Water Resources Research

Cover image for Vol. 50 Issue 10

Accepted Articles (Accepted, unedited articles published online and citable. The final edited and typeset version of record will appear in future.)

Impact Factor: 3.709

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 1/20 (Limnology); 3/81 (Water Resources); 25/216 (Environmental Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1944-7973


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  1. Research Articles

    1. Predicting hydrofacies and hydraulic conductivity from direct-push data using a data-driven relevance vector machine approach: Motivations, algorithms, and application

      Daniel Paradis, René Lefebvre, Erwan Gloaguen and Alfonso Rivera

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 DEC 2014 07:44AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015452

      Key Points

      • CPT/SMR data used to estimate high-resolution 1-D K profiles
      • Hydrogeophysical data integration using relevance vector machines
      • K predictions from the learning machine agree with hydraulic tests
    2. Helical Flow in Three-Dimensional Non-Stationary Anisotropic Heterogeneous Porous Media

      Gabriele Chiogna, Olaf A. Cirpka, Massimo Rolle and Alberto Bellin

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 DEC 2014 03:06PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015330

      Key Points

      • Macroscopic helical flow occurs in 3D non stationary isotropic media
      • Helicity density is scale dependent and is used to describe flow topology
      • Stretching and folding metrics are used to describe plume deformation
    3. Electrical permittivity and resistivity time-lapses of multi-phase DNAPLs in a lab test

      Luciana Orlando and Beatrice Renzi

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 DEC 2014 02:58PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015291

      Key Points

      • Mapping and monitoring of separate and dissolved phases of DNAPL
      • Joint interpretation of non-invasive surveys of ERT and GPR
      • Controlled lab tests in saturated sand
    4. Upstream water resource management to address downstream pollution concerns: A policy framework with application to the Nakdong River basin in South Korea

      Taeyeon Yoon, Charles Rhodes and Farhed A. Shah

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 DEC 2014 11:29AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014201

      Key Points

      • Upstream management options for downstream water quality control are assessed
      • Long-panel hydrologic data are analyzed with a suitable econometric model
      • Our hydrologic-economic model is tested on a real-world case study
    5. A general reactive transport modeling framework for simulating and interpreting groundwater 14C age and δ13C

      S.U. Salmon, H. Prommer, J. Park, K.T. Meredith, J.V. Turner and J. L. McCallum

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 DEC 2014 10:14AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015779

      Key Points

      • New approach allows direct comparison of simulated and measured uncorrected 14C
      • Impacts of physical and biogeochemical processes are quantified
      • Organic C impacts on 14C and age estimates may be more prevalent than thought
    6. Grower demand for sensor-controlled irrigation

      Erik Lichtenberg, John Majsztrik and Monica Saavoss

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 DEC 2014 10:14AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015807

      Key Points

      • Sensor networks can be used to control water application with great precision
      • Initial adoption of sensor networks is likely to be relatively high
      • Diffusion of sensor networks is likely to be relatively rapid
    7. Impact of velocity correlation and distribution on transport in fractured media: Field evidence and theoretical model

      Peter K. Kang, Tanguy Le Borgne, Marco Dentz, Olivier Bour and Ruben Juanes

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 DEC 2014 10:13AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015799

      Key Points

      • Velocity distribution and correlation induce anomalous transport
      • Field tracer experiments in fractured media show role of velocity correlation
      • The proposed model incorporates both velocity distribution and correlation
    8. Hydraulic response in flooded stream networks

      Anna Åkesson, Anders Wörman and Andrea Bottacin-Busolin

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 DEC 2014 10:12AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016279

      Key Points

      • Different parameterization methods for a streamflow routine were performed
      • Physically based effects of stage dependency improved the peakflow predictions
      • Stage dependency of geomorphological and hydraulical dispersion mechanisms
    9. The effect of streambed heterogeneity on groundwater-surface water exchange fluxes inferred from temperature time series

      Dylan J. Irvine, Roger H. Cranswick, Craig T. Simmons, Margaret A. Shanafield and Laura K. Lautz

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 DEC 2014 06:03AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015769

      Key Points

      • Effect of streambed heterogeneity on temperature-derived fluid fluxes assessed
      • Synthetic temperatures produced using a numerical model where flux was known
      • Greatest flux errors occurred for phase shift where amplitude ratio >1
    10. Maximum likelihood parameter estimation for fitting bed load rating curves

