Predicting dispersal of auto-gyrating fruit in tropical trees: a case study from the Dipterocarpaceae
James R. Smith, Robert Bagchi, Judith Ellens, Chris J. Kettle, David F. R. P. Burslem, Colin R. Maycock, Eyen Khoo and Jaboury Ghazoul
Article first published online: 2 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1469
This article experimentally investigates seed dispersal potential in the Dipterocarpaceae, a family of trees with winged, wind dispersed fruit which dominates the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. Seed dispersal of all species was predominantly local, with 90% of seed dispersing <10 m. We present a generic seed dispersal model for dipterocarps based on attributes of seed morphology, and provide modelled seed dispersal kernels for all dipterocarp species with inverse wing loadings (area of fruit wings/mass of fruit) of 1–50, representing 75% of species in Borneo.