Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law

Cover image for Vol. 25 Issue 3

Edited By: Prof. Harro van Asselt

Online ISSN: 2050-0394

Author Guidelines

Notes for Contributors

Review of European Comparative & International Environmental Law has now adopted ScholarOne Manuscripts, for online manuscript submission and peer review. The new system brings with it a whole host of benefits including:

- Quick and easy submission

- Administration centralised and reduced

- Significant decrease in peer review times

All submissions to the journal must be submitted online at

Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. If you require assistance then click the Get Help Now link which appears at the top right of every ScholarOne Manuscripts page.

If you cannot submit online, please contact the editor, Harro van Asselt (

About the Review of European Comparative and International Environmental Law (RECIEL)

The Review of European Comparative and International Environmental Law (RECIEL) is an international journal, published since 1992, containing articles on a broad range of topics in international, European and comparative environmental law and policy. RECIEL bridges both academic and professional spheres by providing scholars, legal practitioners, policy makers, students and any other interested persons with information on developments in international, European and comparative environmental law and policy.

Editorial Contacts

For general inquiries and correspondence, and queries relating to the submission of general or thematic articles, or thematic issues, please contact the Editor:

Prof. Harro van Asselt

University of Eastern Finland Law School, Finland,


Stockholm Environment Institute, Oxford Centre, United Kingdom


For inquiries and correspondence regarding Case Notes, please contact the Associate Editor responsible for Case Notes:

Dr. Annalisa Savaresi

University of Stirling, School of Law, United Kingdom


For inquiries and correspondence regarding Book Reviews, please contact the Associate Editor responsible for Book Reviews:

Dr. Richard Caddell

University of Cardiff, United Kingdom


University of Utrecht, The Netherlands


Length of Contributions

The length of submissions to RECIEL should be:

Articles: 5000 to 8000 words

Case Notes: 1500 to 2500 words

Book Reviews: 500 to 1500 words

Shorter or longer submissions may be acceptable at the editors’ discretion.


All manuscripts must entail original, previously unpublished work, and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. RECIEL cannot consider for publication manuscripts which have already been or will be published elsewhere either in printed or electronic form. Contributors must warrant that the Article/Book Review/Case Note does not contain any material of an obscene or libellous nature or infringe on any existing copyright. Contributors should contact the Editor for further questions on copyright issues.

Copyright Transfer Agreement

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Submissions, Review and Publication

Manuscript submissions to RECIEL are invited throughout the year. We welcome the following type of submissions:


Thematic and general articles on a broad range of current topics in international, European, and comparative environmental law and policy, including but not limited to climate change, international trade and the environment, international water law, environmental liability, waste management and the protection of biodiversity.

Case Notes

Case Notes providing concise summaries and analysis of important international and European environmental cases.

Book Reviews

Reviews of recent publications on environmental law and related areas.

We invite submissions from lawyers, academics, and practitioners in the field of international, European and comparative environmental law and policy. RECIEL seeks to represent perspectives from authors in both developed and developing countries. Special issues on a specific theme are encouraged. Please contact the Editor for specific guidelines for special issue proposals.

Prospective authors are strongly urged to consult the RECIEL guidelines for authors and ensure conformity with these guidelines in terms of style, format and other guidance provided. Contributions will be peer-reviewed, using a double blind peer review system. Reviewers will be asked to examine submissions in terms of originality, quality of argument, analytical rigour, scope of the journal, and presentation.

All accepted articles will be scheduled for publication both in print and online. Contributions will be published chronologically in accordance with the date of their acceptance, although exceptions may be made to foster thematic cohesion or balanced coverage within individual issues.

Presentation of Manuscripts

Title Page

Each manuscript should include a separate title page, containing the title, the name(s), affiliation(s), and contact details (including e-mail address and telephone number) of all authors. Authors are also asked to include a short (3-5 sentences) biography including the author’s current position and any other relevant information that the author wishes to include.

Manuscript file

The manuscript should be in a separate file not containing the author’s contact details. This file should include the title, an abstract of the submission (100-150 words), and up to four keywords for the major issues addressed in the submission. Manuscripts should be presented in font Times New Roman, font size 12, with double spacing. Field codes should be removed from the documents.


Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary or the Concise Oxford English Dictionary. The endings –ize and –ization, as opposed to –ise and –isation, are preferred. Please be consistent with the use of (all) capital or (all) small letters for legal words such as State, Article etc. (capital letters for these words are preferred).


