Food Science & Nutrition

Cover image for Vol. 4 Issue 3

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Y. Martin Lo

Online ISSN: 2048-7177

VIEW

  1. 1 - 79
  1. Original Research

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects of maturity stage and lactic acid bacteria on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of Siberian wildrye silage

      Ping Li, Shiqie Bai, Minghong You and Yixin Shen

      Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.312

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      The number of indigenous LAB on ensiling materials was less than that of yeasts and molds, and LAB species showed specification adapted to low temperature. LAB inoculated silages had lower (P < 0.05) pH value, NH3-N/TN and butyric acid content compared with control silage. Silage treated with LB had higher concentrations of acetic acid, propionic acid, WSC, and CP. However, the aerobic stability of silages inoculated with LAB did not differed significantly between stages (P > 0.05). When fermentation characteristics, chemical composition, and aerobic stability were considered, treatment with L. plantarum resulted in high quality of Siberian wildrye silage harvested at the flowering stage in the alpine region.

  2. Reviews

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      Proximate and biochemical characterization of burrito (Bachydeuterus auritus) and flying gurnard (Dactylopterus volitans)

      Lawrence D. Abbey, Mary Glover-Amengor, Margaret Ottah Atikpo and Nazlin K. Howell

      Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.401

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      Both burrito and the flying gurnard are of high nutritional quality as they had a high protein content, good general amino acid profile and abundance of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

  3. Original Research

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      Acceptability and solubility of iron and zinc contents of modified Moringa oleifera sauces consumed in the Far-north region of Cameroon

      Saliou Mawouma, Roger Ponka and Carl Moses Mbofung

      Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.398

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      The effect of acidulant and Moringa leaf powder on acceptability and iron and zinc solubility of a standard Moringa sauce were assessed. The Lime juice-acidulated sauce was the most acceptable formulation. Our study confirm the beneficial effect of lime juice in improving iron and zinc bioavailability.

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      BioActivities of Coturnix japonica (quail) egg yolk and albumen against physiological stress

      Gideon O. Oladipo and Emmanuel O. Ibukun

      Version of Record online: 18 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.397

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      The research studied the effects of cold immobilization-restraint stress and the abilities of extracts from the egg to modulate the antioxidant status and alleviate the stress effects.

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      Antioxidant effect of leaf extracts from Cressa cretica against oxidation process in soybean oil

      Afsaneh Afshari and S. Zahra Sayyed-Alangi

      Version of Record online: 18 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.396

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      The most total phenol content of different extracts from Cressa cretica leaves was outcome of the ethanolic extract after 18 h extraction. The results of different assays for determination of antioxidant potential of the extracts as well as their EC50 values were indicated antioxidant activities in order: BHT>ethanolic extract>aqueous extract.

    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Assessment of mold contamination and physicochemical properties of crude palm oil sold in Jos, Nigeria

      Chuks K. Odoh, Tarfen Y. Amapu, Ikechukwu P. Orjiakor, Paul E. Martins, Benedict T. Seibai, Uche K. Akpi, Chinyere S. Ugwu, Nathaniel I. Lerum and Amechi S. Nwankwegu

      Version of Record online: 15 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.393

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      The study was carried out to ascertain the levels of mold contamination and physicochemical properties of crude palm oil sold in Jos and its environ. A total of 90 samples were collected in sterile containers and molds were isolated and identified using standard identification procedures. The assessment of mold isolated from the study sites recognized some life-threatening genera (beyond the acceptable standard mold count limit) capable of producing carcinogenic toxins.

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      Safety of micronized palmitoylethanolamide (microPEA): lack of toxicity and genotoxic potential

      Earle R. Nestmann

      Version of Record online: 15 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.392

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      Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) of defined particle size (0.5–10 μm) was evaluated for mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium, for clastogenicity/aneuploidy in cultured human lymphocytes, and for acute and subchronic rodent toxicity in the rat, following standard OECD test protocols, in accordance with Good Laboratory Practice (GLP). No genotoxic effects were induced, and no adverse effects were found at the highest dose in the rodent studies.

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      Effect of different salt and fat levels on the physicochemical properties and sensory quality of black pudding

      Susann Fellendorf, Maurice G. O'Sullivan and Joseph P. Kerry

      Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.390

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      The objective of this study was to investigate the interactive effects of varying fat and salt levels on the sensory and physicochemical properties of black pudding without using additional additives to produce a highly accepted product low in sodium and fat. Black pudding samples containing 0.6% sodium and 10% fat displayed a positive (P < 0.05) correlation to liking of flavor and overall acceptability which meets the sodium target level set by the Food Safety Authority of Ireland and shows additionally that a fat reduction in black pudding products is more than achievable.

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      Effect of dietary selenium source (organic vs. mineral) and muscle pH on meat quality characteristics of pigs

      Luis Calvo, Fidel Toldrá, Ana I. Rodríguez, Clemente López-Bote and Ana I. Rey

      Version of Record online: 1 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.368

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      The influence of selenium source and muscle pH on meat quality was studied. Organic Se was more effective reducing drip loss at high pH than inorganic Se. muscle pH seems to modulate the action of selenium in pork.

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      Removal of cadmium from contaminated Lentinula edodes by optimized complexation and coagulation

      Yi Wang, Chen Wang, Wei Cheng, Yinbing Bian and Peng Guo

      Version of Record online: 31 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.384

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      Heavy metal pollution is a serious problem in Lentinula edodes because it tends to accumulate heavy metals. This study investigated the removal of cadmium (Cd) from contaminated Lentinula edodes and its lentinan by complexation and coagulation. An optimized method for acquiring purified lentinan from contaminated Lentinula edodes was constructed, which affords a method for extracting pure, active ingredients from polluted food or medicinal sources.

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      Genistein suppresses the proliferation of telomerase-negative cells

      Chuan-Chuan Lin, Meng-Hsun Hsieh and Shu-Chun Teng

      Version of Record online: 26 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.382

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      In this study, we tested genistein, a TOP2 inhibitor, on the repression of telomere–telomere recombination. The results indicated the inhibitory effects of genistein on telomerase minus cells depend on type II recombination pathway in yeast and the alternative lengthening of telomere (ALT) pathway in human tumors.

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      Blanching influences the phenolics composition, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory effect of Adansonia digitata leaves extract on α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and aldose reductase

      Emmanuel A. Irondi, Jacob K. Akintunde, Samson O. Agboola, Aline A. Boligon and Margareth L. Athayde

      Version of Record online: 25 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.386

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      The influence of blanching on the phenolics composition, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory ability of methanol extract of A. digitata leaves on the activities of some key enzymes implicated in the pathology and complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D) was evaluated in vitro. The raw leaves had appreciable levels of health-benefiting flavonoids and phenolic acids, displayed antioxidant activity and inhibited some key enzymes implicated in the pathology and complications of T2D. However, blanching decreased these functionalities of the leaves.

    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Comparison of proximate composition and sensory attributes of Clariid catfish species of Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, and their hybrids

      Wasiu A. Olaniyi, Olukayode A. Makinde and Ofelia G. Omitogun

      Version of Record online: 25 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.391

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      The study determined the preference of Clariid catfish species of Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, and their hybrids based on sensory – cognitive and qualitative parameters, and nutritional quality – proximate composition. In addition to the general cognitive features, the study employed the recent characteristic taste ‘umami’ in its assessment, and concluded that the catfish products are good sources of high protein, fat, and minerals that are indispensable in human diets; and also the parent catfish species possess better sensory qualities than hybrids, but all species need exogenous enhancement to their natural sensory components.

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      Stabilization of sunflower oil with pussy willow (Salix aegyptiaca) extract and essential oil

      Zahra Sayyari and Reza Farahmandfar

      Version of Record online: 25 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.389

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      Effects of pussy willow extract (PWE) and PW essential oil (PWEO) on oxidative products like peroxide value (PV) and carbonyl value (CV) of sunflower oil during ambient storage were evaluated.

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      Euglena gracilis paramylon activates human lymphocytes by upregulating pro-inflammatory factors

      Rossella Russo, Laura Barsanti, Valter Evangelista, Anna M. Frassanito, Vincenzo Longo, Laura Pucci, Giuseppe Penno and Paolo Gualtieri

      Version of Record online: 20 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.383

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      The aim of this study was to verify the activation details and products of human lymphomonocytes, stimulated by different β-glucans, that is Euglena paramylon, MacroGard®, and lipopolysaccharide. Our results indicate that linear fibrous Euglena β-glucan, obtained by sonication and alkaline treatment can act as safe and effective coadjutant of the innate immune system response.

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      The relationship between agricultural biodiversity, dietary diversity, household food security, and stunting of children in rural Kenya

      Florence K. M'Kaibi, Nelia P. Steyn, Sophie A. Ochola and Lissane Du Plessis

      Version of Record online: 20 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.387

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      Data indicate that households with children with stunted growth and those without are significantly different in dietary diversity score and household food insecurity access scale but not with agricultural biodiversity. This suggests some potential in using dietary diversity score and household food insecurity access scale as proxy measures for stunting.

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      Antioxidant potential of Juglans nigra, black walnut, husks extracted using supercritical carbon dioxide with an ethanol modifier

      Jonathan Wenzel, Cheryl Storer Samaniego, Lihua Wang, Laron Burrows, Evan Tucker, Nathan Dwarshuis, Michelle Ammerman and Ali Zand

      Version of Record online: 20 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.385

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      Walnuts have health benefits due in part because of their antioxidant content. Supercritical carbon dioxide with an ethanol modifier can extract antioxidants from walnut husks. The highest antioxidant content measured by the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assay was 0.054 mmol Trolox Equivalent/g of husk.

    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The quality changes and microflora analysis of commercial instant soya milk

      Xiaohong Ma, Xinzhong Hu, Liu Liu, Xiaoping Li, Zhen Ma, Jiahui Chen and Xue Wei

      Version of Record online: 19 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.371

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      The quality changes and microflora analysis of the commercial instant soya milk.

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      Piceatannol exhibits anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages interacting with adipocytes

      Takayuki Yamamoto, Yongjia Li, Yuki Hanafusa, Yu-Sheng Yeh, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Shinpei Kawakami, Masahiko Sai, Tsuyoshi Goto, Tatsuhiko Ito and Teruo Kawada

      Version of Record online: 16 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.366

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      Piceatannol exhibit beneficial anti-inflammatory effects in a macrophage/adipocyte model of chronic inflammation, and improve the chronic inflammation-induced adipocyte dysfunction such as suppression of uncoupling protein 1 induction.

    18. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Prevention of microbial hazard on fresh-cut lettuce through adoption of food safety and hygienic practices by lettuce farmers

      Lateefah A. Oyinlola, Adewale O. Obadina, Adebukunola M. Omemu and Olusola B. Oyewole

      Version of Record online: 11 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.365

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      It is imperative that farmers and handlers of vegetables from irrigated fields should be educated on measures aimed at minimizing or eliminating microbial hazards.

    19. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects of pretreatments of banana (Musa AAA,Omini) on the composition, rheological properties, and baking quality of its flour and composite blends with wheat flour

      Adegoke H. Bakare, Olukemi D. Ogunbowale, Mojisola O. Adegunwa and Joseph O. Olusanya

      Version of Record online: 11 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.378

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      The effect of chemical and heat pretreatments on the proximate and functional properties of flour from the pretreated bananas and its composite with wheat flour (WF) were examined. Water absorption and specific volume were 48.12 ± 0.07–52.60 ± 0.14 and 2.850 ± 0.07–5.635 ± 0.18 with the WF having significantly (P < 0.05) higher values than other blends and the most acceptable in terms of appearance and taste.

    20. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Nutritional quality and sensory acceptability of complementary food blended from maize (Zea mays), roasted pea (Pisum sativum), and malted barley (Hordium vulgare)

      Obse Fikiru, Geremew Bultosa, Sirawdink Fikreyesus Forsido and Mathewos Temesgen

      Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.376

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      Complementary weaning foods can be improved by blending of different locally available food grains. Optimum nutrient quality was found in the range of 55.0–68.5% maize, 27.5–35.0% pea, and 4–10% malt barley. Thus, the model generated in study can predict other proximate attributes except for fat.

    21. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Comparative study on proximate, functional, mineral, and antinutrient composition of fermented, defatted, and protein isolate of Parkia biglobosa seed

      Bolajoko I. Ogunyinka, Babatunji E. Oyinloye, Foluso O. Osunsanmi, Abidemi P. Kappo and Andrew R. Opoku

      Version of Record online: 29 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.373

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      Different biological preparations of P. biglobosa seeds were comparatively analyzed to ascertain physicochemical properties, hence, nutraceutical potential. The protein isolate exhibited the best nutraceutical potential with a high protein content; low fat, carbohydrate, and antinutrient contents. The results from this study implies that the protein isolate from P. biglobosa seeds can be developed into a nutraceutical toward prevention, treatment, and management of metabolic diseases such as diabetes.

    22. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Nutritional, antioxidative, and antimicrobial analysis of the Mediterranean hackberry (Celtis australis L.)

      Ajda Ota, Ana Miklavčič Višnjevec, Rajko Vidrih, Željko Prgomet, Marijan Nečemer, Janez Hribar, Nina Gunde Cimerman, Sonja Smole Možina, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič and Nataša Poklar Ulrih

      Version of Record online: 27 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.375

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      The nutritional and physicochemical properties of ripe hackberry fruit from Istria (Marasi village near Vrsar, Croatia) were determined, including water, total fiber, protein, vitamin, mineral, and phenolic contents.

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      Effects of cranberry extracts on gene expression in THP-1 cells

      Daniel B. Hannon, Jerry T. Thompson, Christina Khoo, Vijaya Juturu and John P. Vanden Heuvel

      Version of Record online: 25 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.374

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      The purpose of the present studies was to determine if cranberry extracts (CEs) contain phytochemicals that exert anti-inflammatory effects. The human monocytic cell line THP-1 was treated with two CEs (CE and 90MX) and subsequently challenged with Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Based on the changes in gene expression observed, this data indicates that CEs contain bioactive components that have anti-inflammatory effects and may protect cells from oxidative damage.

    24. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Development of a nutrient-dense complementary food using amaranth-sorghum grains

      Judith Kanensi Okoth, Sophie Atieno Ochola, Nicholas K. Gikonyo and Anselimo Makokha

      Version of Record online: 22 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.367

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      In developing countries, children in the age group 6–23 months have high rates of under nourishment. This is partly due to the complementary foods which are poor both in quality and quantity compared to the children's high nutrient requirement to support rapid growth and development. Steeping and germinating amaranth and sorghum grains can enhance the nutrient density of complementary foods thereby contributing to food-based efforts to alleviate this challenge.

    25. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Glycemic index of some local staples in Ghana

      Divine Eli-Cophie, Jacob K. Agbenorhevi and Reginald A. Annan

      Version of Record online: 18 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.372

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      The five major Ghanaian staples had low to moderately high Glycemic Index (GI). GI of foods is influenced by the processing and preparation techniques.

    26. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Carotenoid profiling of the leaves of selected African eggplant accessions subjected to drought stress

      Elias K. Mibei, Jane Ambuko, James J. Giovannoni, Arnold N. Onyango and Willis O. Owino

      Version of Record online: 18 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.370

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      Effect of drought stress on the carotenoid profiles African eggplants was monitored using HPLC coupled to PDA detector. The carotenoids increased with maturity stage of the crop and stress led to a decrease in some carotenoids and increase in some. The results of this study indicate that water stress has significant impact on the composition of some carotenoids and photosynthetic pigments and this will definitely add value to the study of stress tolerance in crops.

