Food Science & Nutrition

Cover image for Vol. 2 Issue 2

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Y. Martin Lo

Online ISSN: 2048-7177

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  1. Original Research

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Nutritional and physical properties of organic Beauregard sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.)] as influenced by broiler litter application rate

      Peter N. Gichuhi, Kokoasse Kpomblekou-A and Adelia C. Bovell-Benjamin

      Article first published online: 9 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.108

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      Nutritional and physical properties of organic Beauregard sweet potato fertilized with broiler litter at rates 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 t ha−1 were evaluated. The 0.5 t ha−1 treatment had sweet potatoes with higher dry matter, vitamin C and β-carotene contents, and also were firmer and with darker orange color.

    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Feasibility and application of a retronasal aroma-trapping device to study in vivo aroma release during the consumption of model wine-derived beverages

      Carolina Muñoz-González, Juan José Rodríguez-Bencomo, Maria Victoria Moreno-Arribas and Maria Ángeles Pozo-Bayón

      Article first published online: 6 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.111

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      A retronasal aroma-trapping device (RATD) has been optimized to study aroma release during consumption of wine-derived beverages. The RATD is a useful tool to collect real in vivo data to extract reliable conclusions about the effect of beverage components on aroma release during consumption. It was proven that the addition of sugar (up to 150 mg kg−1) did not have effect on aroma release, while ethanol (up to 40 mg L−1) enhanced the aroma release during drinking.

    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects and mechanisms of 8-prenylnaringenin on osteoblast MC3T3-E1 and osteoclast-like cells RAW264.7

      Dan Luo, Lumei Kang, Yuhui Ma, Hongping Chen, Haibin Kuang, Qiren Huang, Ming He and Weijie Peng

      Article first published online: 6 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.109

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      The effects of 8-PN on promoting osteoblastic bone formation and inhibiting osteoclastic bone resorption were mediated by ERα but not ERβ and were more potent than those of the two classic phytoestrogens, genistein, and daidzein.

    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Influence of grinding on the nutritive value of peas for ruminants: comparison between in vitro and in situ approaches

      Sylvie Giger-Reverdin, Chiraze Maaroufi, Patrick Chapoutot, Corinne Peyronnet and Daniel Sauvant

      Article first published online: 4 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.90

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      In ruminant nutrition, peas are characterized by high protein solubility and degradability, which impair its protein value estimated by the official in situ method. Grinding can be used as a technological treatment of pea seeds to modify their nutritional value. The aim of this study was to compare in situ and in vitro methods on the same pea ground either coarsely or finely.

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      Susceptibility of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) peel proteins to digestive enzymes

      Katherine P. Maloney, Van-Den Truong and Jonathan C. Allen

      Article first published online: 1 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.110

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      Sweet potato proteins have been shown to possess antioxidant, antidiabetic, and enzyme-inhibitory properties in vivo. Sweet potato proteins were incubated with pepsin, trypsin, and chymotrypsin and protein breakdown was visualized with SDS-PAGE. Trypsin inhibitory activity remained after simulated gastric digestion, but amylase and chymotrypsin inhibitory activity was not present in any of the samples after digestion.

    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The content of soyasaponin and soyasapogenol in soy foods and their estimated intake in the Japanese

      Shuichi Kamo, Shunsuke Suzuki and Toshiro Sato

      Article first published online: 30 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.107

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      Although soyasaponins have been reported to promote various health functions, the total soyasaponin and soyasapogenol content in soy products and the daily intake remain to be fully elucidated. We developed a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric (HPLC–MS/MS) method to evaluate the content of group A and B soyasaponins and soyasapogenols in soy foods. We estimated the daily intake of total soyasaponins and soyasapogenols by the Japanese.

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      Antioxidant capacity of hydrolyzed porcine tissues

      Trine D. Damgaard, Jeanette A. H. Otte, Lene Meinert, Kirsten Jensen and René Lametsch

      Article first published online: 21 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.106

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      Seven different porcine tissues were hydrolyzed and their antioxidant capacity tested.

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      Effects of processing on the proximate and metal contents in three fish species from Nigerian coastal waters

      Francisca I. Bassey, Fehintola C. Oguntunde, Chukwujindu M. A. Iwegbue, Vincent N. Osabor and Christopher A. Edem

      Article first published online: 19 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.102

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      The article provides information on the effect of cooking practice on levels of metals in three fish species. The concentrations of metals found were low and do not represent any hazard to the consumers.

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      The role of N-glycosylation in kiwi allergy

      María Garrido-Arandia, Amaya Murua-García, Aranzazu Palacin, Leticia Tordesillas, Cristina Gómez-Casado, Natalia Blanca-Lopez, Tania Ramos, Gabriela Canto, Carlos Blanco, Javier Cuesta-Herranz, Rosa Sánchez-Monge, Luis F. Pacios and Araceli Díaz Perales

      Article first published online: 19 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.99

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      The N-sugar of plant plays a relevant role in the sensitization phase of food allergy.