Although RECIEL is aimed at specialists in the area of international, European and comparative environmental law and policy, authors should remember that not all readers will be familiar with all the jargon (abbreviations, symbols, phrases) used in specific fields of law and policy, or used in specific jurisdictions. Terms that are not likely to be widely known should be explained to the greatest extent possible.


In general, every abbreviation should be followed by a full stop. However, where the abbreviation consists of capital letters no full stops are required – e.g. CITES, EU, UN, US, WTO, UNFCCC. Abbreviations should be introduced the first time that they are used. Abbreviations that are used three times or less are discouraged.

Use of Underlining, Bold and Italics

Underlining and bold should not be used.

Italics should be used in the following situations:

- Case names: e.g. Commission v. Denmark, the Walloon Waste Case.

- Book titles: e.g. Sands’ Principles of International Environmental Law.

- Short foreign phrases or individual words: e.g. inter alia, acquis communautaire, et al. However, this does not apply to common Latin abbreviations such as e.g., i.e., ibid.

- Words or phrases the author wishes to emphasize.

- The titles of journals, e.g. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (journal titles should be written out). These rules apply to both the main text and footnotes.

Punctuation and Quotations

For quotations single inverted apostrophes should be used. Double inverted apostrophes should be used for quotations within quotations, e.g. ‘Article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol requires emissions trading to be “supplemental to domestic action”, but does not define how this principle of supplementarity should be interpreted’.

Quotations of more than three lines should be printed as a separate paragraph and indented. In this case quotation marks should not be used.

The punctuation mark or the comma should be placed after the apostrophe, e.g. ‘precautionary principle’, unless the quotation is a complete sentence or sentences, in which case the quotation mark follows the punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should be placed after the punctuation mark or the comma, e.g. for further comments see Sands.1


- Numbers less than 10 can be written out in full unless followed by a unit.

- 5,000; 30,000.

- Years and other numbers should be written full out (1956-1957; 230-232)

- Format for dates: 16 June 1990

Footnotes and Referencing

RECIEL does not publish literature lists, and footnotes rather than endnotes should be used. Contributors are strongly urged to follow as much as possible the basic stylistic rules and bibliographic referencing guidelines set out below. For references to domestic or regional legislation, case law and other sources that cannot accurately be expressed in the RECIEL house style, authors should refer back to the common citation style of the relevant legal system.

Above all, please ensure internal consistency throughout the manuscript.

References should be cited in the following manner:

Books (Monograph) and Reports

In general: <Initials and Surname, Title (Publisher, Year of publication), at Cited page number(s)>.


- J.H. Jans and H. Vedder, European Environmental Law (Europa Law Publishing, 2008), at 20.

- P.W. Birnie, A.E. Boyle and C. Redgwell, International Law & the Environment, 3rd edn. (Oxford University Press, 2009), at 320-321.

- M. Buck and R. Verheyen, International Trade Law and Climate Change – A Positive Way Forward (Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 2001).

Edited Books and Reports

In general: <Initials and Surname (ed./eds.), Title (Publisher, Year of publication)>.


- D. Bodansky, J. Brunnée and E. Hey (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (Oxford University Press, 2007).

- S. Humphreys (ed.), Human Rights and Climate Change (Cambridge University Press, 2009).

- L. Swart and E. Perry (eds.), Global Environmental Governance: Perspectives on the Current Debate (Center for UN Reform, 2007).

Articles in Journals

In general: <Initials and Surname, ‘Title’, Volume number: Issue number Journal name (Year), Starting page number, at Cited page number(s)>.


- V. Heyvaert, ‘Reconceptualizing Risk Assessment’, 8:2 Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (1999), 135.

- W.B. Chambers, ‘Towards an Improved Understanding of Legal Effectiveness of International Environmental Treaties’, 16:3 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (2004), 501, at 517.

- K. Alvarenga and H. Wilkins, ‘Summary of the UNCSD Subregional Preparatory Meeting for the Caribbean: 20 June 2011’, 27:4 Earth Negotiations Bulletin (2011).

Individual Book Chapters

In general: <Initials and Surname, ‘Title’, in Editor initials and Surname (ed./eds.), Edited volume title (Publisher, Year), Starting page number, at Cited page number(s)>.


- E. Rehbinder, ‘Self-regulation by Industry’, in: G. Winter (ed.), European Environmental Law: A Comparative Perspective (Dartmouth, 1996), 239, at 241.

