Water Resources Research

Cover image for Vol. 50 Issue 3

Accepted Articles (Accepted, unedited articles published online and citable. The final edited and typeset version of record will appear in future.)

Impact Factor: 3.149

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 2/20 (Limnology); 3/80 (Water Resources); 35/210 (Environmental Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1944-7973


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  1. Opinion Articless

  2. Research Articles

    1. An integrated economic model of multiple types and uses of water

      Jonas Luckmann, Harald Grethe, Scott McDonald, Anton Orlov and Khalid Siddig

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 APR 2014 03:20AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014750

      Key Points

      • Various water types and uses are integrated in a general equilibrium model
      • A complex water policy and pricing structure is developed
      • Water scarcity causes low welfare loss in Israel due to substitution
    2. Calculation of wastewater effluent leakage to pristine water sources by the weighted average of multiple tracer approach

      Guy Gasser, Irena Pankratov, Sara Elhanany, Hillel Glazman and Ovadia Lev

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 APR 2014 03:19AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014377

      Key Points

      • A protocol for quantification of wastewater leakage to water sources
      • Uncertainty-based weighted average of several domestic wastewater tracers
      • Comparison of acesulfame, carbamazepine, and Cl- wastewater tracers
    3. Interaction between neighboring vegetation patches: Impact on flow and deposition

      Dieter W.S.A. Meire, John M. Kondziolka and Heidi M. Nepf

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 APR 2014 02:56AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015070

      Key Points

      • Models of isolated patches are still valid for laterally aligned patches
      • The wakes of laterally aligned patches affect their deposition footprint
      • A positive feedback for lateral growth of a vegetation patch is identified
    4. Inference of permeability heterogeneity from joint inversion of transient flow and temperature data

      Zhishuai Zhang, Behnam Jafarpour and Lianlin Li

      Accepted manuscript online: 22 APR 2014 11:54AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013801

      Key Points

      • Joint inversion of flow and temperature for high-resolution aquifer connectivity
      • Fluid temperature can reveal aquifer layering and permeability with depth
      • Coupled heat and flow equation and adjoint model for Bayesian inversion
    5. Coupled multiphase flow and poromechanics: A computational model of pore-pressure effects on fault slip and earthquake triggering

      Birendra Jha and Ruben Juanes

      Accepted manuscript online: 22 APR 2014 11:52AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015175

      Key Points

      • New computational approach to coupled multiphase flow and geomechanics
      • Faults are represented as surfaces capable of simulating runaway slip
      • Unconditionally stable sequential solution of the fully coupled equations
  3. Editor's Preface to a Special Collections

    1. Large rivers in the Anthropocene: Insights and tools for understanding climatic, land-use, and reservoir influences

      Helmut Habersack, Daniel Haspel and Mathias Kondolf

      Accepted manuscript online: 22 APR 2014 11:48AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014731

  4. Research Articles

    1. Detection of changes in hydrologic system memory associated with urbanization in the Great Lakes region

      Guoxiang Yang and Laura C. Bowling

      Accepted manuscript online: 22 APR 2014 11:46AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015339

      Key Points

      • Both stochastic time series models and deterministic hydrologic model were used
      • Results based on regional studies are more reliable than from individual basin
      • The long memory change with urbanization was interpreted from a physical view
    2. First order-based cumulative distribution function for solute concentration in heterogeneous aquifers: Theoretical analysis and implications for human health risk assessment

      F. P. J. de Barros and A. Fiori

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 APR 2014 10:13AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015024

      Key Points

      • Concentration CDF and human health risk CDF
      • First order/2D/3D/sampling volume/statistical anisotropy in K
      • Explore the impact of the parameters in contolling the CDF shape
    3. What is the minimum river width for the estimation of water clarity using medium-resolution remote sensing images?