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      In vitro starch digestion in sorghum flour from Algerian cultivars

      Rachid Souilah, Djaffar Djabali, Badreddine Belhadi, Hind Mokrane, Nadia Boudries and Boubekeur Nadjemi

      Article first published online: 17 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.104

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      Assessment of starch nutritional quality in Algerian sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] cultivars. Kinetic study and modeling of starch digestion in sorghum flours. Effect of genotype and structural characteristics on kinetic starch digestion.

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      Solar drying and organoleptic characteristics of two tropical African fish species using improved low-cost solar driers

      Moshood K. Mustapha, Taiye B. Ajibola, Abdulbashir F. Salako and Sunmola K. Ademola

      Article first published online: 7 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.101

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      A significant decrease in weight resulting from moisture loss in the two fish species was observed in all the driers, with the highest reduction occurring in the glass drier containing black stone. Organoleptic characteristics of the dried samples and they showed lowest acceptability for the open-sun drying, while samples from the glass drier containing black stone had the highest acceptability in terms of the taste, flavor, appearance, texture, odor, palatability, and shelf-life. The low-cost solar driers were effective found in removing water from the fish resulting in significant loss of weight and moisture. The highest drying time, efficient performance, drying effectiveness, and high acceptability of the organoleptic parameters of the dried products from the black stone-inserted glass drier were due to the ability of the glass and the black stone to retain, transmit, and radiate heat to the fish sample all the time (day and night). These low-cost driers are simple to construct, materials for its construction readily available, easy to maintain and operate, hygienic in use, reliable, effective, occupies less area, dry products faster with increased shelf-life, save man-hour, user-friendly, use renewable energy, protect the drying samples from filthiness, wetness and invasion by pests, insects and microbes, with well-dried, high-quality, and better preserved final products.

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      Protective effect of resveratrol against pressure overload-induced heart failure

      Prakash K. Gupta, Donald J. DiPette and Scott C. Supowit

      Article first published online: 5 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.92

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      The purpose of this study was to determine whether the potent antioxidant, resveratrol, significantly attenuates PO-induced HF in C57/BL6 mice. Resveratrol treatment significantly attenuates the adverse cardiac remodeling and dysfunction produced by the TAC protocol in C57/BL6 mice and this activity is mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of oxidative stress and inflammation indicating a therapeutic potential of resveratrol in HF.

    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Survey of volatile substances in kitchen utensils made from acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene and acrylonitrile–styrene resin in Japan

      Yutaka Abe, Miku Yamaguchi, Motoh Mutsuga, Yoko Kawamura and Hiroshi Akiyama

      Article first published online: 5 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.100

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      The residual and migration levels of volatile substances in acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene resin (ABS) and acrylonitrile–styrene resin (AS) kitchen utensils in Japan were determined using headspace gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (HS-GC/MS).

    14. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Analysis of essential elements in Pito—a cereal food drink and its brands by the single-comparator method of neutron activation analysis

      Aaron N. Adazabra, Apori Ntiforo and Samuel A. Bamford

      Article first published online: 5 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.95

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      This manuscript is all about essential elemental analysis of Pito—an enriched carbohydrate cereal-based food drink. This analysis is important for creating standards in the brewing process.

    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Antiosteoporotic effect of orally administered yolk-derived peptides on bone mass in women

      Adham M. Abdou, Kazuya Watabe, Tetsuro Yamane, Tadayuki Isono, Yoshitaka Okamura, Seiji Kawahito, Kazuhito Takeshima, Kazuyuki Masuda and Mujo Kim

      Article first published online: 28 FEB 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.94

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      The main objective was to verify the effect of oral intake of a yolk-derived peptide preparation (HYP) obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of yolk water-soluble protein on bone markers and bone density in perimenopausal women for a period of 6 months. Bone resorption markers in HYP group were significantly decreased and bone mineral density maintained normal levels compared to the other groups. So HYP would be an antiosteoporotic agent originated from a natural food to protect women who are more liable to osteoporosis.

    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Modeling of electrohydrodynamic drying process using response surface methodology

      Mohammad Jafar Dalvand, Seyed Saeid Mohtasebi and Shahin Rafiee

      Article first published online: 28 FEB 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.96

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      Energy consumption index is one of the most important criteria for judging about new and emerging drying technologies. One of such novel and promising alternative of drying process is called electrohydrodynamic (EHD) drying. In this work, a solar energy was used to maintain required energy of EHD drying process.

    17. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Enhancing safety and shelf life of fresh-cut mango by application of edible coatings and microencapsulation technique

      Majid Alikhani

      Article first published online: 28 FEB 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.98

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      The effect of application of mucilage-oil coating and microencapsulated oil was assayed on postharvest quality and shelf life of cut mango. The addition of essential oils in edible coatings and microencapsulated oils can release oils slowly onto the surface of the product and maintain their high concentration during the storage. Mucilage-oil coating together with microencapsulated oil provide the type of active coating that can be utilized as a safe preservative for cut mango under cold storage. The postharvest treatment with microencapsulated oil and mucilage-oil coating has the potential to decrease fruit deterioration and activity of peroxidase enzymes, and to preserve valuable attributes and prolong the storage life of postharvest cut mango.

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