Geophysical Research Letters


Violent Sun-Earth Connection Events of October-November 2003

Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 3, 2005

Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 12, 2005

Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 110, no. A9, 2005

Guest Editor(s):M. Kleb

Description:This section provides a comprehensive description of the extreme solar eruptive events of 2003 October-November that had serious consequences felt in the entire heliosphere. The propagation and heliospheric impact of energetic plasma, electromagnetic radiation, and energetic particles from the eruptions on the Sun into the heliosphere was recorded with unprecedented detail, and hence led to bench-marking of extreme solar events. The section took shape after two AGU special sessions during the Fall 2003 and Spring 2004 and resulted in a set of more than 70 publications in AGU journals.

  1. Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere

    1. Top of page
    2. Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere
    3. Magnetospheric Physics
    4. Solar and Heliospheric Physics
    5. Space Sciences
    6. Technical Article
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects of the major geomagnetic storms of October 2003 on the equatorial and low-latitude F region in two longitudinal sectors

      Y. Sahai, P. R. Fagundes, F. Becker-Guedes, M. J. A. Bolzan, J. R. Abalde, V. G. Pillat, R. de Jesus, W. L. C. Lima, G. Crowley, K. Shiokawa, J. W. MacDougall, H. T. Lan, K. Igarashi and J. A. Bittencourt

      Article first published online: 31 DEC 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010999

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      HNO3, N2O5, and ClONO2 enhancements after the October–November 2003 solar proton events

      M. López-Puertas, B. Funke, S. Gil-López, T. von Clarmann, G. P. Stiller, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, G. Mengistu Tsidu, H. Fischer and C. H. Jackman

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011051

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      Dynamics in the polar thermosphere after the coronal mass ejection of 28 October 2003 observed with the EPIS interferometer at Svalbard

      G. Thuillier, J.-M. Perrin, C. Lathuillère, M. Hersé, T. Fuller-Rowell, M. Codrescu, F. Huppert and M. Fehrenbach

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010966

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      Observation of NOx enhancement and ozone depletion in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres after the October–November 2003 solar proton events

      M. López-Puertas, B. Funke, S. Gil-López, T. von Clarmann, G. P. Stiller, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Fischer and C. H. Jackman

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011050

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      Multiradar observations of the polar tongue of ionization

      J. C. Foster, A. J. Coster, P. J. Erickson, J. M. Holt, F. D. Lind, W. Rideout, M. McCready, A. van Eyken, R. J. Barnes, R. A. Greenwald and F. J. Rich

      Article first published online: 3 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010928

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      Large-scale variations of the low-latitude ionosphere during the October–November 2003 superstorm: Observational results

      C. H. Lin, A. D. Richmond, J. Y. Liu, H. C. Yeh, L. J. Paxton, G. Lu, H. F. Tsai and S.-Y. Su

      Article first published online: 3 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010900

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      Rotational and spin-orbit distributions of NO observed by MIPAS/ENVISAT during the solar storm of October/November 2003

      J. L. Gardner, M. Lopéz-Puertas, B. Funke, S. M. Miller, S. J. Lipson and R. D. Sharma

      Article first published online: 25 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010937

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      Ozone depletion during the solar proton events of October/November 2003 as seen by SCIAMACHY

      G. Rohen, C. von Savigny, M. Sinnhuber, E. J. Llewellyn, J. W. Kaiser, C. H. Jackman, M.-B. Kallenrode, J. Schröter, K.-U. Eichmann, H. Bovensmann and J. P. Burrows

      Article first published online: 20 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010984

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      Experimental evidence of perturbed odd hydrogen and chlorine chemistry after the October 2003 solar proton events

      T. von Clarmann, N. Glatthor, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, R. Ruhnke, G. P. Stiller, H. Fischer, B. Funke, S. Gil-López and M. López-Puertas

      Article first published online: 13 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011053

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      Low-frequency plasma oscillations at Mars during the October 2003 solar storm

      J. R. Espley, P. A. Cloutier, D. H. Crider, D. A. Brain and M. H. Acuña

      Article first published online: 11 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010935

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      Southern Hemisphere ionosphere and plasmasphere response to the interplanetary shock event of 29–31 October 2003

      E. Yizengaw, M. B. Moldwin, P. L. Dyson and T. J. Immel

      Article first published online: 10 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010920

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      First look at the 20 November 2003 superstorm with TIMED/GUVI: Comparisons with a thermospheric global circulation model

      R. R. Meier, G. Crowley, D. J. Strickland, A. B. Christensen, L. J. Paxton, D. Morrison and C. L. Hackert

      Article first published online: 4 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010990

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      Ionospheric disturbances over Alma-Ata during the October–November 2003 magnetic storms

