Cover image for Vol. 110 Issue 3

Edited By: Editor-in-Chief: Robert West, Associate Editor-in-Chief: Thomas F. Babor

Impact Factor: 4.894

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 1/35 (Substance Abuse (Social Science)); 2/18 (Substance Abuse); 13/124 (Psychiatry (Social Science)); 20/136 (Psychiatry)

Online ISSN: 1360-0443

Associated Title(s): Addiction Biology

Author Guidelines


Addiction is a monthly international journal read in over 60 countries and has been in continuous publication since the Society for the Study of Addiction was founded in 1884.

It welcomes unsolicited research reports, reviews, and letters relating to clinical, epidemiological, human experimental, policy-related and historical aspects of any behaviours that have addictive potential including, but not limited to, use of alcohol, opiates, stimulants, cannabis, tobacco, as well as gambling. The acceptance rate is about 20%. For a list of article types with definitions and word limits please click here. We are willing to make exceptions to word length stipulations in rare cases but otherwise we encourage authors to make use of a facility we offer for supplementary material to be stored with the online version of the article.

Addiction also publishes invited editorials, articles ‘for debate’, commentaries on articles, interviews with leading figures in the field, and book reviews. Authors who are interested in contributing one of the invited types of article may make a proposal to the commissioning editor (Peter Miller via

Addiction will not normally commission commentaries, editorials or reviews from authors with a specific conflict of interest as defined in our conflict of interest policy. Neither will it consider unsolicited reviews written by authors with a specific conflict of interest relating to the topic of the review.

Research reports should present original findings and normally be limited to 3500 words excluding abstract, tables and references. Qualitative manuscripts may be up to 4500 words to facilitate the inclusion of direct quotations within the main text, but this is in lieu of any tables. There is no minimum length.

Reviews should normally be ‘systematic’ (i.e. adopt standard systematic review procedures) and be no longer than 4000 words for the main text.

Letters should normally be no more than 500 words.

Monographs: Addiction will publish occasional monographs of up to 10,000 words including references. Monographs should be major pieces of writing. The kinds of papers that would qualify might be extensive systematic reviews of a major topic or a series of linked studies addressing a common research question. Authors who are interested in submitting such a piece should contact the Editor-in-Chief first via

Series papers: Authors submitting manuscripts intended for one of our series (e.g. Global Diversion of Pharmaceutical Drugs, Policy Case Studies, Vested Interests) should in the first instance contact the Commissioning Editor via for a concept review. If invited to submit, please choose "Series" as the Manuscript Type, and be sure to select "Europe, Africa & Asia" as the Regional Office.

Supplements: Addiction welcomes the opportunity to publish contributions to its supplement series and sees these supplements as constituting an important service to our readership. To put forward a supplement proposal or to view our supplement guidelines, please contact the Commissioning Editor via

To submit an article to Addiction please first read our requirements below and then go to We aim to get a response to authors within 12 weeks.

For further guidance on Addiction's acceptance policy please see West, R et al (2011) Addiction's priorities when evaluating submissions Addiction, 106: 463–465.


For information on how to write articles for Addiction, authors should look at recent articles of the type they are proposing to submit. They should pay special attention to the following:

