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Energy Science & Engineering

All articles accepted from 14 August 2012 are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.  All articles accepted before this date, were published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.

Cover image for Vol. 4 Issue 3

Author Guidelines

Energy Science & Engineering publishes papers of interest to a diverse audience of researchers and professionals working in any area of energy in academia, industry or government, including scientists, engineers, consultants, policy-makers, government officials, economists and corporate organisations. The journal will give priority to quality papers that are accessible to a broad readership and discuss sustainable, state-of-the art approaches to shaping the future of energy.

Energy Science & Engineering is an open access journal, and you or your funder will be required to pay an article publication charge on acceptance. For more details on charges and available discounts, please see here.

If you would like to send suggestions for artwork related to your manuscript to be considered to appear on the cover of the journal, please follow these guidelines.

1. Submit or confirm your submission on the online site.
2. We will send you an email confirmation of your submission details.
3. After review and acceptance, you will be prompted to sign the Open Access Agreement form. Payment of the article publication charge will be required. You can then track the progress of your article through Wiley Author Services.
4. You will receive notification that your proof is ready for review, and be able to make corrections to your article using e-annotation tools for electronic proof correction.
5. Your article will publish on Wiley Online Library. If you have previously signed up for alerts through Wiley’s Author Services, you will be sent an email when your article is published online.

If you have any difficulties with the submission process please contact the Editorial Office:, or use the online ‘help’ function on the submission site.

• Original Research Article
• Review
• Perspective
• Modeling and Analysis
• Spotlight
• In the Field
• On the Map
• Short Communication
• Editorial

Research Article
The manuscript should contain an abstract; a brief introduction; details of experimental procedures in sufficient detail to allow replication of the experiment; results, either tabular or graphical; conclusions; references.

A full-length review provides a summary and discussion of the relevant literature about any topic covered within the aims and scope of the journal.

A Perspective is a scholarly opinion piece about current or future directions in a field. A Perspective can serve to assess the science or engineering directly concerned with a particular topic or report on relevant issues that may arise from the discipline (for example, policy, effects on society, regulatory issues and controversies). Perspectives that address interdisciplinary research areas or experimental results with significance to a broader audience are of particular interest.

Modeling and Analysis
A Modeling and Analysis manuscript should provide a well referenced in-depth analysis and discussion, or a discussion/comparison of modeling applications in a relevant field. The intent is not to present a traditional primary research paper. Instead, the aim is to provide a platform to discuss higher level analyses and investigations into issues affecting the development and growth of the energy sector. An example might be a techno-economic analysis, life cycle analysis, market trends, or a socio-economic study.

A Spotlight is a brief, lightly referenced article about an outstanding area, newsworthy advance or event in the field. Spotlights may report on the contemporary significance of new or established experimental methodologies and discoveries. These articles should be written in a lively and accessible style, and be accompanied by a provocative image and caption and generally should not exceed 3000 words.

In the Field
An ‘In the Field’ manuscript is a case study describing the application of a technology, process or method. The primary objective is to discuss a particular working example that has been applied ‘in the field’ at pilot or commercial scale.

On the Map
An ‘On the Map’ article assesses the current status and future potential of the supply or use of energy in a particular country or geographic region. Within this context, authors are encouraged to evaluate the relative importance of industrial development, academic research, cross-sector partnerships, policy initiatives, economic and market development issues as well as legal and social issues.

Short Communications
The aim of publishing a Short Communication article is to present useful and novel preliminary results of interest to a wide, interdisciplinary audience. The manuscript should contain an abstract; a brief introduction; details of experimental procedures in sufficient detail to allow replication of the experiment; results, either tabular or graphical; conclusions; references. Short Communications should not exceed 4000 words.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Manuscripts must be submitted in grammatically correct English. Manuscripts that do not meet this standard cannot be reviewed. Authors for whom English is a second language may wish to consult an English-speaking colleague or consider having their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication. A manuscript is considered for review and possible publication on the condition that it is submitted solely to Energy Science & Engineering, and that the manuscript or a substantial portion of it is not under consideration elsewhere.

Disclosure statement
Energy Science & Engineering requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include, but are not limited to, patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker's fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to list on the cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (under the Acknowledgements section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

Information reproduced from another source must be properly cited. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining written permission from the appropriate authors and/or copyright holders to use previously published or copyrighted material. Signed permission statements from the copyright holder for both print and online reproduction must be sent to the Energy Science & Engineering Editorial Office upon manuscript submission. Permission statements also must be obtained from at least one author when citing unpublished data, in press articles, and/or personal communications.

Open Access Agreement
We have introduced a convenient new process for signing your Open Access Agreement electronically (eOAA) that will save you considerable time and effort. This eOAA is administered electronically. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. You may preview the copyright terms and conditions here.

Authors’ Professional and Ethical Responsibilities
Should possible scientific misconduct or dishonesty in research submitted for review be suspected or alleged, Energy Science & Engineering reserves the right to forward any submitted manuscript to the sponsoring or funding institution or to other appropriate authorities for investigation. The journal also screens manuscripts for incidents of plagiarism; please ensure that manuscripts present original data written in unique language. All co-authors must consent to submission of the manuscript.

Manuscript preparation
We place very few restrictions on the way in which you prepare your article, and it is not necessary to try to replicate the layout of the journal in your submission. We ask only that you consider your reviewers by supplying your manuscript in a clear, generic and readable layout, and ensure that all relevant sections are included. Our production process will take care of all aspects of formatting and style. The list below can be used as a checklist to ensure that the manuscript has all the information necessary for successful publication.