      Dehua Zhao, Meiting Lv, Xiangxu Zhou, Penghe Wang, Tangwu Yang and Shuqing An

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 APR 2014 04:30AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015068

      Key Points

      • We developed a procedure for water pixel selection for river remote sensing
      • A minimum river width (MRW) of 64.6-98.5 m was identified for a 30-m image
      • A successful estimation of river water clarity proved the MRW effectiveness
    4. A fast nonparametric spatio-temporal regression scheme for Generalized Pareto distributed heavy precipitation

      P. Naveau, A. Toreti, I. Smith and E. Xoplaki

      Accepted manuscript online: 21 APR 2014 04:28AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015431

      Key Points

      • A novel nonparametric approach for climate extremes is proposed
      • The method is fast and flexible
      • Simulations and a real application show the potentiality of the method
  5. Editorials

    1. Debates The future of hydrological sciences: A (common) path forward? Introduction

      Alberto Montanari

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 APR 2014 04:10AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015714

  6. Research Articles

    1. Active-distributed temperature sensing to continuously quantify vertical flow in boreholes

      T. Read, O. Bour, J.S. Selker, V. Bense, T. Le Borgne, R. Hochreutener and N. Lavenant

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 APR 2014 04:10AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015273

      Key Points

      • A prototype system monitored with DTS was deployed in a fractured rock aquifer
      • The temperature of a heated FO cable is sensitive to vertical fluid velocities
      • Empirical or an analytical relationship presented gives the flow velocity
  7. Opinion Articles

    1. Debates on Water Resources: The future of hydrological sciences: A (common) path forward? A call to action aimed at understanding velocities, celerities and residence time distributions of the headwater hydrograph

      Jeffrey J. McDonnell and Keith Beven

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 APR 2014 03:09AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015141

      Key Points

      • Celerity is faster than velocity
      • Watershed models are evaluated only against celerity
      • Velocity must be addressed in future watershed models
  8. Research Articles

    1. The vertical variability of hyporheic fluxes inferred from riverbed temperature data

      Roger H. Cranswick, Peter G. Cook, Margaret Shanafield and Sebastien Lamontagne

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 APR 2014 03:06AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014410

      Key Points

      • Temperature signals at depth represent the mean vertical flux along a flowpath
      • Magnitude of vertical flux decreases with depth through the hyporheic zone
      • Vertical fluxes have an effective "spatial footprint"
  9. Opinion Articles

    1. Debates on Water Resources: Using Models and Data to Learn—A Systems Theoretic Perspective on the Future of Hydrological Science

      Hoshin V Gupta and Grey S Nearing

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 APR 2014 03:02AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015096

      Key Points

      • Discovery can be advanced by taking a perspective based on Information Theory
      • Much can be gained by focusing on the a priori role of Process Modeling
      • System parameterization can result in information loss
  10. Research Articles

    1. Heat transport in hyporheic zones due to bed forms: An experimental study Submitted to Water Resources Research

      Francis A. Norman and M. Bayani Cardenas

      Accepted manuscript online: 19 APR 2014 03:00AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014673

      Key Points

      • Bedform-driven hyporheic flow drives heat transport
      • Strong variations in temperature fields
      • Thermally buffered adjacent to thermally variable areas
    2. Valuing water quality in urban watersheds: A comparative analysis of Johnson Creek, Oregon and Burnt Bridge Creek, Washington

      Noelwah R. Netusil, Michael Kincaid and Heejun Chang

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 APR 2014 07:08AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014546

      Key Points

      • Water quality is capitalized into the sale price of properties
      • Effect of water quality extends into the watershed
      • Studies should consider measuring water quality based on season
    3. Stochastic calibration and learning in nonstationary hydro-economic models

      M.P. Maneta and R Howitt

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 APR 2014 06:51AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015196

      Key Points

      • We use the enKF to calibrate an economic model of agricultural production
      • The enKF solves a regularized mathematical program
      • Recursive calibration of hydroeconomic models with noisy data
    4. An efficient hybrid approach for multi-objective optimization of water distribution systems

      Feifei Zheng, Angus R. Simpson and Aaron C. Zecchin

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 APR 2014 03:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014143

      Key Points

      • Decomposition is effective in facilitating the multiobjective network design
      • Mapping multiobjective problem by many single objective problems is effective
      • Coupled NLP and SAMODE significantly improves the efficiency
    5. Joint inversion of aquifer test, MRS and TEM data

      Troels N. Vilhelmsen, Ahmad A. Behroozmand, Steen Christensen and Toke H. Nielsen

