Water Resources Research

Cover image for Vol. 50 Issue 11

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Impact Factor: 3.709

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 1/20 (Limnology); 3/81 (Water Resources); 25/216 (Environmental Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1944-7973

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  1. 1 - 28
  1. Research Articles

    1. Heat and mass transport during a groundwater replenishment trial in a highly heterogeneous aquifer

      Simone Seibert, Henning Prommer, Adam Siade, Brett Harris, Mike Trefry and Michael Martin

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015219

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      Key Points:

      • Joint inversion of solute concentrations and temperature data and logs
      • Heat transport simulation in highly heterogeneous aquifer
      • Elucidated role of heat conduction between sedimentary layers
    2. Morphodynamics of river-influenced back-barrier tidal basins: The role of landscape and hydrodynamic settings

      Z. Zhou, G. Coco, M. Jiménez, M. Olabarrieta, M. van der Wegen and I. Townend

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015891

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      Key Points:

      • Basin morphology is governed by competing the tidal and fluvial forcing
      • Landscape settings are fundamental in governing the evolution of basins
      • Empirical relations are affected by the presence of a large river
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Model selection on solid ground: Rigorous comparison of nine ways to evaluate Bayesian model evidence

      Anneli Schöniger, Thomas Wöhling, Luis Samaniego and Wolfgang Nowak

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016062

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      Key Points:

      • The choice of BME evaluation method influences the outcome of model ranking
      • Out of the ICs, the KIC@MAP is the most consistent one
      • For reliable model selection, there is still no alternative to numerical methods
    4. Regional frequency analysis conditioned on large-scale atmospheric or oceanic fields

      Benjamin Renard and Upmanu Lall

      Article first published online: 19 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016277

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      Key Points:

      • Conditioning hydrologic variables on spatial fields rather than climate indices
      • Multisite probabilistic prediction of the target hydrologic variable
      • Predictive skill is illustrated with a case study on Mediterranean floods
    5. Root zone salinity and sodicity under seasonal rainfall due to feedback of decreasing hydraulic conductivity

      S. E. A. T. M. van der Zee, S. H. H. Shah and R. W. Vervoort

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015208

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      Key Points:

      • The rate of change of ESP is slower than for C
      • For seasonal climates and full FB, the long-term ESP becomes smaller
      • For Poisson climate and elevated ESP, the reduction of Ks is insignificant
    6. Sensitivity of snowpack storage to precipitation and temperature using spatial and temporal analog models

      Charles H. Luce, Viviana Lopez-Burgos and Zachary Holden

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014844

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      Key Points:

      • Different inference paths for climate effects on snow have different outcomes
      • Season average P and T predict April 1 SWE and snow residence time well
      • Snowpack sensitivity to climate greater than previously thought in some areas
    7. Inverse modeling of geochemical and mechanical compaction in sedimentary basins through Polynomial Chaos Expansion

      G. Porta, L. Tamellini, V. Lever and M. Riva

      Article first published online: 16 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015838

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      Key Points:

      • An inverse modeling procedure for large-scale basin compaction is established
      • Quality of parameter estimation is improved through Sobol indices analysis
      • Characterization greatly benefits by joint use of porosity and temperature data
  2. Technical Notes

    1. A new method for analysis of variance of the hydraulic and reactive attributes of aquifers as linked to hierarchical and multiscaled sedimentary architecture

      Mohamad Reza Soltanian and Robert W. Ritzi

      Article first published online: 16 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015468

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      Key Points:

      • Aquifer permeability and sorption are linked to sedimentary architecture
      • A holistic, multiscale, and hierarchical analysis of variance is presented
  3. Research Articles

    1. The daily mean zero-flux plane during soil-controlled evaporation: A Green's function approach

      Wilfried Brutsaert

      Article first published online: 12 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016111

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      Key Points:

      • The zero-flux plane depth remains relatively invariant during this process
      • Daily mean evaporation from drying soil behaves like a linear diffusion process
    2. An integrated modeling framework for exploring flow regime and water quality changes with increasing biofuel crop production in the U.S. Corn Belt

      Mary A. Yaeger, Mashor Housh, Ximing Cai and Murugesu Sivapalan

      Article first published online: 12 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015700

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      Key Points:

      • Reciprocal feedbacks between human and natural systems are modeled
      • Biofuel-water interactions are nonlinear
      • Corn Belt biofuel development involves land, water, and economic tradeoffs
    3. Ecogeomorphic feedbacks and flood loss of riparian tree seedlings in meandering channel experiments

      Li Kui, John C. Stella, Anne Lightbody and Andrew C. Wilcox

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015719

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      Key Points:

      • Riparian plant structure and density influence local sedimentation pattern
      • Flood-induced plant loss is mediated by hydraulic conditions and plant traits
      • Ecogeomorphic feedbacks begin at an early stage of ecosystem development
    4. Pore-scale study of dissolution-induced changes in hydrologic properties of rocks with binary minerals

      Li Chen, Qinjun Kang, Hari S. Viswanathan and Wen-Quan Tao

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015646

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      Key Points:

      • A pore-scale model for reactive transport based on the Lattice Boltzmann method
      • Dissolution-induced changes in hydrologic properties of porous media are studied
      • Effects of undissolved minerals are emphasized
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  6. Technical Notes

    1. A modified Holly-Preissmann scheme for simulating sharp concentration fronts in streams with steep velocity gradients using RIV1Q

      Zhao-wei Liu, De-jun Zhu, Yong-can Chen and Zhi-gang Wang

      Article first published online: 10 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015287

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      Key Points:

