Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets


Results of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper Investigation

The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3), a high-resolution, high-precision imaging spectrometer, flew on board India's Chandrayaan-1 Mission from October 2008 through August 2009. This paper describes some of the spatial sampling aspects of the instrument, the planned mission, and the mission as flown.

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) imaging spectrometer for lunar science: Instrument description, calibration, on-orbit measurements, science data calibration and on-orbit validation

      R. O. Green, C. Pieters, P. Mouroulis, M. Eastwood, J. Boardman, T. Glavich, P. Isaacson, M. Annadurai, S. Besse, D. Barr, B. Buratti, D. Cate, A. Chatterjee, R. Clark, L. Cheek, J. Combe, D. Dhingra, V. Essandoh, S. Geier, J. N. Goswami, R. Green, V. Haemmerle, J. Head, L. Hovland, S. Hyman, R. Klima, T. Koch, G. Kramer, A. S. K. Kumar, K. Lee, S. Lundeen, E. Malaret, T. McCord, S. McLaughlin, J. Mustard, J. Nettles, N. Petro, K. Plourde, C. Racho, J. Rodriquez, C. Runyon, G. Sellar, C. Smith, H. Sobel, M. Staid, J. Sunshine, L. Taylor, K. Thaisen, S. Tompkins, H. Tseng, G. Vane, P. Varanasi, M. White and D. Wilson

      Article first published online: 29 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JE003797

      Key Points

      • Spectroscopic measurements of the Moon
      • Calibration and validation of measurements
      • Science instrumentation for imaging spectroscopy
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      M3 spectral analysis of lunar swirls and the link between optical maturation and surface hydroxyl formation at magnetic anomalies

      Georgiana Y. Kramer, Sebastien Besse, Deepak Dhingra, Jeffrey Nettles, Rachel Klima, Ian Garrick-Bethell, Roger N. Clark, Jean-Philippe Combe, James W. Head III, Lawrence A. Taylor, Carlé M. Pieters, Joseph Boardman and Thomas B. McCord

      Article first published online: 9 SEP 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003729

      Key Points

      • The swirls are depleted in OH relative to their surroundings
      • On-swirl spectral maturation is retarded and is accelerated off-swirl
      • Our results suport deflection of solar wind ions by the magnetic anomalies
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      Optical maturity variation in lunar spectra as measured by Moon Mineralogy Mapper data

      J. W. Nettles, M. Staid, S. Besse, J. Boardman, R. N. Clark, D. Dhingra, P. Isaacson, R. Klima, G. Kramer, C. M. Pieters and L. A. Taylor

      Article first published online: 28 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003748

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      Thermal removal from near-infrared imaging spectroscopy data of the Moon

      Roger N. Clark, Carlé M. Pieters, Robert O. Green, J. W. Boardman and Noah E. Petro

      Article first published online: 24 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003751

      Key Points

      • Lunar spectra contain enough information to remove the thermal component
      • Spectra of some locations on the Moon contain water absorptions
      • Hottest areas are in craters where multiply scattered sunlight adds heat
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A photometric function for analysis of lunar images in the visual and infrared based on Moon Mineralogy Mapper observations

      M. D. Hicks, B. J. Buratti, J. Nettles, M. Staid, J. Sunshine, C. M. Pieters, S. Besse and J. Boardman

      Article first published online: 16 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003733

      Key Points

      • M3 spectral images are used to generate wavelength-dependent photometric models
      • The empirical models treat lunar mare and highland regions separately
      • The models enable the correction of M3 spectral images to a standard geometry
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Measuring moonlight: An overview of the spatial properties, lunar coverage, selenolocation, and related Level 1B products of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper

      Joseph W. Boardman, C. M. Pieters, R. O. Green, S. R. Lundeen, P. Varanasi, J. Nettles, N. Petro, P. Isaacson, S. Besse and L. A. Taylor

      Article first published online: 2 JUN 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003730

      Key Points

      • Moon Mineralogy Mapper spatial characteristics
      • Selenodesy results for M3 mapping
      • M3 Level 1B archive product description
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      Compositional variability of the Marius Hills volcanic complex from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3)

      S. Besse, J. M. Sunshine, M. I. Staid, N. E. Petro, J. W. Boardman, R. O. Green, J. W. Head, P. J. Isaacson, J. F. Mustard and C. M. Pieters

      Article first published online: 12 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003725

      Key Points

      • First observations of the Marius Hills Complex in the near-infrared domain
      • Information on the history of Oceanus Procellarum
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      Compositional diversity and geologic insights of the Aristarchus crater from Moon Mineralogy Mapper data

      John F. Mustard, Carle M. Pieters, Peter J. Isaacson, James W. Head, Sebastien Besse, Roger N. Clark, Rachel L. Klima, Noah E. Petro, Matthew I. Staid, Jessica M. Sunshine, Cassandra J. Runyon and Stefanie Tompkins

      Article first published online: 10 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003726

      Key Points

      • Central peaks of Aristarchus are rich in plagioclase
      • Extensive olivine-rich ejecta mixed with impact melt
      • Compositional diversity of crater walls, floor, and ejecta
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      Remote compositional analysis of lunar olivine-rich lithologies with Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) spectra

