Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

  1. Climate and Dynamics

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    2. Climate and Dynamics
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      Introduction to special section on The role of the Atlantic warm pool in the climate of the Western Hemisphere

      Luis Gimeno, Victor Magaña and David B. Enfield

      Version of Record online: 28 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016699

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      Tropical gradient influences on Caribbean rainfall

      Michael A. Taylor, Tannecia S. Stephenson, Albert Owino, A. Anthony Chen and Jayaka D. Campbell

      Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015580

      Key Points

      • Interbasin and intrabasin gradients are important for Caribbean climate
      • The tropical gradients, the AWP, and the CLLJ modulate Caribbean rainfall variability
      • Future Caribbean drying is linked to a perpetuating midsummer rainfall minimum
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      Zonal mean wind, the Indian monsoon, and July drying in the western Atlantic subtropics

      Patrick Kelly and Brian Mapes

      Version of Record online: 17 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015405

      Key Points

      • July zonal mean easterlies correlated with NASH enhancement in WATL
      • July zonal mean easterlies correlated with MSD enhancement in WATL
      • Indian monsoon rainfall negatively correlated with rainfall in WATL
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      The influence of the Atlantic Warm Pool on the Florida panhandle sea breeze

      Vasubandhu Misra, Lauren Moeller, Lydia Stefanova, Steven Chan, James J. O'Brien, Thomas J. Smith III and Nathaniel Plant

      Version of Record online: 4 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015367

      Key Points

      • A successful downscaling of sea breeze
      • Sea breeze variations contribute to summer seasonal totals
      • Atlantic warm pool has an influence on these sea breezes
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      Regional long-term climate change (1950–2000) in the midtropical Atlantic and its impacts on the hydrological cycle of Puerto Rico

      Daniel E. Comarazamy and Jorge E. González

      Version of Record online: 18 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015414

      Key Points

      • Dramatic reduction in PR precipitation because of climate change
      • Changes in wind leading to higher cloud bases, less column total water content
      • Integrated atmospheric modeling approach
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      On the contribution of the Tropical Western Hemisphere Warm Pool source of moisture to the Northern Hemisphere precipitation through a Lagrangian approach

      Anita Drumond, Raquel Nieto and Luis Gimeno

      Version of Record online: 19 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015397

      Key Points

      • Role of WHWP as a moisture source
      • Contribution of WHWP for precipitation in North America and western Europe
      • Transport of moisture toward extratropics by GPLLJ and warm conveyor belt
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      Decadal climate variability in the eastern Caribbean

      Mark R. Jury and Isabelle Gouirand

      Version of Record online: 18 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015107

      Key Points

      • The leading mode of Caribbean rainfall variability is a decadal oscillation
      • The decadal oscillation is related to an Atlantic tripole feature in SST and SL
      • The 3 centers of action intensity Africa easterly waves
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      A modeling study of the interaction between the Atlantic Warm Pool, the tropical Atlantic easterlies, and the Lesser Antilles

      Steven C. Chan, Vasubandhu Misra and H. Smith

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015260

      Key Points

      • Interaction between Caribbean Sea and its islands
      • Regional downscaling
      • Simulations of island climate