      • Accuracy and stability of the Holly-Preissmann scheme is analyzed
      • The scheme for derivation of velocity is improved to second order
      • The modified Holly-Preissmann scheme enhances the applicability of RIV1Q
  7. Research Articles

    1. Functional approach to exploring climatic and landscape controls of runoff generation: 1. Behavioral constraints on runoff volume

      Hong-Yi Li, Murugesu Sivapalan, Fuqiang Tian and Ciaran Harman

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016307

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      Key Points:

      • Functional similarity dimensionless numbers identified for water balance
      • Commonality of Dunne diagram and Budyko curve
      • Codependence amongst climate, soil, and topography
    2. Functional approach to exploring climatic and landscape controls on runoff generation: 2 Timing of runoff storm response

      Hong-Yi Li and Murugesu Sivapalan

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016308

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      Key Points:

      • CIRF to examine travel time of different runoff components
      • Common shape of CIRF explained by size of contributing areas
      • Change of contributing areas quantified with a dimensionless drainage index
    3. A two stage Bayesian stochastic optimization model for cascaded hydropower systems considering varying uncertainty of flow forecasts

      Wei Xu, Chi Zhang, Yong Peng, Guangtao Fu and Huicheng Zhou

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015181

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      Key Points:

      • Two stage BSDP is developed
      • Considering varying levels of forecast uncertainty improves performance
      • Benefit reduction from use of longer inflow forecasts is mitigated
    4. The influence of spatially variable stream hydraulics on reach scale solute transport modeling

      Noah M. Schmadel, Bethany T. Neilson, Justin E. Heavilin, David K. Stevens and Anders Wörman

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015440

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      Key Points:

      • Stream hydraulics are estimated spatially from imagery
      • Changes in model predictions began to diminish at scales of spatial correlation
      • Moment solutions provide a measure to determine appropriate reach segmentation
    5. Heterogeneity-enhanced gas phase formation in shallow aquifers during leakage of CO2-saturated water from geologic sequestration sites

      Michael R. Plampin, Rune N. Lassen, Toshihiro Sakaki, Mark L. Porter, Rajesh J. Pawar, Karsten H. Jensen and Tissa H. Illangasekare

      Article first published online: 8 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015715

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      Key Points:

      • Heterogeneity enhances gas evolution within a predictable range of conditions
      • Transitions from high to low permeability significantly affect gas evolution
      • Transitions from low to high permeability do not usually affect gas evolution
    6. Soil water storage, rainfall and runoff relationships in a tropical dry forest catchment

      Kegan K. Farrick and Brian A. Branfireun

      Article first published online: 5 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016045

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      Key Points:

      • We examined the relative importance of storage versus precipitation thresholds
      • Streamflow activation during the wetting period is controlled by antecedent soil water
      • The depth of rainfall is the most important control on stormflow generation
    7. Technological change in irrigated agriculture in a semiarid region of Spain

      Jean-Marc Philip, Julio Sánchez-Chóliz and Cristina Sarasa

      Article first published online: 5 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015728

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      Key Points:

      • Four kinds of technological changes in irrigated agriculture are evaluated
      • Strategies combine irrigation water pricing strategies and improved technology
      • The impacts of water constraints may be mitigated through technical progress
    8. Empirical assessment of theory for bankfull characteristics of alluvial channels

      S. M. Trampush, S. Huzurbazar and B. McElroy

      Article first published online: 5 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015597

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      Key Points:

      • Bankfull shear stress varies continuously with grain size across transport mode
      • An empirical relation for depth, slope, and grain size is used as closure
      • This framework applies to modern and ancient alluvial rivers on Earth
    9. The influence of geomorphology on large wood dynamics in a low gradient headwater stream

      Simon J. Dixon and David A. Sear

      Article first published online: 5 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015947

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      Key Points:

      • Wood is found to be highly mobile in lowland forest streams
      • Wood is shown to cycle through logjams as it moves down the channel network
      • Length of wood relative to channel width is a partial control on mobility
    10. Regional patterns of interannual variability of catchment water balances across the continental U.S.: A Budyko framework

      Alejandra M. Carmona, Murugesu Sivapalan, Mary A. Yaeger and Germán Poveda

      Article first published online: 5 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016013

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      Key Points:

      • Regional patterns of interannual water balance variability are explored
      • We introduce a dimensionless formulation based on water versus energy competition
      • Results confirmed the presence of space-time symmetry of annual water balances
    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Subsecond pore-scale displacement processes and relaxation dynamics in multiphase flow

      Ryan T. Armstrong, Holger Ott, Apostolos Georgiadis, Maja Rücker, Alex Schwing and Steffen Berg

      Article first published online: 1 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015858

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      Key Points:

      • Subsecond displacement is studied with fast X-ray microcomputed tomography
      • Fluid front propagates as cascade-like events that are tracked in time and space
      • Image quality of reconstructed data is improved with presented approach
    12. Channeling, channel density and mass recovery in aquifer transport, with application to the MADE experiment

      A. Fiori

      Article first published online: 1 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015950

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      Key Points:

      • A novel quantity denoted as “channel density” is introduced
      • Channel density generally differs from the longitudinal mass distribution
      • Fast channels carry a significant fraction of mass
    13. Subsurface lateral preferential flow network revealed by time-lapse ground-penetrating radar in a hillslope

      Li Guo, Jin Chen and Henry Lin

      Article first published online: 1 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014603

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      Key Points

      • Subsurface preferential flow was noninvasively mapped by time-lapse GPR
      • Standardized radargram differences pinpointed preferential flow location
      • Soil water monitoring confirmed the locations of lateral preferential flow

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