Ecological Entomology

Cover image for Vol. 42 Issue 1

Edited By: Rebeca B. Rosengaus, Francis Gilbert and Bernard D. Roitberg

Impact Factor: 1.687

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 23/94 (Entomology)

Online ISSN: 1365-2311

Associated Title(s): Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Insect Conservation and Diversity, Insect Conservation and Diversity, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Physiological Entomology, Systematic Entomology

Author Guidelines

Click here to read the letter on OnlineOpen and click on the link below to watch a video regarding RCUK compliance.


Editorial policy
Papers submitted to Ecological Entomology should be original research papers on insect ecology. See
Overview for more details. Full-length Original articles, Short Communications, Opinion articles and Reviews are welcomed.

Papers submitted must not have been published or accepted for publication by any other journal.

Ethical considerations will be taken into account in considering the acceptability of papers, and the editors’ decision on this, as on other aspects, will be final. Ecological Entomology is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.


Manuscript preparation guidelines
Examine recent issues of Ecological Entomology for details of acceptable style and format. All manuscripts should conform to the preparation guidelines. See below for guidelines specific to each manuscript type (Original articles, Short Communications, Opinion articles and Reviews).


All manuscripts should be prepared and submitted in a Word document (not PDF), double-spaced with wide margins, in A4 format. Tables must be on separate sheets, and should be self-explanatory. Figure legends should be grouped together on a separate sheet.

All papers should contain:
• An informative, concise title (up to 20 words)
• A running title (up to 40 characters)
• A self-contained abstract of fewer than 250 words presented as a series of factual, numbered statements
• Up to 6 key words

• Lines and page numbers throughout the main text
• The name, full postal address, telephone number and email address of the author to whom readers should address correspondence and offprint requests should be given on the first page (this will appear as a footnote in the journal and the publishers will send proofs to this author and address unless contrary instructions are written on the manuscript)

Taxonomic affiliation and authority should be given at the first mention of a species in the text.
References should conform to the name-and-date system; titles of periodicals should not be abbreviated.


All papers should be submitted online at Full upload instructions and support are available online from the submission site via the 'Get Help Now' button. If you are unable to submit online, please contact the Editor for details of submitting as hard copy or by e-mail.


Graphical Abstracts

Ecological Entomology presents its table of contents online in graphical form with a brief abstract. A Graphical Abstract is a mandatory element of submission to this journal for all article types with an exception of Opinion articles. The authors are required to provide a Graphical Abstract upon submission of their FIRST REVISION.


Graphical Abstract entries must be submitted to ScholarOne and uploaded with the file designation ‘Graphical Abstract’ during the revised manuscript submission process. The caption should be uploaded in an editable Word file including the article title, the authors' names (with the corresponding author indicated by an asterisk). Abstract caption must include three highlights, 30 words or fewer for each, summarising the key findings presented in the paper and a figure that best represents the scope of the paper. The image should be included in the caption Word file or supplied as a TIF, EPS or PDF file. Ideally the figure should be eye-catching and colourful. It does not need to be a figure used in the main article, however if no figure is provided by the authors then Figure 1 will be used by default. It must be in high resolution, at least 300 dpi, it must fit within the dimensions of 50mm x 60mm and be fully legible at this size.


Please do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Office at if you have any further queries about Graphical Abstracts.


Submission of an Original Article
Papers should be in clear concise English. Original Articles should not exceed 6000 words of text (excluding abstract and references) but longer papers of particular merit may be accepted. Papers should be novel and of wide general interest to ecologists.


Original Articles should contain the following 7 sub-headings:

• Abstract (not exceeding 250 words, including between 3 and 6 keywords)

• Introduction

• Materials and Methods

• Results

• Discussion

• Acknowledgements

• References

All Original Article manuscripts should conform to the manuscript preparation guidelines above. Manuscripts which do not conform to the standards outlined here will be returned to the author(s) with a request that they are edited to meet these standards.


Submission of a Short Communication article
Short Communications should not exceed 1500 words (excluding abstract and references). As with Original Articles, manuscripts submitted as Short Communications should be novel and of wide general interest to ecologists. The type of material submitted as a Short Communication is flexible, for example, manuscripts might develop and/or test novel methodological techniques, might describe natural history observations, or might present new empirical or experimental data. A Short Communication should be a concise report of an independent line of research, which does not require a detailed, full-length paper.