  • Research report and review manuscripts must have the following parts in this order: front sheet including title, list of authors, affiliations and addresses, running head, word count,* declaration of interest (see below), clinical trial registration details (if applicable); abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, references, figures and tables with legends. Do not insert tables and figures into the main body of the text. Please key them in the text but place them at the end of the document.
  • *A word count is required for the main body of the text only, ie. excluding abstract, references, tables, figures etc.
  • Abstracts for research reports and case studies use the following headings: Aims (or Background and Aims, if appropriate), Design, Setting, Participants/Cases, Intervention(s) (and comparator(s), if appropriate), Measurements, Findings, Conclusions. Where it seems more appropriate, abstracts for research reports can be structured under the following headings: Aims (or Background and Aims, if appropriate), Methods, Results, Conclusions. Abstracts for review articles use the following headings: Aims (or Background and Aims, if appropriate), Methods, Results, Conclusions. Abstracts should generally be no more than 250 words. Any numbers provided in the abstract must match exactly those given in the main body of the text or tables. The conclusion must be written in such a way as to make clear what is the main generalisable statement resulting from the study; i.e. the sentence(s) that someone citing the study might use to describe the findings. Any abbreviations must be given in full in the abstract Conclusion.
  • With quantitative studies involving statistical tests, abstracts must provide p values or confidence intervals for key findings.
  • Authors should cite exact p values for primary statistical tests. Addiction adopts the conventional 5% value for statistical significance and does not accept terms such as 'trend' for cases where p0.10.
  • References should follow the basic numbered Vancouver style. Provide up to the first six authors and then follow by et al. Issue/part numbers are not required. Do not include citations to sources such as conference abstracts or unpublished work. Please ensure that the introduction and discussion sections of your article cite the most recent relevant literature and not just literature from your own research group, region or country. It may include systematic reviews and one or two of the pivotal studies that a review has summarised. We recommend the use of a tool such as Endnote for reference management and formatting (
  • It is Addiction's policy that all statements made in articles or letters that refer to specific individuals or organisations and that contain assertions that could be considered to be defamatory must be supported by written documented evidence to support them. All such statements are reviewed by our legal advisor and without such documentation our advisor cannot make an appropriate adjudication. It is important to note that in libel law the onus is on the person making such statements to prove them, not on the plaintiff to show they are not true.
  • Authors are required to archive any web references before citing them using WebCite ® technology ( This is an entirely free service that ensures that cited webmaterial will remain available to readers in the future.
  • If a paper uses all or parts of previously published material, the author must obtain permission from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain these permissions in writing and provide copies to Addiction.
  • Randomised controlled trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at, and authors should include with their manuscript a completed checklist and flow diagram in accordance with the guidelines.
  • We expect authors who wish to communicate results from cohort, case-control, cross-sectional, non-randomised evaluations, or systematic reviews and meta-analyses to review guidelines concerning their analysis and reporting. The Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE;, the Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND;, or the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA; should be consulted. A completed checklist and flow diagram should be included as an appendix to the submitted manuscript following the appropriate guideline. If particular items in the checklist are not applicable then just put ‘n/a’.
  • Prevalence surveys - Addiction welcomes such studies but does not publish surveys that primarily focus on description of a phenomenon that is known to be common worldwide (or common in the drug sense, e.g. heroin use), that is to say, prevalence which is already known to a large degree. Studies that document the start of a new 'epidemic' of a particular drug use might be considered, but largely descriptive data on the prevalence of this or that drug use in this or that place is largely excluded. Not excluded would be surveys that use a cross-sectional study to describe an association with this or that risk factor where that association is not well established.
  • Addiction normally requires that clinical trials are registered in a publicly accessible database. The name of the trial register and the clinical trial registration number on the front page of the manuscript. A full list of registers can be found via the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP)
  • Evaluations involving behavioural interventions must include full manuals or protocols, or at least very detailed descriptions, of those interventions as supplementary files to be included as supplementary material published with the online version of the article.
  • Histogram figures should not be presented with three dimensional blocks or shading as this can often make interpretation difficult.
  • If English is not the first language of authors, they are advised to have their manuscript edited by a native English speaker before submission. However, we will do our best to accommodate papers from authors in countries where the resources do not exist for this.

A manuscript that does not comply with journal requirements will be unsubmitted and returned to the author centre. A useful guide to writing up papers for journals such as Addiction can be found in West R (2000) A checklist for writing up research reports. Addiction, 95, 1759-61.


The journal supports the ethical principles enshrined in the Farmington Consensus (Addiction, 92(12) pp 1617-1618).

Submissions must be supported by an ethical statement on behalf of all authors. This should be included in the submission covering letter with the corresponding author taking responsibility for having consulted with all the authors. An example is available at It should be stated that: (a) the material has not been published in whole or in part elsewhere; (b) the paper is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere; (c) all authors have been personally and actively involved in substantive work leading to the report, and will hold themselves jointly and individually responsible for its content; (d) all relevant ethical safeguards have been met in relation to patient or subject protection, or animal experimentation, including, in the case of all clinical and experimental studies review by an appropriate ethical review committee and written informed patient consent. It is expected that the research will comply with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

Addiction adheres to the definition of authorship set up by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria, authorship should be based on a) substantial contributions to conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and c) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions a, b and c.

A declaration of interest is required for all submissions and should appear after the list of authors and addresses. This should declare sources of funding, direct or indirect, and any connection of any of the researchers with the tobacco, alcohol, pharmaceutical or gaming industries or any body substantially funded by one of these organisations. Any contractual constraints on publishing imposed by the funder must also be disclosed.

As a precaution against fraud and violation of ethical principles, Addiction may ask authors for original data or copies of original supporting paperwork during the review process.