      David Gaeuman, Craig R. Holt and Kristin Bunte

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 DEC 2014 06:02AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015872

      Key Points

      • Usual methods for fitting rating curves do not yield meaningful parameter values
      • Max likelihood gives meaningful parameter values and works with zero-valued data
      • Parameters from least squares are sensitive to assumptions about the variance
    11. Comparison of fluvial suspended-sediment concentrations and particle-size distributions measured with in-stream laser diffraction and in physical samples

      Jonathan A. Czuba, Timothy D. Straub, Christopher A. Curran, Mark N. Landers and Marian M. Domanski

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 06:47PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015697

      Key Points

      • Compared SSC and PSD from LISST-SL and physical samples at 16 sites in IL and WA
      • Effective density of 1.24 g/mL provided best fit value converting SSCV to SSCM
      • LISST-SL provides high temporal resolution of suspended sediment in rivers
    12. The quantity and quality of information in hydrologic models

      Grey S. Nearing and Hoshin V. Gupta

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 06:41PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015895

      Key Points

      • Models provide information of variable quality
      • Information theory must be adapted to measure model info
      • Dynamic systems models store information via induction
    13. High-resolution modeling of the spatial heterogeneity of soil moisture: Applications in network design

      Nathaniel W. Chaney, Joshua K. Roundy, Julio E. Herrera-Estrada and Eric F. Wood

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 06:41PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014964

      Key Points

      • Controls of soil moisture heterogeneity
      • Network design
      • High-resolution modeling of soil moisture fields
    14. Transverse mixing in three-dimensional nonstationary anisotropic heterogeneous porous media

      Olaf A. Cirpka, Gabriele Chiogna, Massimo Rolle and Alberto Bellin

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 06:40PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015331

      Key Points

      • Natural sediments exhibit nonstationary anisotropic structures
      • Nonstationary anisotropy causes secondary groundwater motion
      • Secondary motion enhances transverse mixing and dilution
    15. Agricultural virtual water flows within U.S.

      Qian Dang, Xiaowen Lin and Megan Konar

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 06:31PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015919

      Key Points

      • Internal virtual water flows in U.S. are 51% as much as global
      • The U.S. virtual water flow network is homogeneous, social, and equitable
      • A core group of U.S. States highlights potential network vulnerabilities
    16. Spatiotemporal interpolation of discharge across a river network by using synthetic SWOT satellite data

      Rodrigo C. D. Paiva, Michael T. Durand and Faisal Hossain

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 06:29PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015618

      Key Points

      • Model for discharge spatiotemporal interpolation based on SWOT estimates
      • A physically based correlation function for river discharge was derived
      • Model's feasibility is demonstrated in a case study using virtual SWOT data
    17. A soil moisture accounting procedure with a Richard's equation-based soil texture-dependent parameterization

      Simon A. Mathias, Todd H. Skaggs, Simon A. Quinn, Sorcha N. C. Egan, Lucy E. Finch and Corinne D. Oldham

      Accepted manuscript online: 5 DEC 2014 04:05AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016144

      Key Points

      • A practical method for estimating vertical percolation using soil texture data
      • Percolation rates are consistent with those predicted by Richards' equation
      • Vertical percolation rates are studied for a broad set of texture classes
    18. Ecohydrology in semiarid urban ecosystems: Modeling the relationship between connected impervious area and ecosystem productivity

      Catherine Shields and Christina Tague

      Accepted manuscript online: 28 NOV 2014 08:13AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016108

      Key Points

      • A method for estimating ecohydrologic impacts of impervious area connectivity
      • Disconnected impervious area runoff can increase urban vegetation
    19. Bayesian inversion of Mualem-van Genuchten parameters in a multilayer soil profile: A data-driven, assumption-free likelihood function

      Matthew W. Over, Ute Wollschläger, Carlos Andres Osorio-Murillo and Yoram Rubin

      Accepted manuscript online: 28 NOV 2014 08:13AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015252

      Key Points

      • Hierarchical simulation framework for likelihood function validation
      • Multilayer vadose zone parameter uncertainty characterization
      • Statistical representation of parameter heterogeneity
    20. A simple modeling approach to elucidate the main transport processes and predict invasive spread: River-mediated invasion of Ageratina adenophora in China