Short Communication articles should contain the following 6 sub-headings:
• Abstract (not exceeding 250 words, including between 3 and 6 keywords)
• Introduction
• Materials and Methods
• Results and Discussion can be combined into a single section.
• Acknowledgements
• References

Furthermore, the Short Communication should include:
• A maximum word count of 1500 words
• No more than 20 cited references
• No more than 2 tables/figures


Submission of a Review Article
Invited Reviews are usually commissioned by the Editors-in-chief, or the Reviews Editor. However, non-solicited proposals for review topics are also welcome from authors and proposals should in the first instance be sent to the Reviews Editor, Klaus Reinhardt ( Ideas for reviews should be approximately two pages long and contain five key references. These proposals may be sent out for review before a decision is made about inviting a full Review paper. Ideas on possible review subjects have the best chance of being successful if they i) cover a current topic of general ecological interest, including evolutionary and behavioural topics, ii) have relevance to more than one insect taxon, and iii) provide a novel synthesis of current information.


Invited manuscripts should be formatted following guidelines for Original Research articles, and are peer reviewed in the same way as other manuscripts submitted to the Journal. Review articles have a word limit of 6000 words (excluding abstract and references). Reviews should contain quantitative, or semi-quantitative, analysis of published information (perhaps presented in a Table or Figure), and contain information to allow a non-expert to grasp the general significance of the topic (e.g. with a Box, Table or Figure containing background information and terminology used). Authors should consult previous Review articles for guidance.



Submission of an Opinion Article

Papers should present an original perspective on an important research-related subject of interest to the ecological community, rather than a balanced or objective review of the topic. The aim should be to stimulate debate or new research, cover controversial topics, or interpretation of, an old problem or current issue, or speculate on the implications of recent research. Please note that articles that outline recent advances in a field rather than give a strong opinion on them are not suitable for this section of the journal; neither are hypotheses without any published support.


Although subjective, an Opinion article should not be used to discuss excessively an author's own research or to criticize excessively the research of others, except where criticism is constructive.


The manuscript should be in a Word document, consist of double line spacing, wide margins and preferably in an A4 format. Tables must be on separate sheets and should be self-explanatory. Figure legends should be grouped together on a separate sheet. Manuscripts should have the same length and format as a Short Communication but sub-headings may be included at the discretion of the author and do not need to conform to a formal structure (e.g. Abstract, Methods, Results….).

Methods and Natural History Articles

Methods and Natural History manuscripts should be prepared and formatted as Original Articles (above).

Articles about methods or techniques are welcomed but only where such papers provide new and significant approaches that improve our understanding of ecological entomology.

Articles on the natural history of arthropods are welcomed but only where such papers provide new and significant information that improves our understanding of ecological entomology.

To reduce confusion, Ecological Entomology has a standard set of guidelines for the presentation of statistical analyses. Click here for a list of
commonly used abbreviations and their definitions, and these do not need to be explained in the text. However, authors must clearly state what statistical approaches were used in their analyses (supported where relevant by adequate references). Where statistics are presented in the text, we ask that the authors follow the presentation guidelines provided below.

After an analysis of variance, further simultaneous testing of treatment means should not be done, except for specific comparisons planned prior to the experiment. Simple measures of variability (e.g. SE, LSD, CI) should always accompany means. The same data should not be given in both tables and figures.

We would also request that authors ensure a match between the tests used and figures provided in the text. For example, where non-parametric tests are used (e.g. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA), it is inappropriate to present the mean and standard error of the analysed data. Instead the median and an indicator of variation about the median (e.g. inter-quartiles) should be provided.

Preparation of artwork
• Prepare your figures according to the publisher's
Electronic Artwork Guidelines. Although low quality images (GIF/JPG) are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images (TIFF/EPS) to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. The Editorial Office will request the high-quality electronic figures and one good-quality hard copy of the figures are provided once your paper has been accepted.

• Create EPS files for images containing lineart. EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible). The following packages can be used to create EPS files: Adobe Illustrator 7.0 and above, Deneba Canvas 6.0 and above, CorelDRAW 7.0 and above, SigmaPlot 8.01 and above. Other programs may also be able to create EPS files – use the SAVE AS or EXPORT functions. EPS files can be produced from other applications [e.g. PowerPoint, Excel (see
Electronic Artwork Guidelines)] BUT results can be unpredictable (e.g. fonts and shading not converted correctly, lines missing, dotted lines becoming solid).