If serious violation of these ethical standards has been found to occur (e.g. fraud, attempts at duplicate publication or failure to declare obvious and major conflicts of interest), Addiction may take action beyond just rejecting the manuscript including barring authors from submitting to the journal or reporting authors to appropriate authorities.

Addiction will not normally commission commentaries, editorials or reviews from authors with a specific conflict of interest as defined in our conflict of interest policy. Neither will it consider unsolicited reviews written by authors with a specific conflict of interest relating to the topic of the review.


OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee (currently $3000) to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: Prior to acceptance you should not inform the editorial office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.


Free access to the final PDF of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you have not already done so if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits this service offers. The website is here:

Additional author offprints may be ordered online. The corresponding author will be sent a complimentary copy of the issue in which their paper is published.


Addiction receives 800+ manuscripts each year and it is not practicable for all of these to undergo full review. Therefore we operate the following system. Each one is read by a Senior Editor and those that are considered clearly uncompetitive or unsuited to this journal will be turned down without going to full review. This happens to approximately 30% of manuscripts. This should take no more than 4 weeks.

Manuscripts that pass this stage are sent to an Assistant Editor who will invite reviews and on the basis of these make a recommendation to the Senior Editor. The Senior Editor will then communicate his or her decision to the authors taking account of the comments and recommendations received. This process should take no more than 12 weeks.

If authors are invited to revise a manuscript and resubmit it, they should aim to submit the revised version within 3 months. A decision on the revised version may by taken by the Senior Editor or he or she may consult an Assistant Editor or put the revision through the full review process, depending on the nature of the revisions that had been requested. A decision on the revised version should normally take less time than the original review process.


The manuscript
The manuscript should comprise a single Word file unless it is essential to put figures in other files. It should be double spaced and all the pages numbered. Tables and figures should be cited in the text.

If all or parts of previously published material are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to Addiction.

Copyright Assignment
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying your Funder requirements . For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

For RCUK, Wellcome Trust, FWF authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license:

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.

Should normally be included in the Word document but where necessary they can be sent as additional files. All photographs, graphs and diagrams should be referred to as figures in the text and should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (e.g. 'Fig. 3'). A list of legends for the figures should be submitted on a separate sheet; legends should include keys to any symbols. In the full-text online edition of the journal, figure legends may become truncated in abbreviated links to the full-screen version. Therefore, the first 100 characters of any legend should inform the reader of key aspects of the figure.

Colour Illustrations
It is the policy of Addiction for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley-Blackwell require you to complete and return a colour work agreement form before your paper can be published. The form is available via this link and must be returned to customer services at the address given on the form. Please note we can only accepted original copies of the form. Faxed or scanned forms are not acceptable.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication
Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (lineart) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: lineart: >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley-Blackwell 's guidelines for figures:

Supporting Information (online only)
Additional material such as video clips, lengthy Appendices (e.g. extensive reference lists or mathematical formulae/calculations), etc, that are relevant to a particular article but not suitable or essential for the print edition of the Journal, may also be considered for publication. Please refer to all supporting information in the manuscript using Table S1, Figure S1, etc, and supply such information as separate files (i.e. not embedded within the main manuscript). Further information on suitable file formats etc may be found here

Proof Corrections
The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working email address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. In your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs. Proofs must be returned to the Production Editor within three days of receipt.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in his or her work, including changes made by the copy editor.

Pre-print publication via Accepted Articles
The accepted manuscript will appear online within 10 days of acceptance on the Wiley-Blackwell service Accepted Articles. Once the article is fully corrected (print-ready) it will be published Early View. All preprint published articles can be referenced using the DOI number provided. Accepted Articles is the Publisher's service whereby peer reviewed, accepted articles are published online as and when they are ready, prior to their ultimate inclusion in a print or online issue and without having been copy-edited. This service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers immediately after acceptance. Readers should note that articles published within Accepted Articles have been fully refereed, but have not been through the copy-editing and proof correction process. The Society for the Study of Addiction and Wiley-Blackwell cannot be held responsible for errors or consequences arising from the use of information contained in these papers; nor do the views and opinions expressed necessarily reflect those of The Society for the Study of Addiction or Wiley-Blackwell. Accepted Articles papers appear in PDF-only format, without the accompanying full-text HTML. Accepted Articles are fully citable with the DOI.

Early View Publication Prior to Print
Addiction is covered by Wiley-Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so they articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

Online Production Tracking
Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Author Material Archive Policy
Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley-Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

Author Services
For more substantial information on the services provided for authors, please see