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 APR 2014 03:09AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014679

      Key Points

      • Documentation of joint inversion methodology
      • Incorporation of geophysics into groundwater models
    6. Uncertainty compliant design-flood estimation

      A. Botto, D. Ganora, F. Laio and P. Claps

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 APR 2014 03:05AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014981

      Key Points

      • Uncertainty is accouted by UNcertainty COmpliant design-flood estimation method
      • UNcertainty COmpliant DEsign estimates are larger than standard design values
    7. A Kalman filter powered by H2 matrices for quasi-continuous data assimilation problems

      Judith Yue Li, Sivaram Ambikasaran, Eric F. Darve and Peter K. Kitanidis

      Accepted manuscript online: 17 APR 2014 02:55AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014607

      Key Points

      • HiKF reduces the computational cost of KF to linear complexity
      • HiKF is a time-series analysis tool for real-time reservoir monitoring
    8. Effect of soil properties on peat erosion and suspended sediment delivery in drained peatlands

      Tapio Tuukkanen, Hannu Marttila and Bjørn Kløve

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015206

      Key Points

      • Peat soil properties were related to sediment erodibility and sediment transport
      • Increasing degree of humification reduced erosion thresholds
      • Armoring by fibers was observed for moderately decomposed peat
    9. Hydraulic conductivity field characterization from the joint inversion of hydraulic heads and self-potential data

      A. Soueid Ahmed, A. Jardani, A. Revil and J.P. Dupont

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:56AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014645

      Key Points

      • Self-potential and head data are complementary to asses permeability
      • A joint inversion is proposed using the adjoint-state approach
      • Four synthetic case studies are evaluated
    10. Linking climate projections to performance: A yield-based decision scaling assessment of a large urban water resources system

      Sean W. D. Turner, Paul J. Jeffrey, David Marlow, Marie Ekström, Bruce G. Rhodes and Udaya Kularathna

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:56AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015156

      Key Points

      • A yield-based decision scaling method is developed
      • Decision scaling is successfully applied to the Melbourne supply system
      • Scope for wider application in urban water resources planning is discussed
    11. The variability of vertical structure of precipitation in Huaihe River Basin of China: Implications from long-term spaceborne observations with TRMM precipitation radar

      Qing Cao and Youcun Qi

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:50AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014555

      Key Points

      • Spaceborne radar measured precipitation
      • Variability of Vertical structure of precipitation
      • Climatological VPR for radar QPE
    12. Developing a consistent process-based conceptualization of catchment functioning using measurements of internal state variables

      Christian Birkel, Chris Soulsby and Dörthe Tetzlaff

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:50AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014925

      Key Points

      • Internal state and flux data improve consistency in calibrated models
      • Soil isotope data has the highest information content for model calibration
      • Water age tracking is a useful model diagnostic of system function
    13. Analytical solutions for two-phase subsurface flow to a leaky fault considering vertical flow effects and fault properties

      Mary Kang, Jan M. Nordbotten, Florian Doster and Michael A. Celia

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:38AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014628

      Key Points

      • Analytical solutions for multiphase leakage through faults are developed
      • Analytical solutions are designed for inclusion in a multiscale model
      • Fault properties are represented in the analytical model
    14. Analysis of the impact of surface layer properties on evaporation from porous systems using column experiments and modified definition of characteristic length

      Shmuel Assouline, Kfir Narkis, Rivka Gherabli, Philippe Lefort and Marc Prat

      Accepted manuscript online: 15 APR 2014 07:37AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014489

      Key Points

      • Hydraulic properties of the soil surface affect evaporation
      • Methods for determining the characteristic lengths of the systems are presented
      • Comparison with solution of Richards equation presented
    15. Sensitivity of summer stream temperatures to climate variability in the Pacific Northwest

      Charles Luce, Brian Staab, Marc Kramer, Seth Wenger, Dan Isaak and Callie McConnell

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 APR 2014 12:03AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014329

      Key Points

      • Cold streams are less sensitive to warming than warm streams
      • Warm streams had greater variance in sensitivity estimates than cold streams
      • Interannual scale sensitivity estimates may vary from subannual scale estimates
    16. Development of the global width database for large rivers

