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Edited By: Edward Jones
Online ISSN: 1094-348X
Submissions: Manuscripts should follow the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publication (2nd edition, 1998) and include written assurance that the manuscript has been submitted exclusively to Milton Quarterly. Electronic submissions in MS Word or RTF format are preferred along with one paper copy (print out) of the essay. Authors should include an e-mail address for contact purposes and send the paper copy and disk to Edward Jones, Editor, Milton Quarterly, Morrill Hall, Department of English, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For quote within a quote, use single quotes within double.
Short quotation: If a prose quotation is 4 lines or less, or a poetry quotation is only 2 complete lines or less, it should be incorporated into text, within double quotes. If there is a reference, it should be at the end in brackets, e.g.
“with high words, that bore / Semblance of worth, not substance” (1.528-29).
Line breaks within poetry quoted in the text are indicated as shown in the example above, i.e. with / [separated from text with a space on each side], and the next word begins with a capital letter.
Long quotation: separate from text with one line space above and below. No quotation marks. The reference should be placed, in brackets, immediately after the quotation., e.g.
Hadst thou the same free Will and Power to stand?
Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to accuse,
But Heav’ns free Love dealt equally to all? (4.66–70)
In cases where the reference will not fit on the line, the reference should be placed on the next line, aligned right.
Ellipsis within a long poetry quotation should be indicated with [...] for a break of under a line, e.g.
[...] in this pleasant soil
His far more pleasant Garden God ordain’d.
but if a full line is missing, it should be indicated by a full line of [........] as long as the widest part of the quotation, e.g.
Thou didst accept [those terms]; wilt thou enjoy the good,
Then cavil the conditions? [...]
God made thee of choice his own, and of his own
To serve him, thy reward was of his grace.
References within text
In brackets, in the following format: (10.840–41) or (Yale 1: 835)
But if the reference is within text which is already within brackets, the reference goes in square brackets: (Satan [4.37–48] and Adam [10.720–25])
References at end of article:
Jordan, Matthew. Milton and Modernity: Politics, Masculinity and Paradise Lost. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Anthology or compilation
Lopate, Philip, ed. The Art of the Personal Essay. New York: Anchor-Doubleday, 1994.
Sevillano, Mando, comp. The Hopi Way. Flagstaff: Northland 1986.
Book with more than one author
Jakobson, Roman, and Linda R. Waugh. The Sound Shape of Language. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1983.
Rabkin, Eric S., Martin H. Greenberg, and Joseph D. Olander, eds. No Place Else: Explorations in Utopian and Dystopian Fiction. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1983.
A work in an anthology
Calvino, Italo. “Cybernetics and Ghosts.” The Uses of Literature: Essays. Trans. Patrick Creagh. San Diego: Harcourt, 1982. 3–27.
Herbert, George. The Works of George Herbert. Ed. F. E. Hutchinson. Oxford: Clarendon, 1972.
Dostoevsky, Feodor. Crime and Punishment. Trans. Jessie Coulson. Ed. George Gibian. New York: Norton, 1964.
A book published in a second or later edition
Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Ed. F. W. Robinson. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton, 1957.
Cavafy, C. P. Collected Poems. Trans. Edmund Keeley. Ed. George Savidis. Rev. ed. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1992.
A multi-volume work
Milton, John. The Complete Prose Works of John Milton. 8 vols. Ed. Don M. Wolfe. New Haven: Yale UP, 1953–82.
A book published before 1900
Brome, Richard. The Dramatic Works of Richard Brome. 3 vols. London, 1873.
Melbourne, Jane. “The Narrator as Chorus in Paradise Lost.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 33 (1993): 149–65.
Article in a journal with more than one series
Striner, Richard. “Political Newtonism.” William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser. 52 (1995): 583–608.
Abbreviations used in references:
Translated = Trans.
Edition = ed.
Edited by = Ed.
University = U
Press = P (e.g. U of Chicago P)
University Press = UP (e.g. Cambridge UP)
Shorten the names of well-known presses (e.g., W. W. Norton & Co. should be listed as Norton, the Clarendon Press as Clarendon).
There are several software packages available to help authors manage and format the references and footnotes in their journal article. We recommend the use of a software tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:
House conventions to be followed by authors appearing in Milton Quarterly
AD [place before the number]
The Art of Logic
BC [place after the number]
BIBLE REFERENCES: book followed by chapter, period, verse(s) [in notes and parenthetical references, abbreviate book names e.g., Exod., 1 Cor.following MLA]
Book of Common Prayer
book of nature
Book and line references: Paradise Lost 10.149-209
*Carey/Fowler: Carey, John, and Alastair Fowler, eds. The Poems of John Milton. London: Longmans, 1968.
Chain of Being
Chorus [cap and use as singular noun]
The Christian Doctrine
Clarendon Press shortened to Clarendon P
Complete Prose Works (abbreviated in subsequent references as CPW followed by Volume and page number: ex. CPW 6: 278)
council in heaven
council in hell
Council in the Marches of Wales
DATES: 1600s, 1640s [for example]
DATES: 10 Dec. 1649
Elegy* [not Elegia; not roman numeral]
Epilogue (in Comus)
Garden of Eden
Great Chain of Being
he/his [referring to God/God's]
*Hughes: Hughes, Merritt Y., ed. John Milton: Complete Poems and Major Prose. Indianapolis, IN: Odyssey P, 1957.
*Hughes: Hughes, Merritt Y., gen. ed. A Variorum Commentary on the Poems of John Milton. 3 vols. in 5 to date. New York: Columbia UP, 1970 75.
INTRO CLAUSES: In this bibliography, [always followed by comma]
Limbo of Vanity
long poems [not major poems]
*Masson: Masson, David. The Life of John Milton. 7 vols. Cambridge and London: Macmillan, 1859 94.
months: in notes and parenthetical references, all abbreviated except May, June, and July
morning hymn [Adam and Eve's in PL]
n.p. [no place of publication; no publisher]
n. pag. [no pagination]
ns [new series]
NUMBERS: omit redundant ones (598-99, 1968-69) but always use both numbers if under one hundred (ex. 46-49 not 46-9)
os [old/original series]
Paradise of Fools [setting]
*Parker: Parker, William Riley. Milton: A Biography. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968.
*Parker, William Riley. Milton: A Biography. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Ed. Gordon Campbell. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.
*Patterson: Patterson, Frank Allen, gen. ed. The Works of John Milton. 18 vols. in 21. New York: Columbia UP, 1931 38.
Reason of Church-Government
review-essay [hyphenated; not review-article]
revolution (the English)
St. (not Saint)
Secretary for Foreign Tongues
See also [not Also see@ or Also, see@]
Shakespeare’s works – follow MLA abbreviations for the titles of the plays listed in the MLA Style Manual
short poems [not minor poems]
Sonnet * [not italicized; not roman numeral]
STATES: use U.S. postal abbreviations as given in MLA Style Manual
Trinity Manuscript (not Cambridge Manuscript)
War in Heaven
*Wolfe: Wolfe, Don M., gen. ed. Complete Prose Works of John Milton. 8 vols. in 10. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 1953 82.
Word [of God]
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