      Peter J. Isaacson, Carle M. Pieters, Sebastien Besse, Roger N. Clark, James W. Head, Rachel L. Klima, John F. Mustard, Noah E. Petro, Matthew I. Staid, Jessica M. Sunshine, Lawrence A. Taylor, Kevin G. Thaisen and Stefanie Tompkins

      Article first published online: 26 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003731

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      The mineralogy of late stage lunar volcanism as observed by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper on Chandrayaan-1

      M. I. Staid, C. M. Pieters, S. Besse, J. Boardman, D. Dhingra, R. Green, J. W. Head, P. Isaacson, R. Klima, G. Kramer, J. M. Mustard, C. Runyon, J. Sunshine and L. A. Taylor

      Article first published online: 26 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003735

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      Lunar mare deposits associated with the Orientale impact basin: New insights into mineralogy, history, mode of emplacement, and relation to Orientale Basin evolution from Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) data from Chandrayaan-1

      Jennifer Whitten, James W. Head, Matthew Staid, Carle M. Pieters, John Mustard, Roger Clark, Jeff Nettles, Rachel L. Klima and Larry Taylor

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003736

      Key Points

      • Mare filling began in the center of the basin and migrated outward over time
      • Mare deposits in Orientale span the same range of ages as nearside basalts
      • Mare basalt emplacement in Orientale is related to global and local stresses
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      Mg-spinel lithology: A new rock type on the lunar farside

      C. M. Pieters, S. Besse, J. Boardman, B. Buratti, L. Cheek, R. N. Clark, J. P. Combe, D. Dhingra, J. N. Goswami, R. O. Green, J. W. Head, P. Isaacson, R. Klima, G. Kramer, S. Lundeen, E. Malaret, T. McCord, J. Mustard, J. Nettles, N. Petro, C. Runyon, M. Staid, J. Sunshine, L. A. Taylor, K. Thaisen, S. Tompkins and J. Whitten

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003727

      Key Points

      • A new rock type has been discovered on the Moon: a lithology rich in Mg-spinel
      • This Mg-spinel rock occurs with pyroxenite and harzburgite in the lower crust
      • The three distinct lower crust rock types were exposed by Moscoviense Basin
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      Geology of the Moscoviense Basin

      Kevin G. Thaisen, James W. Head, Lawrence A. Taylor, Georgiana Y. Kramer, Peter Isaacson, Jeff Nettles, Noah Petro and Carle M. Pieters

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003732

      Key Points

      • Possible explanation for offset ring structure the basin
      • Previously identified mare unit reclassified as impact melt unit
      • Observation of possible secondary magmatic processes into FAN
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      Sources and physical processes responsible for OH/H2O in the lunar soil as revealed by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3)

      T. B. McCord, L. A. Taylor, J.-P. Combe, G. Kramer, C. M. Pieters, J. M. Sunshine and R. N. Clark

      Article first published online: 14 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003711

      Key Points

      • OH on the Moon is correlated with composition
      • Solar wind protons create OH in the lunar soil grains
      • OH dependence on illumination conditions may be an observational effect
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      New insights into lunar petrology: Distribution and composition of prominent low-Ca pyroxene exposures as observed by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3)

      Rachel L. Klima, Carle M. Pieters, Joseph W. Boardman, Robert O. Green, James W. Head III, Peter J. Isaacson, John F. Mustard, Jeff W. Nettles, Noah E. Petro, Matthew I. Staid, Jessica M. Sunshine, Lawrence A. Taylor and Stefanie Tompkins

      Article first published online: 14 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003719

      Key Points

      • Global survey of exposures of lunar norites
      • Compositional analysis of freshest exposed norites
      • High-Mg norites in Apollo Basin and around Mare Imbrium
    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Newer views of the Moon: Comparing spectra from Clementine and the Moon Mineralogy Mapper

      Georgiana Y. Kramer, Sebastien Besse, Jeffrey Nettles, Jean-Philippe Combe, Roger N. Clark, Carlé M. Pieters, Matthew Staid, Erik Malaret, Joseph Boardman, Robert O. Green, James W. Head III and Thomas B. McCord

      Article first published online: 9 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003728

      Key Points

      • Comparing lunar surface spectral data
      • Comparing performance of two lunar orbiter instruments
      • Preparing community to use new lunar spectral data
    17. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A wavelength-dependent visible and infrared spectrophotometric function for the Moon based on ROLO data

      B. J. Buratti, M. D. Hicks, J. Nettles, M. Staid, C. M. Pieters, J. Sunshine, J. Boardman and T. C. Stone

      Article first published online: 5 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003724

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      Goldschmidt crater and the Moon's north polar region: Results from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3)

      L. C. Cheek, C. M. Pieters, J. W. Boardman, R. N. Clark, J. P. Combe, J. W. Head, P. J. Isaacson, T. B. McCord, D. Moriarty, J. W. Nettles, N. E. Petro, J. M. Sunshine and L. A. Taylor

      Article first published online: 4 FEB 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003702

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