    27. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Consumers' preferences for fresh yam: a focus group study

      Carla Barlagne, Denis Cornet, Jean-Marc Blazy, Jean-Louis Diman and Harry Ozier-Lafontaine

      Version of Record online: 13 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.364

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      Yam is one the most important sources of carbohydrates in Africa and in the Caribbean. But, food sectors are now being challenged by evolving consumers' preferences. Therefore, consumers' preferences for yam were elicited and three distinct consumers' profiles were identified.

    28. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Nutritional composition, quality, and shelf stability of processed Ruspolia nitidula (edible grasshoppers)

      Geoffrey Ssepuuya, Ivan Muzira Mukisa and Dorothy Nakimbugwe

      Version of Record online: 13 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.369

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      This research showed that Ruspolia nitidula is more nutritious than many conventional foods; sautéing yields the most acceptable ready-to-eat R. nitidula, and its shelf stability was potentially increased from 2 days to over 3 months, potentially enhancing its contribution to income, food, and nutrition security, and a combination of preservation methods can be used to increase the shelf stability of edible insects.

    29. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Optimization of production and quality evaluation of maize-based snack supplemented with soybean and tiger-nut (Cyperus esculenta) flour

      Olugbenga O. Awolu, Olufunmilayo S. Omoba, Olumide Olawoye and Modupe Dairo

      Version of Record online: 6 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.359

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      Optimization of the production and evaluation of the quality of maize-based snack supplemented with soy and tigernut flour was studied. The functional, pasting, antioxidant, and antinutritional properties with the amino acid profile of three best blends were evaluated. Sensory evaluation of the cookies produced from the three blends was determined.

    30. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evaluation of analytical methods for the determination of the physicochemical properties of fermented, granulated, and roasted cassava pulp - gari

      Cornelia Felber, Yaovi Ouézou Azouma and Marcus Reppich

      Version of Record online: 5 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.363

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      Methods for the determination of the physicochemical properties of gari were evaluated for the most important parameters influencing the food quality and safety. Due to acceptable results, the proposed methods were regarded as suitable and adaptable for the application with single restrictions and improvements for the individual measurements. Correlation tests verified the influences of the grain size and the moisture content on the acidity content with a probability of 99.9 %.

    31. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Investigation of nutritional properties of three species of marine turban snails for human consumption

      Roslizawati Ab Lah, Joshua Smith, Dale Savins, Ashley Dowell, Daniel Bucher and Kirsten Benkendorff

      Version of Record online: 5 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.360

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      The proximate composition, trace element content, and fatty acids of Turbo militaris, Lunella undulata, and Lunella torquata from Australian waters were quantified. All three species were found to have significant differences in their fatty acid profiles, but all had a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids with n−3/n−6 ratios that are good for human health. These turbans snails were also found to be a good source of protein and essential elements, whereas toxic metals were below safe recommended standards. This study contributes to the commercial evaluation of Turbinidae fisheries and confirms their suitability as a nutritional food for human consumption.

    32. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Polyphenols from halophytes and modified atmosphere packaging improve sensorial and biochemical markers of quality of common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) fillets

      Concetta Maria Messina, Gioacchino Bono, Rosaria Arena, Mariano Randazzo, Simona Manuguerra and Andrea Santulli

      Version of Record online: 30 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.337

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      In this study, we describe the effects of MAP and antioxidants in extending shelf-life of dolphinfish, ameliorating both sensorial, chemical, and biochemical markers of quality.

    33. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects of processing and storage conditions of cocoyam strips on the quality of fries

      Oyindamola Oguntowo, Adewale O. Obadina, Olajide P. Sobukola and Mojisola O. Adegunwa

      Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.358

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      The use of cocoyam variety (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) for the production of cocoyam fries gives similar sensory properties as that of potato French fries in terms of taste, aroma, mouth feel, and sogginess although the color was not ranked the same.

    34. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Decarboxylase-positive Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from rabbit meat and their sensitivity to enterocins

      Andrea Lauková, Renata Szabóová, Pavel Pleva, Leona Buňková and Ľubica Chrastinová

      Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.361

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      Decarboxylase-positive E. faecium strains from rabbit meat are treated by enterocins which contribute to prevention.

    35. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Calories and sugars in boba milk tea: implications for obesity risk in Asian Pacific Islanders

      Jae Eun Min, David B. Green and Loan Kim

      Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.362

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      The popular boba milk tea beverage is experimentally analyzed for its sugars and caloric content. The nutrition is placed into the context of public health concerns regarding obesity and other comorbidities.

    36. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of electro-activated brine solution on the migration of metallic ions from the cans to the product in sterilized canned sweet corn

      Viacheslav Liato, Steve Labrie, Marzouk Benali and Mohammed Aider

      Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.357

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      Electro-activated brine solution was used as a hurdle in the canning of sweet corn in combination with low heat treatment. The aim is to validate the absence of significant corrosiveness of such solution through the measurement of metals migration from the can to the food.

    37. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A prospective investigation of dietary patterns and internalizing and externalizing mental health problems in adolescents

      Georgina S. A. Trapp, Karina L. Allen, Lucinda J. Black, Gina L. Ambrosini, Peter Jacoby, Susan Byrne, Karen E. Martin and Wendy H. Oddy

      Version of Record online: 10 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.355

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      The aim of this study was to examine the prospective relationship between dietary patterns and mental health among adolescents. Overall, our findings lend partial support to a link between diet and mental health. We found it to be specific to females consuming a Western dietary pattern and to externalizing behaviors.

