations combined with MLBMA
    9. Coupled estimation of surface heat fluxes and vegetation dynamics from remotely sensed land surface temperature and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation

      S. M. Bateni, D. Entekhabi, S. Margulis, F. Castelli and L. Kergoat

      Accepted manuscript online: 9 OCT 2014 06:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014573

      Key Points

      • A novel data assimilation framework is developed
      • Remotely sensed LST and FPAR observations are assimilated
      • Surface heat fluxes and vegetation dynamics are estimated
    10. Stochastic temporal disaggregation of monthly precipitation for regional gridded data sets

      Stephan Thober, Juliane Mai, Matthias Zink and Luis Samaniego

      Accepted manuscript online: 8 OCT 2014 10:31PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015930

      Key Points

      • Generation of realistic precipitation fields based on low resolution ones
      • Quasi-stationary distributions that allow application during future periods
      • Spatial anchor sampling for simulation on grids of any resolution
    11. Enhancement of rainfall and runoff upstream from irrigation location in a climate model of West Africa

      Eun-Soon Im and Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

      Accepted manuscript online: 8 OCT 2014 10:14PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015592

      Key Points

      • The effect of irrigation location and scheduling on rainfall distribution
      • The mechanisms of local and remote impact of potential medium-scale irrigation
      • Enhancement of rainfall and runoff upstream from irrigation location
    12. Probabilistic collocation method for strongly nonlinear problems: 2. Transform by displacement

      Qinzhuo Liao and Dongxiao Zhang

      Accepted manuscript online: 8 OCT 2014 10:13PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016238

      Key Points

      • UQ methods may give bad results due to strong nonlinearity and non-Gaussianity
      • A new method is developed in case of strong nonlinearity and non-Gaussianity
      • The dTPCM yields accurate statistics and produces reasonable realizations
    13. A two stage Bayesian stochastic optimization model for cascaded hydropower systems considering varying uncertainty of flow forecasts

      Wei Xu, Chi Zhang, Yong Peng, Guangtao Fu and Huicheng Zhou

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 09:32AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015181

      Key Points

      • Two stage BSDP is developed
      • Considering varying levels of forecast uncertainty improves performance
      • Benefit reduction from use of longer inflow forecasts is mitigated
    14. Filling in the gaps: Inferring spatially distributed precipitation from gauge observations over complex terrain

      Ben Livneh, Jeff Deems, Dominik Schneider, Joseph Barsugli and Noah Molotch

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 04:32AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015442

      Key Points

      • SWE reconstruction is a novel way to estimate cold season precipitation
      • Multiplicative precipitation scaling is sensitive to gauge versus pixel errors
      • Map-based precipitation is viable over ungauged basins
    15. Modeling the effect of rainfall intensity on soil-water nutrient exchange in flooded rice paddies and implications for nitrate fertilizer runoff to the Oita River in Japan

      Makoto Higashino and Heinz G Stefan

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 04:24AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014643

      Key Points

      • The effect of raindrops on interstitial water motions
      • Nitrate-nitrogen runoff from paddy fields
      • Excess fertilizer in paddy fields causes coastal pollution
    16. Sensitivity of reference evapotranspiration to changes in meteorological parameters in Spain (1961–2011)

      Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano, Cesar Azorin-Molina, Arturo Sanchez-Lorenzo, Jesús Revuelto, Enrique Morán-Tejeda, Juan I. López-Moreno and Francisco Espejo

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 04:18AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015427

      Key Points

      • ETo is sensitive to changes in relative humidity and maximum temperature
      • There are spatial gradients in the ETo sensitivity
      • Trends in ETo are explained by trends in the aerodynamic component
    17. Understanding the hydrologic sources and sinks in the Nile Basin using multisource climate and remote sensing data sets

      Gabriel B. Senay, Naga Manohar Velpuri, Stefanie Bohms, Yonas Demissie and Mekonnen Gebremichael

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 04:08AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015231

      Key Points

      • Dominant water supply and sinks in the Nile Basin have been identified
      • Four countries show a positive, and three countries show a negative balance
      • Change in storage is substantial annually but not over longer time scales
    18. Pore-scale dynamics underlying the motion of drainage fronts in porous media

      Franziska Moebius and Dani Or

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 12:37AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015916

      Key Points

      • comparison of geometrical pore volumes and invasion event volumes
      • pressure fluctuation distribution over wide range of boundary conditions
      • Details of rapid pore invasions
    19. Why do households invest in sanitation in rural Benin: Health, wealth, or prestige?