      Dai Yamazaki, Fiachra O'Loughlin, Mark A. Trigg, Zachary F. Miller, Tamlin M. Pavelsky and Paul D. Bates

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 APR 2014 12:02AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014664

      Key Points

      • Global Width Database for Large Rivers (GWD-LR) based on satellite water mask
      • River width of GWD-LR is calculated along the HydroSHEDS flow direction map
      • GWD-LR shows good consistency to existing basin-scale river width data sets
    17. Relative permeability of homogenous-wet and mixed-wet porous media as determined by pore-scale lattice Boltzmann modeling

      C. J. Landry, Z. T. Karpyn and O. Ayala

      Accepted manuscript online: 11 APR 2014 12:01AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015148

      Key Points

      • Lattice Boltzmann simulation interfacial areas match experimental trends
      • Wetting phase relative permeability is unaffected by wettability alteration
      • Non-wetting phase relative permeability is decreased by wettability alteration
    18. A 3-D hydrologic transport model of a water recharge system using carbamazepine and chloride as tracers

      Michael Rona, Guy Gasser, Ido Negev, Irena Pankratov, Sara Elhanany, Ovadia Lev and Haim Gvirtzman

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 APR 2014 11:57PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014759

      Key Points

      • First use of a micropollutant tracer for calibration of 3-D hydrological model
      • Carbamazepine lacks historic data; was combined with Cl for the calibration
      • Artificial tracer was used to quantify water mixing rather than solute mixing
    19. On the analysis of the medium term planform dynamics of meandering rivers

      Ronald R. Gutierrez and Jorge. D. Abad

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 APR 2014 11:55PM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2012WR013358

      Key Points

      • Mean center and centerline cross correlation
    20. A vulnerability driven approach to identify adverse climate and land use change combinations for critical hydrologic indicator thresholds—Application to a watershed in Pennsylvania, USA

      R. Singh, T. Wagener, R. Crane, M.E. Mann and L. Ning

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 APR 2014 02:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014988

      Key Points

      • Method provides valuable information to decision maker in large uncertainties
      • Stakeholders define critical thresholds for hydrologic indicators of interest
      • We identify land use and climate change combinations that cause vulnerability
    21. Characterization of runoff-storage relationships by satellite gravimetry and remote sensing

      J. Riegger and M. J. Tourian

      Accepted manuscript online: 8 APR 2014 11:50AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013847

      Key Points

      • Identification of linear relationschip between runoff and coupled storage
      • Quantification of time lag between storage and runoff for large-scale systems
      • Separation of uncoupled/coupled storage by GRACE and remote sensing
    22. Statistical framework to simulate daily rainfall series conditional on upper-air predictor variables

      Andreas Langousis and Vassilios Kaleris

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 APR 2014 08:28AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014936

      Key Points

      • Rainfall statistics can be reproduced by conditioning on atmospheric forcing
      • Rainfall scaling and extremes can be modeled conditional on upper-air indices
      • Climatic features of rainfall can be modeled conditional on upper-air variables
  11. Editorials

    1. You have free access to this content
      Joint Editorial – On the future of journal publications in hydrology

      Günter Blöschl, András Bárdossy, Demetris Koutsoyiannis, Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz, Ian Littlewood, Alberto Montanari and Hubert Savenije

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 APR 2014 08:24AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015613

  12. Technical Notes

    1. Quantile regression for investigating scaling of extreme precipitation with temperature

      Conrad Wasko and Ashish Sharma

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 APR 2014 08:15AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015194

      Key Points

      • Using binning approaches can result in bias
      • Use of quantile regression for scaling of precipitation with temperature
      • Inclusion of covariates in scaling relationship
  13. Review Articles

    1. Image processing of multiphase images obtained via X-ray microtomography: A review

      Steffen Schlüter, Adrian Sheppard, Kendra Brown and Dorthe Wildenschild

      Accepted manuscript online: 7 APR 2014 08:07AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015256

      Key Points

      • First survey of image processing methods for multiphase fluid images
      • A novel protocol is suitable for various types of porous media
      • Many routines come with a freely available open-source library
  14. Technical Notes