    38. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Inactivation of Salmonella on tainted foods: using blue light to disinfect cucumbers and processed meat products

      J. Stephen Guffey, William C. Payne, Susan D. Motts, Pam Towery, Todd Hobson, Grafton Harrell, Logan Meurer and Kristoffer Lancaster

      Version of Record online: 10 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.354

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      Blue light is an inexpensive and highly effective inhibitor of Salmonella and E. coli, both organisms that have threatened the safety of the food supply.

    39. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Protein hydrolysates produced from rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) Head: emulsifying capacity and food safety

      Shan He, Trung T. Nguyen, Peng Su and Wei Zhang

      Version of Record online: 10 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.352

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      Using developed chemical process, the protein hydrolysates produced from lobster head possessed strong emulsifying capacity. They can be used as emulsifier in food industry. Therefore, changed the waste of lobster head into value raw material for value-added food ingredients.

    40. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The flavor and nutritional characteristic of four strawberry varieties cultured in soilless system

      Li Liu, Mei-Ling Ji, Min Chen, Ming-yue Sun, Xi-ling Fu, Ling Li, Dong-Sheng Gao and Cui-Ying Zhu

      Version of Record online: 10 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.346

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      Strawberries in soilless culture system are widely developed for being independent of environmental conditions. It is essential to select the best-tasting genotypes to produce strawberry of good flavor and nutritional quality. This study evaluated the quality parameters of different strawberry cultivars. Hierarchical clustering and heat map visualization of volatile aroma compounds and principal component analysis being used to assess quality parameters and evaluate strawberry varieties might provide valuable information for future strawberry-breeding programs.

    41. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Bambara–wheat composite flour: rheological behavior of dough and functionality in bread

      Ochuko L. Erukainure, Jane N.C. Okafor, Akinyele Ogunji, Happiness Ukazu, Ebele N. Okafor and Ijeoma L. Eboagwu

      Version of Record online: 4 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.356

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      Rheological behavior of bambara–wheat composite flour was investigated with Mixolab. All studied paramaters depreciated as bambara nut inclusion increased.

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      Optimization of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) butter quality using screw expeller extraction

      Yonas A. Gezahegn, Shimelis A. Emire and Sisay F. Asfaw

      Version of Record online: 2 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.351

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      The effect of Shea kernel conditioning duration, moisture content and die temperature was investigated using a combination of a 3 × 3 full factorial design and response surface methodology on Shea butter quality. The optimum operating settings were discovered setting refractive index, acid value, and peroxide value as response variables. Hence, the processing factors must be at their optimal values to achieve consistence and high butter quality.

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      Development and piloting of a food-based intervention to increase vitamin E intake in pregnant women in a randomized controlled trial

      Julia Clark, Nikki Holgan, Leone Craig, Heather Morgan, Peter Danielian and Graham Devereux

      Version of Record online: 2 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.353

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      Meta-analysis of observational cohort studies indicates an association between low maternal vitamin E intake during pregnancy and childhood asthma. In this pilot study food products with increased vitamin E content based on food ingredients have been developed, retail versions of the products were used a low vitamin E control intervention. The foods were then piloted in a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

    44. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of hydrocolloids and emulsifiers on the shelf-life of composite cassava-maize-wheat bread after storage

      Maria Eduardo, Ulf Svanberg and Lilia Ahrné

      Version of Record online: 28 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.326

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      Emulsifiers (DATEM, LC, and MG) in combination with hydrocolloids (CMC and HM pectin) can improve the quality and extend the shelf-life of composite cassava-maize-wheat breads by reducing starch retrogradation and keeping the softness of bread.

    45. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects of processing on carbendazim residue in Pleurotus ostreatus

      Erdong Xia, Wuqun Tao, Xi Yao, Jin Wang and Feng Tang

      Version of Record online: 24 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.328

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      Samples of Pleurotus ostreatus were exposed to fungicide carbendazim to study the effect of processing on the residues. In most cases, processing operations led to a significant decrease in residue levels in the finished products, particularly through washing, drying, and cooking processes.

    46. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Antidiabetic effects of Mangifera indica Kernel Flour-supplemented diet in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes in rats

      Emmanuel A. Irondi, Ganiyu Oboh and Afolabi A. Akindahunsi

      Version of Record online: 17 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.348

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      Intake of the Mangifera indica kernel flour -supplemented diets improved the fasting blood glucose, hepatic glycogen, glycosylated hemoglobin, lipid profile, plasma electrolytes, hepatic and pancreatic malonaldehyde, and the liver function markers of the diabetic rats, compared with the diabetic control rats. The M. indica kernel flour-supplemented diets also alleviated the histopathological damage to the liver and pancreas of the diabetic rats. M. indica kernel flour could therefore be a promising nutraceutical therapy for the management of T2D and its associated complications.

    47. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quality changes in cocoyam flours during storage

      Adewale Obadina, Hannah Ashimolowo and Ifeoluwa Olotu

      Version of Record online: 17 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.347

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      This study showed that fermentation and parboiling, storage periods and temperatures produced different characteristics of cocoyam flour. All the parameters had effect on moisture, crude fiber, wettability, trough, setback, and pasting temperature of the flour.