      Elena Gross and Isabel Günther

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 12:34AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015899

      Key Points

      • Improved sanitation is used by wealthier and female headed households
      • Market prices for improved sanitation should go down to $50 USD
      • Security and health are households' most important motivations for sanitation
    20. Use of 7Be measurements to estimate rates of soil loss from cultivated land: Testing a new approach applicable to individual storm events occurring during an extended period

      Paolo Porto and Des E. Walling

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 12:32AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015867

      Key Points

      • Existing approaches to use 7Be for quantifying soil loss possess limitations
      • A new approach is proposed to document short-term soil redistribution
      • The approach is validated using data collected from an experimental plot
    21. Organizing groundwater regimes and response thresholds by soils: A framework for understanding runoff generation in a headwater catchment

      John P. Gannon, Scott W. Bailey and Kevin J. McGuire

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 12:30AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015498

      Key Points

      • Soil morphology is indicative of distinct water table fluctuations
      • Threshold storage-discharge relationships vary among soil morphological units
      • Soil spatial patterns are linked to runoff generation
    22. The concept of dual-boundary forcing in land surface-subsurface interactions of the terrestrial hydrologic and energy cycles

      M. Rahman, M. Sulis and S. Kollet

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 OCT 2014 12:27AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015738

      Key Points

      • A dual-boundary forcing explains the variability in land surface processes
      • Surface-subsurface interactions are observed at different space-time scales
      • Groundwater influences land surface processes under moisture limited conditions
    23. Relationships between stream nitrate concentration and spatially distributed snowmelt in high-elevation catchments of the western U.S.

      Danielle Perrot, Noah P. Molotch, Mark W. Williams, Steven M. Jepsen and James O. Sickman

      Accepted manuscript online: 6 OCT 2014 10:48PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015243

      Key Points

      • Snowmelt explained 68 and 44% of stream nitrate at CA and CO sites, respectively
      • Stream nitrate at the CA and CO sites exhibited opposite responses to snowmelt
      • Hydrochemical response to snowmelt was strongly affected by flow paths
    24. Dual-domain mass transfer parameters from electrical hysteresis: Theory and analytical approach applied to laboratory, synthetic streambed, and groundwater experiments

      Martin A. Briggs, Frederick D. Day-Lewis, John B. Ong, Judson W. Harvey and John W. Lane

      Accepted manuscript online: 6 OCT 2014 10:35PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015880

      Key Points

      • Mass transfer parameters are determined analytically from electrical hysteresis
      • Analytical parameter estimates are local and insensitive to experimental design
      • Model parameters are comparable to physically measured characteristics
    25. Storm-event flow pathways in lower coastal plain forested watersheds of the southeastern U.S.

      Michael P. Griffin, Timothy J. Callahan, Vijay M. Vulava and Thomas M. Williams

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 SEP 2014 10:47AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015941

      Key Points

      • Rainfall-streamflow response in coastal plain watersheds is clarified
      • Soil type and antecedent moisture strongly influenced stream response to storms
      • Data can assist management and planning for land use change impacts
    26. Seeking genericity in the selection of parameter sets: Impact on hydrological model efficiency

      Vazken Andréassian, François Bourgin, Ludovic Oudin, Thibault Mathevet, Charles Perrin, Julien Lerat, Laurent Coron and Lionel Berthet

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 SEP 2014 10:32AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014761

      Key Points

      • We produce a generalist list of parameter sets
      • Short-list calibration is evaluated on an independent catchment data set
      • With short calibration series, the generalist parameter sets give better results
    27. A parameter estimation framework for multiscale Kalman smoother algorithm in precipitation data fusion

