Brain and Behavior

Cover image for Vol. 7 Issue 1

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Maryann Martone, University of California, San Diego, USA

Impact Factor: 2.128

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 31/51 (Behavioral Sciences); 167/256 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 2162-3279

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  1. 1 - 17
  1. ORIGINAL RESEARCH

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Reproducibility of tract-based white matter microstructural measures using the ENIGMA-DTI protocol

      Ashley Acheson, S. Andrea Wijtenburg, Laura M. Rowland, Anderson Winkler, Charles W. Mathias, L. Elliot Hong, Neda Jahanshad, Binish Patel, Paul M. Thompson, Stephen A. McGuire, Paul M. Sherman, Peter Kochunov and Donald M. Dougherty

      Version of Record online: 14 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.615

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      In preparation for longitudinal analyses of white matter development in youths with family histories of substance use disorders (FH+) or without such histories (FH−), we examined the reproducibility and reliability of global and regional measures of fractional anisotropy (FA) values, measured using the Enhancing Neuro Imaging Genetics Through Meta Analysis (ENIGMA)-diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) protocol in data collected a year apart in 68 FH+ and 21 FH− adolescents. Overall, this study demonstrated an excellent reproducibility of ENIGMA-DTI FA, positing it as viable analysis tools for longitudinal studies and other protocols that repeatedly assess white matter microstructure.

  2. Original Research

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Disrupted neural activity patterns to novelty and effort in young adult APOE-e4 carriers performing a subsequent memory task

      Simon Evans, Nicholas G. Dowell, Naji Tabet, Sarah L. King, Samuel B. Hutton and Jennifer M. Rusted

      Version of Record online: 5 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.612

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      The APOE e4 allele has negative effects on cognition in later life. We used fMRI to investigate neural activation differences in young adult e4 carriers during a subsequent memory task. No performance differences were observed, but e4 carriers showed significantly different activity patterns in medial temporal lobe, at both acquisition and recall.

  3. ORIGINAL RESEARCH

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quantitative imaging biomarkers for dural sinus patterns in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

      Dinah Zur, Reut Anconina, Anat Kesler, Svetlana Lublinsky, Ronen Toledano and Ilan Shelef

      Version of Record online: 3 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.613

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      Cross-sectional analysis of dural transverse sinuses (TS) using computer-assisted detection (CAD) provides exact quantitative information. Patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension show significant narrowing of TS compared to controls. CAD analysis appears as a precise tool for investigating mechanisms and responses to treatment in IIH patients.

    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Brain structure, working memory and response inhibition in childhood leukemia survivors

      Ellen van der Plas, Russell J. Schachar, Johann Hitzler, Jennifer Crosbie, Sharon L. Guger, Brenda J. Spiegler, Shinya Ito and Brian J. Nieman

      Version of Record online: 29 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.621

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      Childhood leukemia survivors exhibited deficits in core executive functions. Cognitive performance was significantly correlated with brain structure. Exposure to chemotherapy during early childhood compromises brain development.

    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Hippocampal atrophy and memory dysfunction associated with physical inactivity in community-dwelling elderly subjects: The Sefuri study

      Manabu Hashimoto, Yuko Araki, Yuki Takashima, Kohjiro Nogami, Akira Uchino, Takefumi Yuzuriha and Hiroshi Yao

      Version of Record online: 29 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.620

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      Physical inactivity is one of the major modifiable risk factors for hippocampal atrophy and Alzheimer's disease. We investigated the relationship between physical activity, hippocampal atrophy, and memory function using structural equation modeling (SEM). We found that hippocampal atrophy was associated with age and leisure-time physical inactivity, and hippocampal atrophy appeared to cause memory dysfunction.

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      Morphological relationship between the superior cervical ganglion and cervical nerves in Japanese cadaver donors

      Kazuyuki Mitsuoka, Takeshi Kikutani and Iwao Sato

      Version of Record online: 29 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.619

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      Various communications of the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) with the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves confirmed histological observations of the SCG, using cadavers. The communication site of mainly the cervical nerve, vagus nerve, and glossopharyngeal nerves is an important surgical landmark in head and neck surgery.

  4. Original Research

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Cortical interactions during the resolution of information processing demands in autism spectrum disorders

      Kristina Denisova, Guihu Zhao, Zhishun Wang, Suzanne Goh, Yuankai Huo and Bradley S. Peterson

      Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.596

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      We aimed to examine brain mechanisms that support adaptive interactions of humans with their environment, in individuals and without Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Using fluctuation analyses and empirically estimating Gamma parameters from the data, we show that individuals with ASD, and especially those with higher autistic deficits are characterized by more noisy and random distributions. In individuals with ASD, worse stochastic patterns (behavioral uncertainty) are linked to atypical interference-specific coupling between bilateral anterior insula and the rest of the brain. Subtle and informative differences in the structure of experiencing information exist between ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals.

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      White matter integrity of the medial forebrain bundle and attention and working memory deficits following traumatic brain injury

      Jacqueline A. Owens, Gershon Spitz, Jennie L. Ponsford, Alicia R. Dymowski, Nicholas Ferris and Catherine Willmott

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.608

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      This study aimed to investigate white matter integrity of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB), specifically the supero-lateral branch (slMFB), following traumatic brain injury (TBI), and its association with performance on attention and working memory tasks. Using probabilistic tractography, this study was the first to demonstrate microstructural white matter damage within the slMFB following TBI.

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      Pattern of gray matter volumes related to retinal thickness and its association with cognitive function in relapsing–remitting MS

      Jan-Patrick Stellmann, Hanife Cetin, Kim Lea Young, Sibylle Hodecker, Jana Pöttgen, Diana Bittersohl, Andrea Hassenstein, Timm Oberwahrenbrock, Christoph Heesen and Susanne Siemonsen

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.614

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      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising imaging technique to assess neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis. This cross-sectional study investigated in 54 patients the association between OCT measurements and focal cortical atrophy patterns. Besides the primary visual system, OCT outcomes showed a correlation pattern with cortical regions that are known to be important for cognitive performance, predominantly the insula in both hemispheres.

    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Swallowing and swallowing-breathing interaction as predictors of intubation in Guillain-Barré syndrome

      Adam Ogna, Helene Prigent, Michele Lejaille, Patricia Samb, Tarek Sharshar, Djillali Annane, Frederic Lofaso and David Orlikowski

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.611

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      Main factors of intubation in GBS patients. Beside respiratory parameters, swallowing impairment is a very important factor of intubation in GBS patient and should be systematically assessed. Clinical evaluation seems to be sufficient for such assessment.

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      Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in people with epilepsy

      Rosa Maria Vivanco-Hidalgo, Alejandra Gomez, Antia Moreira, Laura Díez, Roberto Elosua and Jaume Roquer

      Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.618

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      Patients receiving inducers had more prevalence of dyslipidemia than noninducers.

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      Nonmotor symptoms in primary adult-onset cervical dystonia and blepharospasm

      Jing Yang, Na Shao, Wei Song, Qianqian Wei, Ruwei Ou, Ying Wu and Hui-Fang Shang

      Version of Record online: 18 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.592

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      Patients with dystonia may develop several nonmotor symptoms (NMS). NMS were evaluated in 120 patients with cervical dystonia and blepharospasm. We found depression, anxiety, sleep disorder and cognitive decline are common in these patients, and the severity of motor symptom did not contribute to the severity of NMS in craniocervical dystonia.

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      Reduced interneuronal dendritic arborization in CA1 but not in CA3 region of mice subjected to chronic mild stress

      Javier Gilabert-Juan, Clara Bueno-Fernandez, Esther Castillo-Gomez and Juan Nacher

      Version of Record online: 14 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.534

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      Chronic mild stress decreases the dendritic arborization of interneurons in the CA1 region, which did not occur in those in CA3. CMS also reduces the expression of glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 in different layers of CA1 and CA3 regions of the hippocampus.

    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Association of vitamin D status and clinical and radiological outcomes in a treated MS population in Poland

      Sławomir Wawrzyniak, Emilia Mikołajewska, Ewelina Kuczko-Piekarska, Anna Niezgodzińska-Maciejek and Aleksander Goch

      Version of Record online: 7 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.609

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      Vitamin D influences the immune system significantly. Previous studies have found that vitamin D deficiency in adolescence can play a significant role in increasing the risk of developing autoimmune diseases including multiple sclerosis. Presented findings confirm that deficiency of vitamin D in patients with MS is correlated with clinical and radiological course of the disease.

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      Weight loss in the early stage of progressive supranuclear palsy

      Ayako Tsuge, Satoshi Kaneko, Reika Wate, Mitsuaki Oki, Masato Nagashima, Shinya Asayama, Masataka Nakamura, Kengo Fujita, Akemi Saito, Norihiro Takenouchi and Hirofumi Kusaka

      Version of Record online: 5 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.616

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      The body mass index measured within 3 years after the disease onset did not show a significant difference between Parkinson's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). However, the subsequent weight was stable in patients with Parkinson's disease and significantly decreased in patients with PSP. Weight loss begins in the early stage of PSP.

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      Uric acid is associated with vascular dementia in Chinese population

      Yuzhen Xu, Qian Wang, Ruiting Cui, Kaili Lu, Yunlin Liu and Yuwu Zhao

      Version of Record online: 5 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.617

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      The association of uric acid levels and Alzheimer's disease has been widely addressed, but limited relative data exist regarding vascular dementia. Our results showed that vascular dementia patients had lower serum uric acid levels than control subjects. In addition, we also found that serum uric acid levels were positively correlated with MMSE scores and the association was independent of confounding factors in vascular dementia patients. Our study is the first study on the relation between uric acid and vascular dementia in Chinese population. The relationship between uric acid and vascular dementia, if confirmed by future research, may have critical clinical and therapeutic implications.

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      Childhood maltreatment, psychopathology, and the development of hippocampal subregions during adolescence

      Sarah Whittle, Julian G. Simmons, Sylke Hendriksma, Nandita Vijayakumar, Michelle L. Byrne, Meg Dennison and Nicholas B. Allen

      Version of Record online: 30 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/brb3.607

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      This study investigated whether childhood maltreatment and psychopathology were associated with the development of hippocampal subregion volumes from early to late adolescence. Childhood maltreatment, and both early and late onset psychopathology, were associated with altered development of different hippocampal subregions. Our results highlight the importance of considering development in research examining associations between stress, mental illness, and hippocampal morphology.

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