• Create TIFF files images containing half-tones/photographs. For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size, see above for a guide to sizes) should be as follows to ensure adequate reproduction: lineart, >800 d.p.i.; half-tones, >300 d.p.i. Figures containing both halftone and line images, >600 d.p.i. The following programs can be used to create TIFF files: Adobe Photoshop 4.0 and above, Adobe Illustrator 9.0 and GraphPad Prism 3. Other programs may also be able to create TIFF files – use the SAVE AS or EXPORT functions.

• Black and white images should be supplied as 'grayscale'; colour images should be supplied as CMYK.
• Multipart figures should be supplied in the final layout in one file, labelled as (a), (b) etc.
• Supply figures at final size widths if possible: 80 mm (single column) or 165 mm (double column).
• Use sans serif, true-type fonts for labels if possible, preferably Arial or Helvetica, or Times (New) Roman if serif fonts required.
• Ensure all lines and lettering are clear.


Colour Work Agreement forms
It is the policy of Ecological Entomology for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley Blackwell require you to complete and return a
Colour Work Agreement form before your paper can be published. Please post or courier all pages of your completed form to Customer Services. Note that electronic or faxed copies cannot be accepted in compliance with Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) requirements.

Once completed, please return the original form to Customer Services at the address below:

      Customer Services (OPI)
      John Wiley & Sons Ltd, European Distribution Centre
      New Era Estate
      Oldlands Way
      Bognor Regis
      West Sussex
      PO22 9NQ

Any article received by Wiley Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned. For queries, please contact the production editor of the journal.


Contribution of authors
Please include a section after the acknowledgements entitled 'Contribution of authors'. This should outline the contributions of the authors to the manuscript in terms of project design, data collection and analysis, and paper writing.


Supporting Information
'Supporting Information' is important to the findings of a paper but cannot be included in the printed copy due to space or format constraints. This information is made available on the Publisher's website when a paper is published. All such material must accompany manuscripts when they are originally submitted and will be reviewed with the main paper. The arrangements for depositing the material on the web will be made by the Publisher after the manuscript has been accepted for publication. Supporting Information can be data files (e.g. extensive species lists), movies or extensive Tables of information. This Information should enhance a reader’s understanding of the paper, but is not essential to the understanding of the paper. All Supporting Information should be self-explanatory.


Conflict of Interest
Ecological Entomology requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include, but are not limited to, patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker’s fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission.

It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the cover letter (if applicable) to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (in the footnotes, Conflict of Interest or Acknowledgments section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.

In addition a statement is required that confirms that there are no disputes over the ownership of the data presented in the paper and all contributions have been attributed appropriately, via coauthorship or acknowledgement, as appropriate to the situation.

All submissions to this journal are required to comply with the above statements. At the Editor's discretion, clarification and further undertaking may be required from all submitting authors. Notwithstanding which, the interpretation of compliance with all of the above statements shall be reserved to the Editors of this Journal and the Editorial Officer of the Society, whose decision on all matters relating to and arising from the above statements shall be final.


Ethical Guidelines
The journal expects authors to abide by the guidelines of those statutory bodies, or, discipline that are specific to the country of origin, or, execution of the research.


Author material archive policy
Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of all submitted hardcopy or electronic material two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.


Pre-submission English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.


For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions


For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreement, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements.

For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy, please visit:


The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following web site:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available.


Free access to the final PDF offprint or your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.


Chris Jeffs
Ecological Entomology
The Royal Entomological Society
The Mansion House
Chiswell Green Lane
St Albans

All posted material must be clearly marked with the sender's address.


Author Services
Online production tracking is now available for your article through Wiley Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track articles--once they have been accepted--through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the production editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including faqs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article open access. With OnlineOpen the author, their funding agency, or institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites. In addition to publication online via Wiley Online Library, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server, immediately on publication. If you want your article to be open access please choose the appropriate license agreement when you log in to Wiley's Author Services system. Click on 'Make my article OnlineOpen' and choose the appropriate license by clicking on 'Sign license agreement now' when you log in to Wiley's Author Services system.