Food and Energy Security

Cover image for Vol. 4 Issue 3

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Professor Martin Parry, Rothamsted Research

Online ISSN: 2048-3694


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  1. Original Research

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Design and characterization of spatial units for monitoring global impacts of environmental factors on major crops and food security

      René Gommes, Bingfang Wu, Zhongyuan Li and Hongwei Zeng

      Article first published online: 24 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fes3.73

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Sixty-five monitoring and reporting units (MRU) were designed for monitoring the impact of agroclimatic factors on crops at the global scale. The current distribution of major food crops fits well into the ecologically defined MRUs. Issues related to variability among MRUs and spatial variability/inhomogenity inside MRUs are discussed. Variability in agriculture exceeds environmental variability and ecologically defined cropping zones can be used as agricultural vulnerability zones.


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