      Shugong Wang and Xu Liang

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 SEP 2014 06:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014942

      Key Points

      • A multiobjective parameter estimation scheme for multiscale precipitation data fusion
      • Comparison to widely used maximum likelihood parameter estimation algorithm
      • The proposed scheme produced much better precipitation data at fine resolutions
    28. Spatially variable water table recharge and the hillslope hydrologic response: Analytical solutions to the linearized hillslope Boussinesq equation

      David N. Dralle, Gabrielle F.S. Boisramé and Sally E. Thompson

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 SEP 2014 09:17PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015144

      Key Points

      • To derive new analytical solutions in hydraulic groundwater theory
      • Spatially variable recharge alters hillslope base flow discharge properties
      • Spatially variable recharge alters the hydrologic effects of topography
    29. Channel evolution after dam removal in a poorly sorted sediment mixture: Experiments and numerical model

      Carles Ferrer-Boix, Juan Pedro Martín-Vide and Gary Parker

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 SEP 2014 03:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015550

      Key Points

      • New experiments on dam removal using poorly sorted mixture
      • Erosional narrowing-widening confirmed with poorly sorted mixtures
      • Numerical model highlights the key role played by mixtures after a dam removal
    30. Falling head ponded infiltration in the nonlinear limit

      D. Triadis

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 SEP 2014 03:00AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015787

      Key Points

      • New solutions are derived for infiltration under depleted ponded surface water
      • Errors in using Philip's popular Green-Ampt solution are quantified
      • A mathematically simple "converse" to the Green-Ampt solution is presented
    31. Nonlinear time series modeling of unconfined groundwater head

      T. J. Peterson and A. W. Western

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 SEP 2014 03:09AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014800

      Key Points

      • Groundwater hydrograph models cannot simulate episodic recharge and droughts
      • Nonlinear transformation of climate forcing overcame these weaknesses
      • Robust calibration required reformulation of existing time-series equations
    32. Pore by pore capillary pressure measurements using X-ray microtomography at reservoir conditions: Curvature, snap-off, and remobilization of residual CO2

      Matthew Andrew, Branko Bijeljic and Martin J. Blunt

      Accepted manuscript online: 12 SEP 2014 05:04AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015970

      Key Points

      • In situ capillary pressure was found by measuring interfacial curvature
      • Trapping was examined by comparing local pore shape to capillary pressure
      • We present a new formulation of capillary number based on pore-scale physics
    33. Quantitative generalizations for catchment sediment yield following forest logging

      James C. Bathurst and Andrés Iroumé

      Accepted manuscript online: 12 SEP 2014 04:54AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015711

      Key Points

      • Quantitative generalizations are derived for logging impact on sediment yield
      • Postlogging sediment yield increase lies within an order of magnitude
      • Sediment yield appears unaffected by the proportion of catchment logged
    34. Solute transport in low-heterogeneity sand boxes: The role of correlation length and permeability variance

      Peyman Heidari and Li Li

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 SEP 2014 11:55PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014654

      Key Points

      • Large correlation length leads to distinct stages of solute breakthrough
      • The 2-D ADE reproduces the BTC in HCO with lowest deviation from data
      • Correlation length potentially has stronger control than permeability variance
    35. Hybrid modeling and receding horizon control of sewer networks

      Bernat Joseph-Duran, Carlos Ocampo-Martinez and Gabriela Cembrano

      Accepted manuscript online: 9 SEP 2014 02:09PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015119

      Key Points

      • Sewer network modeling: common sewer network elements are modeled individually
      • Optimal control problem formulation for hybrid linear delayed systems
      • Case study: a receding horizon control strategy is applied to a real network
    36. Climate change, water rights, and water supply: The case of irrigated agriculture in Idaho

      Wenchao Xu, Scott E. Lowe and Richard M. Adams

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 FEB 2014 05:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014696

      Key Points

      • Farmers' responses to water supply changes depend on their water right priority
      • Climate change variations can cause substantial damages to irrigated agriculture
      • Major losses (up to 32%) are projected under future climate scenarios in Idaho


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