- D.R. Hodas, ‘Biodiversity and Climate Change Laws: A Failure to Communicate?’, in: M.R. Jeffery, J. Firestone and K. Bubna-Litic (eds.), Biodiversity Conservation, Law and Livelihoods: Bridging the North-South Divide (Cambridge University Press, 2008), 383, at 384-385.

Multiple Authors

Where there are four or more authors only the first author should be cited, e.g. F. Biermann et al., ‘The Fragmentation of Global Governance Architectures: A Framework for Analysis’, 9:4 Global Environmental Politics (2009), 19, at 30.

Case law

Case law should generally include the name of the court or arbitrator (abbreviated if well-known), the date of the decision, the name of the case, including the parties (in italics), and bibliographic information. Where appropriate or necessary, (familiar) shortened case names can be provided in parentheses, set in italics, following the reference. Cross-references should refer to these shortened case names. Some examples:

International Court of Justice:

- ICJ 25 September 1997, Gabcíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary v. Slovakia), [1997] ICJ Rep. 7 (Gabcíkovo-Nagymaros).

WTO dispute settlement bodies:

- Appellate Body Reports: WTO AB 12 October 1998, United States – Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products, WT/DS58/AB/R.

- Panel Reports: WTO DS 17 December 2007, Brazil – Measures Affecting Imports of Retreaded Tyres, WT/DS332/R.

European Court of Justice/Court of Justice of the European Union:

- ECJ, Case C-168/95, Luciano Arcaro, [1996] ECR 4705.

- CJEU, Opinion of Advocate General Kokott delivered on 6 October 2011, Case C-366/10, The Air Transport Association of America, American Airlines, Inc., Continental Airlines, Inc., United Airlines, Inc. v. The Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, at paragraph 4.

National Courts:

- Regina v. Secretary of State for the Environment, Ex parte Rose Theatre Trust Company, [1990] 2 WLR 186.

European Union Documents

- Directive 92/72/EEC of 21 September 1992 on Air Pollution by Ozone, [1992] OJ L297/1.

- Consolidated Versions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, [2008] OJ C115/49.

- Commission of the European Communities Communication of 9 June 1999 on the Single Market and the Environment, COM (99)263.


In general: <Full treaty name (Place of signature, Date of adoption/signature; in force date), Article number cited>.

- Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Kyoto, 11 December 1997; in force 16 February 2005), Article 4.1(a).

Official UN Documents

- Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (UNGA Resolution A/RES/64/236, 24 December 2009).

- Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, found in Report of the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UN Doc. A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1 (Vol. I), 14 June 1992), Annex.

- Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (UN Doc. A/CONF.199/20, 4 September 2002).

- Post-Conflict Peacebuilding (UNSC Resolution S/RES/1645, 20 December 2005).

- Decision 1/CP.16, The Cancun Agreements: Outcome of the Work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (UN Doc. FCCC/CP/2010/7/Add.1, 15 March 2011).

Newspaper articles

- S. Manea, ‘The Carbon Market – Gone in a Puff of Smoke?’, The Guardian (24 January 2011)

Internet Pages

- General reference: <>.

- Specific reference: Add details of the reference, followed by: found at: <>.

If a specific page (or paragraph) number is referred to for a document including a hyperlink, this number should follow the hyperlink.

Subsequent References

Subsequent references to the same book, article, case or document should consist of a reference to the author, case or document, followed by a reference to the footnote in which the full title is given, and possibly by a reference to the specific page:

- See J.H. Jans, n. 2 above, at 121.

- CBD, n. 5 above, Article 3.

- Gabcíkovo-Nagymaros, n. 3 above, at paragraph 53.

‘Ibid.’ is used where a consecutive references are made to the same work. If the previous footnote, contains several references, ‘ibid.’ should not be used. If a footnote contains several references by the same author, subsequent crossreferences should clarify which publication is being referred to.


The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following web site:

.html. This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Whilst new developments may have occurred after the article has been typeset, it is advisable that substantive changes not be undertaken at this stage. Authors must return the corrections to the proofreader within the specified deadline.

Editing Contributions

The Editor reserves the right to alter the text of a contribution in order to make it conform with RECIEL editorial style or to compress it into available number of pages.

Gratis Copies of Contributions

RECIEL is published by Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. Each author will receive a PDF offprint of their article by email. Contributors of book reviews will receive a PDF offprint of the review section.

NEW: Online production tracking is now available for your article through Blackwell’s Author Services.

Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

English Language Editing Service: Ensure your paper is clearly written in standard, scientific English language appropriate to your discipline. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Last updated: 15th January 2016