Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

Cover image for Vol. 41 Issue 1

Edited By: Professor John Lowe (Editor-in-Chief), Dr Priscilla Robinson, Dr Bridget Kool, Dr Melissa Stoneham, Assoc. Professor Samantha Thomas, Dr Hassan Vally and Assoc. Professor Luke Wolfenden

Impact Factor: 1.628

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 88/173 (Public Environmental & Occupational Health)

Online ISSN: 1753-6405

Author Guidelines

As announced in the April issue of ANZJPH, from 1 February 2017, the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health will be open access and solely online.

Articles submitted after 31 March 2016 and subsequently accepted will incur a fee of $500 if the first author is a member of the Public Health Association of Australia or Public Health Association of New Zealand, and $1,500 if the first author is not a member of either organisation. The PHAA will invoice authors when the paper is accepted; the invoice must be paid prior to the accepted manuscript being processed and made available online.

Papers submitted before March 31 and subsequently accepted are not subject to open access fees. Commentaries, Editorials, Letters and Book Reviews will not be subject to fees.

Writing for the Journal
This page provides information and resources on writing for and contributing to the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.

The ANZJPH Editorials often provide a valuable insight into the process of Journal article writing and submission. The following selected Editorials provide information on writing articles and the methods involved in preparing, reviewing and submitting articles to the ANZJPH.

Editorials on Writing Journal Articles and on Methods

A guide to journal submission for first-time authors and others (Apr 2006) (PDF)
What ANZJPH will and won't publish (Oct 2010) (PDF)
Public health disciplinary excellence (Aug 2003) (PDF)
In praise of critical appraisal (Aug 2006) (PDF)
The reviewing process (Oct 2003) (PDF)
The central role of reviewers in sustaining this journal (Dec 2007) (PDF)
Research methods - most common reason for rejection (Feb 2010) (PDF)
Issues of bias (Apr 2002) (PDF)
Systematic reviews in public health research (Aug 2010) (PDF)
Celebrate your limitations (Aug 2009) (PDF)
Bias in qualitative research designs (Aug 2002) (PDF)
Qualitative method and the curse of the illustrative quotation (Oct 2009) (PDF)
Of sausages and salami (Feb 2004) (PDF)
The issue of duplicate and/or redundant publication (Feb 2005) (PDF)
Author's misconduct in the firing line (Oct 2006) (PDF)
Publication redundancy: a case of déjà vu or where have I read this before? (Feb 2009) (PDF)

You will need Adobe Reader to open PDF format files. Adobe Reader is available free from the Adobe website.

Instructions for Authors
The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health publishes papers on all aspects of the health of the public, provided the implications for Australia, New Zealand or for international health are addressed. Our primary focus is on original research from the full range of public health disciplines or from a multidisciplinary perspective. Papers should be presented in a way that is intelligible to the general public health readership.

Ethical standards
We endorse the guidelines set out by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. We also endorse the guidelines of the World Association of Medical Editors. Definition and penalties for plagiarism apply. Scientific misconduct covers material taken from another person's abstract, research grant application, institutional ethics review board application, and any other material published or unpublished.

The Journal endorses ethical publishing guidelines: see, for example, Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics: A Publisher's Perspective. All research articles must include details of institutional ethical approval.

Actual or potential conflicts of interest must be disclosed at submission. These include sources of funding, financial assistance or other relationships potentially impacting on the arguments generated.

The Journal cannot consider work conducted with any financial or other support or assistance from any tobacco company or individual or entity acting on behalf of the tobacco industry.

Manuscript guidelines
ANZJPH does not consider material that has been published at any length elsewhere, or that is under consideration for another publication. It is prohibited by copyright law and can result in distortion of systematic evidence. Particular attention should be paid to simultaneous or previous media reports or reports to funding bodies. Material that is readily accessible by internet search is considered to be a publication.

We prefer a single substantive report from a study rather than multiple, minor publications. These are wasteful of journal resources. When more than one paper reports on the same data or results, there is the risk of redundancy. In such a case, the manuscript must be clear and transparent in disclosing the original study and any other publications. At submission, authors must also detail any related papers in press or under review, justify the additional paper and provide copies if the papers are not accessible free online.

All authors must make a substantial intellectual contribution to, and be prepared to take full responsibility for, the content of a paper. All authors must certify that they satisfy at least the following three requirements: they contributed substantially to the conduct of the study, to both drafting and revision of the paper, and that they approve the final version. Once a paper has passed review, prior to publication, we may require each author to sign a statement describing their individual contributions and this statement will be included in the paper.

We limit the number of authors for a paper to six in most cases. Justification for a larger number can be provided at submission. Additional contributions short of authorship can be addressed briefly under Acknowledgements. The maximum number of authors for a Letter to the Editor is three.

We are concerned that superficial analyses of databases are being used merely to identify deficits in the health of vulnerable populations. The cumulative effect of these studies is stigmatising and does not benefit the population. We require that such articles generate additional analysis of the source of the deficit and/or policy recommendations for its resolution.

For qualitative papers we recommend the Guidelines developed by Social Science and Medicine, available from In particular, authors need to justify sample selection and address steps taken against selectivity in the choice of quotations.