      G. I. Gordienko, V. V. Vodyannikov and A. F. Yakovets

      Article first published online: 28 JUL 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010945

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      Saturation of the ionospheric polar cap potential during the October–November 2003 superstorms

      Marc R. Hairston, Kelly Ann Drake and Ruth Skoug

      Article first published online: 28 JUL 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010864

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      Diurnal variation of ozone depletion during the October–November 2003 solar proton events

      Pekka T. Verronen, Annika Seppälä, Mark A. Clilverd, Craig J. Rodger, Erkki Kyrölä, Carl-Fredrik Enell, Thomas Ulich and Esa Turunen

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010932

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      Neutral atmospheric influences of the solar proton events in October–November 2003

      Charles H. Jackman, Matthew T. DeLand, Gordon J. Labow, Eric L. Fleming, Debra K. Weisenstein, Malcolm K. W. Ko, Miriam Sinnhuber and James M. Russell

      Article first published online: 14 JUL 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010888

  2. Magnetospheric Physics

    1. Top of page
    2. Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere
    3. Magnetospheric Physics
    4. Solar and Heliospheric Physics
    5. Space Sciences
    6. Technical Article
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      Correction to “Ring current and the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling during the superstorm of 20 November 2003”

      Y. Ebihara, M.-C. Fok, S. Sazykin, M. F. Thomsen, M. R. Hairston, D. S. Evans, F. J. Rich and M. Ejiri

      Article first published online: 14 OCT 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011373

      This article corrects:
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      Geotail observations of signatures in the near-Earth magnetotail for the extremely intense substorms of the 30 October 2003 storm

      Y. Miyashita, Y. Miyoshi, Y. Matsumoto, A. Ieda, Y. Kamide, M. Nosé, S. Machida, H. Hayakawa, R. W. McEntire, S. P. Christon, D. S. Evans and O. A. Troshichev

      Article first published online: 3 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011070

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      Overwhelming O+ contribution to the plasma sheet energy density during the October 2003 superstorm: Geotail/EPIC and IMAGE/LENA observations

      M. Nosé, S. Taguchi, K. Hosokawa, S. P. Christon, R. W. McEntire, T. E. Moore and M. R. Collier

      Article first published online: 25 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010930

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      Mars Global Surveyor observations of the Halloween 2003 solar superstorm's encounter with Mars

      Dana H. Crider, Jared Espley, David A. Brain, David L. Mitchell, John E. P. Connerney and Mario H. Acuña

      Article first published online: 25 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010881

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      Ring current and the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling during the superstorm of 20 November 2003

      Y. Ebihara, M.-C. Fok, S. Sazykin, M. F. Thomsen, M. R. Hairston, D. S. Evans, F. J. Rich and M. Ejiri

      Article first published online: 11 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010924

  3. Solar and Heliospheric Physics

    1. Top of page
    2. Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere
    3. Magnetospheric Physics
    4. Solar and Heliospheric Physics
    5. Space Sciences
    6. Technical Article
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
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      Correction to “Relativistic nucleon and electron production in the 28 October 2003 solar event”

      L. I. Miroshnichenko, K.-L. Klein, G. Trottet, P. Lantos, E. V. Vashenyuk, Y. V. Balabin and B. B. Gvozdevsky

      Article first published online: 4 NOV 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011441

      This article corrects:

      Relativistic nucleon and electron production in the 2003 October 28 solar event

      Vol. 110, Issue A9, Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005

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      Coronal mass ejection kinematics deduced from white light (Solar Mass Ejection Imager) and radio (Wind/WAVES) observations

      M. J. Reiner, B. V. Jackson, D. F. Webb, D. R. Mizuno, M. L. Kaiser and J.-L. Bougeret

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010943

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      Relativistic nucleon and electron production in the 2003 October 28 solar event

      L. I. Miroshnichenko, K.-L. Klein, G. Trottet, P. Lantos, E. V. Vashenyuk, Y. V. Balabin and B. B. Gvozdevsky

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010936

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      Interplanetary coronal mass ejection and ambient interplanetary magnetic field correlations during the Sun-Earth connection events of October–November 2003

      C. J. Farrugia, H. Matsui, H. Kucharek, R. B. Torbert, C. W. Smith, V. K. Jordanova, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, D. B. Berdichevsky, T. Terasawa, J. Kasper, T. Mukai, Y. Saito and R. Skoug

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010968

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      From the Sun to the outer heliosphere: Modeling and analyses of the interplanetary propagation of the October/November (Halloween) 2003 solar events

      Devrie S. Intriligator, Wei Sun, Murray Dryer, Craig D. “Ghee” Fry, Charles Deehr and James Intriligator

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010939

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      Magnetospheric effects in cosmic rays during the unique magnetic storm on November 2003