    48. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Valorization of soursop flowers (Annona muricata L.) as potent source of natural antioxidants for stabilization of palm olein during accelerated storage

      Hilaire Macaire Womeni, Fabrice Tonfack Djikeng, Naga Satya Surya Prabhakar Iruku, Mallampalli Sri Lakshmi Karuna, Rachapudi Badari Narayana Prasad and Michel Linder

      Version of Record online: 16 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.349

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      Soursop flowers: a potent source of natural antioxidant Stabilization of palm olein by soursop flowers extract, Stabilization of palm olein during accelerated storage.

    49. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
    50. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of genotype and genotype by environment interaction on total cyanide content, fresh root, and starch yield in farmer-preferred cassava landraces in Tanzania

      Mariam K. Mtunguja, Henry S. Laswai, Edward Kanju, Joseph Ndunguru and Yasinta C. Muzanila

      Version of Record online: 9 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.345

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      The potential of cassava as a biomaterial for different industries depends on its yield and starch content, and consequently starch yield. Also, cassava use for food is constrained by its cyanide content. This study aimed at identifying suitable cultivars and optimum time of harvest to maximize starch production across three environments. Also, cyanogenic potential of cassava landraces as affected by environmental conditions have been established.

    51. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis GCL2505 on the physiological function of intestine in a rat model

      Ryo Aoki, Sayaka Tsuchida, Yuri Arai, Konatsu Ohno, Tomohiko Nishijima, Takashi Mawatari, Yumiko Mikami and Kazunari Ushida

      Version of Record online: 8 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.344

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      Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis GCL2505 can withstand the effects of secondary bile acids, which appear to allow it to proliferate. We evaluated physiological functions such as IgA production and mucin secretion, which may affect gastrointestinal function such as bowel movements in order to counteract constipation and found that it is a useful probiotic.

    52. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evaluation of different fermentation processes for use by small cocoa growers in mexico

      C. Hernández- Hernández, Procopio Alejandro López-Andrade, Miguel A. Ramírez-Guillermo, Diana Guerra Ramírez and Juan F. Caballero Pérez

      Version of Record online: 22 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.333

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      This study show the results of a research carried out in Tabasco México, it speaks about methods of cocoa fermentation focused on small farmers. Fermentation was carried out in Wood boxes and rotary drum. Acidity, pH of beans, and cut test were determined in order to show degree fermentation.

    53. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Germinated Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan): a novel diet for lowering oxidative stress and hyperglycemia

      Nneka N. Uchegbu and Charles N. Ishiwu

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.343

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      Antioxidant activity of germinated pigeon pea in diet fed-alloxan-induced diabetic rats was investigated. Germination increased the antioxidant activity in pigeon pea.

    54. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quality evaluation of physical properties, antinutritional factors, and antioxidant activity of bread fortified with germinated horse gram (Dolichus uniflorus) flour

      Karishma Moktan and Pravin Ojha

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.342

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      The germination of horse gram resulted in an increase in protein, fiber, total polyphenol content, and antioxidant activity of horse gram flour, whereas antinutritional factor such as tannin, phytate, and oxalate decreased. Bread prepared with incorporation up to 6% gram flour was found to be acceptable by sensory evaluation. Total polyphenol and antioxidant activity along with mineral like calcium and iron content was increased significantly for 6% incorporated bread.

    55. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Organoleptic properties and perception of maize, African yam bean, and defatted coconut flour-based breakfast cereals served in conventional forms

      Grace Ojali Usman and Gabriel Ifeanyi Okafor

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.336

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      Breakfast cereals from blends of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa), maize (Zea mays), and defatted coconut (Cocos nucifera) flour produced by roasting (t = 280°C) were organoleptically evaluated when served dry, with milk or warm milk. The results revealed that the obtained samples were acceptable to the panelists. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) between the control (Weetabix) and the formulated samples in terms of overall acceptability, when served with water, whereas significant differences (P < 0.05) existed when served dry, with milk or warm milk.

    56. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Antioxidant properties in some selected cyanobacteria isolated from fresh water bodies of Sri Lanka

      Md Fuad Hossain, R. R. Ratnayake, Kirisnashamy Meerajini and K. L. Wasantha Kumara

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.340

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      In this study Lyngbya sp., showed highest TPC (5.02 ± 0.20 mg/gm), TFC (664.07 ± 19.76 mg/gm), and total phycobiliproteins (127.01 mg/gm) value. The ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) was recorded highest in Oscillatoria sp. (39.63 ± 7.02), whereas the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was also reported the highest in Oscillatoria sp. (465.31 ± 25.76) followed by Lyngbya sp. (248.39 ± 11.97).

    57. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Anthocyanin analyses of Vaccinium fruit dietary supplements

      Jungmin Lee

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.339

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      Cranberry dietary supplements bottle contents presented here as an example. Tablets were powdered and capsule contents were emptied and presented next to the original form.

    58. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Nutrient content of some Cameroonian traditional dishes and their potential contribution to dietary reference intakes

      Roger Ponka, Elie Fokou, Eric Beaucher, Michel Piot and Frédéric Gaucheron

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.334

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      Ekomba and Koki are the best sources of proteins (4.97 and 5.41 g/100 g edible portion). Ekwang, Tenue militaire, and Koki are the best sources of vitamin A activity (0.33, 0.36, and 0.36 mg Retinol Activity Equivalents/100 g edible portion), respectively. Except in Ekomba, essential amino acids in all dishes represented up to 33% of total amino acids, indicating a good equilibrium between amino acids.