      Nir Horvitz, Rui Wang, Min Zhu, Fang-Hao Wan and Ran Nathan

      Accepted manuscript online: 28 NOV 2014 08:08AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015537

      Key Points

      • We present new simple method to examine spread rate by various dispersal vectors
      • Spread by three dispersal vector types quantified by 153 subcounties arrival time
      • Extremely fast invasion of a plant species is attributed to dispersal by rivers
    21. Tree-grass competition for soil water in arid and semiarid savannas: The role of rainfall intermittency

      Donatella D'Onofrio, Mara Baudena, Fabio D'Andrea, Max Rietkerk and Antonello Provenzale

      Accepted manuscript online: 28 NOV 2014 08:06AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015515

      Key Points

      • Arid and semiarid savannas are characterized by intermittent rainfall
      • Grass coexists with trees and has strong competitive effect on tree seedlings
      • The level of rainfall intermittency affects savanna occurrence and structure
    22. Time-variable transit time distributions and transport: theory and application to storage-dependent transport of chloride in a watershed

      Ciaran J. Harman

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 NOV 2014 06:50PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015707

      Key Points

      • Wetness-dependent catchment transport captured without coupled hydrologic model
      • Watershed transport dynamics are inverse to those of a "well-mixed store"
      • 1/f2 spectra of long-term chloride data set reproduced by inverse storage effect
    23. Robust Stochastic Optimization for Reservoir Operation

      Limeng Pan, Mashor Housh, Pan Liu, Ximing Cai and Xin Chen

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 NOV 2014 06:35PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015380

      Key Points

      • The first distributionally robust approach for this dynamic setting problem
      • Our tractable method performs well for both single and multireservoir systems
      • The proposed method is immunized against inaccurate distribution assumption
    24. Valuing recreational fishing quality at rivers and streams

      Richard T. Melstrom, Frank Lupi, Peter C. Esselman and R. Jan Stevenson

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 NOV 2014 04:08AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016152

      Key Points

      • Demand was modeled for recreational fishing to rivers and streams
      • Fishing site qualities were measured by biomass of five game fish species
      • Fishing sites were defined by hydrological boundaries and stream type
  2. Opinion Articless

    1. Are we unnecessarily constraining the agility of complex process-based models?

      Pablo A. Mendoza, Martyn P. Clark, Michael Barlage, Balaji Rajagopalan, Luis Samaniego, Gab Abramowitz and Hoshin Gupta

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 NOV 2014 04:08AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015820

      Key Points

      • Complex process-based models have strong a priori constraints
      • We provide an example demonstrating strong sensitivity of fixed parameters
      • Relaxing strong a priori constraints can help improve hydrology simulations
  3. Research Articles

    1. Characterization of water content dynamics and tracer breakthrough by 3-D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) under transient unsaturated conditions

      Markus Wehrer and Lee D. Slater

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 NOV 2014 11:10AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016131

      Key Points

      • Preferential flow is observed by ERT and a multicompartment suction plate
      • ERT provides quantitative information under unsaturated transient conditions
      • Specific shape measures are the basis for a quantitative understanding of ERT
    2. Analytical steady state solutions for water-limited cropping systems using saline irrigation water

      T. H. Skaggs, R. G. Anderson, D. L. Corwin and D. L. Suarez

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 NOV 2014 10:59AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016058

      Key Points

      • The decreasing availability of water for irrigation requires improved management
      • Models are presented that permit analyses of water-limited irrigated systems
      • The models have several advantages over available alternatives
    3. Economic costs incurred by households in the 2011 Bangkok flood

      Orapan Nabangchang, Maura Allaire, Prinyarat Leangcharoen, Rawadee Jarungrattanapong and Dale Whittington

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 NOV 2014 10:58AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015982

      Key Points

      • Economic costs were not a catastrophic financial loss for sample households
      • Given the depth of the flood, most houses incurred little structural damage
      • Compensation payments did little to reduce losses of the majority of households
    4. Incorporation of groundwater pumping in a global land surface model with the representation of human impacts

      Yadu N. Pokhrel, Sujan Koirala, Pat J.-F. Yeh, Naota Hanasaki, Laurent Longuevergne, Shinjiro Kanae and Taikan Oki

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 NOV 2014 10:56AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015602