      A. Belov, L. Baisultanova, E. Eroshenko, H. Mavromichalaki, V. Yanke, V. Pchelkin, C. Plainaki and G. Mariatos

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011067

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      Proton, helium, and electron spectra during the large solar particle events of October–November 2003

      R. A. Mewaldt, C. M. S. Cohen, A. W. Labrador, R. A. Leske, G. M. Mason, M. I. Desai, M. D. Looper, J. E. Mazur, R. S. Selesnick and D. K. Haggerty

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011038

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      Introduction to violent Sun-Earth connection events of October–November 2003

      N. Gopalswamy, L. Barbieri, E. W. Cliver, G. Lu, S. P. Plunkett and R. M. Skoug

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011268

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      Energetic particle observations from the Ulysses COSPIN instruments obtained during the October–November 2003 events

      R. B. McKibben, J. D. Anglin, J. J. Connell, S. Dalla, B. Heber, H. Kunow, C. Lopate, R. G. Marsden, T. R. Sanderson and M. Zhang

      Article first published online: 27 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011049

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      Determination of shock parameters for the very fast interplanetary shock on 29 October 2003

      T. Terasawa, K. Nakata, M. Oka, Y. Saito, T. Mukai, H. Hayakawa, A. Matsuoka, K. Tsuruda, K. Ishisaka, K. Kasaba, H. Kojima and H. Matsumoto

      Article first published online: 27 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010941

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      Coronal mass ejections and other extreme characteristics of the 2003 October–November solar eruptions

      N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, Y. Liu, G. Michalek, A. Vourlidas, M. L. Kaiser and R. A. Howard

      Article first published online: 17 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010958

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      Flare-generated shock evolution and geomagnetic storms during the “Halloween 2003 epoch”: 29 October to 2 November

      Chin-Chun Wu, S. T. Wu, M. Dryer, C. D. Fry, D. Berdichevsky, Z. Smith, T. Detman, N. Gopalswamy, R. Skoug, T. Zurbuchen and C. Smith

      Article first published online: 17 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011011

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      Solar energetic electrons related to the 28 October 2003 flare

      A. Klassen, S. Krucker, H. Kunow, R. Müller-Mellin, R. Wimmer-Schweingruber, G. Mann and A. Posner

      Article first published online: 8 SEP 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010910

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      On the magnetic topology of October/November 2003 events

      Qiang Hu, Charles W. Smith, Norman F. Ness and Ruth M. Skoug

      Article first published online: 25 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010886

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      October/November 2003 interplanetary coronal mass ejections: ACE/EPAM solar energetic particle observations

      O. E. Malandraki, D. Lario, L. J. Lanzerotti, E. T. Sarris, A. Geranios and G. Tsiropoula

      Article first published online: 13 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010926

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      Heavy ion abundances and spectra from the large solar energetic particle events of October–November 2003

      C. M. S. Cohen, E. C. Stone, R. A. Mewaldt, R. A. Leske, A. C. Cummings, G. M. Mason, M. I. Desai, T. T. von Rosenvinge and M. E. Wiedenbeck

      Article first published online: 10 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011004

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      Heliospheric energetic particle observations during the October–November 2003 events

      D. Lario, R. B. Decker, S. Livi, S. M. Krimigis, E. C. Roelof, C. T. Russell and C. D. Fry

      Article first published online: 4 AUG 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010940

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      CORONAS-F/SPIRIT EUV observations of October–November 2003 solar eruptive events in combination with SOHO/EIT data

      V. V. Grechnev, I. M. Chertok, V. A. Slemzin, S. V. Kuzin, A. P. Ignat'ev, A. A. Pertsov, I. A. Zhitnik, J.-P. Delaboudinière and F. Auchère

      Article first published online: 28 JUL 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010931

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      Indirect estimation of the solar wind conditions in 29–31 October 2003

      A. V. Dmitriev, J.-K. Chao, A. V. Suvorova, K. Ackerson, K. Ishisaka, Y. Kasaba, H. Kojima and H. Matsumoto

      Article first published online: 28 JUL 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010806

  4. Space Sciences

    1. Top of page
    2. Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere
    3. Magnetospheric Physics
    4. Solar and Heliospheric Physics
    5. Space Sciences
    6. Technical Article
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      Solar source of the largest geomagnetic storm of cycle 23

      N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, H. Xie, R. P. Lepping and R. A. Howard

      Article first published online: 13 MAY 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021639

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      Dayside global ionospheric response to the major interplanetary events of October 29–30, 2003 “Halloween Storms”

      A. J. Mannucci, B. T. Tsurutani, B. A. Iijima, A. Komjathy, A. Saito, W. D. Gonzalez, F. L. Guarnieri, J. U. Kozyra and R. Skoug

