Food and Energy Security

Cover image for Vol. 5 Issue 4

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Professor Martin Parry

Online ISSN: 2048-3694


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  1. Original Research

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Genetically modified crops, regulatory delays, and international trade

      Stuart J. Smyth

      Version of Record online: 5 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/fes3.100

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is proving to be a nefarious agreement, created by environmental organizations, designed to end agricultural innovation in developing countries. The costs of the CPB are staggering through the delayed adoption of genetically modified crops. This article highlights the benefits of GM crops and the need for developing countries to opt out of the CPB if they have any hope of improving domestic food security this century.


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