    59. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effects of blanching, acidification, or addition of EDTA on vitamin C and β-carotene stability during mango purée preparation

      Isabel R. F. Guiamba and Ulf Svanberg

      Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.335

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      The results of this study show that the disruption of the cellular matrix during purée processing of mango facilitates oxidative reactions of vitamin C and of all-trans-β-carotene unless protected by an initial blanching step, pH adjustments, or addition of a chelating agent EDTA to inhibit oxidative enzymes ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO).

    60. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Optimization of oil extraction from giant bushel gourd seeds using response surface methodology

      Yetunde Yemisi Popoola, Rahman Akinoso and Akeem Olayemi Raji

      Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.341

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      Optimization of oil extraction from gourd seeds with the aid of expeller was achieved by applying response surface methodology. The variables were roasting temperature (87.7–172°C) and roasting duration (7.93–22.07 min), while the responses were oil yield and oil quality. Roasting at 100°C for 20 min gave optimum oil yield (27.62%) and good quality attributes.

    61. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Antioxidant activities of essential oil of Bidens pilosa (Linn. Var. Radita) used for the preservation of food qualities in North Cameroon

      Augustin Goudoum, Armand B. Abdou, Léonard Simon T. Ngamo, Martin Benoît Ngassoum and Carl M. F. Mbofung

      Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.330

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      The essential oil B. pilosa leaves exhibited different levels of antioxidant activity during two weeks of storage at room condition in all the models studied. The results from various free radical-scavenging systems revealed that B. pilosa had significant (P < 0.05) antioxidant activity and free radical-scavenging activity.

    62. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Characterization of partially purified milk-clotting enzyme from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds

      Assia I. A. M. Nasr, Isam A. Mohamed Ahmed and Omer I. A. Hamid

      Version of Record online: 15 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.338

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      Milk-clotting enzyme was partially purified from the seeds of sunflower. The partially purified enzyme demonstrated great milk-coagulation specificity and curd formation ability comparable to that of commercial rennet. Thus, the enzyme has great potentiality in cheese making industry as rennet substitute or additive.

    63. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of radio frequency heating on nutritional quality and protein solubility of corn

      Amro B. Hassan, Elke Pawelzik and Dieter von Hoersten

      Version of Record online: 15 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.332

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      Radio frequency (RF) heating improves corn nutritional value. Radio frequency might be used as postharvest method to enhance the nutritional quality of corn.

    64. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Development of functional beverages from blends of Hibiscus sabdariffa extract and selected fruit juices for optimal antioxidant properties

      Oluwatoyin M. A. Ogundele, Olugbenga O. Awolu, Adebanjo A. Badejo, Ifeanyi D. Nwachukwu and Tayo N. Fagbemi

      Version of Record online: 15 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.331

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      Beverages were developed from hibiscus extract, pineapple, carrot, and orange. Optimal antioxidant properties were obtained using response surface methodology. All the beverage mixtures with hibiscus extracts have high antioxidant properties. Formulation with optimal antioxidant properties contained all the four mixtures. Antioxidant properties were dependent mainly on hibiscus extract concentration.

    65. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of selected spices on chemical and sensory markers in fortified rye-buckwheat cakes

      Małgorzata Przygodzka, Henryk Zieliński, Zuzana Ciesarová, Kristina Kukurová and Grzegorz Lamparski

      Version of Record online: 15 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.329

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      Fortification of rye-buckwheat cakes (RBC) with spices improved antioxidant capacity. Fortification of RBC with spices showed protective effect on lysine blockage. Spices fortification reduced furosine, total fluorescent compounds, and FAST index in RBC. Spices fortification stimulated Maillard reaction progress in RBS presented as browning index. Cloves, allspice, vanilla, and spice mix are recommended for production of healthy cakes.

    66. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quality attributes of sweet potato flour as influenced by variety, pretreatment and drying method

      Ganiyat O. Olatunde, Folake O. Henshaw, Michael A. Idowu and Keith Tomlins

      Version of Record online: 23 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.325

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      The effect of pretreatment and drying methods on some quality attributes of flour from ten varieties of sweet potato (SP) roots were investigated. The interactive effect of variety, pretreatment and drying method had a significant (P < 0.001) effect on all the attributes except fat and fiber. Variety was a dominant factor influencing attributes of sweet potato flour and so should be targeted at specific end uses.

    67. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Antioxidant activity and phenolic profiles of the wild currant Ribes magellanicum from Chilean and Argentinean Patagonia

      Felipe Jiménez-Aspee, Samanta Thomas-Valdés, Ayla Schulz, Ana Ladio, Cristina Theoduloz and Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann

      Version of Record online: 19 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.323

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      Argentinean and Chilean samples of Ribes magellanicum were compared for phenolic composition and antioxidant activity using chemical assays and human cell cultures. Some 59 phenolics were identified by HPLC MS/MS analysis. The phenolic profiles of Argentinean and Chilean samples shows clear differences in composition with better cytoprotective effect in the Argentinean berries.