• Title page, including title, authors’ names, authors’ affiliations, and contact details (especially email address) for the person to whom the proof notification is to be sent
• Abstract (maximum 200 words) and 4–6 keywords
• Text
• Literature cited (see below for tips on references) • Tables may be uploaded as a separate file if necessary • Figure legends if Figures are supplied
• Acknowledgements, including details of funding bodies with grant numbers

File types
Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .rtf, .ppt, .xls.
LaTeX files may be submitted provided that an .eps or .pdf file is provided in addition to the source files.

New Manuscript
Non-LaTeX users: Upload your manuscript files (including any figures or tables or other material for review). At this stage, further source files do not need to be uploaded.
LaTeX users: For reviewing purposes you should upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box.

Revised Manuscript Non-LaTeX users: Editable source files must be uploaded at this stage. Tables must be on separate pages after the reference list, and not be incorporated into the main text. Figures should be uploaded as separate figure files. LaTeX users: When submitting your revision you must still upload a single .pdf that you have generated from your revised source files. You must use the File Designation "Main Document" from the dropdown box. Please use “article” class for LaTeX submissions and include any associated packages/files with the submitted LaTeX source files. For all your source files you must use the File Designation "Supplemental Material not for review". Previous versions of uploaded documents must be deleted. If your manuscript is accepted for publication we will use the files you upload to typeset your article within a totally digital workflow.

All tables must be cited in the text in the order that they should appear.

All figures must be cited in the text in the order that they should appear. Illustrations are an important medium through which to convey the meaning in your article, and there is no substitute for preparing these to the highest possible standard. Therefore, please create your illustrations carefully with reference to our graphics guidelines (see It is very difficult to improve an image that has been saved or created in an inappropriate format. We realize that not everyone has access to high-end graphics software, so the following information may help if you are having difficulty in deciding how to get the best out of the tools at your disposal.

1. As a general rule of thumb, images that contain text and line art (graphs, charts, maps, etc.) will reproduce best if saved as EPS or PDF. If you choose this option, it is important to remember to embed fonts. This ensures that any text reproduces exactly as you intend.
2. Images that contain photographic information are best saved as TIFF or PNG, as this ensures that all data are included in the file. JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) should be avoided if possible, as information is lost during compression; however, it is acceptable for purely photographic subjects if the image was generated as a JPEG from the outset (many digital cameras, for example, output only in JPEG format).
3. If you are not sure which format would be the best option, it is always best to default to EPS or PDF as these are more likely to preserve the high-quality characteristics of the original.
4. Microsoft Office. If you have generated your images in Microsoft Office software (Word, Excel, PowerPoint), or similar, it is often best simply to send us the files in their native file formats.
5. Please ensure all images are a minimum of 600 dpi.

As with the main body of text, the completeness and content of your reference list is more important than the format chosen. A clear and consistent, generic style will assist the accuracy of our production processes and produce the highest quality published work. If you use bibliographic software to generate your reference list, select a standard output style, and check that it produces full and comprehensive reference listings. A guide to the minimum elements required for successful reference linking appears below.

Minimum reference information
Journal Article
Author(s) in full
Year of publication
Article title
Journal title (preferably not abbreviated)
Volume number
Issue number
Page range
Author(s) in full
Year of publication
Book title
Place of publication
No. Pages
Book Chapter
Author(s) in full
Year of publication
Chapter title
Book title
Place of publication
Page range
Online resources
References to online research articles should always include a DOI, where available. When referring to other Web pages, it is useful to include a date on which the resource was accessed.

Supporting Information and Appendices
Authors are encouraged to submit Supporting Information that could aid readers in understanding the authors' findings. This may include (but is not limited to) additional figures, tables, video clips, movies and animations (QuickTime, mpeg, SWF), data sets, and program code. Supporting Information must be submitted at the time of peer review, although the reviewers and editors may also suggest that figures or tables be provided as Supporting Information during the review process. Supporting Information should be numbered in order, but independently of figures in the main article. Please note that supplementary material is not edited by the publisher after final acceptance by the editors, and is posted online in the format in which it is supplied. We would encourage you, where possible and appropriate, to include additional figures and tables in an Appendix in your main manuscript document instead of designating it as Supporting Information.

Soon after acceptance, you will receive an email alert containing a link to a website to access your proofs for final content correction within our rapid production workflow. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Once you have submitted your corrections, the production office will finalize the layout of your article for publication.

As this is an open access journal, you have free, unlimited access to your article online. However, if you wish to obtain printed reprints, these may be ordered online at (Email:

Early View
Energy Science & Engineering is covered by Wiley's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of the publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so they cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a unique number called a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. For more information on DOIs, please see

Online Production Tracking
Authors are able to track their article (once it has been accepted) through the production process to publication online and in print. Upon receipt of an article at the publisher, you will be invited to register at the Author Services website, where you can pay your publication fee, check the status of your articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so that you do not need to contact the Production Editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Search Engine Optimization for Your Paper
Consult our SEO Tips for Authors page in order to maximize online discoverability for your published research.  Included are tips for making your title and abstract SEO-friendly, choosing appropriate keywords, and promoting your research through social media.

Please address any correspondence to the Editorial Office: