You have open access to this content

Brain and Behavior

All articles accepted from 14 August 2012 are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.  All articles accepted before this date, were published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.

Cover image for Vol. 4 Issue 2

Edited By: Andrei V. Alexandrov, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, USA and Maryann Martone, University of California, San Diego, USA

Online ISSN: 2162-3279

Author Guidelines

Brain and Behavior - steps to publication

1. Submit or confirm your submission at
2. We will send you an email confirmation of your submission details.
3. After review and acceptance, you will be prompted to sign the Open Access Agreement form through Wiley Author Services. Payment of the article publication charge will be required. You can also track the progress of your article through Wiley Author Services.
4. You will receive notification that your proof is ready for review, and be able to make corrections to your article using e-annotation tools for electronic proof correction.
5. Your article will publish on Wiley Online Library. If you have previously signed up for alerts through Wiley’s Author Services, you will be sent an email when your article is published online.

If your paper is accepted, the author whom you identify as being the corresponding author for the paper will be presented with the option to sign an open access agreement (on behalf of all co-authors) to make articles available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). For more information on the terms and conditions of this license please visit:

The open access agreement is administered electronically. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Andrei V. Alexandrov, MD and Maryann Martone, PhD

Address correspondence to the Editorial Office:

The Journal requires that authors submit electronically via the online submission site at


  • Original research articles  
  • Reviews
  • Methods papers
  • Editorials
  • Commentaries

Manuscripts must be submitted in grammatically correct English. Manuscripts that do not meet this standard cannot be reviewed. Authors for whom English is a second language may wish to consult an English-speaking colleague or consider having their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication. A manuscript is considered for review and possible publication on the condition that it is submitted solely to Brain and Behavior, and that the manuscript or a substantial portion of it is not under consideration elsewhere.

Informed consent
Brain and Behavior requires that all appropriate steps be taken in obtaining informed consent of any and all human and/or experimental animal subjects participating in the research comprising the manuscript submitted for review and possible publication, and a statement to this effect must be included in the Methods section of the manuscript. Identifying information should not be included in the manuscript unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the study participants or patients (or parents or guardians) give written informed consent for publication.

Protection of human subjects and animals in research
A statement indicating that the protocol and procedures employed were reviewed and approved by the appropriate institutional review committee must be included in the Methods section of the manuscript. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. For research involving recombinant DNA, containment facilities and guidelines should conform to those of the National Institutes of Health or corresponding institutions. For those investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Helsinki Declaration should be followed. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.

“Resource Identification Initiative” Pilot
Brain and Behavior is participating in the “Resource Identification Initiative”, which aims to promote research resource identification, discovery, and reuse. This initiative, led by the Neuroscience Information Framework and the Oregon Health & Science University Library, provides unique identifiers for antibodies, model organisms, and tools such as software and databases. These IDs, called Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs), are machine-readable and can therefore be used to search for all papers in which a particular resource was used and to increase access to critical data to help researchers identify suitable reagents and tools. As part of this pilot project, we ask authors to use RRIDs to cite the resources used in your research where applicable in the text, exactly as you would a regular citation or Genbank Accession number. For antibodies, we ask that you please include in your citation the vendor, catalogue number, and RRID. For software tools and databases, please provide the name of the resource followed by the resource website if available, and the RRID. For model organisms, the RRID alone is sufficient. We also ask that you please include the RIIDs in the list of keywords associated with your manuscript.

To Obtain Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs):

1. Use the Resource Identification Portal, created by the Resource Identification Initiative Working Group.

2. Search for your research resource (please the section titled “Search Features and Tips” for more information)

3. Click on the “Cite This” button to obtain the citation and insert the citation into your manuscript text.

If you have a resource that is not found within the Portal, we encourage you to register the resource with the appropriate resource authority. Information on how to do this is provided in the “Resource Citation Guidelines” section of the Portal.

If you experience any difficulties obtaining identifiers, please contact for assistance.

Example Citations:

Antibodies: “Wnt3 was localized using a rabbit polyclonal antibody C64F2 against Wnt3 (Cell Signaling Technology, Cat# 2721S, RRID: AB_2215411)”

Model Organisms: “Experiments conducted in c. elegans strain SP304 (RRID:CGC_SP304)

Tools/Software/Databases: “Image analysis was conducted with CellProfiler Image Analysis Software, V2.0 (, RRID:nif-0000-00280) 

Disclosure statement
Brain and Behavior requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include, but are not limited to, patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker's fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal.

If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to list on the cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (under the Acknowledgements section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

The above policies are in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals produced by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (

Manuscript preparation
We place very few restrictions on the way in which you prepare your article, and it is not necessary to try to replicate the layout of the journal in your submission. We ask only that you consider your reviewers by supplying your manuscript in a clear, generic and readable layout, and ensure that all relevant sections are included. Our production process will take care of all aspects of formatting and style. The list below can be used as a checklist to ensure that the manuscript has all the information necessary for successful publication.