      Article first published online: 4 MAY 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021467

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      GPS TEC and scintillation measurements from the polar ionosphere during the October 2003 storm

      C. N. Mitchell, L. Alfonsi, G. De Franceschi, M. Lester, V. Romano and A. W. Wernik

      Article first published online: 3 MAY 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021644

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      Near-simultaneous plasma structuring in the midlatitude and equatorial ionosphere during magnetic superstorms

      S. Basu, Su. Basu, K. M. Groves, E. MacKenzie, M. J. Keskinen and F. J. Rich

      Article first published online: 29 APR 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021678

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      Two components of ionospheric plasma structuring at midlatitudes observed during the large magnetic storm of October 30, 2003

      Su. Basu, S. Basu, J. J. Makela, R. E. Sheehan, E. MacKenzie, P. Doherty, J. W. Wright, M. J. Keskinen, D. Pallamraju, L. J. Paxton and F. T. Berkey

      Article first published online: 29 APR 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021669

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      Plasma sheet formation during long period of northward IMF

      Wenhui Li, Joachim Raeder, John Dorelli, Marit Øieroset and Tai D. Phan

      Article first published online: 28 APR 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021524

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      Global cooling and densification of the plasma sheet during an extended period of purely northward IMF on October 22–24, 2003

      M. Øieroset, J. Raeder, T. D. Phan, S. Wing, J. P. McFadden, W. Li, M. Fujimoto, H. Rème and A. Balogh

      Article first published online: 28 APR 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021523

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      An upper stratospheric layer of enhanced HNO3 following exceptional solar storms

      Y. J. Orsolini, G. L. Manney, M. L. Santee and C. E. Randall

      Article first published online: 28 APR 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021588

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      Midlatitude TEC enhancements during the October 2003 superstorm

      J. C. Foster and W. Rideout

      Article first published online: 27 APR 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021719

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      Introduction to the special section: Violent Sun-Earth connection events of October–November 2003

      N. Gopalswamy, L. Barbieri, G. Lu, S. P. Plunkett and R. M. Skoug

      Article first published online: 3 FEB 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2005GL022348

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      The October 28, 2003 extreme EUV solar flare and resultant extreme ionospheric effects: Comparison to other Halloween events and the Bastille Day event

      B. T. Tsurutani, D. L. Judge, F. L. Guarnieri, P. Gangopadhyay, A. R. Jones, J. Nuttall, G. A. Zambon, L. Didkovsky, A. J. Mannucci, B. Iijima, R. R. Meier, T. J. Immel, T. N. Woods, S. Prasad, L. Floyd, J. Huba, S. C. Solomon, P. Straus and R. Viereck

      Article first published online: 20 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021475

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      Solar control on Jupiter's equatorial X-ray emissions: 26–29 November 2003 XMM-Newton observation

      Anil Bhardwaj, G. Branduardi-Raymont, R. F. Elsner, G. R. Gladstone, G. Ramsay, P. Rodriguez, R. Soria, J. H. Waite Jr. and T. E. Cravens

      Article first published online: 18 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021497

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      Density enhancement in plasmasphere-ionosphere plasma during the 2003 Halloween Superstorm: Observations along the 330th magnetic meridian in North America

      P. J. Chi, C. T. Russell, J. C. Foster, M. B. Moldwin, M. J. Engebretson and I. R. Mann

      Article first published online: 15 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021722

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      Observations of mesospheric ozone depletion during the October 28, 2003 solar proton event by OSIRIS

      D. A. Degenstein, N. D. Lloyd, A. E. Bourassa, R. L. Gattinger and E. J. Llewellyn

      Article first published online: 13 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021521

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      Voyager 2 observations related to the October–November 2003 solar events

      L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, E. C. Stone, F. B. McDonald and J. D. Richardson

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021480

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      Propagation of the October/November 2003 CMEs through the heliosphere

      J. D. Richardson, C. Wang, J. C. Kasper and Y. Liu

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL020679

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      A “loss cone” precursor of an approaching shock observed by a cosmic ray muon hodoscope on October 28, 2003

      K. Munakata, T. Kuwabara, S. Yasue, C. Kato, S. Akahane, M. Koyama, Y. Ohashi, A. Okada, T. Aoki, K. Mitsui, H. Kojima and J. W. Bieber

      Article first published online: 11 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021469

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      Relativistic solar neutrons and protons on 28 October 2003

      John W. Bieber, John Clem, Paul Evenson, Roger Pyle, David Ruffolo and Alejandro Sáiz

      Article first published online: 11 JAN 2005 | DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021492

  5. Technical Article

    1. Top of page
    2. Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere
    3. Magnetospheric Physics
    4. Solar and Heliospheric Physics
    5. Space Sciences
    6. Technical Article
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