      Key Points

      • Global land surface model with human impacts, groundwater dynamics, and pumping
      • Explicitly simulated groundwater withdrawal and depletion
      • Groundwater depletion in the Central Valley and the High Plains
    5. Water demand management in times of drought: What matters for water conservation

      Elena Maggioni

      Accepted manuscript online: 24 NOV 2014 04:18AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016301

      Key Points

      • Analysis of water agency-wide data
      • Comparison of price and nonprice conservation measures
      • Mandates are found effective, water rates and rebates are not
    6. Wavelet-based multiscale performance analysis: An approach to assess and improve hydrological models

      Maheswaran Rathinasamy, Rakesh Khosa, Jan Adamowski, Sudheer ch, Partheepan G, Jatin Anand and Boini Narsimlu

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 NOV 2014 07:46AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014650

      Key Points

      • New wavelet-based performance measure developed
      • New measure more useful than traditional measures
      • New measure can help improve a hydrological model
    7. Regional frequency analysis conditioned on large-scale atmospheric or oceanic fields

      Benjamin Renard and Upmanu Lall

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 NOV 2014 07:45AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016277

      Key Points

      • Conditioning hydrologic variables on spatial fields rather than climate indices
      • Multisite probabilistic prediction of the target hydrologic variable
      • Predictive skill is illustrated with a case study on Mediterranean floods
    8. A conceptual model of people's vulnerability to floods

      Luca Milanesi, Marco Pilotti and Roberto Ranzi

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 NOV 2014 07:45AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016172

      Key Points

      • An improved physically based model of human stability in a flow is proposed
      • Reduction of stability due to sloping terrain and fluid density is accounted
      • The model best matches the available literature experimental data sets
    9. Retrieval of river discharge solely from satellite imagery and at-many-stations hydraulic geometry: Sensitivity to river form and optimization parameters

      Colin J. Gleason, Laurence C. Smith and Jinny Lee

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 NOV 2014 03:36AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016109

      Key Points

      • River discharge retrieved solely from satellite imagery and AMHG in 34 rivers
      • Successful retrieval is strongly linked to channel morphology and form
      • Best practices for reach selection and parameterization are identified
    10. An error analysis of the Budyko hypothesis for assessing the contribution of climate change to runoff

      Hanbo Yang, Dawen Yang and Qingfang Hu

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 NOV 2014 03:34AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015451

      Key Points

      • Error analysis of the first-order Taylor expansion of Budyko hypothesis
      • A new method for assessing hydrologic response to climate variability
    11. Morphodynamics of river-influenced back-barrier tidal basins: The role of landscape and hydrodynamic settings

      Z. Zhou, G. Coco, M. Jiménez, M. Olabarrieta, M. van der Wegen and I. Townend

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 NOV 2014 03:29AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015891

      Key Points

      • Basin morphology is governed by competing the tidal and fluvial forcing
      • Landscape settings are fundamental in governing the evolution of basins
      • Empirical relations are affected by the presence of a large river
    12. Relating relative hydraulic and electrical conductivity in the unsaturated zone

      Chloe Mawer, Rosemary Knight and Peter K. Kitanidis

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 NOV 2014 10:02AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015658

    13. Quantifying stream thermal regimes at multiple scales: Combining thermal infrared imagery and stationary stream temperature data in a novel modeling framework

      Shane J. Vatland, Robert E. Gresswell and Geoffrey C. Poole

      Accepted manuscript online: 13 NOV 2014 04:26AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015588

      Key Points

      • A statistical model using diverse data accurately quantified stream temperature
      • Evaluating stream temperature at fine scales revealed important heterogeneity
      • Temperature data continuous in space and time are critical to guiding monitoring
  4. Commentarys

    1. Modeling and Mitigating Natural Hazards: Stationarity is Immortal!

      Alberto Montanari and Demetris Koutsoyiannis

      Accepted manuscript online: 13 NOV 2014 04:10AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016092

  5. Research Articles

    1. Integration of altimetric lake levels and GRACE gravimetry over Africa: Inferences for terrestrial water storage change 2003–2011

      P Moore and S D P Williams

      Accepted manuscript online: 13 NOV 2014 04:10AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015506

