Geophysical Research Letters


Eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat

Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 19, 1998

Description: The onset of phreatic volcanic activity at the Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat on 18 July 1995 followed a three-year period of heightened volcano-seismic activity beneath the island. Phreatic explosions gave way to continuous eruption of juvenile andesitic magma in the form of a lava dome on or around 15 November 1995. Magma production rate has varied, leading to changes in eruptive style. An explosive eruption on 17 September 1996 followed a period of enhanced dome growth and large-scale gravitational collapses from its eastern flank.

    1. You have free access to this content
      Magma production and growth of the lava dome of the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies: November 1995 to December 1997 (pages 3421–3424)

      R. S. J. Sparks, S. R. Young, J. Barclay, E. S. Calder, P. Cole, B. Darroux, M. A. Davies, T. H. Druitt, C. Harford, R. Herd, M. James, A. M. Lejeune, S. Loughlin, G. Norton, G. Skerrit, M. V. Stasiuk, N. S. Stevens, J. Toothill, G. Wadge and R. Watts

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00639

    2. You have free access to this content
      Ground deformation studies at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat I: Electronic distance meter studies (pages 3409–3412)

      Paul Jackson, John B. Shepherd, Richard E. A. Robertson and George Skerritt

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01656

    3. You have free access to this content
      Slow rock fracture as eruption precursor at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (pages 3665–3668)

      Christopher R. J. Kilburn and Barry Voight

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01609

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      Simulation of water waves generated by a potential debris avalanche in Montserrat, Lesser Antilles (pages 3697–3700)

      Philippe Heinrich, Anne Mangeney, Sandrine Guibourg, Roger Roche, Georges Boudon and Jean-Louis Cheminée

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01407

    5. You have free access to this content
      Pre- and syn-eruptive geochemistry of volcanic gases from Soufriere Hills of Montserrat, West Indies (pages 3685–3688)

      G. Hammouya, P. Allard, P. Jean-Baptiste, F. Parello, M. P. Semet and S. R. Young

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL02321

    6. You have free access to this content
      GPS measurement of surface deformation around Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat from October 1995 to July 1996 (pages 3417–3420)

      Glen S. Mattioli, Timothy H. Dixon, Fredric Farina, Ellen S. Howell, Pamela E. Jansma and Alan L. Smith

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00931

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      Remarkable cyclic ground deformation monitored in real-time on Montserrat, and its use in eruption forecasting (pages 3405–3408)

      B. Voight, R. P. Hoblitt, A. B. Clarke, A. B. Lockhart, A. D. Miller, L. Lynch and J. McMahon

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01160

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      Soufrière Hills Eruption, Montserrat, 1995–1997: Volcanic earthquake locations and fault plane solutions (pages 3397–3400)

      W. P. Aspinall, A. D. Miller, L. L. Lynch, J. L. Latchman, R. C. Stewart, R. A. White and J. A. Power

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00858

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      Ground deformation measurements at the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat: II: Rapid static GPS measurements June 1996–June 1997 (pages 3413–3416)

      John B. Shepherd, Richard A. Herd, Paul Jackson and Robert Watts

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01655

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      The explosive eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies, 17 September, 1996 (pages 3429–3432)

      R. Robertson, P. Cole, R. S. J. Sparks, C. Harford, A. M. Lejeune, W. J. McGuire, A. D. Miller, M. D. Murphy, G. Norton, N. F. Stevens and S. R. Young

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01442

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      Monitoring SO2 emission at the Soufriere Hills Volcano: Implications for changes in eruptive conditions (pages 3681–3684)

      S. R. Young, P. W. Francis, J. Barclay, T. J. Casadevall, C. A. Gardner, B. Darroux, M. A. Davies, P. Delmelle, G. E. Norton, A. J. H. Maciejewski, C. M. M. Oppenheimer, J. Stix and I. M. Watson

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01406

    12. You have free access to this content
      Petrologic determination of ascent rates for the 1995–1997 Soufriere Hills Volcano andesitic magma (pages 3673–3676)

      J. D. Devine, M. J. Rutherford and J. E. Gardner

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00912

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      Observations of hybrid seismic events at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat: July 1995 to September 1996 (pages 3657–3660)

      Randall A. White, Angus D. Miller, Lloyd Lynch and John Power

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL02427

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      The Soufriere Hills Eruption, Montserrat, British West Indies: Introduction to Special Section, Part 1 (page 3387)

      W. P. Aspinall, L. L. Lynch, R. E. A. Robertson, K. Rowley, R. S. J. Sparks, B. Voight and S. R. Young

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL02438

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      The hydrothermal system at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (West Indies): Characterization and role in the on-going eruption (pages 3693–3696)

      Georges Boudon, Benoît Villemant, Jean-Christophe Komorowski, Philippe Ildefonse and Michel P. Semet

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00985

    16. You have free access to this content
      Computer simulations of pyroclastic flows from dome collapse (pages 3677–3680)

      G. Wadge, P. Jackson, S. M. Bower, A. W. Woods and E. Calder

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00710

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      Spectroscopic observation of HCl degassing from Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (pages 3689–3692)

      Clive Oppenheimer, Peter Francis and Adam J. H. Maciejewski

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01584

    18. You have free access to this content
      Results from the Broadband Seismic Network on Montserrat (pages 3661–3664)

      Jürgen Neuberg, Brian Baptie, Richard Luckett and Rod Stewart

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01441

    19. You have free access to this content
      Overview of the eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, 18 July 1995 to December 1997 (pages 3389–3392)

      Simon R. Young, R. Steven J. Sparks, Willy P. Aspinall, Lloyd L. Lynch, Angus D. Miller, Richard E. A. Robertson and John B. Shepherd

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01405

    20. You have free access to this content
      The Soufriere Hills Eruption, Montserrat, British West Indies: Introduction to Special Section, Part 2 (page 3651)

      S. R. Young, B. Voight, R. S. J. Sparks, K. Rowley, R. E. A. Robertson, L. L. Lynch and W. P. Aspinall

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL02437

    21. You have free access to this content
      Experimental phase equilibria constraints on pre-eruptive storage conditions of the Soufriere Hills magma (pages 3437–3440)

      J. Barclay, M. J. Rutherford, M. R. Carroll, M. D. Murphy, J. D. Devine, J. Gardner and R. S. J. Sparks

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00856

    22. You have free access to this content
      The role of magma mixing in triggering the current eruption at the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies (pages 3433–3436)

      M. D. Murphy, R. S. J. Sparks, J. Barclay, M. R. Carroll, A.-M. Lejeune, T. S. Brewer, R. Macdonald, S. Black and S. Young

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL00713

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    24. You have free access to this content
    25. You have free access to this content
      Pyroclastic flows generated by gravitational instability of the 1996–97 Lava Dome of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (pages 3425–3428)

      P. D. Cole, E. S. Calder, T. H. Druitt, R. Hoblitt, R. Robertson, R. S. J. Sparks and S. R. Young

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01510

    26. You have free access to this content
      Seismicity associated with dome growth and collapse at the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat (pages 3401–3404)

      A. D. Miller, R. C. Stewart, R. A. White, R. Luckett, B. J. Baptie, W. P. Aspinall, J. L. Latchman, L. L. Lynch and B. Voight

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01778

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      Petrologic evidence for pre-eruptive pressure-temperature conditions, and recent reheating, of andesitic magma erupting at the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, W.I. (pages 3669–3672)

      J. D. Devine, M. D. Murphy, M. J. Rutherford, J. Barclay, R. S. J. Sparks, M. R. Carroll, S. R. Young and J. E. Gardner

      Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/98GL01330

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