  • Title page, including title, authors’ names, authors’ affiliations, and contact information*
  • Structured abstract and 4–6 keywords
  • Text (introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion)
  • Literature cited (see below for tips on references)
  • Tables (may be sent as a separate file if necessary)
  • Figure legends
  • Acknowledgements, including details of funding bodies with grant numbers

*You will be asked to provide the full address information for the corresponding author. Please be sure to do this, as the processing of your manuscript may be delayed without complete address information for the corresponding author.


A structured abstract containing an introduction, methods, results, conclusions, and three keywords is required.

As with the main body of text, the completeness and content of your reference list is more important than the format chosen. A clear and consistent, generic style will assist the accuracy of our production processes and produce the highest quality published work, but it is not necessary to try to replicate the journal’s own style, which is applied during the production process. If you use bibliographic software to generate your reference list, select a standard output style, and check that it produces full and comprehensive reference listings. A guide to the minimum elements required for successful reference linking appears below. The final journal output will use the ‘Harvard’ style of reference citation. If your manuscript has already been prepared using the ‘Vancouver’ system, we are quite happy to receive it in this form. We will perform the conversion from one system to the other during the production process.

Minimum reference information

Journal Article
Author(s) in full
Year of publication
Article title
Journal title (preferably not abbreviated)
Volume number
Issue number
Page range

Author(s) in full
Year of publication
Book title
Place of publication
No. Pages

Book Chapter
Author(s) in full
Year of publication
Chapter title
Book Author/Editor
Book title
Place of publication
Page range

Online resources
References to online research articles should always include a DOI, where available. When referring to other Web pages, it is useful to include a date on which the resource was accessed.

All tables must be cited in the text in the order that they should appear.

All figures must be cited in the text in the order that they should appear. Illustrations are an important medium through which to convey the meaning in your article, and there is no substitute for preparing these to the highest possible standard. Therefore, please create your illustrations carefully with reference to our graphics guidelines (see It is very difficult to improve an image that has been saved or created in an inappropriate format. We realize that not everyone has access to high-end graphics software, so the following information may help if you are having difficulty in deciding how to get the best out of the tools at your disposal.

Cover Images: Brain and Behavior encourages you to designate one of the figures in your paper to be considered for the online journal cover and for potential publication on the official Wiley Open Access blog.

1. Check your software options to see if you can ‘save as’ or ‘export’ using one of the robust, industry-standard formats. These are:

  • Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)
  • Tagged Image File Format (TIFF)
  • Portable Network Graphics (PNG)
  • Portable Document Format (PDF)

2. As a general rule of thumb, images that contain text and line art (graphs, charts, maps, etc.) will reproduce best if saved as EPS or PDF. If you choose this option, it is important to remember to embed fonts. This ensures that any text reproduces exactly as you intend.

3. Images that contain photographic information are best saved as TIFF or PNG, as this ensures that all data are included in the file. JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) should be avoided if possible, as information is lost during compression; however, it is acceptable for purely photographic subjects if the image was generated as a JPEG from the outset (many digital cameras, for example, output only in JPEG format).

4. If you are not sure which format would be the best option, it is always best to default to EPS or PDF as these are more likely to preserve the high-quality characteristics of the original.

5. Microsoft Office. If you have generated your images in Microsoft Office software (Word, Excel, PowerPoint), or similar, it is often best simply to send us the files in their native file formats.

6. Please ensure all images are a minimum of 600 dpi.

Metric System
The metric system should be used for all measurements, weights, etc. Temperatures should be expressed in degrees Celsius (centigrade).

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

CrossCheck is a multi-publisher initiative to screen published and submitted content for originality. Brain and Behavior uses iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. To find out more about CrossCheck visit

Soon after acceptance, you will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site to access your proofs for final content correction within our rapid production workflow. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Once you have submitted your corrections, the production office will finalize the layout of your article for publication.

As this is an open access journal, you have free, unlimited access to your article online. However, if you wish to obtain printed reprints, these may be ordered online:

Production Questions
Please direct any questions regarding the production of your article to the Production Editor at

Peer Review Scorecard Pilot
Brain and Behavior is participating in Wiley's pilot of transferable peer review in which reviewers complete a standard scorecard in addition to their usual review. Authors of original research articles rejected with scorecards will be invited to transfer the manuscript, reviews, and scorecard to any of the journals participating in the pilot. Authors will have the opportunity to revise their manuscript according to the original review comments prior to transfer if they wish to do so. A list of participating journals and more information about the pilot can be found here. We believe that this system of preserving original peer review for the next journal's use will decrease repetitious review, save authors, reviewers and editors valuable time and significantly increase the speed to publication for many papers.

last updated 12/6/2012