      Key Points

      • Terrestrial water change (2003-2010) for Africa from GRACE gravimetric data
      • Gravimetric signatures from change in surface water in lakes
      • Autocorrelation and appropriate stochastic model
    2. Improved Bayesian Multi-modeling: Integration of Copulas and Bayesian Model Averaging

      Shahrbanou Madadgar and Hamid Moradkhani

      Accepted manuscript online: 13 NOV 2014 04:07AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015965

      Key Points

      • A new technique (Cop-BMA) in multi-modeling of hydrologic predictions
      • Estimation of the actual shape of posterior distributions
      • High forecast skill with sufficient range of uncertainty for predictive PDF
  6. Technical Notes

    1. A method for characterizing desiccation-induced consolidation and permeability loss of organic soils

      Chelsea L. Arnold and Teamrat A. Ghezzehei

      Accepted manuscript online: 6 NOV 2014 03:29AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015745

      Key Points

      • Soils can deform by capillary stresses that exceed internal soil strength
      • Drying past historical maximum results in irreversible consolidation
      • The resulting permeability loss significantly alters hydrologic cycle
  7. Research Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Model selection on solid ground: Rigorous comparison of nine ways to evaluate Bayesian model evidence

      Anneli Schöniger, Thomas Wöhling, Luis Samaniego and Wolfgang Nowak

      Accepted manuscript online: 4 NOV 2014 07:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016062

      Key Points

      • The choice of BME evaluation method influences the outcome of model ranking
      • Out of the ICs, the KIC@MAP is the most consistent one
      • For reliable model selection, there is still no alternative to numerical methods
    2. Heat and mass transport during a groundwater replenishment trial in a highly heterogeneous aquifer

      Simone Seibert, Henning Prommer, Adam Siade, Brett Harris, Mike Trefry and Michael Martin

      Accepted manuscript online: 31 OCT 2014 03:33AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015219

      Key Points

      • Joint inversion of solute concentrations and temperature data and logs
      • Heat transport simulation in highly heterogeneous aquifer
      • Elucidated role of heat conduction between sedimentary layers
    3. On consumers’ attitudes and willingness to pay for improved drinking water quality and infrastructure

      Eftila Tanellari, Darrell Bosch, Kevin Boyle and Elton Mykerezi

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 OCT 2014 04:09AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014934

      Key Points

      • Consumers support improvements in public water infrastructure
      • Informational campaigns can increase acceptance of improvement programs
      • Consumer experiences positively affect their willingness to pay
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Incorporating spatial dependence in regional frequency analysis

      Zhuo Wang, Jun Yan and Xuebin Zhang

      Accepted manuscript online: 30 OCT 2014 04:07AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014849

      Key Points

      • Exploiting spatial dependence improves the efficiency of RFA
      • Larger gain in efficiency is possible when the spatial dependence is stronger
      • Estimation could be biased if the dependence model is severely misspecified
    5. CO2 wettability of seal and reservoir rocks and the implications for carbon geosequestration

      Stefan Iglauer, C.H. Pentland and A. Busch

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 OCT 2014 03:45AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015553

      Key Points

      • Summary of state-of-the-art of CO2 wettability of seal and storage rock
      • CO2 wettability of rocks
      • Impact on residual and structural trapping capacity
    6. Simultaneous measurement of unfrozen water content and ice content in frozen soil using Gamma ray attenuation and TDR

      Xiaohai Zhou, Jian Zhou, Wolfgang Kinzelbach and Fritz Stauffer

      Accepted manuscript online: 16 OCT 2014 04:13AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015640

      Key Points

      • Unfrozen water and ice are measured in frozen soil
      • Unfrozen water content is independent of total water content
    7. Falling head ponded infiltration in the nonlinear limit

      D. Triadis

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 SEP 2014 03:00AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015787

      Key Points

      • New solutions are derived for infiltration under depleted ponded surface water
      • Errors in using Philip's popular Green-Ampt solution are quantified
      • A mathematically simple "converse" to the Green-Ampt solution is presented
    8. Climate change, water rights, and water supply: The case of irrigated agriculture in Idaho

      Wenchao Xu, Scott E. Lowe and Richard M. Adams

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 FEB 2014 05:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014696

      Key Points

      • Farmers' responses to water supply changes depend on their water right priority
      • Climate change variations can cause substantial damages to irrigated agriculture
      • Major losses (up to 32%) are projected under future climate scenarios in Idaho


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