Submission procedure
All manuscripts are to be submitted online here.

Other editorial inquiries may be directed to

Manuscript Presentation

ANZJPH prefers informative titles that indicate the research's substantive findings and study design.

The Abstract has a word limit of 200 words. It should accurately represent the approach and findings of an article.

The Abstract must be structured using the headings Objective, Methods, Results, Conclusions, Implications for Public Health. An alternative format may be considered, if authors provide good reasons.

Research Articles reporting original research or systematic reviews of a substantive field should be no longer than 5,000 words, including title, abstract, all references. This word count allows for three figures or tables (each equivalent to 500 words [half a Journal page]). Articles that do not include figures or tables have a word limit of 6,500 words. Authors wishing to include more than three figures or tables of this maximum size must justify their inclusion at the time of submission. A structured abstract must be included (see ‘Abstract’ for further information).

A Brief Report is suitable for the presentation of notable results that are limited in scope and contribution to the knowledge base, and do not warrant publication as a full paper. Brief Reports should be no longer than 1,500 words and can include one table or figure. References must be included in the overall word count. A structured abstract and key words must be included (see ‘Abstract’ for further information).

A Commentary is an evidence-based communication about a major public health issue. A commentary should be no more than 2,500 words, including any references. A maximum of one table or figure may be included. An abstract is not required.

Editorials are limited to 1,500 words, including title and references. A maximum of one table or figure may be included. An abstract is not required.

Letters to the Editor report data or evidence that are controversial to current thinking or that will add to the current literature. Letters are limited to 1,000 words, including references. A maximum of one table or figure may be included. An abstract is not required.

Manuscript presentation
The electronic file of the manuscript should be in English, using a format compatible with Microsoft Word for Windows (PC) in a standard font.

A title page should be included within the manuscript file, listing all authors with a maximum of two affiliations each. Give full contact details for the corresponding author, including postal and e-mail addresses, and telephone number. Provide e-mail addresses for all other authors.

The major sub-headings in the text should reflect the Abstract headings.

Do not:
use more than three levels of sub-heading
type text or headings in capitals
use footnotes or endnotes for parenthetical matter – include it in the text or delete it.

Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms to those that are commonly in use across the public health readership. Spell out fully at first use. Spell out fully in the Abstract.

Tables and Figures
Tables must be submitted in Word format. Graphics should be in a suitable format to provide clear, high resolution images in print. All tables and figures must be in black and white.

Supplemental material
Supplementary material is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include questionnaire, tables, figures, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript. If accepted, it will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found here.

Please note that the provision of supplementary material is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.

ANZJPH uses the reference system recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and commonly known as 'Vancouver Style'.

References are numbered in the text in the order in which they are first cited, and listed after the text of the manuscript in that order. An individual reference carries the same number each time it is cited and therefore appears in the list of references just once; ‘ibid’ and ‘op cit’ are not used. Reference numbers appear in the text in superscript numerals outside punctuation marks. Do not use roman numerals or bracketed numbers.

Examples of how to cite sources of various kinds.

The following displays the more common formats:

Andrews G, Slade T. Interpreting scores on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). Aust N Z J Public Health. 2001;25(6):494-7.

Book chapter:
Pyett P. Researching with sex workers: a privilege and a challenge. In: Elias JE, Bullough VL, Elias V, Brewer G, editors. Prostitution: On Whores, Hustlers, and Johns. New York (NY): Prometheus Books; 1998. p. 368-75.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia's Health 2006. Canberra (AUST): AIHW; 2006.

Northern Territory Government of Australia [homepage on the Internet]. Darwin (AUST): Department of the Chief Minister, Office of Indigenous Policy, NT Government; 2007 June 15 [cited 2007 Nov 1]. Inquiry into the Protection of Aboriginal Children from Sexual Abuse. Available from:

Peer review and publication
All contributions are peer reviewed, including editorials and letters.

Articles are first considered jointly by the Editors. Articles selected for review are those that use well-developed methods to draw valid conclusions that make an original and substantive contribution to public health knowledge. We give preference to articles that are succinct, where the quality of the writing is high and the topic is of general interest or is significant for health policy. Articles not meeting these standards are rejected without review.

Articles selected for review are forwarded to an editor with appropriate expertise. The review process is blinded and usually requires 2-3 reviewers who have substantive expertise in the field addressed in the article.

Articles are then reassessed by the editor, taking the reviews into consideration. If authors are asked to revise the original manuscript, all reviewers’ comments must be addressed. Changes in the text must be identified by page and paragraph in a letter of response. This letter should also provide reasons why any review comments have not been addressed. A ‘track changes’ copy of the manuscript is not sufficient.

Revisions are assessed by the Editor and the corresponding author informed of the decision.

Authors should note that an invitation to revise and resubmit a paper is not an indication that the journal is agreeing to publish the paper.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Starting from February 2017, all articles published by Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health will be fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download, and share, including to those who do not subscribe to the journal. The author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors retain copyright in their articles, and are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication.

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services where, via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS), they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors have the option of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms:

  • Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND).

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK), you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 26 Jan 2017