    68. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Rheological, baking, and sensory properties of composite bread dough with breadfruit (Artocarpus communis Forst) and wheat flours

      Adegoke H. Bakare, Oluwatooyin F. Osundahunsi and Joseph O. Olusanya

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.321

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      The Rheological (Pasting, farinograph, and alveograph) properties of wheat flour (WF) replaced with breadfruit four (05–40%) was analyzed, baking and sensory qualities of the resulting bread were evaluated. The Spv of WF loaves were not significantly different (P > 0.05) from that of the 5% CB, whereas production conditions had no significant effects on absorbed water (t = 0.532, df = 18 P = 0.3005), weight loss during baking (t = 0.865, df = 18, P = 0.199), and Spv (t = 0.828, df = 14.17, P = 0.211). The sensory qualities of the 5% blend were not significantly different from the WF.

    69. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A study on the physicochemical parameters for Penicillium expansum growth and patulin production: effect of temperature, pH, and water activity

      Joanna Tannous, Ali Atoui, André El Khoury, Ziad Francis, Isabelle P. Oswald, Olivier Puel and Roger Lteif

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.324

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      Predictive microbiology is a useful tool to predict the behavior of microorganisms. Penicillium expansum growth conditions differ from those allowing patulin production. Mathematical model allowing the estimation of Pexpansum growth rate was developed. The efficiency of the model's predictive capability was confirmed on apples. The model can be used to assess the risk of Pexpansum in fruit juices industry.

    70. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Rapid detection of bovine adipose tissue using lateral flow strip assay

      Yun-Hwa P. Hsieh and Kamil Gajewski

      Version of Record online: 12 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.322

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      Currently no rapid immunoassays are developed to identify the species content of fat tissue in mixtures. We report a simple protocol enabling the effective detection of bovine fat in highly processed materials using a lateral flow immunoassay which targets a ruminant-specific muscle protein.

    71. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quality changes and freezing time prediction during freezing and thawing of ginger

      Poonam Singha and Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan

      Version of Record online: 2 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.314

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      Effects of different freezing rates and four different thawing methods on chemical composition, microstructure, and color of ginger were investigated. Data obtained will be helpful in selecting appropriate thawing method to increase desirable essential oil components in ginger. Computer simulation for predicting the freezing time of cylindrical ginger for two different freezing methods (slow and fast) was done using ANSYS® Multiphysics.

    72. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Impact of type of child growth intervention program on caregivers’ child feeding knowledge and practices: a comparative study in Ga West Municipality, Ghana

      Faith Agbozo, Esi Colecraft and Basma Ellahi

      Version of Record online: 2 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.318

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      The type of child growth programme that caregivers enroll their infants and young children on affect the caregivers’ child feeding knowledge and practices and the children's nutritional status. Client-centered infant and young child feeding counselling should be integral component of all child growth programmes. Efforts to improve complementary feeding diets should intensify through dietary diversification strategies.

    73. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Procedure of brewing alcohol as a staple food: case study of the fermented cereal liquor “Parshot” as a staple food in Dirashe special woreda, southern Ethiopia

      Yui Sunano

      Version of Record online: 23 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.316

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      This article clarifies the brewing process of alcoholic beverages that are part of the staple diet of people living in farm villages in the Dirashe area in Ethiopia.

    74. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Use of the wetting method on cassava flour in three konzo villages in Mozambique reduces cyanide intake and may prevent konzo in future droughts

      Dulce Nhassico, James Howard Bradbury, Julie Cliff, Rita Majonda, Constantino Cuambe, Ian C. Denton, Matthew P. Foster, Arlinda Martins, Adelaide Cumbane, Luis Sitoe, Joao Pedro and Humberto Muquingue

      Version of Record online: 20 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.317

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      Konzo is an irreversible paralysis of the legs that occurs mainly in children and young women due to large cyanide intake from bitter cassava and malnutrition. A wetting method that reduces greatly the cyanogen content of cassava flour was taught to the women of three konzo villages and reduced greatly their cyanide intake. If it is used by households during drought it should prevent outbreaks of konzo. We recommend that the wetting method be taught in all konzo areas of East Africa.

    75. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of conventional milling on the nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of wheat types common in Ethiopia and a recovery attempt with bran supplementation in bread

      Genet Gebremedhin Heshe, Gulelat Desse Haki, Ashagrie Zewdu Woldegiorgis and Habtamu Fekadu Gemede

      Version of Record online: 19 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.315

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      Hard wheat bran soft wheat

    76. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seed on antioxidant activity, phytocompounds, physicochemical characteristics, and sensory acceptability of enriched cookies and mango juice

      Sheilla Natukunda, John H. Muyonga and Ivan M. Mukisa

      Version of Record online: 18 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.311

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      In this study, 0–10% tamarind seed powder (TSP) was incorporated into mango juice and cookies and its effect on antioxidant activity and consumer acceptability was evaluated. Incorporation of TSP increased the total phenolic content, condensed tannins, and total antioxidant activity of mango juice and cookies. Maximum sensorially acceptable TSP levels were 1.5% and 6%, respectively, for juice and cookies.

    77. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Effect of environment and genotypes on the physicochemical quality of the grains of newly developed wheat inbred lines

      Noha I. A. Mutwali, Abdelmoniem I. Mustafa, Yasir S. A. Gorafi and Isam A. Mohamed Ahmed

      Version of Record online: 17 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.313

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      Environmental impact on the flour quality of Sudanese wheat genotypes was evaluated Interrelations between the quality traits, genotypes, and environments were tested Growing environment affects flour quality of Sudanese wheat genotypes Genotype with excellent flour quality under hot environment was nominated.

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