ChemPlusChem

Cover image for Vol. 81 Issue 6

Editor: Marisa Spiniello. Editorial Board Chairs: Matthias Driess, Michal Hocek, Tetsuro Majima

Online ISSN: 2192-6506

Associated Title(s): Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Chemistry - A European Journal

April 19, 2013

VIP: Liquid Phase Isobutane/2-Butene Alkylation Using Hydrogen-Chloride-Promoted Lewis Acidic Ionic Liquids

F. Pöhlmann, L. Schilder, W. Korth, A. Jess*

In isobutane/butene alkylation, chloroaluminate ionic liquid catalysts (CAIL) ([BMIM]Cl/AlCl3, xAlCl3=0.64) deactivate fast with time on stream with respect to activity and selectivity. Hence, it is crucial to find promising co-catalysts to stop the deactivation process. So, the effect of anhydrous hydrogen chloride gas (HCl) was studied in a batch reactor. This gaseous co-catalyst leads to an increased reaction rate and improves the yield of trimethylpentanes, the primarily desired high-octane compounds of alkylation. Moreover, already deactivated CAIL catalysts are reactivated by gaseous HCl. As a consequence the deactivation of the CAIL catalyst can be suppressed completely.

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