    1. Flume testing of underwater seep detection using temperature sensing on or just below the surface of sand or gravel sediments

      F. Selker and J.S. Selker

      Accepted manuscript online: 3 APR 2014 04:36AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015257

      Key Points

      • Surface flow affects apparent seep temperature
      • Sediment texture affects sensitivity to lateral flow
      • Burial of sensors is the most robust approach to thermal seepage detection
  15. Research Articles

    1. Lateral inflows, stream–groundwater exchange, and network geometry influence stream water composition

      John Mallard, Brian McGlynn and Tim Covino

      Accepted manuscript online: 25 MAR 2014 10:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014944

      Key Points

      • Hydrologic turnover is induced by gains and losses along a stream network
      • Watershed and network shape induce distinct patterns of hydrologic turnover
      • Hydrologic turnover modifies watershed signals
    2. Climate change, water rights, and water supply: The case of irrigated agriculture in Idaho

      Wenchao Xu, Scott E. Lowe and Richard M. Adams

      Accepted manuscript online: 27 FEB 2014 05:57AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014696

      Key Points

      • Farmers' responses to water supply changes depend on their water right priority
      • Climate change variations can cause substantial damages to irrigated agriculture
      • Major losses (up to 32%) are projected under future climate scenarios in Idaho
    3. Retracted: Reliable probabilistic forecasts from an ensemble reservoir inflow forecasting system

      Dominique R. Bourdin, Thomas N. Nipen and Roland B. Stull

      Accepted manuscript online: 23 DEC 2013 11:44AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014228

      Key Points

      • Shape of forecast PDF should match that of forecast errors to ensure reliability
      • Forecast errors and, therefore, the ideal probability model may vary seasonally
      • The new probability calibrator improves on shortcomings of its predecessor
  16. Regular Articles

    1. Multi-resolution analysis of precipitation teleconnections with large-scale climate signals – a case study in South Australia

      Xinguang He and Huade Guan

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 OCT 2013 02:35AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013566

      Key Points

      • Multi-temporal & spatial patterns of precipitation teleconnections
      • Interdependence between climate signals at different time scales
      • Improving interpretation of monthly precipitation temporal variability
    2. An un-mixing algorithm for remotely sensed soil moisture

      Amor V.M. Ines, Binayak P. Mohanty and Yongchul Shin

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:31AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20061

      Key Points

      • An unmixing scheme for remote sensing soil moisture is developed
      • Stochastic unmixing provide soil-crop combination at local scale
      • Unmixing method validated using airborne remote sensing data
    3. On the separate effects of soil and land cover on mediterranean ecohydrology: Two contrasting case studies in Sardinia, Italy

      Nicola Montaldo, Roberto Corona and John D. Albertson

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:27AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20058

      Key Points

      • Comparison of evapotraspiration observations at 2 Mediterranean ecosystems
      • CO2 and water use efficiency at two competitive ecosystems
      • Investigate the role of the vegetation type on ET and CO2 exchange dynamics
    4. Uncertainty assessment of quantifying spatially concentrated groundwater discharge to small streams by distributed temperature sensing

      Florian Lauer, Hans-Georg Frede and Lutz Breuer

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:26AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20060

      Key Points

      • Low artificially created inflow fractions could be detected
      • Quantitative results are comparably to directly measured inflow fractions
      • Uncertainty gets larger closer to the detection limits
    5. Dynamically downscaled winter precipitation over complex terrain of the Central Rockies of Western Montana, USA

      N. L. Silverman, M. P. Maneta, S-H. Chen and J. T. Harper

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20055

      Key Points

      • NCEP-WRF winter precipitation reanalysis downscale is compared to PRISM
      • Largest differences seen at high elevations and west of continental divide
      • WRF predicts higher amounts of precipitation than PRISM at high elevations
  17. Technical Notes

    1. Analytical solution and simplified analysis of coupled parent-daughter steady-state transport with multirate mass transfer

      Roy Haggerty

      Accepted manuscript online: 10 JAN 2013 09:25AM EST | DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20057

      Key Points

      • Ratio of daughter to parent concentrations is a simple function
      • Ratio information that characterizes bed exchange and respiration


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